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Dolomite-carbonatite

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About Dolomite-carbonatiteHide

A carbonatite where more than 90% of the carbonate is dolomite.


Classification of Dolomite-carbonatiteHide

TRI__882ac1b86a6a3ff0b32afe0e1a2e2a2a.png

Classification of carbonatites with SiO2 < 20%

Mineralogy of Dolomite-carbonatiteHide

Essential minerals - these are minerals that are required within the classification of this rock:
DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Non-essential minerals - these minerals are common, sometimes major components, but are not always present:
CalciteCaCO3

Synonyms of Dolomite-carbonatiteHide

Internet Links for Dolomite-carbonatiteHide

Localities for Dolomite-carbonatiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Halls Creek Shire
      • Lamboo Station
        • Mount Dockrell pegmatites (Mount Dockerell)
Downes, P. J., Dunkley, D. J., Fletcher, I. R., McNaughton, N. J., Rasmussen, B., Jaques, A. L., ... & Sweetapple, M. T. (2016). Zirconolite, zircon and monazite-(Ce) U-Th-Pb age constraints on the emplacement, deformation and alteration history of the Cummins Range Carbonatite Complex, Halls Creek Orogen, Kimberley region, Western Australia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 110(2-3), 199-222.
    • Laverton Shire
      • Mount Weld Station
Dunkan, R.K. & Willett, G.C. 1990. Mount Weld carbonatite. Hughes, F. E. (Ed.). (1990). Geology of the mineral deposits of Australia and Papua New Guinea. Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. Melbourne, 591-597. Middlemost, E. (1990). Mineralogy and petrology of the rauhaugites of the Mt Weld carbonatite complex of Western Australia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 41(2-4), 145-161. Nelson, D. R., Chivas, A. R., Chappell, B. W., & McCulloch, M. T. (1988). Geochemical and isotopic systematics in carbonatites and implications for the evolution of ocean-island sources. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 52(1), 1-17.; Dunkan, R.K. & Willett, G.C. 1990. Mount Weld carbonatite. Hughes, F. E. (Ed.). (1990). Geology of the mineral deposits of Australia and Papua New Guinea. Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. Melbourne, 591-597. Middlemost, E. (1990). Mineralogy and petrology of the rauhaugites of the Mt Weld carbonatite complex of Western Australia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 41(2-4), 145-161. Nelson, D. R., Chivas, A. R., Chappell, B. W., & McCulloch, M. T. (1988). Geochemical and isotopic systematics in carbonatites and implications for the evolution of ocean-island sources. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 52(1), 1-17.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Kamloops Mining Division
      • Blue River carbonatites
Chudy T, Groat L, Cempírek J (2014) The magmatic evolution of the Fir carbonatite system and implications for Ta enrichment in carbonatites. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 73
DR Congo
 
  • North Kivu
    • Beni Territory
      • Bashu
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE— database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database [http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2009/1139/].
    • Rutshuru Territory
      • Bwito
Cahen, L., & Snelling, N. J. (1966). The geochronology of equatorial Africa. North-Holland Publishing Company. Denaeyer, M. E. (1958). Les syénites feldspathoïdiques du Kivu et leur rôle dans la genèse des laves des Virunga. Bulletin de la Société Belge de Géologie, Paléontologie et Hydrologie (Bruxelles), 67, 459-488. http://biblio.naturalsciences.be/rbins-publications/bulletin-de-la-societe-belge-de-geologie/067%20-%201958/bsbg_67_1958_p459-481.pdf Denaeyer, M. E. (1959). Les syénites métasomatiques du massif de Kirumba: Mémoires de l’Académie Royale des Sciences Coloniales. Classe Sci. Tech. NS, 9(2). Denaeyer, M. E. (1966). Sur la présence d'une carbonatite ankéritique (rauhaugite) en bordure du complexe alcalin de Kirumba (Kivu). Comptes rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, 263(1), 9-12. Denayer, M. E. (1970). Rapports isotopiques O e C et condition d'affleurement dês carbonatites de 1'Affrique Central. Compt. Rend. D, 270, 2155-2158. Kampunzu, A. B., Kramers, J. D., & Makutu, M. N. (1998). Rb Sr whole rock ages of the lueshe, Kirumba and Numbi igneous complexes (Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo) and the break-up of the Rodinia supercontinent. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 26(1), 29-36. doi.org/10.1016/S0899-5362(97)00134-6
Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea Governorate
Aly, M. M., El Ramly, M. F., & Kabesh, M. L. (1983). Analyses of Egyptian rocks, igneous rocks, part I. The Geol. Survey of Egypt and Mining Authority, Cairo, paper, (66), 77-81. El Ramly, M.F., Budanov, V.I. & Hussein, A.A.A. 1971. The alkaline rocks of south-eastern Egypt. Geological Survey of Egypt, Paper, 53. El Reedy, M. W., & El Sokkary, A. A. (1982). Contribution to the geochemistry of some ring complexes in the South-Eastern Desert, Egypt. Acta Geological Academiae Sientiarum Hangaricas, 25(3–4), 349-354. Khalil, M. M., & El Ramly, M. F. (1991). On the occurrence of uranium bearing mineral in carbonatites in the vicinity of Tarbtie South Ring Complex. Annals of the Geological Survey of Egypt, 17, 127-136. Soliman, M. M. (1987). The younger granites and ring complexes of the Southeastern Desert of Egypt and their relation to mineralization. Journal of African Earth Sciences (1983), 6(5), 745-754. doi.org/10.1016/0899-5362(87)90010-8
Finland
 
