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Burbankite Group

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About Burbankite GroupHide

Hexagonal and monoclinic carbonates

Chemical Properties of Burbankite GroupHide


Relationship of Burbankite Group to other SpeciesHide

Group Members:
Burbankite (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5Hex. 6mm : P63mc
Calcioburbankite Na3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5Hex. 6mm : P63mc
Khanneshite (Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5Hex.
Petersenite-(Ce) Na4(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)5Mon. 2 : P21
Rémondite-(Ce) Na3(Ce,Ca,Na)3(CO3)5Mon. 2 : P21
Rémondite-(La) Na3(La,Ca,Na)3(CO3)5Mon. 2 : P21
Sanrománite Na2CaPb3[CO3]5Hex. 6mm : P63mc

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Internet Links for Burbankite GroupHide

Localities for Burbankite GroupHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Helmand
    • Dushan District
      • Khanneshin complex
[Burbankite] Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
  • Huambo Province
    • Longonjo City Council
[Burbankite] Castellano Calvo A, Melgarejo Draper J C, Kamenetsky V, Kamenetsky M (2014) Natrocarbonatite composition of melt inclusions from Bailundo and Longonjo carbonatites (Angola). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 249
  • Cochabamba
    • Ayopaya Province
[Burbankite] Powder XRD and EDS by Dr. Anthony R. Kampf, April-May 2005.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Araxá
[Burbankite] Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
[Burbankite] Gomide, C. S. (2015). Geoquímica e química mineral de carbonatitos e isótopos estáveis em carbonatitos da província ígnea do alto Paranaíba. PhD thesis University of Brasilia
[Burbankite] ATENCIO, D., COUTINHO, J.M.C., ULBRICH, M.N.C., VLACH, S.R.F., RASTVETAEVA, R.K. & PUSHCHAROVSKY, D.Yu. (1999) Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.; Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
      • Poços de Caldas
[Burbankite] Azzi, Andrezza de Almeida (2017) Rare Minerals from Poços de Caldas, MG
[Burbankite] Horváth, Menezes, Toft ollections - confirmed by XRD & microprobe
  • São Paulo
    • Cajati
[Burbankite] Costanzo, A., Moore, K. R., Wall, F., & Feely, M. (2006). Fluid inclusions in apatite from Jacupiranga calcite carbonatites: evidence for a fluid-stratified carbonatite magma chamber. Lithos, 91(1), 208-228.
  • South Region
    • Kribi
[Burbankite] Cesbron et al. (1988)
  • British Columbia
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Williston Lake
[Burbankite] Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • O'Meara Township
[Burbankite] Platt & Wooley (1990)
  • Québec
    • Laurentides
      • Deux-Montagnes RCM
        • Oka
[Burbankite] Chen, W., Kamenetsky, V. S., & Simonetti, A. (2013). Evidence for the alkaline nature of parental carbonatite melts at Oka complex in Canada. Nature communications, 4, ncomms3687.
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
[Burbankite] Chen, T.T., Chao, G.Y. (1974), Burbankite from Mont St-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 12: 342-345.
[Burbankite] Chen, T.T., Chao, G.Y. (1974), Burbankite from Mont St-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 12: 342-345.
    • Montréal
[Burbankite] SABINA, A.P. (1978) Some new mineral occurrences in Canada. Geological Survey of Canada,Paper 78-1A, 253-258.
    • Nord-du-Québec
[Burbankite] Nadeau, O., Stevenson, R. and Jébrak, M. (2014) The geology, petrology and geochemistry of the Montviel alkaline-carbonatite hosted lanthanide-Nb ore deposit, Abitibi, Canada. Abstract with Program, GAC/MAC Annual meeting 2014. 1p.
  • Tarapacá
    • Iquique Province
      • Santa Rosa-Huantajaya District
[Sanrománite] Schlüter, J., T. Malcherek & D. Pohl (2007): "Sanrománite, from the Santa Rosa mine, Atacama desert, Chile, a new mineral of the burbankite group": Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 183, 117-121.
  • Hubei
    • Shennongjia Forest District
[Burbankite] Tong Wang and Faming Yan (1989): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 9(4), 345-351
