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Laueite Supergroup

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where M1 = Fe2+, Mg2+, Mn2+; M3+ = Al3+ or Fe3+; and XO4 = PO4 or AsO4.
Named after the first mineral in the supergroup that had its structure determined, laueite (Moore 1965).
The supergroup is divided into the Laueite Group (phosphates) and the Maghrebite Group (arsenates).

Structural elements include [M2O4(OH)2]7- and [M3O2(OH)2(H2O)2]3-.

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Classification of Laueite Supergroup Hide

Group Name
Approval Year:
First Published:
Approval History:
Approved by IMA in 2014 (proposal 14-F).

Chemical Properties of Laueite Supergroup Hide


where M1 = Fe2+, Mg2+, Mn2+; M3+ = Al3+ or Fe3+; and XO4 = PO4 or AsO4.

Relationship of Laueite Supergroup to other SpeciesHide

Group Members:
Laueite Group M12+M23+M33+(PO4)2(OH)2·8H2O
  Ferrolaueite Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
  Gordonite MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
  Kastningite (Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
  Kummerite Mn2+Fe3+Al(PO4)2(OH)2·8H2OTric. 1 : P1
  Laueite Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
  Mangangordonite Mn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
  Paravauxite Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
  Sigloite Fe3+Al2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 7H2OTric.
  Ushkovite MgFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
Maghrebite Group M12+M23+M33+(AsO4)2(OH)2·8H2O
  Césarferreiraite Fe2+ Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2·8H2OTric. 1 : P1
  Maghrebite MgAl2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Laueite Supergroup Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1241-1248 [IMA 14-F]
Mills, S. J. and Grey, I. E. (2015) Nomenclature for the laueite supergroup, Mineralogical Magazine: 79: 243-246

