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Kyawthuite

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Formula:
Bi3+Sb5+O4
Colour:
Reddish orange
Lustre:
Adamantine
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
8.256
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named for Dr. Kyaw Thu (b. 1973), a Burmese mineralogist-petrologist-gemologist with a Ph.D. from Yangon University (2007). He was on the staff of the Geology Department of Yangon University from 1998 to 2005 and has been the owner/operator of the Macle Gem Trade Laboratory since 2003.
Isostructural with:
Well-known as a synthetic compound. The only approved Bi-Sb oxide mineral. May be a chemical analogue of clinobisvanite, BiVO4, but the space groups are slightly different. Not analogous to bismutocolumbite or bismutotantalite.

Crystal structure details: (1) Sb5+O6 octahedra; (2) the octahedra share corners to form checkerboard-like sheets || {001}; (3) Bi3+ ions above and below the open-square areas within the sheets; (4) these Bi cations bond with O atoms in the sheets providing a link for adjacent sheets; (5) Bi has lopsided 8 coordination.


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Classification of KyawthuiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
2015
First Published:
2017

Physical Properties of KyawthuiteHide

Adamantine
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Reddish orange
Streak:
White
Hardness:
5½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
{001}; also good on {110} and {110}
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
8.256(5) g/cm3 (Measured)    8.127 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Chemical Properties of KyawthuiteHide

Formula:
Bi3+Sb5+O4

Crystallography of KyawthuiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.4624(4) Å, b = 4.8852(2) Å, c = 11.8520(8) Å
β = 101.195(7)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.118 : 1 : 2.426
Unit Cell V:
310.25 ų
Z:
4
Comment:
I2/c

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.266(100)
2.900(66)
2.678(24)
2.437(22)
1.866(21)
1.803(43)
1.626(23)
1.529(28)
Comments:
From Type Description.

Type Occurrence of KyawthuiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Single crystal faceted into a 1.61-carat gem
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Type material is deposited in the collections of the Mineral Sciences Department, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, 900 Exposition Boulevard, Los Angeles, California 90007, USA, catalogue number 65602
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Found in a waterworn crystal in alluvium at Chaung-gyi-ah-le-ywa; likely originated from a pegmatite

Synonyms of KyawthuiteHide

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KyawthuiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Aurivillius, B. (1951): Arkiv foer Kemi 3, 153-161.
Kennedy, B.J. (1994): Powder Diffraction 9, 164-167.
Enjalbert, R.; Sorokina, S.; Castro, A.; Galy, J. (1995): Acta Chemica Scandinavica 49, 813-819.
Kampf, A.R., Rossman, G.R. and Ma, C. (2015) Kyawthuite, IMA 2015-078. CNMNC Newsletter No. 28, December 2015, page 1863; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1859–1864.
Kampf, A.R., Rosman, G.R., Ma, C. (2016): Kyawthuite, Bi3+Sb5+O4, a new gem mineral from Mogok, Burma (Myanmar). Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 477-484.

Internet Links for KyawthuiteHide

Localities for KyawthuiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Myanmar (TL)
 
  • Mandalay Region (Mandalay Division)
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
      • Mogok Township
        • Chaung-gyi
Kampf, A.R., Rosman, G.R., Ma, C. (2016): Kyawthuite, Bi3+Sb5+O4, a new gem mineral from Mogok, Burma (Myanmar). Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 477-484
Mineral and/or Locality  
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