    • Shiyan
      • Zhushan Co.
[Burbankite] Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189, 174 pp.
  • Greenland
    • Qeqqata
      • Maniitsoq Island
        • Maniitsoq
[Burbankite] Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
    • Sermersooq
  • Lapland
    • Savukoski
      • Tulppio
[Burbankite] Vartiainen, H. 1975. Esitelmäselostus. Geologi 27 (3), 79.
  • Dornogovi Aimag
    • Hövsgöl
[Burbankite] Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.; Kynicky, J., et al., (2018) The role of carbonate-fluoride melt immiscibility in shallow REE deposit evolution, Geoscience Frontiers.
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Omatako
      • Kalkfeld
[Burbankite] American Mineralogist, Vol. 84, pp. 1117-1125, 1999.; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
    • Otjiwarongo
[Burbankite] Buhn, B., Rankin, A.H., Schneider, J. and Dulski, P. (2002). The nature of orthomagmatic carbonatitic fluids precipitating REE, Sr-rich fluorite: fluid-inclusion evidence from the Okorusu fluorite deposit, Namibia. Chemical Geology, 186, 75-98.
New Zealand
  • West Coast Region
    • Westland District
      • Burke River
[Burbankite] Cooper, A.F. (1996) Nb-rich baotite in carbonatites and fenites at Haast River, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine Vol. 60, 473-482.
  • Alto Paraguay Department
[Burbankite] Comin-Chiaramonti, P., Renzulli, A., Ridolfi, F., Enrich, G. E., Gomes, C. B., De Min, A., ... & Ruberti, E. (2016). Late-stage magmatic to deuteric/metasomatic accessory minerals from the Cerro Boggiani agpaitic complex (Alto Paraguay Alkaline Province). Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 71, 248-261.
  • Podlaskie Voivodeship
[Burbankite] W. Ryka - Geology of the Tajno Massif carbonatites; Kubicki, S., & Ryka, W. (1984). Późnoprekambryjski magmatyzm platformowy i karbonatyty w polskiej części platformy wschodnioeuropejskiej. Przegląd Geologiczny, 32(5), 252-259.; Specjalne, P. T. M. P. (2005) Fluid Inclusions and Cathodoluminescence of Fluorite from Carbonatites of the Tajno Massif, NE Poland. in Mineralogical Society of Poland – Special Papers; Volume 26, 2005 ; Specjalne, P. T. M. P. (2005) Fluid Inclusions and Cathodoluminescence of Fluorite from Carbonatites of the Tajno Massif, NE Poland. in Mineralogical Society of Poland – Special Papers; Volume 26, 2005
  • Faro
    • Monchique
      • Monchique
[Burbankite] - P. ALVES, C. LEAL GOMES (2010). Mineralização Sr-Ba tardia em cavidades de rochas filonianas subsaturadas do Maciço Alcalino de Monchique. CNG 2010 (Braga, Portugal)
  • Hunedoara
    • Hunedoara
      • Boșorod
[Burbankite] Onac, B.P., Breban, R., Kearns, J., and Tamas, T. (2002) Unusual minerals related to phosphate deposits in Cioclovina Cave, Şureanu Mts. (Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology: 15: 27-34.; Onac, B.P.; Bernhardt, H.-J.; Effenberger, H. (2009): Authigenic burbankite in the Cioclovina Cave sediments (Romania). European Journal of Mineralogy 21, 507-514.
  • Buryatia
    • Mama River Basin
      • Maigunda River
[Rémondite-(Ce)] Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
[Burbankite] New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
[Burbankite] Handbook of Mineralogy
[Burbankite] Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Irkutsk Oblast
[Burbankite] Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
[Burbankite] Doroshkevich, A. G., Chebotarev, D. A., Sharygin, V. V., Prokopyev, I. R., & Nikolenko, A. M. (2019). Petrology of alkaline silicate rocks and carbonatites of the Chuktukon massif, Chadobets upland, Russia: Sources, evolution and relation to the Triassic Siberian LIP. Lithos, 332, 245-260.
  • Murmansk Oblast
[Burbankite] New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
[Khanneshite] Arzamastsev, A. A., Bea, F., Arzamastseva, L. V., & Montero, P. (2006). Proterozoic Gremyakha-Vyrmes Polyphase Massif, Kola Peninsula: An example of mixing basic and alkaline mantle melts. Petrology, 14(4), 361-389.
    • Khibiny Massif
