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Beryllium

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Beryllium is a toxic white-grey light metal.


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Properties of BerylliumHide

Atomic Number:
4
Atomic Weight:
9.012182(3)
Melting Point:
1560 K (1833°C, 2348°F)
Boiling Point:
2743 K (3016°C, 4477°F)
Density:
1.85 g/cm3

Beryllium in HistoryHide

Although it was first discovered in 1797 by French chemist Louis-Nicolas Vauquelin, it wasn't until 1898 that Paul Lebeau produced the first pure (99.5%+) samples of beryllium.

The first commercially successful process for producing beryllium was developed in 1932.

Other Commodities associated with Beryllium *Hide

CommodityAssociated LocalitiesTotal Localities% Association (commodity)% Association (Beryllium)
Mica742,2573.28% of all Mica deposits have Beryllium.22.02% of all Beryllium deposits have Mica.
Feldspar521,1594.49% of all Feldspar deposits have Beryllium.15.48% of all Beryllium deposits have Feldspar.
Uranium356,1360.57% of all Uranium deposits have Beryllium.10.42% of all Beryllium deposits have Uranium.
Thorium255614.46% of all Thorium deposits have Beryllium.7.44% of all Beryllium deposits have Thorium.
Tantalum238726.44% of all Tantalum deposits have Beryllium.6.85% of all Beryllium deposits have Tantalum.
Lead226,2530.35% of all Lead deposits have Beryllium.6.55% of all Beryllium deposits have Lead.
Copper217,5200.28% of all Copper deposits have Beryllium.6.25% of all Beryllium deposits have Copper.
Niobium (Columbium)2112616.67% of all Niobium (Columbium) deposits have Beryllium.6.25% of all Beryllium deposits have Niobium (Columbium).
* in exploitable quantities, based on associations listed on mindat.org

Important ores of BerylliumHide

Processing BerylliumHide

Beryllium is extracted from the beryllium silicate ore by either sintering or melting into a soluble mixutre.

The sintering process uses sodium fluorosilicate and soda at around 770 °C (1,420 °F) to create sodium fluoroberyllate which is then decomposed to beryllium hydroxide with water.

The melt process involves heating the ore to 1,650 °C (3,000 °F) and quickly cooling with water and reheating in concentrated sulfuric acid to produce beryllium sulfate, which is treated with ammonia to produce the hydroxide.

The hydroxide can be converted into the fluoride, which can then be heated with magnesium to release beryllium metal.

Environmental ConcernsHide

Although beryllium metal is toxic the silicate ores are non-toxic and do not pose any specific environmental concerns.

Deposits of BerylliumHide

This map shows a selection of deposits that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Clive Co.
      • Torrington
Democratic Republic of the Congo
 
Madagascar
 
  • Antananarivo Province
    • Analamanga Region
      • Anjozorobe District
        • Marotsipoy Commune
      • Ankazobe District
        • Ambolotarakely Commune
        • Tsaramasoandro Commune
  • Fianarantsoa Province
    • Amoron'i Mania Region
      • Ambatofinandrahana District
        • Mandrosonoro Commune
    • Haute Matsiatra Region
      • Ikalamavony District
        • Fitampito Commune
        • Ikalamavony Commune
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Arandis
  • Karas Region
    • Karasburg District
Norway
 
