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Banded iron formation

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About Banded iron formationHide

Commonly termed BIFs by geologists, they are iron-rich rocks almost always of Precambrian age, predominantly associated with the great oxygenation event (GOE) about 2.3-2.8 billion years ago. It typically consists of repeated, thin iron oxide layers (a few mm to a few cm in thickness) but may be banded from a microscopic to a metre scale. The oxide bands are dark grey to to black magnetite (Fe3O4) or hematite (Fe2O3), alternating with bands of iron-poor shales and cherts, usually red in color, of similar thickness, or iron rich silicates and carbonates, including siderite, ankerite, riebeckite, stilpnomelane, minnesotaite, etc. They provide our major source of iron ore, usually after upgrading by various hypogene and supergene processes.


Classification of Banded iron formationHide

Sub-divisions of Banded iron formationHide

Synonyms of Banded iron formationHide

Internet Links for Banded iron formationHide

Localities for Banded iron formationHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Northern Territory
    • Barkly Region
      • Tennant Creek
[Jaspillite] Haddock, D. (1974) Diamond Drilling Programme IV. TC8 Prospect, E.L. 357 "Eldorado", Warramunga Goldfield, N.T. Aquitaine Australia Minerals Pty. Ltd.
  • Tasmania
    • Circular Head municipality
      • Corinna-Savage River district
BOTTRILL, R. S.; Taheri, J., 2006. The Savage River iron deposits and other mineral deposits of the Arthur Metamorphic Complex – A brief summary. Mineral Resources Tasmania report, UR2006_05R
[Jaspillite] www.lapidaryjournal.com/feature/jul00str.cfm.
    • Ashburton Shire
      • Barradale
[Jaspillite] Ferguson, K.M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 15.
      • Mount Brockman
[Jaspillite] Fetherstone et al, 2013
    • Cue Shire
      • Tuckabianna Goldfield
[Jaspillite] Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 1, p461 (listed in Simpson incorrectly as Nemesis)
    • Dundas Shire
      • Norseman
[Jaspillite] Matsa Resources Ltd (2011), ASX Announcement- Matsa Resources Identifies 7.5 km Gold Strike Anomaly at Norseman Project, 15/09/2011
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Marillana Station
[Jaspillite] FMG (2004), Environmental Scoping Study Document. Pilbara Iron Ore and Infrastructure Project: east-west railway and mine sites (stage B) (assessments No. 1520), Fortescue Metals Group, 16/11/2004
    • Meekatharra Shire
      • Gabanintha
[Jaspillite] http://www.kentorgold.com.au/
        • Quinns gold area
Hassan, L. Y. (2017). Alteration Associated with the Austin-Quinns VMS Prospects, Northern Yilgarn Craton. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Record 2017/10, 61p.
Hassan, L. Y. (2017). Alteration Associated with the Austin-Quinns VMS Prospects, Northern Yilgarn Craton. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Record 2017/10, 61p.
      • Mulgul Station
[Jaspillite] Boddington, T.D.M., (1990), Abra lead-silver-copper-gold deposit, in Hughes, F.E., ed., Geology of the mineral deposits of Australia and Papua New Guinea: Melbourne, The Australian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Monograph 14, p. 659–-664.
    • Menzies Shire
      • Mount Ida Goldfield
Taylor, G. F. (1998). Mineralogical and Geochemical Studies of Gossan and Wall Rocks, Bottle Creek, Western Australia. CRC LEME.
    • Mount Magnet Shire
      • Mount Magnet
        • Boogardie Goldfield
[Jaspillite] Balde, R., & Woolfe, T. I. (1990). Saint George gold deposit. Mount Magnet: In Geology of the Mineral Deposits of Australia and Papua New Guinea (Ed. FE Hughes), AusIMM, Mongraph, 14, 255-258.
    • Murchison Shire
      • Nookawarra Station
http://www.pnas.org/content/112/47/14518.full.pdf; https://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2002AM/finalprogram/abstract_39602.htm
"Jack Hills Iron Ore Project, Australia". mining-technology.com. 2012. Retrieved 2013-06-10.
    • Port Hedland Shire
      • De Grey Station
[Jaspillite] Fetherstone et al 2013: Gemstones of WA; Fetherston, J. M., Stocklmayer, S. M. and Stocklmayer, V. C. (2013): Gemstones of Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 25, Geological Survey of Western Australia, Perth, Australia, 306 pp.
    • Yilgarn Shire
      • Bullfinch
[Jaspillite] The West Australian newspaper (Perth) (1929), The Mining Industry. Eastern Goldfields. Inspector's Report, 20/02/1929
[Jaspillite] The Register newspaper (Adelaide) (1925), Report on the Radio Gold Mine W.A. by E. Broughton Jensen A.S.A.S.M. M.A.I.M.M., 03/10/1925
[Jaspillite] http://www.portergeo.com.au/database/mineinfo.asp?mineid=mn341
Brazil
 