  • Lapland
    • Savukoski
      • Tulppio
Lee, M. J., Lee, J. I., Garcia, D., Moutte, J., Williams, C. T., Wall, F., & Kim, Y. (2006). Pyrochlore chemistry from the Sokli phoscorite-carbonatite complex, Finland: implications for the genesis of phoscorite and carbonatite association. Geochemical Journal, 40(1), 1-13.; H. Vartiainen, A.R. Woolley (1974) The age of the Sokli carbonatite, Finland and some relationships of the North Atlantic Igneous Province. Bull. Geol. Soc. Finl. vol 46, 81- 91, Kononova, V. A., Shanin, L. L., & Arakelyants, M. M. (1974). Times of formation of alkaline massifs and carbonatites. International Geology Review, 16(10), 1119-1130. H. Vartiainen, A.R. Woolley (1976) The petrology, mineralogy and chemistry of the fenites of the Sokli carbonatite intrusion, Finland. Geol. Surv. of Finland, Bull. 280 Mäkelä, M., & Vartiainen, H. (1978). A study of sulfur isotopes in the Sokli multi-stage carbonatite (Finland). Chemical Geology, 21(3-4), 257-265. Vartiainen, H., Kresten, P., & Kafkas, Y. (1978). Alkaline lamprophyres from the Sokli complex, northern Finland. Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland, 50(1-2), 59-68. Vartiainen, H. E. I. K. K. I., & Paarma, H. E. I. K. K. I. (1979). Geological characteristics of the Sokli carbonatite complex, Finland. Economic Geology, 74(5), 1296-1306. Vartiainen, H. (1980). The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonatite massif, northern Finland. Bulletin of Geological Survey of Finland. Heinänen, K., & VARTIAINEN, H. (1981). Magnetite in Sokli carbonatite Massif and in Tulppio olivinite. Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland, 53, 83-90. Lapin, A. V., & Vartiainen, H. (1983). Orbicular and spherulitic carbonatites from Sokli and Vuorijärvi. Lithos, 16(1), 53-60. Vartiainen, H. (1989). The phosphate deposits of the Sokli Carbonatite Complex, Finland. In Phosphate deposits of the world. Phosphate rock resources (pp. 398-402). Kramm, U. (1993). Mantle components of carbonatites from the Kola Alkaline Province, Russia and Finland: a Nd-Sr study. European Journal of Mineralogy, 985-990. Kramm, U., Kogarko, L. N., Kononova, V. A., & Vartiainen, H. (1993). The Kola Alkaline Province of the CIS and Finland: Precise Rb Sr ages define 380–360 Ma age range for all magmatism. Lithos, 30(1), 33-44. Albers, K.-H., Woolley, A.R., Garcia, D. & Sonnet, P. 1998. Development of new technology for utilisation of the unique Nb deposit at Sokli, Finland, for the European super-alloy industry. Ingrid, H. K. (1998). Rare earth elements in sövitic carbonatites and their mineral phases. Journal of Petrology, 39(11-12), 2105-2121. Lee, M. J., Garcia, D., Moutte, J., Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Stanley, C. J. (1999). Pyrochlore and whole rock chemistry of carbonatites and phoscorites at Sokli, Finland. Pp. 651-653 in: Mineral Deposits: Processes to Processing (CJ Stanley et al., editors), 1. Lee, M. J., Garcia, D., Moutte, J., Williams, C. T., & Wall, F. (2004). Carbonatites and phoscorites from the Sokli Complex, Finland. Phoscorites and Carbonatites from Mantle to Mine: the Key Example of the Kola Alkaline Province”, eds. F. Wall and AN Zaitev, The Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland, London, 133-162. Lee, M. J., Lee, J. I., Garcia, D., Moutte, J., Williams, C. T., Wall, F., & Kim, Y. (2006). Pyrochlore chemistry from the Sokli phoscorite-carbonatite complex, Finland: implications for the genesis of phoscorite and carbonatite association. Geochemical Journal, 40(1), 1-13. Lee, M. J., Lee, J. I., Garcia, D., Moutte, J., Williams, C. T., Wall, F., & Kim, Y. (2006). Pyrochlore chemistry from the Sokli phoscorite-carbonatite complex, Finland: implications for the genesis of phoscorite and carbonatite association. Geochemical Journal, 40(1), 1-13. Rukhlov, A. S., & Bell, K. (2010). Geochronology of carbonatites from the Canadian and Baltic Shields, and the Canadian Cordillera: clues to mantle evolution. Mineralogy and Petrology, 98(1-4), 11-54. O’Brien, H., & Hyvönen, E. (2015). The Sokli carbonatite complex. In Mineral deposits of Finland (pp. 305-325). Elsevier. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.315 Proceedings of the First Annual Workshop (Eurothen '98), Athens, Greece, National Technical University of Athens, Athens, 449-472.
Germany
 