[Burbankite] PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
[Petersenite-(Ce)] Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
[Petersenite-(Ce)] 33 IGC excursion No 47, July 22 – August 2, 2008 Stop 2-2
[Burbankite] Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
        • Kirovskii apatite mine (Kirovsky Mine; Kirovskii Mine; Kirov Mine)
[Burbankite] Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
[Burbankite] I.V. Pekov analytical data
[Burbankite] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
[Petersenite-(Ce)] Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., and Belovitskaya, Y.V. (1998) Khanneshite and petersenite-(Ce) from the Khibiny massif. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 127(2): 92-100.
[Burbankite] Kirnarskiy, Yu.M., Kozyreva, L.V. [Кирнарский, Ю.М., Козырева, Л.В.] (1974): On the carbonate veins in rocks of the Khibiny alkaline massif [О карбонатных жилах в породах Хибинского щелочного массива]. In: Minerals and parageneses of minerals of magmatic and metasomatic rocks [Минералы и парагенезисы минералов магматических и метасоматических горных пород]. Nauka, Leningrad, pages 196-202 (in Russian); Dudkin, O.B., Minakov, F.V. [Дудкин, О.Б., Минаков, Ф.В.] (1976): A new type of carbonate mineralisation in foyaites of the Khibiny massif [Новый тип карбонатной минерализации в фойяитах Хибинского массива]. In: Materials on the mineralogy and geochemistry of alkaline rocks of the Kola peninsula [Материалы по минералогии и геохимии щелочных пород Кольского полуострова]. Kola Branch, USSR Academy of Science Press [Издательство Кольского филиала АН СССР], Apatity, pages 159-174 (in Russian); Kostyleva-Labuntsova, E.E., Borutskiy, B.E., Sokolova, M.N., Shlyukova, Z.V., Dorfman, M.D., Dudkin, O.B., Kozyreva, L.V., Ikorskiy, S.V. [Костылева-Лабунцова, Е.Е., Боруцкий, Б.Е., Соколова, М.Н., Шлюкова, З.В., Дорфман, М.Д., Дудкин, О.Б., Козырева, Л.В., Икорский, С.В.] (1978): Mineralogy of the Khibiny massif [Минералогия Хибинского массива]. Volume 1: Magmatism and post-magmatic transformations [Магматизм и постмагматические преобразования]. Nauka, Moscow, Москва, 227 pp.; Volume 2: Minerals [Минералы]. Nauka, Moscow, 585 pp. (in Russian); Khomyakov, A.P. (1995): Mineralogy of hyperagpaitic alkaline rocks. Clarendon Press, Oxford, 223 pp.; Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Belovitskaya, Yu.V. [Пеков, И.В., Чуканов, Н.В., Беловицкая, Ю.В.] (1998): Khanneshite and petersenite-(Ce) from Khibiny [Ханнешит и петерсенит-(Ce) из Хибин]. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva [Записки Всероссийского Минералогического Общества], 127, 2, 92-100; Zaitsev, A.N., Wall, F., Le Bas, M.J. (1998): REE-Sr-Ba minerals from the Khibina carbonatites, Kola peninsula, Russia: their mineralogy, paragenesis and evolution. Mineralogical Magazine, 62, 225-250; Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P. (2005): Khibiny. Laplandia Minerals Ltd. (in association with the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland), Apatity, 468 pp.
[Burbankite] P.M. Kartashov data
[Burbankite] New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
[Burbankite] Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
    • Lovozersky District
      • Alluaiv Mt
        • Umbozero mine (Umbozerskii mine; Umba Mine)
[Burbankite] Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp.; Chukanov, N. V., Ermolaeva, V. N., Pekov, I. V., Sokolov, S. V., Nekrasov, A. N., & Sokolova, M. N. (2005). Raremetal mineralization connected with bituminous matters in late assemblages of pegmatites of the Khibiny and Lovozero massifs. New Data Minerals, 40, 80-95.
    • Northern Karelia
[Burbankite] Zaitsev, A. N., Sitnikova, M. A., Subbotin, V. V., Fernández-Suárez, J., Jeffries, T. E., & Wall, F. (2004). Sallanlatvi complex—a rare example of magnesite and siderite carbonatites. Phoscorites and carbonatites from mantle to mine: the key example of the Kola Alkaline Province. Mineralogical Society, London, 201-245.