  • Mato Grosso do Sul
    • Corumbá
[Jaspillite] Cornejo, C. and Bartorelli, A., 2010, Minerals and Precious Stones of Brazil.
  • Minas Gerais
[itabirite] US Bureau of Mines Dictionary of Mining, Mineral, and Related Terms. Accessed 12 December 2010 Archived 3 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Carlos Alberto Rosière et al.: Itabira Peak, State of Minas Gerais. Geographic, historical and structural landmark of the Quadrilátero Ferrífero. In: Sítios Geológicos e Paleontológicos do Brasil (SIGEP) 042, 2005
Canada
 
  • Manitoba
    • Thompson Nickel Belt
      • Moab-Setting Lakes area
Pan, Y., Fleet, M. E., Barnett, R. L., & Chen, Y. (1993). Pyrosmalite in Canadian Precambrian sulfide deposits; mineral chemistry, petrogenesis and significance. The Canadian Mineralogist, 31(3), 695-710.
  • New Brunswick
    • Gloucester Co.
      • Bathurst Parish
Peter, J. M., & Goodfellow, W. D. (1996). Mineralogy, bulk and rare earth element geochemistry of massive sulphide-associated hydrothermal sediments of the Brunswick Horizon, Bathurst Mining Camp, New Brunswick. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 33(2), 252-283.
Peter, J. M., & Goodfellow, W. D. (1996). Mineralogy, bulk and rare earth element geochemistry of massive sulphide-associated hydrothermal sediments of the Brunswick Horizon, Bathurst Mining Camp, New Brunswick. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 33(2), 252-283.
  • Nunavut
    • Kivalliq Region
      • Nueltin Lake project
Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 3061, (ed. 2)
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/afri/data/imaging/temp/2_57819/2_57819_10_DiamondDrillingReport_AkowLake2016.pdf
    • Nipissing District
[Jaspillite] Bennett G. (1978) Geology of the Northeast Temagami Area, Ontario Geological Survey, Report 163, p.82.
    • Sudbury District
[Jaspillite] Ann P.Sabina (2007), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Ottawa to North Bay and Huntsville, Ontario; Gatineau (Hull) to Waltham and Temiscaming, Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 48, p.108
[Jaspillite] Ann P.Sabina (2007), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Ottawa to North Bay and Huntsville, Ontario; Gatineau (Hull) to Waltham and Temiscaming, Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 48, p.108
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Lismore Township
[Banded-ferruginous chert] Vos, M. A., 1976, Amethyst Deposits of Ontario, Ontario Division of Mines, pp. 99..
      • Paipoonge Township
[Banded-ferruginous chert] Vos, M. A., 1976, Amethyst Deposits of Ontario, Ontario Division of Mines, pp. 99..
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
        • Cobalt area
[Jaspillite] Miller, Willet G. (1910): The Cobalt-Nickel Arsenides and Silver Deposits of Temiskaming (Cobalt and Adjacent Areas); Ontario Bureau of Mines, Vol. 19, pt.2, p. 57.
  • Québec
    • Côte-Nord
      • Caniapiscau RCM
        • Schefferville
[Banded-ferruginous chert] Attikamagen Lake Project Summary Report Peir K. Pufahl, Ph.D. & Eric E. Hiatt, Ph.D. July 2, 2008
Gabon
 
  • Ogooué-Ivindo Province
[itabirite] Kondja, S.J., Ondo, S.M.N., Minko, A.E., Mikolo, F.M. (2017) The Bélinga Iron Ore Deposit (~2.8 Ga), NE-Gabon: Reactualization and New Interpretations on Crests. European Scientific Journal 13:24, 307-321.
Ghana
 
  • Western Region
    • Ashanti gold belt
      • Akyempim
McCandlish, K. (2003). Qualifying Report for the First Disclosure of a Resource Estimate on a Material Property Wassa Mine, Southwest Ghana.
India
 
  • Tamil Nadu
    • Thiruvannaamalai district (Tiruvannamalai)
Automatically generated from locality name
Indonesia
 
  • Sumatra (Sumatera)
    • Bangka-Belitung Province
      • Belitung Island (Biliton Island)
Schwartz, M. O. (1990). The strata-bound tin deposit Nam Salu, Kelapa Kampit, Indonesia. Economic Geology, 85(1), 76-98.
Mauritania
 
  • Tiris Zemmour Region
Ahmedou, O. A. (2011). Contribution à l'étude géologique et géologique des minéralisations ferrifères de type banded iron formations (bif) des formations protérozoïques de la Kediat d'Idjil, cas du gisement de F'derick, dorsale regimbât occidentale (Mauritanie septentrionale) (Doctoral dissertation).
Taylor, C. D., Finn, C. A., Anderson, E. D., Bradley, D. C., Joud, M. Y., Mohamed, A. T., & Horton, J. D. (2016). The F’derik-Zouérate Iron District: Mesoarchean and Paleoproterozoic Iron Formation of the Tiris Complex, Islamic Republic of Mauritania. In Mineral Deposits of North Africa (pp. 529-573). Springer, Cham.
Russia
 
