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About BaotiteHide

Also given as Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl.
Light Brown, Black
Crystal System:
Named for the type locality, Pao-t'ou (Baotou in Russian), China.
The Ti analogue of (Nb-dominant) UM1996-39-SiO:BaClFeNbTi.

Classification of BaotiteHide


9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
C : Cyclosilicates
E : [Si4O12]8- 4-membered single rings (vierer-Einfachringe), without insular complex anions

60 : CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
1 : Four-Membered Rings, as Titanosilicates

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
8 : Silicates with niobate or tantalate

Physical Properties of BaotiteHide

Light Brown, Black

Optical Data of BaotiteHide

Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 2.160 nε = 1.940
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.220
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of BaotiteHide


Also given as Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl.
Common Impurities:

Chemical AnalysisHide

Oxide wt%:
SiO216.23 %
TiO241.43 %
Al2O30.15 %
Nb2O50.39 %
Fe2O30.16 %
MgO0.00 %
CaO0.00 %
BaO40.16 %
SrO0.26 %
K2O0.20 %
Cl2.18 %
Total:101.16 %
Sample references:
1Blåmannvika, Kvaløya ultrapotassic dike, Kvaløya, Tromsø, Troms og Finnmark, NorwayZozulya, D.R., Savchenko, E. E., Kullerud, K.,Ravna, E. K. and L. M. Lyalina (2010) Unique accessory Ti-Ba-P mineralization in the Kval

Crystallography of BaotiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
4/m - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 20.02 Å, c = 6.00 Å
a:c = 1 : 0.3
Unit Cell V:
2,404.80 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Range: a = 19.2-20.022 c = 5.908-6.006 A.

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0015552BaotiteNekrasov Yu V, Ponomarev V I, Simonov V I, Kheiker D M (1969) Refinement of the atomic structure of baotite and the isomorphic relationships in this mineral Soviet Physics Crystallography 14 508-51419690293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
3.516 Å(9)
3.139 Å(10)
2.234 Å(9)
1.763 Å(9.5)
1.422 Å(25)
1.351 Å(9)
1.335 Å(100)
Date affected by preferred orientation.

Type Occurrence of BaotiteHide

Other Language Names for BaotiteHide

Simplified Chinese:包头矿

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Baotite associated with QuartzSiO2
1 photo of Baotite associated with OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
1 photo of Baotite associated with Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.CE.20NagashimaliteBa4(V,Ti)4B2Si8O27(O,OH)2ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
9.CE.20TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2ClxOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
9.CE.25Bario-orthojoaquinite(Ba,Sr)4Fe2Ti2[Si4O12]2O2 · H2OOrth.
9.CE.25Byelorussite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2MnTi2[Si4O12]2O2(F,OH) · H2OOrth. mm2 : Ama2
9.CE.25Joaquinite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(OH,F) · H2OMon. 2 : B2
9.CE.25Orthojoaquinite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH) · H2OOrth.
9.CE.25StrontiojoaquiniteSr2Ba2(Na,Fe)2Ti2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.CE.25Strontio-orthojoaquinite(Na,Fe)2Sr2Ba2Ti2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.CE.25Orthojoaquinite-(La)NaBa2La2Fe2+Ti2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH) · H2OOrth.
9.CE.30eLabuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30aNenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
9.CE.30dLemmleinite-KK2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 4H2OOrth.
9.CE.30aKorobitsyniteNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
9.CE.30cKuzmenkoite-MnK2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(OH,O)4 · 5-6H2OMon.
9.CE.30bVuoriyarvite-KK2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.CE.30bTsepinite-NaNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2OMon.
9.CE.30cKarupmøllerite-Ca(Na,Ca,K)2Ca(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30eLabuntsovite-MgNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mg(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2OMon.
9.CE.30eLabuntsovite-FeNa4K4(Ba,K)2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2OMon.
9.CE.30dLemmleinite-BaNa2K2Ba(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-FeK2Fe2+(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30hNeskevaaraite-FeK3Na2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5-6 H2OMon. m : Bm
9.CE.30bTsepinite-KK2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30bParatsepinite-BaBa4(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(OH,O)8 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30bTsepinite-CaCa(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30hAlsakharovite-ZnNaSrKZn(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 7H2OMon. m : Bm
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-MnK2Mn2+(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30cLepkhenelmite-Zn(Ba,K)2Zn(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 7H2OMon. m : Bm
9.CE.30bTsepinite-SrSr(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2OMon. m : Bm
9.CE.30bParatsepinite-Na(Na,Sr,K,Ca)7(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · nH2O n ~ 8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30fParalabuntsovite-MgNa8K8Mg4Ti16(Si4O12)8(OH,O)16 · 20-24H2OMon. 2/m
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-CaK2Ca(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-NaK2Na(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(OH,O)4 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30hGutkovaite-MnK2CaMn(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5H2OMon.
9.CE.30cKuzmenkoite-ZnK2Zn(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(OH,O)4 · 6-8H2OMon. m : Bm
9.CE.30gOrganovaite-MnK2Mn(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5-7H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30gOrganovaite-ZnK2Zn(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30gParakuzmenkoite-Fe(K,Ba)4Fe(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 14H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30cBurovaite-Ca(Na,K)4Ca2(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(OH,O)8 · 12H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.45Komarovite(Ca,Mn)(Nb,Ti)2[Si2O7](O,F)3 · 3.5H2OOrth.
9.CE.45Natrokomarovite(Na,Ca,H)2Nb2Si2O10(OH,F)2 · H2OOrth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.8.1EpistoliteNa2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2OTric.
17.8.2MurmaniteNa2Ti2(Si2O7)O2 · 2H2OTric.
17.8.3PerraultiteBaNaMn2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FMon. 2/m : B2/m
17.8.5MongoliteCa4Nb6Si5O24(OH)10 · nH2OTet.
17.8.7Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3Mon.
17.8.8Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
17.8.9Natrokomarovite(Na,Ca,H)2Nb2Si2O10(OH,F)2 · H2OOrth.
17.8.10WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2 : P21
17.8.14Ilímaussite-(Ce)(Na,K)7-8(Ba,K)10Ce5(Nb,Ti)6(Si3O9)4(Si9O18)O6(O,OH)24Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
17.8.15Komarovite(Ca,Mn)(Nb,Ti)2[Si2O7](O,F)3 · 3.5H2OOrth.
17.8.16Manganbelyankinite(Mn,Ca)(Ti,Nb)5O12 · 9H2O

