Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Carbonatite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
An igneous rock containing more than 50% modal primary carbonate.

A carbonate rock of apparent magmatic origin, generally associated with kimberlites and alkalic rocks. Carbonatites have been variously explained as derived from magmatic melt, solid flow, hydrothermal solution, and gaseous transfer.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of CarbonatiteHide

Classification of carbonatites with SiO2 < 20%

Sub-divisions of CarbonatiteHide

Mineralogy of CarbonatiteHide

Non-essential minerals - these minerals are common, sometimes major components, but are not always present:
AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
CalciteCaCO3
DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Gregoryite(Na2,K2,Ca)CO3
NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
SideriteFeCO3

Age informationHide

Age range:
Neoproterozoic to Carboniferous : 704 Ma to 350 Ma - based on data given below.
Sample ages:
Sample IDRecorded ageGeologic TimeDating method
1350 MaMississippianK-Ar
2388 to 383 MaMiddle DevonianK-Ar
3704 to 654 MaCryogenianK-Ar
Sample references:
IDLocalityReference
1Gornoozerskii carbonatite complex, Aldan province, Khabarovskiy Kray, Far-Eastern Region, RussiaOrris, G. J., Grauch, R. I. (2002) Rare Earth element mines, deposits, and occurenes. USGS Open-File Report 02-189, 1-174.
2Sebl'yavr Massif, Murmanskaya Oblast', Northern Region, Russia  "  "
3Nkumbwa Hill Carbonatite, Isoka, Isoka District, Muchinga Mts., Northern Province, Zambia  "  "

Internet Links for CarbonatiteHide

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-48019.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for CarbonatiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Angola
 
  • Huíla Province
ZHENG, L., GU, X., & ZHANG, Y. (2014). Pyrochlore Chemistry from the Bonga Carbonatite-type Nb Deposit, Huila Province, Angola: Implications for Magmatic-Hydrothermal Processes of Carbonatite. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 40, 205-226.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Laverton Shire
      • Mount Weld Station
Fetherston, J.M. (2004), Tantalum in Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 22, GSWA, 02 April 2004
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba Department
    • Ayopaya Province
[Ferrocarbonatite] Federico Ahlfeld
      • Independencia
[Ferrocarbonatite] Field observations by Dr Jaroslav Hyrsl and Alfredo Petrov.
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Campo Alegre de Lourdes
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Goiás
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Minas Gerais
    • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
      • Caldas
        • Campo do Cercado
Waber, N., Schorscher, H. D., & Peters, T. (1992). Hydrothermal and supergene uranium mineralization at the Osamu Utsumi mine, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45(1-3), 53-112.
    • Serra do Salitre
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Paraná
    • Cerro Azul
Automatically generated from locality name
  • São Paulo
    • Cajati
Melcher, G. C. (1965). O carbonatito de Jacupiranga. Boletim da Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras, Universidade de São Paulo. Geologia, (21), 5-70.
    • Itapirapuã Paulista
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Registro
Automatically generated from locality name
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Kamloops Mining Division
      • Blue River carbonatites
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Wicheeda Lake
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Ontario
    • Algoma District
      • McMurray Township
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Cochrane District
      • Moosonee Township
Automatically generated from locality name
      • South of Ridge Lake Area
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Kenora District
      • Carb Lake Area
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Nipissing District
      • Strathcona Township
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Sudbury District
      • Lackner Township
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Killala Lake Area
Automatically generated from locality name
      • O'Meara Township
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Québec
    • Laurentides
      • Argenteuil RCM
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Nord-du-Québec
Automatically generated from locality name
      • Nunavik
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean
      • Le Fjord-du-Saguenay RCM
        • Saint-Honoré
Automatically generated from locality name
China
 
  • Hubei Province
    • Shennongjia Forest District
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Shiyan Prefecture
      • Zhushan Co.
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Shandong Province
    • Laiwu Prefecture
      • Gangcheng District
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Akesu Prefecture (Aksu Prefecture; Aqsu Prefecture)
      • Baicheng Co. (Bay Co.)
Automatically generated from locality name
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Kivu
Automatically generated from locality name
Finland
 
  • Lapland Region
    • Savukoski
      • Tulppio
Automatically generated from locality name
Germany
 
