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Baotite

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About BaotiteHide

Formula:
Ba4(Ti,Nb,W)8O16(SiO3)4Cl
Also given as Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl.
Colour:
Light Brown, Black
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
6
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
Named for the type locality, Pao-t'ou (Baotou in Russian), China.
The Ti analogue of (Nb-dominant) UM1996-39-SiO:BaClFeNbTi.


Classification of BaotiteHide

Approved
9.CE.15

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
C : Cyclosilicates
E : [Si4O12]8- 4-membered single rings (vierer-Einfachringe), without insular complex anions
60.1.2.1

60 : CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
1 : Four-Membered Rings, as Titanosilicates
17.8.12

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
8 : Silicates with niobate or tantalate

Physical Properties of BaotiteHide

Vitreous
Colour:
Light Brown, Black
Hardness:

Optical Data of BaotiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 2.160 nε = 1.940
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.220
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of BaotiteHide

Formula:
Ba4(Ti,Nb,W)8O16(SiO3)4Cl

Also given as Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl.
Common Impurities:
Al,Fe,Cr,Mg,Ca,Na,K

Chemical AnalysisHide

Oxide wt%:
 1
SiO216.23 %
TiO241.43 %
Al2O30.15 %
Nb2O50.39 %
Fe2O30.16 %
MgO0.00 %
CaO0.00 %
BaO40.16 %
SrO0.26 %
K2O0.20 %
Cl2.18 %
Total:101.16 %
Sample references:
IDLocalityReference
1Blåmannvika, Kvaløya ultrapotassic dike, Kvaløya, Tromsø, Troms og Finnmark, NorwayZozulya, D.R., Savchenko, E. E., Kullerud, K.,Ravna, E. K. and L. M. Lyalina (2010) Unique accessory Ti-Ba-P mineralization in the Kval

Crystallography of BaotiteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4/m - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
I41/a
Cell Parameters:
a = 20.02 Å, c = 6.00 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.3
Unit Cell V:
2,404.80 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
16
Comment:
Range: a = 19.2-20.022 c = 5.908-6.006 A.

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0015552BaotiteNekrasov Yu V, Ponomarev V I, Simonov V I, Kheiker D M (1969) Refinement of the atomic structure of baotite and the isomorphic relationships in this mineral Soviet Physics Crystallography 14 508-51419690293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.516 Å(9)
3.139 Å(10)
2.234 Å(9)
1.763 Å(9.5)
1.422 Å(25)
1.351 Å(9)
1.335 Å(100)
Comments:
Date affected by preferred orientation.