Internet Links for Laueite Supergroup Hide

Localities for Laueite Supergroup Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Salta
    • La Poma department
[Ushkovite] Canadian Mineralogist 40:929-937.
[Laueite] Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); Galliski, M. A. (1983). Distrito minero El Quemado, Deptos. La Poma y Cachi, provincia de Salta. II. Geología de sus pegmatitas. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argentina, 38, 340-380.
[Ushkovite] M. A. Galliski (1981). Estructura, mineralogía y génesis de las pegmatitas de El Quemado, Salta, República Argentina. Tesis doctoral, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba.; Galliski, M. A., & Hawthorne, F. C. (2002). Refinement of the crystal structure of ushkovite from Nevados de Palermo, Republica Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 929-937.
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
[Paravauxite] Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • North Mt Lofty Ranges
        • Barossa Valley
          • Angaston
[Gordonite] Francis, G.L., Peisley, V., 2012. Minerals from Penrice quarry and the phosphate deposits Klemms and St Kitts, Angaston, South Australia. (self published).
        • Kapunda
[Gordonite] Peter Elliott
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Noarlunga
    • Olary Province
      • Boolcoomatta Reserve (Boolcoomata Station; Boolcoomatta)
  • Victoria
    • Moorabool Shire
      • Bacchus Marsh
[Gordonite] Birch, W.D. & Henry, D.J., 1993, Phosphate Minerals of Victoria, The Mineralogical Society of Victoria, Special Publication No. 3
  • Western Australia
    • Meekatharra Shire
      • Milgun Station
[Gordonite] Mineralogical Magazine 39,577-579(1974);
  • Potosí Department
    • Rafael Bustillo Province (Bustillos Province)
      • Llallagua
[Paravauxite] American Mineralogist (1922): 7: 107-108; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 938, 973; Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Pena
[Laueite] Canadian Mlneralogist Vol. 20, pp. 87-89 (1982)
[Laueite] sergio varvello
[Gordonite] Sergio Varvello collection
[Laueite] various photographs
[Laueite] Mineralogical Record 24: 384-385
    • Divino das Laranjeiras
[Ushkovite] Reiner Mielke
      • Laranjeiras
[Laueite] [MinRec 12:69]
      • Sapucaia do Norte
[Laueite] AmMin 89:1087
[Gordonite] Cassedanne, J.P. & Baptista, A. (1999): Famous Mineral Localities: The Sapucaia Pegmatite Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 30: 347-360 + 365
    • Itinga
      • Taquaral
[Laueite] Frost, R. L., Scholz, R., & López, A. (2016). A Raman and infrared spectroscopic study of the phosphate mineral laueite. Vibrational Spectroscopy, 82, 31-36.
        • Piauí valley
[Ushkovite] Luis Menezes
  • Yukon
    • Dawson Mining District
[Gordonite] MinRec 23:4-47
[Gordonite] [MinRec 23:22]
        • Kulan Camp (Area A; Area 1)
[Gordonite] Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Czech Republic
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Plzeň Region
      • Poběžovice (Ronsperg; Ronsberg; Ronsperk)
        • Otov
[Laueite] Čech F., Staněk J., Dávidová Š. (1981): Minerály pegmatitů. - in: Bernard J.H. [ed.]: Mineralogie Československa. Academia, Praha.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Žďár nad Sázavou
        • Dolní Bory
[Laueite] Staněk, J.: Asociace minerálů významnějších pegmatitových žil v Hatích u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1997, roč. 82, 3-19.
      • Žďár nad Sázavou District
        • Křižanov
[Laueite] Staněk, J.: Parageneze minerálů pegmatitových žil z Hatí u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. nat., vol. 76, pages 19-49.
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
[Laueite] Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
  • Occitanie
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
[Gordonite] Berbain,C., Riley, T., Favreau, G., (2012): Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères (Pyrénées-Orientales). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs. 117, 121-172
[Ferrolaueite] BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2014) Els fosfats de les pegmatites del massis de l'Albera, Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 2014/1, p 6-24
[Ferrolaueite] BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012). Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association française de Microminéralogie,
        • Collioure (Cotlliure)
[Gordonite] BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012) Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association Française de Microminéralogie
    • Tarn
      • Castelnau-de-Brassac
        • Fumade
[Sigloite] Lheur, C. & Meisser, N. (2013): Nouveautés à Fumade (Tarn): clinobisvanite, meurigite-K, sigloite et sudoite. Le Règne Minéral, 110, 52-53.
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
[Laueite] Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); WALENTA, K. (1999): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Clara. 8. Folge, 2. Teil. Lapis 24 (12), 40-44
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Zwiesel
