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Kimberlite

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Name:
The name is derived from Kimberley, South Africa.
A megacryst-rich ultramafic rock, rich in olivine, plus phlogopite, carbonate, pyrope, pyroxenes, and oxides. It occurs in vertical pipes, dikes, and sills. It is the principal primary host for diamonds, but only a small percentage of the known kimberlite occurrences are diamondiferous. A polymict ultramafic-rich volcanic breccia, dominated by olivine, phlogopite, and diopside +/- garnet, commonly highly serpentinized, porphyritic, and brecciated, which occurs in vertical pipes, dikes, and sills. It is the principal primary host for diamonds, but only a small percentage of the known kimberlite occurrences are diamondiferous.


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Classification of KimberliteHide

Sub-divisions of KimberliteHide

Mineralogy of KimberliteHide

Essential minerals - these are minerals that are required within the classification of this rock:
CarbonateIn mineralogy carbonates are a wide group of minerals containing the CO3 anion, many of which are rare and ...
Mica > PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
OlivineEquivalent to Fayalite-Forsterite Series; usually a more or less Fe-bearing forsterite.
PyroxeneA petrological term for Pyroxene Group.
Non-essential minerals - these minerals are common, sometimes major components, but are not always present:
MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
PerovskiteCaTiO3
PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3

Synonyms of KimberliteHide

References for KimberliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Bobrievich, A.P., Kalyuzhuyi, V.A., and Smirnov, G.I. (1957) Moissanite in kimberlites of the East Siberian Platform. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 115(6): 1189–1192 (in Russian).
Marshintsev, V.K., Shchelchkova S.G., Zol’nikov G.V., and Voskresenskaya V.B. (1967) New information on moissanite from the Yakutian kimberlites. Geologiya i Geofizika Novosibirsk, 12, 22–31 (in Russian).
Dawson, J.B. and Smith, J.V. (1975) Chemistry and origin of phlogopite megacrysts in kimberlite. Nature: 253: 336–338.
He, G. (1984) Kimberlites in China and their major components: A discussion on the physico-chemical properties of the upper mantle. In J. Kornprobst, Ed., Kimberlites, I. Kimberlites and related rocks, p. 181–194. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
Jaques, A.L., Lewis, J.D., and Smith, C.B. (1986) The kimberlites and lamproites of Western Australia. Bulletin of Geological Survey Western Australia: 132.
Berg, G.W. (1989) The significance of brucite in South African kimberlites. In Kimberlite and Related Rocks, Volume 2: Their Mantle/Crust Setting, Diamonds and Diamond Exploration; Geological Society of Australia Special Publication, 14; 282–296. Blackwell Scientific, Cambridge, England.
Moore, R.O. and Gurney, J.J. (1989) Mineral inclusions in diamond from the Monastery kimberlite, South Africa. In Kimberlite and Related Rocks, Volume 2: Their Mantle/Crust Setting, Diamonds and Diamond Exploration; Geological Society of Australia, Special Publication, 14, 1029–1041. Blackwell Scientific, Cambridge, U.K.
Marshintsev, V.K. (1990) Nature of silicon carbide in kimberlite rocks of Yakutia. Mineralogicheskiy Zhurnal.: 12(3): 17–26 (in Russian).
Deines, P., Harris, J.W., and Gurney, J.J. (1993) Depth-related carbon isotope and nitrogen concentration variability in the mantle below the Orapa kimberlite, Botswana, Africa. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 57, 2781–2796.
Mathez, E.A., Fogel, R.A., Hutcheon, I.D., and Marshintsev, V.K. (1995) Carbon isotopic composition and origin of SiC from kimberlites of Yakutia, Russia. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 59: 781–791.
Leung, I.S., Taylor, L.A., Tsao, C.S., and Han, Z. (1996) SiC in diamond and kimberlites: Implications for nucleation and growth of diamond. International Geology Review: 38: 595–606.
Pell, J.A. (1997) Kimberlites in the Slave craton, Northwest Territories, Canada: A preliminary review. Russian Geology and Geophysics 38 (1), 5 –16. Proceeding of the Sixth International Kimberlite Conference Vol.1: kimberlites, related rocks and mantle xenoliths. Allerton Press, New York.
Schulze, D.J. (2001) Origins of chromian and aluminous spinel macrocrysts from kimberlites in southern Africa. Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 361–376.