  • Aust-Agder
    • Gjerstad
      • Brenndalsmo
USA
 
  • Alabama
    • Clay Co.
    • Cleburne Co.
  • Alaska
    • Denali Borough
      • Kantishna District
    • Juneau Borough
      • Juneau District
    • Kenai Peninsula Borough
      • Hope District
    • Matanuska-Susitna Borough
      • Willow Creek District
    • Nome Borough
      • Council District
      • Nome District
      • Port Clarence District
    • Northwest Arctic Borough
      • Noatak District
    • Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan Borough
      • Ketchikan District
        • Prince of Wales Island
          • Kendrick Bay
            • West Arm Kendrick Bay
            • West Arm of Kendrick Bay
    • Wrangell-Petersburg Borough
      • Petersburg District
    • Yukon-Koyukuk Borough
      • Iditarod District
      • Koyukuk District
      • McGrath District
      • Sheenjek District
      • Shungnak District
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Christmas area
            • Christmas
    • Graham Co.
      • Aravaipa District
        • Pinaleño Mts
  • California
    • Fresno Co.
      • Sanger
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Crystal Mountain
      • Left Hand Creek District
      • Ward District
    • Chaffee Co.
      • Monarch District
      • Mt Antero
      • Turret District
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Clear Creek Pegmatite Province
      • Floyd Hill
      • Lower Clear Creek Area
    • El Paso Co.
      • Crystal Park
    • Fremont Co.
      • Devils Hole Area
      • Eight Mile Park pegmatite District
      • Lookout Mountain Area
      • McIntyre Hills Area
      • Pleasanton Area
    • Grand Co.
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Curecanti Needle Area
      • Quartz Creek Pegmatite District
      • Rock Creek District
    • Jefferson Co.
    • Larimer Co.
      • Crystal Mountain Pegmatite District (Storm Mountain District)
      • Livermore Area
      • Manhattan District
      • Masonville District
      • Mayesville District
      • Poudre Park Area
      • Prairie Divide District (St. Cloud District)
    • Mesa Co.
      • Uravan District
    • Park Co.
      • Guffey District
      • Lake George (Badger Flats) Area
      • Lake George Beryllium area (Badger Flats Beryllium area; Mountain Dale)
      • Micanite District
    • Summit Co.
      • Kokomo-Tenmile area
      • Monte Cristo Area
    • Teller Co.
      • Pikes Peak
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
  • Georgia
    • Troup Co.
  • Idaho
    • Ada Co.
      • Boise District
    • Boise Co.
      • Atlanta Area
    • Bonner Co.
      • Priest Lake District
    • Cassia Co.
      • Almo Area
    • Clearwater Co.
      • Pierce City District
      • Unorganized District
        • Stocking Meadows area
      • Weippe District (Musselshell District)
        • Weippe
    • Custer Co.
      • Rocky Bar Area
      • Stanley Basin District
    • Elmore Co.
      • Leggit Creek - La Moyne Creek Area
      • Roaring River District
      • Snowyside Peak Area
    • Gem Co.
    • Latah Co.
      • Avon District (Mica Mountain District)
      • Princeton - Harvard Area
    • Lemhi Co.
      • Idaho Primitive Area
    • Shoshone Co.
      • Avery District
  • Montana
    • Deer Lodge Co.
      • Anaconda Range
    • Jefferson Co.
    • Mineral Co.
    • Missoula Co.
    • Ravalli Co.
      • Anaconda Range
      • Sula District
  • North Carolina
    • Burke Co.
      • South Mountain District
    • Caldwell Co.
      • Blue Ridge District
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Gaffney
      • Kings Mountain District
    • Gaston Co.
      • Carolina Tin-Spodumene Belt
        • Bessemer City
    • Lincoln Co.
    • Swain Co.
    • Watauga Co.
  • Oregon
    • Douglas Co.
    • Jackson Co.
      • Trail District
    • Josephine Co.
      • Gold Hill District
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Black Hills
      • Custer District
        • Custer
          • Beecher Lode
        • Pringle
        • Vestal Springs
      • Keystone
      • Unorganized District
    • Pennington Co.
      • Hill City District
      • Keystone District
      • Oreville District
      • Unorganized District
  • Utah
    • Davis Co.
      • Hot Springs (Adams) District
    • Juab Co.
      • Deep Creek Mts
        • Spring Creek Area
        • Spring Creek District
        • Trout Creek District (Johnson Peak District)
      • Dugway
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic District
          • Mammoth
      • Honeycomb Hills
      • Honeycomb Hills Area
      • Thomas Range
        • Spor Mountain
    • Millard Co.
    • Tooele Co.
      • Deep Creek Mts
        • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
      • Dugway Range
        • Dugway Mountains District
      • Sheeprock Mts
        • Columbia District
  • Virginia
    • Amelia Co.
      • Amelia (Amelia Court House)
    • Charlotte Co.
      • Charlotte-Cumberland
  • Wyoming
    • Albany Co.
    • Carbon Co.
    • Converse Co.
    • Fremont Co.
      • Copper Mountain District
    • Goshen Co.
      • Hartville District
    • Lincoln Co.
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