[Burbankite] SUBBOTIN, V.V., VOLOSHIN, A.V., PAKHOMOVSKY, Yu.A., and BAKHCHISARAYTSEV, A.Yu. (1999) Calcioburbankite and burbankite from the carbonatites of Vuoriyarvi massif (New data). Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 128, 78 87 (in Russian with English abstract).
[Burbankite] Specimens received from, and identified by Dr. Igor Pekov, Moscow State University.
    • Turii Cape
[Burbankite] Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Louhi District
[Khanneshite] Bea, F., Arzamastsev, A., Montero, P., & Arzamastseva, L. (2001). Anomalous alkaline rocks of Soustov, Kola: evidence of mantle-derived metasomatic fluids affecting crustal materials. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 140(5), 554-566.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
[Burbankite] [World of Stones 12:49]
[Burbankite] Handbook of Mineralogy
      • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
[Burbankite] Konev, A.A., Vorobyev, E.I., and Lazebnik, K.A. (1996) The Mineralogy of the Murun Massif. Russian Academy of Science Press, Siberian Branch, Novosbirsk, Russia (in Russian).
[Burbankite] Pavel M. Kartashov data; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64; Nokleberg, W.J., Bundtzen, T.K., Dawson, K.M., Eremin R.A., Goryachev, N.A., Koch R.D., Ratkin, V.V., Rozenblum, I.S., Shpikerman, V.I., Frolov, Y.F., Gorodinsky, M.E., Melnikov, V.D., Diggles, M.F., Ognyanov, N.V., Petrachenko, E.D., Petrachenko, R.I., Pozdeev, A.I., Ross, K.V., Wood, D.H., Grybeck, Donald, Khanchuk, A.I., Kovbas, L.I., Nekrasov, I.Ya., and Sidorov, A.A., 1997, Significant metalliferous and selected non-metalliferous lode deposits and placer districts for the Russian Far East, Alaska, and the Canadian Cordillera: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-513-B
  • Tuva
    • Sayan Mts
      • Eastern Sayan
[Burbankite] Sharygin, V. V. (2016) Secondary olivine-hosted inclusions in calcite-dolomite carbonatite of the Belaya Zima alkaline massif, Eastern Sayan, Russia: Evidence for Na-rich carbonatite composition. Asian Current Research On Fluid Inclusions (ACROFI-VI), Indian Institute of Technology Bombay; Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
South Africa
  • North West
    • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
[Burbankite] VERWOERD, W.J. (1993) Update on carbonatites of South Africa and Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 96(3), 75-95.
[Burbankite] Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Catalonia
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • El Pallars Jussà
        • La Vall Fosca
          • La Torre de Cabdella (La Torre de Capdella)
            • Castell-estaó
[Sanrománite] Joan Rosell (June,2016)
  • Donetsk Oblast
[Burbankite] New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64; Kryvdik S. G. · Sharygin V. V. · Gatsenko V. O. · Lunev E. S. (2016) Foid minerals from malignites of the Pokrovo-Kireevo massif (Azov Sea region, Ukraine)
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
      • Magnet Cove
[Burbankite] Jason B. Smith specimen
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
        • Granite Mountain area
[Burbankite] Barwood, H. (2015) Field Trip Report Various Arkansas collection sites . Midwest Chapter Newsletter Volume 29 No.6:5-6
[Burbankite] AmMin 62:158
  • Montana
    • Hill Co.
      • Bearpaw Mts
        • Big Sandy Creek
[Burbankite] American Mineralogist: 38: 1169-1183
[Burbankite] New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
  • Utah
    • Duchesne Co.
[Burbankite] UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Uintah Co.
[Burbankite] Am Min 46:379-393
  • Wyoming
    • Crook Co.
[Burbankite] Andersen, A. K., Clark, J. G., Larson, P. B., & Donovan, J. J. (2017). REE fractionation, mineral speciation, and supergene enrichment of the Bear Lodge carbonatites, Wyoming, USA. Ore Geology Reviews, 89, 780-807.
  • Lai Châu Province
    • Phong Tho District
      • Mt Fansipan
[Burbankite] Feldman l.G., Sarkisyan S.Sh., Boriskin V.P., Purusova S.P., Nguen Van Hoai, Chin Suan Ben (1987) Crystalline beckelite from Nam Se deposit (Northern Vietnam), - Mineralogicheskiy Zhurnal, v.9, N1, pp. 78-86 (in Rus.)
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