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About GraphiteHide

A natural form of elemental carbon, it is also the most stable form under natural conditions.

Unlike diamond, the other major natural form of carbon, graphite is formed from sheets of carbon atoms arranged in a hexagonal grid, with only weak bonds between the layers, making graphite a very soft material as these layers are easy to part.

Properties of GraphiteHide

1 - 2 on Mohs scale
2.09 - 2.23 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.26 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Graphite in HistoryHide

Graphite has been used since neolithic times, where it was used in southeastern Europe in a ceramic paint.

A large graphite deposit was discovered in the sixteenth century in Borrowdale, England.

Uses of GraphiteHide

Natural graphite is used for refractories, batteries, steelmaking, brake linings, foundry facings and as a lubricant.

It also used, when powdered and mixed with clay, to produce the "lead" in pencils. About 7% of worldwide production is used this way.

Other Commodities associated with Graphite *Hide

CommodityAssociated LocalitiesTotal Localities% Association (commodity)% Association (Graphite)
Copper710,7590.07% of all Copper deposits have Graphite.2.89% of all Graphite deposits have Copper.
Lead79,2120.08% of all Lead deposits have Graphite.2.89% of all Graphite deposits have Lead.
Uranium67,3890.08% of all Uranium deposits have Graphite.2.48% of all Graphite deposits have Uranium.
Clay62,6840.22% of all Clay deposits have Graphite.2.48% of all Graphite deposits have Clay.
Coal613,4930.04% of all Coal deposits have Graphite.2.48% of all Graphite deposits have Coal.
Iron pyrite51672.99% of all Iron pyrite deposits have Graphite.2.07% of all Graphite deposits have Iron pyrite.
Slate5865.81% of all Slate deposits have Graphite.2.07% of all Graphite deposits have Slate.
Dimension Stone59900.51% of all Dimension Stone deposits have Graphite.2.07% of all Graphite deposits have Dimension Stone.
* in exploitable quantities, based on associations listed on

Processing GraphiteHide

Graphite, which can be mined in both open-pit and underground workings, usually need beneficiation before the concentrate is processed further, usually by regrinding and refloating or by acid leaching.

Environmental ConcernsHide

Environmental impacts from graphite mills consist of air pollution including fine particulate exposure of workers and also soil contamination from powder spillages leading to possible contamination of soil.

It is important for workers to restrict their exposure to graphite dust during the mining and processing of graphite.

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has set a recommended exposure limit (REL) of TWA 2.5 mg/m3 respirable dust over an 8-hour workday.