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Saalekreis
      • Landsberg
Krüger, J. C., Romer, R. L., & Kämpf, H. (2013). Late Cretaceous ultramafic lamprophyres and carbonatites from the Delitzsch Complex, Germany. Chemical Geology, 353, 140-150. Seifert, W., Kämpf, H., & Wasternack, J. (2000). Compositional variation in apatite, phlogopite and other accessory minerals of the ultramafic Delitzsch complex, Germany: implication for cooling history of carbonatites. Lithos, 53(2), 81-100. Rollig, G., Viehweg, M., & Reuter, N. (1990). THE ULTRAMAFIC LAMPROPHYRES AND CARBONATITES OF DELITZSCH, GDR. ZEITSCHRIFT FUR ANGEWANDTE GEOLOGIE, 36, 49-54. Wand, U., Stiehl, G., Rölling, G., Mühle, K., Haase, G., & Gerstenberger, H. (1989). C, O, N and Sr isotope characteristics of carbonatites from the Central German Crystalline Zone, GDR. In Proc 5 th Working Meeting Isotopes in Nature, Leipzig (pp. 421-436).
India
 
  • Gujarat
    • Chhota Udaipur District
Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Khandelwal, M. K., Maithani, P. B., Pant, P. C., Hansda, P. K., & Ramachandran, S. (1997). Geological and Geochemical Studies on Carbonatites and Rocks of Carbonatite (?) Affinity from Areas North of the Narmada Lineament in Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 50, 307-314. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135. Sukheswala, R. N., & Avasia, R. K. (1971). Carbonatite-alkalic complex of Panwad-Kawant, Gujarat, and its bearing on the structural characteristics of the area. Bulletin Volcanologique, 35(3), 564-578. Viladkar, S. G., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Analcime-phonolite and associated alkaline rocks of Panwad-Kawant Complex, Gujarat, India. Chem Erde, 54, 49-66.
  • Tamil Nadu
    • Krishnagiri District
Ackerman, L., Magna, T., Rapprich, V., Upadhyay, D., Krátký, O., Čejková, B., ... & Hrstka, T. (2017). Contrasting petrogenesis of spatially related carbonatites from Samalpatti and Sevattur, Tamil Nadu, India. Lithos, 284, 257-275.
Kenya
 
  • Kwale County
Coetzee, G.L., Edwards, C.B. (1959) The Mrima Hill Carbonatite, Coast Province, Kenya. South African Journal of Geology, 62:1, 373-397.
Malawi
 