        • Rabenstein
[Laueite] Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
[Laueite] Obermüller, T., (1993): Über Phosphatmineralien aus Zwiesel/Bayerischer Wald, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, pp. 337-341
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Neustadt an der Waldnaab
        • Reinhardsrieth
[Laueite] Harald G. Dill and Radek Skoda (2015) The new Nb–P aplite at Reinhardsrieth: A keystone in the lateral and depth zonations of the Hagendorf–Pleystein Pegmatite Field, SE Germany. Ore Geology Reviews 70:208–227.
      • Pleystein
[Gordonite] DILL, H.G., MELCHER, F., GERDES, A. and WEBER, B. (2008): The origin and zoning of hypogene and supergene Fe-Mn-Mg-Sc-U-REE-Zn phosphate mineralization from the newly discovered Trutzhofmühle aplite (Hagendorf pegmatite province, Germany). Canadian Mineralogist 46, 1131-1157.; Dill, H. G., Melcher, F., Gerdes, A., & Weber, B. (2008). The origin and zoning of hypogene and supergene Fe–Mn–Mg–Sc–U–REE phosphate mineralization from the newly discovered Trutzhofmühle aplite, Hagendorf pegmatite province, Germany. The Canadian Mineralogist, 46(5), 1131-1157.
      • Waidhaus
        • Hagendorf
[Laueite] Naturwissenschaften,(1954) 41, 256
[Laueite] Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001; Dill, H. G., Weber, B., Gerdes, A., & Melcher, F. (2008). The Fe-Mn phosphate apliteSilbergrube'near Waidhaus, Germany: epithermal phosphate mineralization in the Hagendorf-Pleystein pegmatite province. Mineralogical Magazine, 72(5), 1119-1144.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Iserlohn
        • Letmathe
[Laueite] Bender/Marl, D. & Krimmelbein/Altena, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
  • Saxony
    • Oberlausitz
      • Görlitz
        • Neißeaue
[Paravauxite] Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2013): Seltene Phosphate und Vanadate von Emmerichswalde bei Görlitz/Sachsen. Mineralien-Welt 24 (2), 40-55
      • Niesky
        • Horscha
[Paravauxite] Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2007): Der Schieferabbau Pansberg bei Horscha in der Lausitz, Sachsen. Lapis 32 (7-8), 68-73; 86.
  • Macedonia Department
    • Kavála Prefecture
      • Kavála
[Paravauxite] Andrew P. Fornadel, Paul G. Spry, Vasilios Melfos, Michael Vavelidis and Panagiotis Ch. Voudouris (2011): Is the Palea Kavala Bi–Te–Pb–Sb ± Au district, northeastern Greece, an intrusion-related system? Ore Geology Reviews, 39, 119-133.
  • Lombardy
    • Lecco Province
      • Colico
        • Piona Peninsula
[Laueite] luigi chiappino specimen
  • Honshu Island
    • Kinki region
      • Hyogo Prefecture
        • Kobe city
          • Nishi-ku
[Laueite] Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
[Ushkovite] Ganko-Gakkai Koen-Yoshi (Abstracts of the Meetings of Japanese Association of Mineralogists...) (in japanese) 40 (1995)
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
[Gordonite] Favreau, G. (2012): Les minéralisations à phosphates de la pegmatite d'Angarf-Sud (Maroc).Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 3-70.
        • Bou Azzer District (Bou Azer District)
          • Aghbar
[Maghrebite] Favreau, G., Dietrich, J. E., Meisser, N., Brugger, J., Ait Haddouch, L. & Maacha, L. (2007): Bou Azzer, Morocco. Mineralogical Record 38, 345-407
[Maghrebite] N. Meisser, J. Brugger (2006): "Bouazzerit und Maghrebit, zwei neue Arsenatmineralien aus dem Revier Bou Azzer, Marokko", Lapis 31(7/8), 69-71; Meisser, N.; Brugger, J.; Krivovichev, S.; Armbruster, T.; Favreau, G. (2012): Description and crystal structure of maghrebite, MgAl2(AsO4)2(OH)2•8H2O, from Aghbar, Anti-Atlas, Morocco: first arsenate in the laueite mineral group. European Journal of Mineralogy 24, 717-726.
          • Aït Ahmane
[Maghrebite] Georges FAVREAU collection
          • Oumlil
[Maghrebite] JP Barral collection
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib District
      • Okatjimukuju Farm 55 (Friedrichsfelde Farm)
[Laueite] P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
      • Usakos
[Laueite] Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 409 (in English).
  • Guarda District
    • Gouveia
      • Folgosinho
[Laueite] Pedro Alves collection
    • Sabugal
      • Bendada
[Laueite] Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
[Laueite] Pedro Alves collection
  • Viana do Castelo District
    • Ponte de Lima
      • Cabração
[Laueite] Pedro Alves collection
  • Viseu District
    • Mangualde
[Laueite] Mineralien Atlas
    • Sátão
      • Ferreira de Aves
        • Aldeia Nova
[Laueite] Pedro Alves collection and analytical data
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
[Gordonite] Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 121(2): 95-103(1992)
[Laueite] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Ilmen Mts
          • Ilmen Natural Reserve
            • Bol'shoi Tatkul' Lake
[Ushkovite] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Galicia
    • Pontevedra
      • Gondomar
        • Vincios
          • Mt Galiñeiro
[Paravauxite] Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.
  • Södermanland
    • Nynäshamn