Companies producing GraphiteHide

Click on name for company details. (Number is operations listed on

Deposits of GraphiteHide

This map shows a selection of deposits that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates.
  • New South Wales
    • Buller Co.
      • Undercliffe Falls
    • Vernon Co.
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Koppio
      • Port Lincoln
  • Lower Austria
    • Krems-Land District
      • Mühldorf
        • Amstall
  • Paro district
  • Ontario
    • Frontenac County
      • Bedford Township
    • Haliburton County
      • Cardiff Township
      • Monmouth Township
    • Hastings County
      • Monteagle Township
    • Lanark County
      • Elmsley Township
    • Nipissing District
      • Butt Township
  • Québec
    • Laurentides
      • Argenteuil RCM
        • Grenville-sur-la-Rouge
  • Hong Kong
    • New Territories
      • Tuen Mun District
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Ulanqab City (Wulanchabu Prefecture)
      • Fengzhen County
      • Xinghe County
Czech Republic
  • South Bohemian Region
    • Český Krumlov District
      • Frymburk
        • Černá v Pošumaví (Schwarzbach im Böhmerwald)
          • Bližná
  • Lapland
    • Kemijärvi
Beowulf Mining plc
    • Kolari
Beowulf Mining plc
  • North Karelia
    • Joensuu
Beowulf Mining plc
  • Northern Savonia
    • Tuusniemi
Beowulf Mining plc
  • Southern Savonia
    • Heinävesi
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Savoie
      • Bonneville
        • Chamonix-Mont-Blanc
          • Chamonix
            • Mont Blanc Massif (Monte Bianco Massif)
  • Atsinanana
    • Brickaville
      • Anjahamana
      • Fetraomby
  • Vakinankaratra
    • Faratsiho
      • Ramainandro
  • ǁKaras Region
    • Berseba
      • Aukum Farm 104
  • Agder
    • Risør
    • Vegårshei
  • Nordland
    • Sortland
  • Rogaland
    • Bjerkreim
Sri Lanka
  • North Western Province
    • Kurunegala District
      • Kahatagaha
      • Ragedara
  • Västmanland County
    • Norberg
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Allerdale
        • Borrowdale
          • Seathwaite
      • Eden
        • Mungrisdale
  • Alabama
    • Chilton Co.
      • Verbena
    • Clay Co.
      • Alabama Tin Belt
      • Ashland Graphite
        • Carbon Mountain
      • Ashland Mining District
    • Coosa Co.
      • Alabama Tin Belt
      • Coosa-Chilton
  • Alaska
    • Kenai Peninsula Borough
      • Homer Mining District
    • Nome Census Area
      • Nome Mining District
      • Port Clarence Mining District
    • Northwest Arctic Borough
      • Noatak Mining District
  • Arizona
    • Mohave County
      • Cerbat Mountains (Cerbat Range)
      • White Hills
        • Gold Basin Mining District
  • California
    • Del Norte Co.
      • Crescent City
        • Northwest of Crescent City
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Klamath Mountains
        • Hoopa Indian Reservation
          • Martins Ferry
    • Los Angeles Co.
      • Lake Hughes
        • Elizabeth Lake Canyon
    • Marin Co.
      • Point Reyes Cape
        • Inverness Ridge (Point Reyes Hill)
          • Seahaven
    • Mendocino Co.
      • Largo
        • McNabb Ranch
    • Monterey Co.
      • Santa Lucia Mts (Santa Lucia Range)
        • Tassajara Hot Spring
    • Siskiyou Co.
      • Klamath Mountains
        • Dillon Creek Mining District
          • Dillon Mountain
        • Klamath River Mining District
          • Granite Point
        • Tom Martin Peak
    • Sonoma Co.
      • Healdsburg
      • Knights Valley
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Gold Hill Mining District
    • Chaffee Co.
      • Turret Mining District
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Goose Creek Mining District
      • Quartz Creek Mining District
      • Rock Creek Mining District
    • Larimer Co.
    • San Juan Co.
      • Animas Mining District
  • Georgia
    • Bartow Co.
  • Idaho
    • Clearwater Co.
      • Weippe Mining District (Musselshell Mining District)
    • Lemhi Co.
      • Blackbird Mining District
    • Valley Co.
    • Oxford County
      • Newry
  • Massachusetts
    • Berkshire Co.
      • Washington
    • Franklin Co.
      • Northfield
    • Worcester Co.
      • Berlin
      • Sturbridge
      • Worcester
  • Michigan
    • Baraga Co.
      • Alberta
      • Michigamme formation
        • Lower Slate unit
    • Marquette Co.
  • Minnesota
    • Cook Co.
  • Montana
    • Beaverhead Co.
      • Dillon Mining District (Carter Creek Mining District; Frying Pan Basin Mining District)
        • Ruby Mountains Region
      • Medicine Lodge - Cabin Creek Mining District
      • Ruby Range
    • Broadwater Co.
      • Park Mining District (Indian Creek Mining District)
    • Granite Co.
      • Philipsburg Mining District (Flint Creek Mining District)
    • Madison Co.
      • Greenhorn Range
    • Sanders Co.
      • Plains District
  • Nevada
    • Carson City
      • Voltaire Mining District
    • Elko Co.
      • Independence Mountains Mining District
  • New Hampshire
    • Cheshire Co.
      • Harrisville
      • Keene
      • Nelson
      • Walpole
    • Grafton Co.
      • Bristol
    • Hillsborough Co.
      • Deering
    • Sullivan Co.
      • Goshen
      • Washington
  • New Jersey
    • Morris Co.
      • Chester Township
      • Mendham Township
        • Brookside
    • Somerset Co.
      • Peapack
    • Sussex County
      • Vernon Township
        • McAfee
  • New Mexico
    • Taos Co.
      • Cabresto Creek
  • New York
    • Essex Co.
      • Essex Township
        • Westport
  • North Carolina
    • Avery Co.
    • Macon Co.
    • Yancey Co.
  • Oregon
    • Jackson Co.
      • Gold Hill Mining District
  • Rhode Island
    • Newport Co.
      • Jamestown
      • Little Compton
    • Providence Co.
      • Cranston
  • South Carolina
    • Cherokee Co.
      • Gaffney Area
  • South Dakota
    • Pennington Co.
      • Rochford Mining District
  • Tennessee
    • Cocke Co.
  • Texas
    • Burnet Co.
      • Spring Creek
    • Llano Co.
      • Lone Grove
  • Utah
    • Box Elder Co.
      • Willard Mining District
    • Utah Co.
      • Wasatch Mountains
        • American Fork Mining District
  • Virginia
    • Albemarle Co.
    • Goochland Co.
    • Halifax Co.
    • Page Co.
    • Spotsylvania Co.
      • Gold-Pyrite Belt
  • Washington
    • Chelan Co.
      • Entiat Mining District
      • Lake Wenatchee
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Disautel
  • Wisconsin
    • Portage Co.
  • Wyoming
    • Albany Co.
      • Iron Mountain Mining District
    • Carbon Co.
    • Goshen Co.
      • Hartville Mining District
    • Platte Co.
      • Black Powder
  • Lào Cai Province
    • Lao Cai District
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