  • Southern Region
    • Balaka
Buckley, H. A., & Woolley, A. R. (1990). Carbonates of the magnesite–siderite series from four carbonatite complexes. Mineralogical Magazine, 54(376), 413-418. https://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.617.6641&rep=rep1&type=pdf Cahen, L., & Snelling, N. J. (1966). The geochronology of equatorial Africa. North-Holland Publishing Company. Garson, M.S. 1965. The geology of the area west of Lake Malombe, Fort Johnston District. Records, Geological Survey of Malawi, 3, 35-48. Woolley, A. R. (1969). Some aspects of fenitization with particular reference to Chilwa Island and Kangankunde, Malawi. British Museum (Natural History), Mineralogy, 2, 189-219. Garson, M.S. &. Morgan, D.J. 1978. Secondary strontianite at Kangankunde carbonatite complex, Malawi. Transactions, Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, 87B, 70-73. ZIEGLER, U. F. (1992). Preliminary results of geochemistry, Sm-Nd and Rb-Sr studies of post-Karoo carbonatite complexes in Southern Africa. Schweizerische mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 72(1), 141-148.
    • Phalombe
-Dawson, J. B., Steele, I. M., Smith, J. V., & Rivers, M. L. (1996). Minor and trace element chemistry of carbonates, apatites and magnetites in some African carbonatites. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(3), 415-425. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.618.1638&rep=rep1&type=pdf -Garson, M.S. 1962. The Tundulu carbonatite ring-complex in southern Nyasaland. Memoir, Geological Survey of Nyasaland, 2. -Snelling, N. J. (1965). Age determinations on three African carbonatites. Nature, 205(4970), 491-491. doi.org/10.1038/205491a0
Mali
 
  • Kidal Region
    • Tessalit Cercle
Sauvage, J. F., & Savard, R. (1985). Les complexes alcalins sous-saturés à carbonatites de la région d'In Imanal (Sahara malien): une présentation. Journal of African Earth Sciences (1983), 3(1-2), 143-149. doi.org/10.1016/0899-5362(85)90032-6
Namibia
 
  • Kunene Region
    • Epupa
      • Epembe Complex
Zimmermann, R., Brandmeier, M., Andreani, L., Mhopjeni, K., Gloaguen, R. (2016) Remote Sensing Exploration of Nb-Ta-LREE-Enriched Carbonatite (Epembe/Namibia). Remote Sensing, 8, 620.
    • Opuwo Rural
Miller, R. McG.The Agate Mountain Carbonatite complex, Cape Fria, NW Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia (Henno Martin Commerative Volume), in press.
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Otjiwarongo
Le Roex, A. P., & Lanyon, R. (1998). Isotope and trace element geochemistry of Cretaceous Damaraland lamprophyres and carbonatites, northwestern Namibia: Evidence for plume—lithosphere interactions. Journal of Petrology, 39(6), 1117-1146. doi.org/10.1093/petroj/39.6.1117 Prins, P. 1981. The geochemical evolution of the alkaline and carbonatite complexes of the Damaraland igneous province, South West Africa. Annale Universiteit van Stellenbosch, Serie A1, Geologie, 3, 145-278. Verwoerd, W. J. (1967). The carbonatites of South Africa and South West Africa. Government Printer, South Africa., 6.
Le Roex, A. P., & Lanyon, R. (1998). Isotope and trace element geochemistry of Cretaceous Damaraland lamprophyres and carbonatites, northwestern Namibia: Evidence for plume—lithosphere interactions. Journal of Petrology, 39(6), 1117-1146. doi.org/10.1093/petroj/39.6.1117 Verwoerd, W. J. (1967). The carbonatites of South Africa and South West Africa. Government Printer, South Africa., 6.
  • ǁKaras Region
Verwoerd, W. J. (1993). Update on carbonatites of South Africa and Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 96, 75-96.
Verwoerd, W. J. (1993). Update on carbonatites of South Africa and Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 96, 75-96.
Verwoerd, W. J. (1993). Update on carbonatites of South Africa and Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 96, 75-96.
    • ǃNamiǂNûs Constituency
Mathias, M. (1974). Alkaline rocks of southern Africa. The alkaline rocks, 189-202. Verwoerd, W. J. (1967). The carbonatites of South Africa and South West Africa. Government Printer, South Africa., 6.
Verwoerd, W. J. (1993). Update on carbonatites of South Africa and Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 96(3), 75-95. https://journals.co.za/doi/pdf/10.10520/AJA10120750_733
Verwoerd, W. J. (1993). Update on carbonatites of South Africa and Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 96(3), 75-95. https://journals.co.za/doi/pdf/10.10520/AJA10120750_733
Norway
 