  • Central Region
    • Kurskaya Oblast'
      • Kursk Magnet Anomaly
[Jaspillite] Belykh, V.I., Dunai, E.I., and Lugovaya, I.P. (2007): Physicochemical Formation Conditions of Banded Iron Formations and High-Grade Iron Ores in the Region of the Kursk Magnetic Anomaly: Evidence from Isotopic Data. Geology of Ore Deposits 49(2), 147-159.
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Olenegorsk
[Jaspillite] Pavel M. Kartashov data
Uganda
 
  • Eastern Region
    • Busia District
      • Busia gold field
Mbonimpa, A. (2005). The genesis and characteristics of the gold mineralisation in the area between river Malaba and river Solo in Busia district, South Eastern Uganda (MSc thesis, Makerere University).
Ukraine
 
  • Dnipropetrovs'k Oblast' (Dnepropetrovsk Oblast')
[Jaspillite] Pavel M. Kartashov data; Baranov, P., Shevchenko, S., Heflik, W., Natkaniec-Nowak, L., & Dumanska-Slowik, M. (2009). Jaspilite—the gemstone of Ukraine. The journal of gemmology and proceedings of the Gemmological Association of Great Britain, 31(5), 163.; Mboudou, G. M. M., Lordon, A. E. D., & Mafany, G. T. (2013). Combined statistics, Petrography and Geochemistry for the definition of ore types in Krivoy Rog Iron Province (Ukraine). Sci. Technol. Dev., 14, 25-34.
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Gold Brick District
From USGS MRDS database
    • Saguache Co.
      • Marshall Pass District
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
  • Michigan
    • Baraga Co.
      • Marquette iron range
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
    • Dickinson Co.
      • Menominee iron range
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
        • Iron Mountain
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
        • Norway
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
    • Gogebic Co.
      • Gogebic iron range
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
        • Ironwood
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
        • Wakefield
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
    • Iron Co.
      • Marquette iron range
From USGS MRDS database
      • Menominee iron range
        • Alpha
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
        • Amasa
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
        • Caspian
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
        • Crystal Falls
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
          • Bristol - Youngstown Mine (Claire; Clare; Bristol; Bristal; Youngstown)
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
          • Lot 3 Mine (Crystal Falls Mine)
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
        • Gaastra
          • Buck Group
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
            • Buck Mine
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
        • Iron River
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
        • Mineral Hills
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
          • Homer-Wauseca Group
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
          • Spies-Virgil Mine
From USGS MRDS database
        • Sec. 33 T43N-R35W
From USGS MRDS database
        • Stambaugh
From USGS MRDS database
          • Barras Mine
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
          • Hiawatha Group
From USGS MRDS database
            • Hiawatha No. 1 Mine
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
[Banded-ferruginous chert] Unknown
      • Marquette iron range
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
        • Champion
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
        • Gwinn
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
        • Humboldt Township
[Banded-ferruginous chert] USGS (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
From USGS MRDS database
        • Ishpeming
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
[Jaspillite] A. E. Seaman Mineral Museum
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
        • Morris-Lloyd
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
        • Negaunee
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
        • Palmer
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
        • Republic
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
  • Minnesota
    • St. Louis Co.
      • Mesabi Range
        • Babbitt
[Banded-ferruginous chert] www.cleveland-cliffs.com/mining/northshore/stats.asp
[Banded-ferruginous chert] www.excaliburmineral.com/mins-z.htm
        • Hibbing
[Banded-ferruginous chert] www.dnr.state.mn.us/education/geology/digging/taconite.html
U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Vermont
    • Chittenden Co.
      • Milton
[Jaspillite] Morrill & Chaffee, 1960. Vt Mines & Mineral Localities, Part II.
  • Virginia
    • Montgomery Co.
From USGS MRDS database
Zimbabwe
 
  • Masvingo
    • Chivi District
      • Mashava (Mashaba)
Oberthuer, T., Saager, R., & Tomschi, H. P. (1990). Geological, mineralogical and geochemical aspects of Archean banded iron-formation-hosted gold deposits: Some examples from southern Africa. Mineralium Deposita, 25, S125-S135.
  • Matabeleland South
    • Gwanda - Filabusi District
Oberthuer, T., Saager, R., & Tomschi, H. P. (1990). Geological, mineralogical and geochemical aspects of Archean banded iron-formation-hosted gold deposits: Some examples from southern Africa. Mineralium Deposita, 25, S125-S135.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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