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BaotiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Semenov, E. I., Hung Weng-hsing, and Kapitonova, T. A. (1961): Baotite, a new niobium mineral. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 136(4), 915-916 (in Russian). - American Mineralogist (1962), 45, 754 (abstract); American Mineralogist (1963) 46, 466 (abstract).
Kristallografiya (1960), 5, 544-546.
Heinrich, E.W., W.H. Boyer, and F.A. Crowley (1962) Baotite (pao-t'ou-k'uang) from Ravalli County, Montana. Amer. Mineral., 47, 987-993
Soviet Physics – Crystallography: 5: 523-525.
Nĕmec, D. (1987): Baotite - a rock-forming mineral of barium-rich hyperpotassic dike rocks. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 1987, 31-42.
Johan, Z.; Johan, V.; Besson, M. (1991): Tungsten-​bearing baotite from Pierrefitte, Pyrenees, France. Mineralogy and Petrology 45, 19-27.

Internet Links for BaotiteHide

Localities for BaotiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Lower Austria
    • Waidhofen an der Thaya District
Handbook of Mineralogy
      • Waidhofen an der Thaya
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Walsh Township
Potter, E. G. and Mitchell, R.H. (2005): Mineralogy of the Deadhorse Creek volcaniclastic breccia complex, northwestern Ontario, Canada. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 150 (2): 212-229
China (TL)
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Baotou City (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo mining district
        • Bayan Obo
Semenov, E. I., Hung Weng-hsing, and Kapitonova, T. A. (1961): Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 136(4), 915-916 (in Russian).
Czech Republic
  • Vysočina Region
    • Třebíč District
      • Moravské Budějovice
Krmíček, L., Cempírek J., Havlín A., Přichystal A., Houzar S, Krmíčková M, Gadas P. (2011): Mineralogy and petrogenesis of a Ba–Ti–Zr-rich peralkaline dyke from Šebkovice (Czech Republic): Recognition of the most lamproitic Variscan intrusion. In: Lithos, 121 (2011), 75-86; Elsevier.; KRMÍČEK L. 2010: Pre-Mesozoic lamprophyres and lamproites of the Bohemian Massif (Czech Republic, Poland, Germany, Austria). Mineralogia - Special Papers, vol. 37, pp. 38-46
Nemec, D. (1988). The amphiboles of potassium-rich dyke rocks of the southeastern border of the Bohemian Massif. The Canadian Mineralogist, 26(1), 89-95.
DR Congo
  • North Kivu
    • Rutshuru Territory
      • Bwito
Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
  • Occitanie
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
      • Argelès-Gazost
        • Pierrefitte-Nestalas
          • Pierrefitte
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Vulkaneifel District
      • Daun
        • Oberstadtfeld
Engelhaupt, B. and Schüller, W. (2015): Mineral Reich Eifel. 340 p.; Christian Weise Verlag, Munich. --> Baotite: page 78.
  • Telangana
    • Nalgonda District
Kaur, G., & Mitchell, R. H. (2017) Mineralogy of the baotite-bearing Gundrapalli lamproite, Nalgonda district, Telangana, India. 11th International Kimberlite Conference Extended Abstract No. 11IKC-4499, 2017
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Crevoladossola
Gentile P., Guastoni A., Nestola F., Carini R. (2016): Baotite della cava di marmo di Lorgino, Crevoladossola (VB). Novità di mineralogia sistematica italiana. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 50, 2 (2-2016), 121.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • South Tyrol
Degenfelder, J., Tropper, P., Constantini, D. & Pomella, H. (2016): Mineralogische Untersuchungen der Mischkristallreihe Ba-hältiger Phlogopit - Kinoshitalit in Marmoren aus dem Meran-Mauls Basement. Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft, 162, 47-50 (in German with English abstract).
  • Osh Region
    • Sokh Valley
      • Upper Khodzhaachkan River
Leonid A. Pautov data
New Zealand
  • West Coast Region
    • Westland District
      • Burke River
Railton, G.L., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin No. 104. Cooper, A.F. (1996) Nb-rich baotite in carbonatites and fenites at Haast River, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine Vol. 60, 473-482.