Type Occurrence of BaotiteHide

Other Language Names for BaotiteHide

German:Baotit
Russian:Баотит
Simplified Chinese:包头矿
Spanish:Baotita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Baotite associated with QuartzSiO2
1 photo of Baotite associated with OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
1 photo of Baotite associated with Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.CE.05PapagoiteCaCu[H3AlSi2O9]Mon.
9.CE.10VerplanckiteBa4Mn2+2Si4O12(OH,H2O)3Cl3Hex.
9.CE.20NagashimaliteBa4(V,Ti)4B2Si8O27(O,OH)2ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
9.CE.20TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2ClxOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
9.CE.20TitantaramelliteBa4(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2ClxOrth.
9.CE.25Bario-orthojoaquinite(Ba,Sr)4Fe2Ti2[Si4O12]2O2 · H2OOrth.
9.CE.25Byelorussite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2MnTi2[Si4O12]2O2(F,OH) · H2OOrth. mm2 : Ama2
9.CE.25Joaquinite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(OH,F) · H2OMon. 2 : B2
9.CE.25Orthojoaquinite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH) · H2OOrth.
9.CE.25StrontiojoaquiniteSr2Ba2(Na,Fe)2Ti2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.CE.25Strontio-orthojoaquinite(Na,Fe)2Sr2Ba2Ti2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.CE.25Orthojoaquinite-(La)NaBa2La2Fe2+Ti2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH) · H2OOrth.
9.CE.30eLabuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30aNenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
9.CE.30dLemmleinite-KK2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 4H2OOrth.
9.CE.30aKorobitsyniteNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
9.CE.30cKuzmenkoite-MnK2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(OH,O)4 · 5-6H2OMon.
9.CE.30bVuoriyarvite-KK2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.CE.30bTsepinite-NaNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2OMon.
9.CE.30cKarupmøllerite-Ca(Na,Ca,K)2Ca(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30eLabuntsovite-MgNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mg(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2OMon.
9.CE.30eLabuntsovite-FeNa4K4(Ba,K)2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2OMon.
9.CE.30dLemmleinite-BaNa2K2Ba(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-FeK2Fe2+(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30hNeskevaaraite-FeK3Na2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5-6 H2OMon. m : Bm
9.CE.30bTsepinite-KK2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30bParatsepinite-BaBa4(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(OH,O)8 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30bTsepinite-CaCa(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30hAlsakharovite-ZnNaSrKZn(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 7H2OMon. m : Bm
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-MnK2Mn2+(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30cLepkhenelmite-Zn(Ba,K)2Zn(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 7H2OMon. m : Bm
9.CE.30bTsepinite-SrSr(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2OMon. m : Bm
9.CE.30bParatsepinite-Na(Na,Sr,K,Ca)7(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · nH2O n ~ 8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30fParalabuntsovite-MgNa8K8Mg4Ti16(Si4O12)8(OH,O)16 · 20-24H2OMon. 2/m
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-CaK2Ca(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-NaK2Na(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(OH,O)4 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30hGutkovaite-MnK2CaMn(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5H2OMon.
9.CE.30cKuzmenkoite-ZnK2Zn(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(OH,O)4 · 6-8H2OMon. m : Bm
9.CE.30gOrganovaite-MnK2Mn(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5-7H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30gOrganovaite-ZnK2Zn(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30gParakuzmenkoite-Fe(K,Ba)4Fe(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 14H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30cBurovaite-Ca(Na,K)4Ca2(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(OH,O)8 · 12H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.45Komarovite(Ca,Mn)(Nb,Ti)2[Si2O7](O,F)3 · 3.5H2OOrth.
9.CE.45Natrokomarovite(Na,Ca,H)2Nb2Si2O10(OH,F)2 · H2OOrth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.8.1EpistoliteNa2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2OTric.
17.8.2MurmaniteNa2Ti2(Si2O7)O2 · 2H2OTric.
17.8.3PerraultiteBaNaMn2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FMon. 2/m : B2/m
17.8.4Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon.
17.8.5MongoliteCa4Nb6Si5O24(OH)10 · nH2OTet.
17.8.6FersmaniteCa4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3Tric.
17.8.7Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3Mon.
17.8.8Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
17.8.9Natrokomarovite(Na,Ca,H)2Nb2Si2O10(OH,F)2 · H2OOrth.
17.8.10WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2 : P21
17.8.11BelkoviteBa3(Nb,Ti)6(Si2O7)2O12Hex.
17.8.13Shcherbakovite(K,Ba)KNa(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)O2Orth.
17.8.14Ilímaussite-(Ce)(Na,K)7-8(Ba,K)10Ce5(Nb,Ti)6(Si3O9)4(Si9O18)O6(O,OH)24Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
17.8.15Komarovite(Ca,Mn)(Nb,Ti)2[Si2O7](O,F)3 · 3.5H2OOrth.
17.8.16Manganbelyankinite(Mn,Ca)(Ti,Nb)5O12 · 9H2O
17.8.17Niobophyllite(K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)6(Nb,Ti)2Si8(O,OH,F)31Tric.
17.8.18Caesium-Kupletskite(Cs,K,Na)3(Mn,Fe2+)7(Ti,Nb)2Si8O24(O,OH,F)7

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BaotiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Semenov, E. I., Hung Weng-hsing, and Kapitonova, T. A. (1961): Baotite, a new niobium mineral. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 136(4), 915-916 (in Russian). - American Mineralogist (1962), 45, 754 (abstract); American Mineralogist (1963) 46, 466 (abstract).
Kristallografiya (1960), 5, 544-546.
Heinrich, E.W., W.H. Boyer, and F.A. Crowley (1962) Baotite (pao-t'ou-k'uang) from Ravalli County, Montana. Amer. Mineral., 47, 987-993
Soviet Physics – Crystallography: 5: 523-525.
Nĕmec, D. (1987): Baotite - a rock-forming mineral of barium-rich hyperpotassic dike rocks. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 1987, 31-42.
Johan, Z.; Johan, V.; Besson, M. (1991): Tungsten-​bearing baotite from Pierrefitte, Pyrenees, France. Mineralogy and Petrology 45, 19-27.

