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About DestineziteHide

Pierre Destinez
Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
Yellow, brownish yellow, brown, reddish brown, greenish yellow, pale green, pale yellow; pale yellow to yellowish brown in transmitted light
Dull, Earthy
3 - 4
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Named in H. Forir and A. Jorissen in 1880 in honor of Mr. Pierre Destinez [died 7 April 1911 in Liège], a laboratory assistant at the University of Liège, Liège, Belgium. Destinez was a member of the Société Géologique de Belgique as early as 1886 and published a number of articles on paleontological subjects as late as 1904.
Sanjuanite-Destinezite Group.

Destinezite was redefined (IMA Code 00-E) as triclinic Fe2(PO4)(SO4)(OH).6H2O, the crystalline counterpart of the amorphous diadochite.

Structurally related to arangasite.

Classification of DestineziteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
Approval Year:

D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4< 1:1

Physical Properties of DestineziteHide

Dull, Earthy
Yellow, brownish yellow, brown, reddish brown, greenish yellow, pale green, pale yellow; pale yellow to yellowish brown in transmitted light
3 - 4 on Mohs scale
2.2 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.33 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of DestineziteHide

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.615 nβ = 1.625 nγ = 1.665
Measured: 55° , Calculated: 56°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.050
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of DestineziteHide

Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O

Crystallography of DestineziteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.584 Å, b = 9.748 Å, c = 7.338 Å
α = 93.07°, β = 95.78°, γ = 105.32°
a:b:c = 0.983 : 1 : 0.753
Unit Cell V:
655.53 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Rarely microcrystalline comprised of six-sided platy crystals.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
8.77 (90)
8.27 (80)
4.28 (100)
4.08 (70)
3.93 (100)
3.21 (40)
2.94 (80)

Type Occurrence of DestineziteHide

Other Language Names for DestineziteHide


Relationship of Destinezite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
SanjuaniteAl2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
SarmientiteFe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
ZýkaiteFe3+4(AsO4)3(SO4)(OH) · 15H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P2 2 2

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Gypsum4 photos of Destinezite associated with Gypsum on mindat.org.
Selenite1 photo of Destinezite associated with Selenite on mindat.org.
Sideronatrite1 photo of Destinezite associated with Sideronatrite on mindat.org.
Copiapite1 photo of Destinezite associated with Copiapite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.DB.05DiadochiteFe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OAmor.
8.DB.05Pitticite(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)Amor.
8.DB.10VashegyiteAl11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.DB.15SchooneriteZnMn2+Fe2+2Fe3+(PO4)3(OH)2 · 9H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
8.DB.20SinkankasiteMn2+Al(PO3OH)2(OH) · 6H2OTric.
8.DB.25MitryaevaiteAl6(PO4)((P,S)O3(OH,O))2F2(OH)2 · 14.5H2OTric.
8.DB.30SanjuaniteAl2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
8.DB.35SarmientiteFe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DB.40BukovskýiteFe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DB.45ZýkaiteFe3+4(AsO4)3(SO4)(OH) · 15H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P2 2 2
8.DB.50GiniiteFe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.DB.55Sasaite(Al,Fe3+)14(PO4)11(SO4)(OH)7 · 83H2OOrth.
8.DB.60McauslaniteFe3Al2(PO4)3(PO3OH)F · 18H2OTric.
8.DB.65GoldquarryiteCuCd2Al3(PO4)4F2(H2O,F)2 · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DB.70BirchiteCd2Cu2(PO4)2(SO4) · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.DB.75BraithwaiteiteNaCu5(Ti4+Sb5+)(AsO4)4(HAsO4)2O2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Readily soluble in acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for DestineziteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Forir, H. (1880) Note sur la diadochite (destinézite) et la delvauxite. Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique: 8: 151-154.
Forir, H. (1881) Sur quelques minéraux et fossiles trouvés dans une excursion à Argenteau. Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique: 7: 115-123 .
Forir, H., Jorissen, A. (1881) Sur quelques minéraux et fossiles trouvés dans une excursion à Argenteau. Bulletin de la Sociètè Belge de Gèologie: 7: 117.
Cesàro, G. (1885) Etude chimique et cristallographique de la destinézite (diadochite de Visé). Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique: 12: 173.
Veselý (1923) Bull. int. ac. Bohême: 23: 177.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1011-1013.
Acta Univ. Carol., Prague, Geol. (1960): 127-152.
Peacor, D.R., Rouse, R.C., Coskren, T.D., Essene, E.J. (1999) Destinezite ('diadochite'): its crystal structure and role as a soil mineral at Alum Cave Bluff, Tennessee. Clays and Clay Minerals: 47: 1-11.
Grice, J.D., Ferraris, G. (2003) New minerals approved in 2002 and nomenclature modifications approved in 1998-2002 by the Commission on the New Minerals and Mineral Names, International Mineralogical Association. Canadian Mineralogist: 41: 795-802.
Mills, S. J., Kampf, A. R., Dini, M., Molina, A. (2012) Die weltbesten Destinezit-Kristalle und andere seltene Sulfate von Mejillones, Chile. Mineralien-Welt: 23(2): 73–81. (In German)