  • Saxony
    • Delitzsch
      • Storkwitz
Automatically generated from locality name
Greenland
 
  • Qeqqata
    • Isortoq Fjord (Søndre Isortoq)
      • Sarfartoq region
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Maniitsoq (Sukkertoppen)
      • Qaqqaarsuk (Qaqarssuk)
Automatically generated from locality name
India
 
  • Tamil Nadu
    • Teni District
Automatically generated from locality name
  • West Bengal
    • Purulia District
      • Beldih village
Automatically generated from locality name
Kenya
 
  • Lake Victoria
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Nyanza Province
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
Mongolia
 
  • Ömnögovi Aimag
    • Shara Hulasa Hiid
Automatically generated from locality name
Namibia
 
  • Kunene Region
    • Swartbooisdrif
Automatically generated from locality name
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Nore og Uvdal
[Rødberg] Automatically generated from locality name
  • Telemark
    • Nome
      • Fen Complex
[Ferrocarbonatite] Andersen, T. (1986): Compositional variation of some rare earth minerals from the Fen complex (Telemark, SE Norway): implications for the mobility of rare earths in a carbonatite system. Mineralogical Magazine. 50: 503-509
[Søvite] Mitchell, R.H. (1980): Pyroxenes of the Fen alkaline complex, Norway. American Mineralogist. 65: 45-54
        • Søve Mines
[Søvite] Adamson, O. J. (1950) Report on the Columbium occurrence of the Fen region near Ulefoss i Southern Norway. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. Bergarkivet. BA 1343. 34p [p. 8-9]
[Søvite] Adamson, O. J. (1950) Report on the Columbium occurrence of the Fen region near Ulefoss i Southern Norway. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. Bergarkivet. BA 1343. 34p [p. 9-11]
Pakistan
 
  • Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)
    • Khyber Agency
Automatically generated from locality name
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
      • Maimecha and Kotui Rivers Basin
        • Gulinskii massif (Guli)
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Aldan Shield
        • Eastern Aldan
[Calcite-carbonatite] Shadenkov, Y. M. (1989). Metasomatic assemblages in wall rocks of the Ingili pluton, eastern Aldan. International Geology Review, 31(7), 697-706.
    • Tuva Republic
      • Kurtushibinsky Range
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Khabarovskiy Kray
      • Aldan province
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Khibiny Massif
Automatically generated from locality name
[Calcite-carbonatite] Kukharenko et aI., 1965; Kononova and Shanin, 1971; Orlova, 1959.
Kogarko, L.N. et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Vol 2.
  • Southern Siberia
    • Sayan Mts
L. Kogarko (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Part Two: Former USSR
South Africa
 
  • Eastern Cape Province
    • Alfred Nzo District
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Limpopo Province
    • Bushveld Complex
      • Waterberg District
        • Thabazimbi
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Eastern Bushveld Complex
Automatically generated from locality name
  • North West Province
    • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Pixley ka Seme District
      • Prieska
Automatically generated from locality name
Spain
 
  • Canary Islands
    • Las Palmas Province
      • Fuerteventura
        • Fuerteventura basal complex
Automatically generated from locality name
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk (Donets'k) Oblast'
    • Azov Sea Region
      • Oktyabr'skii Massif (Mariupol'skii)
Automatically generated from locality name
United Arab Emirates
 
  • Fujayrah Emirate (Fujairah)
Automatically generated from locality name
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
      • Magnet Cove
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Colorado
    • Fremont Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Iron Mountain complex
        • McClure Mountain
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • McClure Mountain Complex
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Road Gulch
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Gunnison Co.
      • White Earth District (Powderhorn District)
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Nebraska
    • Johnson Co.
      • Elk Creek
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Vietnam
 
  • Lai Chau Province
    • Phong Tho District
Automatically generated from locality name
      • Mt Fansipan
        • Nâm Nâm Xe REE deposit
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
Zambia
 
  • Northern Province
    • Muchinga Mts.
      • Isoka District
        • Isoka
Automatically generated from locality name
Zimbabwe
 
  • Matabeleland North
    • Hwange District
      • Deka
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2017, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: September 22, 2017 16:21:28 Page generated: September 21, 2017 04:41:57
Go to top of page