Internet Links for BaotiteHide

Localities for BaotiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Waidhofen an der Thaya District
Handbook of Mineralogy
      • Waidhofen an der Thaya
Handbook of Mineralogy
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Walsh Township
Potter, E. G. and Mitchell, R.H. (2005): Mineralogy of the Deadhorse Creek volcaniclastic breccia complex, northwestern Ontario, Canada. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 150 (2): 212-229
China (TL)
 
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Baotou City (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo mining district
        • Bayan Obo
Semenov, E. I., Hung Weng-hsing, and Kapitonova, T. A. (1961): Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 136(4), 915-916 (in Russian).
Czech Republic
 
  • Vysočina Region
    • Třebíč District
      • Moravské Budějovice
Krmíček, L., Cempírek J., Havlín A., Přichystal A., Houzar S, Krmíčková M, Gadas P. (2011): Mineralogy and petrogenesis of a Ba–Ti–Zr-rich peralkaline dyke from Šebkovice (Czech Republic): Recognition of the most lamproitic Variscan intrusion. In: Lithos, 121 (2011), 75-86; Elsevier.; KRMÍČEK L. 2010: Pre-Mesozoic lamprophyres and lamproites of the Bohemian Massif (Czech Republic, Poland, Germany, Austria). Mineralogia - Special Papers, vol. 37, pp. 38-46
Nemec, D. (1988). The amphiboles of potassium-rich dyke rocks of the southeastern border of the Bohemian Massif. The Canadian Mineralogist, 26(1), 89-95.
DR Congo
 
  • North Kivu
    • Rutshuru Territory
      • Bwito
Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
      • Argelès-Gazost
        • Pierrefitte-Nestalas
          • Pierrefitte
Handbook of Mineralogy
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Vulkaneifel District
      • Daun
        • Oberstadtfeld
Engelhaupt, B. and Schüller, W. (2015): Mineral Reich Eifel. 340 p.; Christian Weise Verlag, Munich. --> Baotite: page 78.
India
 
  • Telangana
    • Nalgonda District
Kaur, G., & Mitchell, R. H. (2017) Mineralogy of the baotite-bearing Gundrapalli lamproite, Nalgonda district, Telangana, India. 11th International Kimberlite Conference Extended Abstract No. 11IKC-4499, 2017
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Crevoladossola
Gentile P., Guastoni A., Nestola F., Carini R. (2016): Baotite della cava di marmo di Lorgino, Crevoladossola (VB). Novità di mineralogia sistematica italiana. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 50, 2 (2-2016), 121.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • South Tyrol
Degenfelder, J., Tropper, P., Constantini, D. & Pomella, H. (2016): Mineralogische Untersuchungen der Mischkristallreihe Ba-hältiger Phlogopit - Kinoshitalit in Marmoren aus dem Meran-Mauls Basement. Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft, 162, 47-50 (in German with English abstract).
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Osh Region
    • Sokh Valley
      • Upper Khodzhaachkan River
Leonid A. Pautov data
New Zealand
 
  • West Coast Region
    • Westland District
      • Burke River
Railton, G.L., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin No. 104. Cooper, A.F. (1996) Nb-rich baotite in carbonatites and fenites at Haast River, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine Vol. 60, 473-482.
Cooper, A.F. (1996) Nb-rich baotite in carbonatites and fenites at Haast River, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine Vol. 60, 473-482.
Cooper, A.F. (1996): Nb-rich baotite in carbonatites and fenites at Haast River, New Zealand. Mineral. Mag.: 60: 473–482; in: Jambor, J.L., Pertsev, N.N., Roberts, A.C. (1997): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 82: 433; Woolley, A. R. (2019, September). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe (excluding the former USSR), Australasia and Oceanic Islands. Geological Society of London, 283
Cooper, A.F. (1996) Nb-rich baotite in carbonatites and fenites at Haast River, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine Vol. 60, 473-482.
      • Okuru River
Cooper, A.F. (1996) Nb-rich baotite in carbonatites and fenites at Haast River, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine Vol. 60, 473-482.
Norway
 