Internet Links for DestineziteHide

Localities for DestineziteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Styria
    • Leoben
      • Trofaiach
        • Rötzgraben
Brandstätter et al. (2008)
  • Wallonia
    • Hainaut
      • Mons
        • Blaton
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
    • Liège
      • Héron
        • Couthuin
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
      • Visé
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1013; American Mineralogist (2000): 85: 266.
    • Namur
      • Anhée
Van Tassel, R. (1985). Minéraux phosphates secondaires (vashegyite, destinezite, wavellite, crandallite, phosphate de fer) à Haut-le-Wastia, Province de Namur (Belgique). Bulletin de la Société belge de géologie, 94(1), 19-27.
      • Namur
Blondieau, M. et al. (2012): Minéralogie de la carrière de Beez, Province de Namur (Belgique). Le Règne Minéral, 104, 5-26.
  • Antofagasta
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Mejillones
        • Mejillones peninsula
Some of the Sulphates has been identified and confirmed by Dr Tony Kampf and Dr. Stuart Mills, LAC Musuem, CA, USA
SEM-EDS by Igor V. Pekov
Czech Republic
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Beroun District
Vtělenský J. (1959): Mineralogie oolitických železných rud z některých ložisek Barrandienu. Geotechnica, sv. 26, Nakladatelství ČSAV Praha.
  • Pardubice Region
    • Pardubice District
Prachař, I.: Současný stav výskytu nerostů ve Chvaleticích. Acta musei Reginaehradecensis, série A: vědy přírodní, 1981, roč. XVI., s. 99-102.
  • Prague
    • Hloubětín
Chlupáč, I. (1988): Geologické zajímavosti pražského okolí. 249 pp., Academia. Praha.
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
    • Saalfeld-Rudolstadt
      • Saalfeld
        • Garnsdorf
F. Rüger, L. Senf & T. Witzke: Lapis 1995 (1), 15-26
  • Heves
    • Mátra Mts
      • Parádfürdő
collector: János Nyúl, analyzed by Sándor Szakáll
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Stazzema
        • Ponte Stazzemese
Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
  • Yamaguchi
    • Abu town
Matsubara et al. (1999) Bulletin of the National Science Museum (Tokyo), 25, 51-57.
  • Orenburg Oblast
    • Mednogorsk District
      • Sakmara Zone
German, L. D. (1956). Destinezite in the oxidation zone of the pyrite deposits of Blyava, S. Ural, Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 85, 574-577.
  • Bratislava Region
    • Pezinok Co.
      • Pezinok
  • Tennessee
    • Sevier Co.
American Mineralogist (2000): 85: 266.; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:235
Mineral and/or Locality  
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