Internet Links for KimberliteHide

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-48035.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for KimberliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Angola
 
  • Lunda Norte Province
From description
    • Chicapa River
http://www.portergeo.com.au/database/mineinfo.asp?mineid=mn948
  • Lunda Sul Province
Coakley, George J. "The mineral industry of Angola." Minerals Yearbook. Volume III. Area Reports: International (2000).
Nikitina, L. P., Marin, Y. B., Skublov, S. G., Korolev, N. M., Saltykova, A. K., Zinchenko, V. N., & Chissupa, H. M. (2012). U-Pb age and geochemistry of zircon from mantle xenoliths of the Katoka and Kat-115 kimberlitic pipes (Republic of Angola). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 445, No. 1, pp. 840-844). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • South Flinders Ranges
        • Carrieton
Automatically generated from locality name
        • Eurelia
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Olary Province
      • Pandappa
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Western Australia
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Kiwirrkurra community
http://www.meteoric.com.au/
      • Marble Bar
Fetherston, J.M., Stocklmayer, S., Stocklmayer, V.C.(2013): Gemstones of Western Australia- mineral resources bulletin 25, Geological Survey of Western Australia (2013): 32
    • Wyndham-East Kimberley Shire
      • Carson River Station
Fetherston, J.M., Stocklmayer, S., Stocklmayer, V.C(2013): Gemstones of Western Australia-mineral resources bulletin 25, Geological Survey of Western Australia (2013): 26
      • Kachana Station
Jaques A.L., Lewis, J.D., Smith, C.B. (1986) The Kimberlites and Lamproites of Western Australia, Geological Survey of Western Australia.
      • Mount Barnett Station
Fetherston, J.M., Stocklmayer, S, Stocklmayer, V.C.(2013): Gemstones of Western Australia- mineral resources bulletin 25, Geological Survey of Western Australia(2013): 24
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba Department
    • Ayopaya Province
      • Independencia
Automatically generated from locality name
Botswana
 
  • Central District
    • Orapa
Automatically generated from locality name
http://www.portergeo.com.au/database/mineinfo.asp?mineid=mn933
Brazil
 
  • Mato Grosso
    • Juína
Automatically generated from locality name
Canada
 
  • Alberta
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
  • British Columbia
    • Fort Steele Mining Division
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Northwest Territories
    • Contwoyto Lake
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Great Slave Lake
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Lac de Gras
      • Ekati Mine
Tappert, R., Stachel, T., Harris, J. W., & Shimizu, N. (2005). Mineral inclusions in diamonds from the Panda kimberlite, Slave Province, Canada. European Journal of Mineralogy, 17(3), 423-440.
  • Nunavut
    • Coronation Diamond District
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Somerset Island
Clarke, D. B., Chapman, C. A., MacKay, R. M., & Mitchell, R. H. (1994). Occurrence and origin of djerfisherite from the Elwin Bay kimberlite, Somerset Island, Northwest Territories. The Canadian Mineralogist, 32(4), 815-823.
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • Victor mine
van Straaten, B. I., Kopylova, M. G., Russell, J. K., Webb, K. J., & Smith, B. H. S. (2008). Discrimination of diamond resource and non-resource domains in the Victor North pyroclastic kimberlite, Canada. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 174(1), 128-138.
    • Sudbury District
      • Keith Township
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Témiscamingue RCM
        • Ville Marie
http://www.fieldexexploration.com/press-release/detail-49.html 2010
James St John, 2014, https://www.flickr.com/photos/jsjgeology/14637305027
    • Nord-du-Québec
      • Baie-James
        • Otish Mts
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
China
 
  • Hubei Province
    • Jingmen Prefecture
      • Jingshan Co.
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Liaodong Peninsula
      • Dalian Prefecture
        • Wafangdian Co.
Automatically generated from locality name Leung, I.S., Guo, W., Freidman, I., and Gleanson, J. (1990) Natural occurrence of silicon carbide in a diamondiferous kimberlite from Fuxian. Nature: 346: 352–354.
  • Shandong Province
    • Linyi Prefecture
      • Yimeng Mts (Yimeng Shan)
        • Mengyin Co.
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
Democratic Republic of the Congo
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Lake Mweru
Automatically generated from locality name
Finland
 
  • Eastern Finland Region
    • Kuopio-Kaavi diamond field (pipe 7)
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Northern Finland Region
Automatically generated from locality name
Greenland
 