Cooper, A.F. (1996) Nb-rich baotite in carbonatites and fenites at Haast River, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine Vol. 60, 473-482.
Cooper, A.F. (1996): Nb-rich baotite in carbonatites and fenites at Haast River, New Zealand. Mineral. Mag.: 60: 473–482; in: Jambor, J.L., Pertsev, N.N., Roberts, A.C. (1997): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 82: 433; Woolley, A. R. (2019, September). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe (excluding the former USSR), Australasia and Oceanic Islands. Geological Society of London, 283
Cooper, A.F. (1996) Nb-rich baotite in carbonatites and fenites at Haast River, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine Vol. 60, 473-482.
      • Okuru River
Cooper, A.F. (1996) Nb-rich baotite in carbonatites and fenites at Haast River, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine Vol. 60, 473-482.
  • Troms og Finnmark
    • Tromsø
      • Kvaløya
Zozulya, D.R., Savchenko, E. E., Kullerud, K.,Ravna, E. K. and L. M. Lyalina (2010) Unique accessory Ti-Ba-P mineralization in the Kvalöya ultrapotassic dike, Northern Norway. Geology of Ore Deposits 52, 843-851.;Kullerud, K., Zozulya, D. & E. J. K. Ravna (2012) Formation of baotite - a Cl-rich silicate - together with fluorapatite and F-rich hydrous silicates in the Kvaløya lamproite dyke, North Norway. Mineralogy & Petrology. 105: 145–156
Zozulya, D.R., Savchenko, Ye. E., Kullerud, K., Ravna, E.K., & Lyalina, L.M. (2010): The unique Ti-Ba-P accessory mineralization of the ultrapotassic Kvaløya dyke, Northerm Norway. Zapiski RMO (Proceedings of the Russian mineralogical society), 139: 101-112 (in russian)
Schingaro, E., Kullerud, K., Lacalamita, M., Mesto, E., Scordari, F., Zozulya, D., Erambert, M., Ravna, E.J.K. (2014): Yangzhumingite and phlogopite from the Kvaløya lamproite (North Norway): Structure, composition and origin. Lithos, 209, 1-13.
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province
    • Peshawar District
      • Hameed Abad Kafoor Dheri
The Mineralogical Record, Volume 35 Number 3, p. 212
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Vitim Plateau
      • Biraya and Bya Rivers confluence area (Chara Basin)
        • Biraya Fe-REE ore occurrence
Mills, S. J., Kartashov, P. M., Kampf, A. R., Konev, A. A., Koneva, A. A., & Raudsepp, M. (2012). Cordylite-(La), A New Mineral Species In Fenite From The Biraya Fe–Ree Deposit, Irkutsk, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(5), 1281-1290.
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
      • Yukspor Mt
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Tuva
Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
  • Districts of Republican Subordination
Karpenko, V., Pautov, L. (2002) Formation of baotite in alcaline rocks of a moraine of Dara-i-Pioz glacier, Tadjikistan. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Monatshefte: 2002(10): 459-467.; Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C. (2004) Maleevite, BaB2Si2O8, and pekovite, SrB2Si2O8, new mineral species from the Dara-i-Pioz alkaline massif, Northern Tajikistan: description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist: 42: 107-119.
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
  • Donetsk Oblast
    • Azov Sea Region
      • Oktyabr'skii Massif (Mariupol'skii)
Victor V. Sharygin analytycal data (2013)
  • California
    • San Benito Co.
      • New Idria Mining District
        • Santa Rita Peak
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 467.; William S. Wise (1982) Strontiojoaquinite and bario-orthojoaquinite: two new members of the joaquinite group . American Mineralogist 67:809-81
  • Montana
    • Meagher Co.; Chakhmouradian A.R., Mitchell R.H. (2002): The mineralogy of Ba- and Zr-rich alkaline pegmatites from Gordon Butte, Crazy Mountains (Montana, USA): comparisons between potassic and sodic agpaitic pegmatites. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 143, 93-114.
    • Ravalli Co.
      • Mineral Point Mining District
Heinrich, E.W., W.H. Boyer, and F.A. Crowley (1962) Baotite (pao-t'ou-k'uang) from Ravalli County, Montana. Amer. Mineral., 47, 987-993
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.; (Bart Cannon)
Mineral and/or Locality  
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