      • Norrö
[Laueite] Gustafson, Lars.(1989): Norrö glimmerbrott.Stuffen (Medlemsblad för Södertörn Amatörgeologiska Sällskap). Nr 39, nov 1989, 8-12; Gustafsson, Lars & Otter, Bertil (1991): Mineralförekomster i Stockholmstrakten.Del 2. STEIN 18(4),4-12
  • Alabama
    • Coosa Co.
      • Rockford District
        • Two Bit pegmatite
[Laueite] Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 320-333
[Laueite] Van King
  • Arkansas
    • Polk Co.
      • Shady
[Sigloite] Josef Vajdak (2002) Mineral News, 18, #1, 6.
  • California
    • San Diego Co.
      • Anza-Borrego Desert State Park
        • Elder Canyon
[Laueite] Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 312.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • East Hampton (Chatham)
        • Cobalt
[Laueite] Schooner (1958, 1961): Rocks & Min.: 70:403
  • Maine
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Baldwin
        • West Baldwin
[Laueite] Thompson, W.B., et,al., 2000, Rocks & Minerals, vol. 75, no. 6, pgs 408-418; Rocks and Minerals (1999) 74:188,189
    • Oxford Co.
      • Buckfield
[Laueite] Guidebook 1 to Mineral Collecting in the Maine Pegmatite Belt
      • Greenwood
        • Uncle Tom Mountain
[Laueite] No reference listed
      • Newry
[Laueite] King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
[Laueite] King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2, with updates by Van King
[Laueite] King, V. T., 2006, Minerals of Halls Ridge and Plumbago-Puzzle Mountain, Newry, ... Maine, Mineral News, v. 22(6): p. 1-3.
[Laueite] "Mineralogy of Maine, Vol. 1" by King, V.T. & Foord, E.E., Maine Geologic Survey, 1994
      • Paris
[Laueite] King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates. "Maine Mineral Localites, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., , 1998
      • Rumford
[Laueite] King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1.; King and Foord, 2000, Addenda to Volume 1, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 2.
[Laueite] King & Foord, 1994: Mineralogy of Maine, V.1
[Laueite] Tim Blake, Lookout Mine Owner
      • Stoneham
[Laueite] King & Foord, 1994: Mineralogy of Maine, V.1
  • New Hampshire
    • Cheshire Co.
      • Alstead
[Laueite] Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
      • Walpole
[Laueite] P. Cristofono, T. Mortimer, J.W. Nizamoff, A. Wilken, and R. Wilken (2011) The 38th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 14-17, 2011, lecture abstracts, page 17-18.
    • Grafton Co.
      • Alexandria
[Laueite] Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
      • Groton
[Laueite] Rocks & Min. 65:301
[Paravauxite] Rocks & Min. 80:251
[Laueite] Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
[Gordonite] NIZAMOFF, James W., SIMMONS, William B., and FALSTER, Alexander U. (2004) PHOSPHATE MINERALOGY AND PARAGENESIS OF THE PALERMO #2 PEGMATITE, NORTH GROTON, NEW HAMPSHIRE Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
[Laueite] Whitmore and Lawrence, 2004. The Pegmatite Mines Known As Palermo, p.140.
[Gordonite] Journal of Pegmatology vol. 1, no. 1 ; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
[Laueite] Rocks & Min 80:252
[Laueite] Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
    • Strafford Co.
      • Strafford
        • Parker Mountain
[Laueite] Rocks & Min. 39:355 (1964); Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
    • Sullivan Co.
      • Newport
[Laueite] Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
  • New Jersey
    • Monmouth Co.
      • Upper Freehold Township
        • Arneytown
[Ferrolaueite] Segeler, C.G., P.B. Moore, M.D. Dyar, F. Leans, and J.A.Ferraiolo (2012): Ferrolaueite, a new mineral from Monmouth County, New Jersey, USA, Australian Journal of Mineralogy 16(2), 69-76.
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain District
[Laueite] Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
    • Gaston Co.
      • Bessemer City
[Laueite] No reference listed
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Custer
[Laueite] R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
[Laueite] R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
        • Fourmile
[Gordonite] Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
        • Pringle
          • Cicero Peak
[Laueite] Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone District
        • Glendale
[Laueite] Rocks & Minerals: 60: 116.
[Laueite] R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
        • Keystone
[Laueite] R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; American Mineralogist (1984): 69: 380-382.
[Laueite] Rocks & Minerals: 57: 160 &/or 60:110 & 112.
[Laueite] R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
  • Utah
    • Utah Co.
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Fairfield
[Gordonite] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 976; UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah.
[Gordonite] Rocks & Minerals (1970): 45(11): 667-674.; Wilson, W. (2010): The Clay Canyon Variscite Mine, Fairfield Utah. Mineralogical Record. 41:321-349.
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