  • Svalbard
    • Bear Island
Flood, B. (1967) Sulphide mineralization within the Hecla Hoek Complex in Westspitsbergen and Bjørnøya. Norsk Polarinstitutt. Årbok 1967: 109-129.
  • Vestfold og Telemark
    • Nome
Saether, E. (1957). The alkaline rock province of the Fen area in southern Norway. Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter, 1, 1-150. Bjørlykke, H., & Svinndal, S. (1960). The carbonatite and per-alkaline rocks of the Fen area. Mining and exploration work. Geology of Norway, Norges Geol. Unders, 208, 105-110. Andersen, T. (1983): Iron ores in the Fen central complex, Telemark (S.Norway): Petrography, chemical evolution and conditions of equilibrium. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 63, 73-82
      • Søve Mines
Dahlgren, S. (REE mineralization in the Fen Carbonatite Complex, Telemark, Norway - A world-class exploration target for the Hi-Tech and “Green-shift”. Industry Report from the Geological Advisor 1-2019. Buskerud Telemark Vestfold County Councils. 86pp
Adamson, O. J. (1950) Report on the Columbium occurrence of the Fen region near Ulefoss i Southern Norway. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. Bergarkivet. BA 1343. 34p [p. 9-11]
Pakistan
 
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province
    • Khyber District
Jan, M. Q., Kamal, M., & Qureshi, A. Á. (1981). Petrography Of The Loe Shilman Carbonatite Gomplex, Khyber Agengy. Geol. Bull. Univ. Peshawar, 14, 29-43. Tilton, G. R., Bryce, J. G., & Mateen, A. (1998). Pb–Sr–Nd isotope data from 30 and 300 Ma collision zone carbonatites in northwest Pakistan. Journal of Petrology, 39(11-12), 1865-1874. Mian, I., & Le Bas, M. J. (1987). The biotite-phlogopite series in fenites from the Loe Shilman carbonatite complex, NW Pakistan. Mineralogical Magazine, 51(361), 397-408.
Russia
 
  • Irkutsk Oblast
Ashchepkov, I.; Zhmodik, S.; Belyanin, D.; Kiseleva, O.N.; Medvedev, N.; Travin, A.; Yudin, D.; Karmanov, N.S.; Downes, H. (2020) Aillikites and Alkali Ultramafic Lamprophyres of the Beloziminsky Alkaline Ultrabasic-Carbonatite Massif: Possible Origin and Relations with Ore Deposits. Minerals 10, 404.
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Maimecha and Kotui Rivers Basin
Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Kononkova, N. N., & Klimovich, I. V. (2013). Uranium and thorium in carbonatitic minerals from the Guli massif, Polar Siberia. Geochemistry International, 51(10), 767-776.
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Kolsky District
Kogarko, L.N. et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Vol 2.
Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Mitchell, R. H. (1998). Lueshite, pyrochlore and monazite-(Ce) from apatite-dolomite carbonatite, Lesnaya Varaka complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(6), 769-782.
    • Northern Karelia
Zaitsev, A. N., Sitnikova, M. A., Subbotin, V. V., Fernández-Suárez, J., Jeffries, T. E., & Wall, F. (2004). Sallanlatvi complex—a rare example of magnesite and siderite carbonatites. Phoscorites and carbonatites from mantle to mine: the key example of the Kola Alkaline Province. Mineralogical Society, London, 201-245.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Eastern Aldan
Shadenkov, Y. M. (1989). Metasomatic assemblages in wall rocks of the Ingili pluton, eastern Aldan. International Geology Review, 31(7), 697-706.
South Africa
 
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District Municipality
      • Rustenburg
Harmer, R. (2017) The Bulhoek Carbonatite Complex, South Africa: Evidence for magmatic crystallization of dolomite at low pressures and the petrogenetic implications. " Carbonatites-alkaline rocks and associated mineral deposits" Abstract, 5.
Sweden
 