  • Troms og Finnmark
    • Tromsø
      • Kvaløya
Zozulya, D.R., Savchenko, E. E., Kullerud, K.,Ravna, E. K. and L. M. Lyalina (2010) Unique accessory Ti-Ba-P mineralization in the Kvalöya ultrapotassic dike, Northern Norway. Geology of Ore Deposits 52, 843-851.;Kullerud, K., Zozulya, D. & E. J. K. Ravna (2012) Formation of baotite - a Cl-rich silicate - together with fluorapatite and F-rich hydrous silicates in the Kvaløya lamproite dyke, North Norway. Mineralogy & Petrology. 105: 145–156
Zozulya, D.R., Savchenko, Ye. E., Kullerud, K., Ravna, E.K., & Lyalina, L.M. (2010): The unique Ti-Ba-P accessory mineralization of the ultrapotassic Kvaløya dyke, Northerm Norway. Zapiski RMO (Proceedings of the Russian mineralogical society), 139: 101-112 (in russian)
Schingaro, E., Kullerud, K., Lacalamita, M., Mesto, E., Scordari, F., Zozulya, D., Erambert, M., Ravna, E.J.K. (2014): Yangzhumingite and phlogopite from the Kvaløya lamproite (North Norway): Structure, composition and origin. Lithos, 209, 1-13.
Pakistan
 
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province
    • Peshawar District
      • Hameed Abad Kafoor Dheri
The Mineralogical Record, Volume 35 Number 3, p. 212
Russia
 
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Vitim Plateau
      • Biraya and Bya Rivers confluence area (Chara Basin)
        • Biraya Fe-REE ore occurrence
Mills, S. J., Kartashov, P. M., Kampf, A. R., Konev, A. A., Koneva, A. A., & Raudsepp, M. (2012). Cordylite-(La), A New Mineral Species In Fenite From The Biraya Fe–Ree Deposit, Irkutsk, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(5), 1281-1290.
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
      • Yukspor Mt
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Tuva
Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
Tajikistan
 
  • Districts of Republican Subordination
Karpenko, V., Pautov, L. (2002) Formation of baotite in alcaline rocks of a moraine of Dara-i-Pioz glacier, Tadjikistan. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Monatshefte: 2002(10): 459-467.; Pautov, L.A., Agakhanov, A.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C. (2004) Maleevite, BaB2Si2O8, and pekovite, SrB2Si2O8, new mineral species from the Dara-i-Pioz alkaline massif, Northern Tajikistan: description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist: 42: 107-119.
UK
 
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk Oblast
    • Azov Sea Region
      • Oktyabr'skii Massif (Mariupol'skii)
Victor V. Sharygin analytycal data (2013)
USA
 
  • California
    • San Benito Co.
      • New Idria Mining District
        • Santa Rita Peak
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 467.; William S. Wise (1982) Strontiojoaquinite and bario-orthojoaquinite: two new members of the joaquinite group . American Mineralogist 67:809-81
  • Montana
    • Meagher Co.
www.cseg.ca/conferences/2000/376.PDF.; Chakhmouradian A.R., Mitchell R.H. (2002): The mineralogy of Ba- and Zr-rich alkaline pegmatites from Gordon Butte, Crazy Mountains (Montana, USA): comparisons between potassic and sodic agpaitic pegmatites. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 143, 93-114.
    • Ravalli Co.
      • Mineral Point Mining District
Heinrich, E.W., W.H. Boyer, and F.A. Crowley (1962) Baotite (pao-t'ou-k'uang) from Ravalli County, Montana. Amer. Mineral., 47, 987-993
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.; (Bart Cannon)
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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