  • Qeqqata
    • Isortoq Fjord (Søndre Isortoq)
      • Sarfartoq region
Automatically generated from locality name
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Anantapur District
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
        • Chigicherla cluster
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
        • Kalyandurg cluster
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
        • Wajrakarur–Lattavaram cluster
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Mahabubnagar district
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Chattisgarh (Chhattisgarh)
    • Raipur District
Automatically generated from locality name
Lesotho
 
  • Butha-Buthe District
American Mineralogist (1968): 53: 1833-1840.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
Automatically generated from locality name
        • Alakit-Markha
Automatically generated from locality name
        • Daldyn
- Boyd, F.R., Pokhilenko, N.P., Pearson, D.G., Mertzman, S.A., Sobolev, N.V., and Finger, L.W. (1997): Composition of the Siberian cratonic mantle: evidence from Udachnaya peridotite xenoliths. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 128, 228-246.; Sharygin, V. V., Kamenetsky, V. S., Kamenetskaya, M. B., Seretkin, Y. V., & Pokhilenko, N. P. (2007, August). Rasvumite from the Udachnaya-East Pipe: The first finding in kimberlites. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 415, No. 2, pp. 929-934). Nauka/Interperiodica.
Automatically generated from locality name
      • Kuoikskoe field
Sharygin, I. S., Golovin, A. V., & Pokhilenko, N. P. (2011, February). Djerfisherite in Kimberlites of the Kuoikskoe field as an indicator of enrichment of Kimberlite melts in chlorine. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 436, No. 2, pp. 301-307). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Sharygin, I. S., Golovin, A. V., & Pokhilenko, N. P. (2011, February). Djerfisherite in Kimberlites of the Kuoikskoe field as an indicator of enrichment of Kimberlite melts in chlorine. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 436, No. 2, pp. 301-307). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
      • Northern Yakutia
        • Olenyok (Olenek) river basin
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Northern Region
    • Arkhangel'skaja Oblast'
      • Zimny Bereg District
Automatically generated from locality name
Solomon Islands
 
  • Malaita Province
    • Malaita Island (Mala Island)
Automatically generated from locality name
South Africa
 
  • Free State Province
    • Lejweleputswa District
      • Theunissen
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Xhariep District
      • Koffiefontein
mindat.org
  • Gauteng Province
    • Pretoria District (Tshwane District)
      • Cullinan
https://www.petradiamonds.com/our-operations/our-mines/cullinan/
  • Limpopo Province
    • Capricorn District
      • Swartwater
Automatically generated from locality name
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Francis Baard District
      • Kimberley
https://www.petradiamonds.com/our-operations/our-mines/kem/
      • Windsorton
Clarke, D. B., Pe, G. G., MacKay, R. M., Gill, K. R., O'hara, M. J., & Gard, J. A. (1977). A new potassium-iron-nickel sulphide from a nodule in kimberlite. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 35(3), 421-428.
    • John Taolo Gaetsewe District
      • Mackenzie's Post District
Automatically generated from locality name
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
      • Gordonia District
        • Lime Acres
https://www.petradiamonds.com/our-operations/our-mines/finsch/
Tanzania
 
  • Shinyanga Region
    • Mwadui
https://www.petradiamonds.com/our-operations/our-mines/williamson/
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk (Donets'k) Oblast'
    • Azov Sea Region
http://ukrmineral.org/sites/default/files/u5/vyshnev14.pdf
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Scott Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Larimer Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Kansas
Berendsen, Pieter and Weis, Thomas ( 2001) New Kimberlite Discoveries in Kansas :Magnetic Expression and Structural Setting
    • Riley Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Kentucky
    • Elliott Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Michigan
    • Dickinson Co.
      • Felch
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Foster City
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Norway
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Waucedah
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Iron Co.
      • Lake Ellen
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Mansfield
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Menominee Co.
      • Hermansville
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Montana
    • Fergus Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • New York
    • Tompkins Co.
      • Ithaca
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Fayette Co.
      • Masontown
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Indiana Co.
      • Dixonville
        • Tanoma Coal Mine
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Tennessee
    • Union Co.
Paris, Travis A. (2008), Geology and Mineralogy of the Sharps Chapel Area: East Tennessee Geological Society 2008 Autumn Field Trip.
  • Utah
    • San Juan Co.
      • Monument Valley
        • Monument Valley District (Monumental District)
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Virginia
    • Rockbridge Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Wisconsin
    • Marinette Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Wyoming
    • Albany Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
    • Laramie Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Venezuela
 
  • Bolívar
    • Guaniamo
      • Quebrada Grande River
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
Automatically generated from locality name
Mineral and/or Locality  
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