  • Norrbotten County
    • Kalix
Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. https://doi.org/10.1080/11035897709454992 Kresten, P., & Brunfelt, A. O. (1981). Alkaline ultramafic lamprophyres and associated carbonatite dykes from the Kalix area, northern Sweden. Geologische Rundschau, 70(3), 1215-1231. doi.org/10.1007/BF01820189
  • Västernorrland County
    • Sundsvall
Andersson, M., Malehmir, A., Troll, V. R., Dehghannejad, M., Juhlin, C., & Ask, M. (2013). Carbonatite ring-complexes explained by caldera-style volcanism. Scientific reports, 3(1), 1-9. https://www.nature.com/articles/srep01677.pdf Barber, D. J., & Wenk, H. R. (1984). Microstructures in carbonates from the Alnø and Fen carbonatites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 88(3), 233-245. doi.org/10.1007/BF00380168 Brueckner, H. K., & Rex, D. C. (1980). KA and Rb Sr geochronology and Sr isotopic study of the Alnö alkaline complex, northeastern Sweden. Lithos, 13(2), 111-119. doi.org/10.1016/0024-4937(80)90012-2 Von Eckermann, H. (1958). The alkaline and carbonatite dykes of the Alnö formation on the mainland north-west of Alnö Island Kungl. Svensk. Vetenskaps Handl. Fjärde Serien., 7, 1-61. Von Eckermann, H. (1966). Progress of research on the Alnö carbonatite. In Carbonatites. Intersci. Publishers New York. Eckermann, H. V. (1966). The pyroxenes of the Alnö carbonatites (sövite) and the surrounding fenites. Mineral. Soc. India, IMA Vol., 126-139. Eckermann, H. von. 1967. The strontium and barium contents of the Alnö sövites and the alkaline, carbonatitic and ultrabasic rocks. Arkiv för Mineralogi och Geologi, 4, 417-424. Ingrid, H. K. (1998). Rare earth elements in sövitic carbonatites and their mineral phases. Journal of Petrology, 39(11-12), 2105-2121.https://doi.org/10.1093/petroj/39.11-12.2105 Kresten, P. (1977). K, Rb and Cs in carbonatites and associated rocks from central Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(4), 377-383.doi.org/10.1080/11035897709455040 Kresten, P. 1979. The Alnö complex: discussion of the main features, bibliography and excursion guide. Paper presented at the Nordic Carbonatite Symposium, Alnö, Sweden. Kresten, P. (1980). The Alnö complex: tectonics of dyke emplacement. Lithos, 13(2), 153-158. doi.org/10.1016/0024-4937(80)90016-X Kresten, P. (1986). Alkaline and carbonatitic Alnø dikes (Map). Sveriges Geologiske Undersøkning, Ser. Ba, (31). Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. doi.org/10.1080/11035897709454992 Meert, J. G., Walderhaug, H. J., Torsvik, T. H., & Hendriks, B. W. (2007). Age and paleomagnetic signature of the Alnø carbonatite complex (NE Sweden): Additional controversy for the Neoproterozoic paleoposition of Baltica. Precambrian Research, 154(3-4), 159-174. doi.org/10.1016/j.precamres.2006.12.008 Morogan, V. (1989). Mass transfer and REE mobility during fenitization at Alnö, Sweden. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 103(1), 25-34. doi.org/10.1007/BF00371362 Morogan, V., & Lindblom, S. (1995). Volatiles associated with the alkaline–carbonatite magmatism at Alnö, Sweden: a study of fluid and solid inclusions in minerals from the Laångarsholmen ring complex. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 122(3), 262-274. doi.org/10.1007/s004100050126 Morogan, V., & Woolley, A. R. (1988). Fenitization at the Alnö carbonatite complex, Sweden; distribution, mineralogy and genesis. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 100(2), 169-182. doi.org/10.1007/BF00373583 Vuorinen, J. H., & Hålenius, U. (2005). Nb-, Zr-and LREE-rich titanite from the Alnö alkaline complex: crystal chemistry and its importance as a petrogenetic indicator. Lithos, 83(1-2), 128-142. Vuorinen, J. H., & Skelton, A. D. (2004). Origin of silicate minerals in carbonatites from Alnö Island, Sweden: magmatic crystallization or wall rock assimilation?. Terra Nova, 16(4), 210-215. doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3121.2004.00557.x
Tanzania
 
  • Mbeya Region
    • Mbeya
Mgonde, F. (1994). Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
Ukraine
 
  • Zaporizhia Oblast
    • Pryazovske Raion
Ryabchikov, I.D., Kogarko, L.N., Krivdik, S.G., and Ntaflos, T. (2008): Constraints of the Formation of Carbonatites in the Chernigovka Massif, Azov Region, Ukraine. Geology of Ore Deposits 50(6), 423-432.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Manicaland
    • Buhera District
Walsh, K.L. and Harmer, R.E. (1997) Excursion guide: Alkaline igneous rocks of southeastern Zimbabwe. Geological Society of Zimbabwe conference field trip No. 5
Walsh, K.L. and Harmer, R.E. (1997) Excursion guide: Alkaline igneous rocks of southeastern Zimbabwe. Geological Society of Zimbabwe conference field trip No. 5
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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