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Baryte

This page kindly sponsored by Bill Dameron
Formula:
BaSO4
Colour:
Colourless, white, yellow, brown, grey, blue, etc.; colourless in transmitted light (also tinted yellow, brown, green, blue, etc.)
Lustre:
Vitreous, Pearly
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
4.50
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named in 1800 by Dietrich Ludwig Gustav Karsten from the Greek βάρυζ, heavy, due to its unusual heaviness for a non-metallic mineral.
Baryte Group. Baryte-Celestine Series.
The barium analogue of Celestine and Anglesite.

Typically found as thick to thin tabular crystals, usually in clusters with the crystals growing parallel to one another, or nearly so. Also as bladed, white masses.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Baryte.


Classification of Baryte

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.AD.35

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
A : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, without H2O
D : With only large cations
Dana 7th ed.:
28.3.1.1
28.3.1.1

28 : ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
3 : AXO4
25.4.17

25 : Sulphates
4 : Sulphates of Ca, Sr and Ba

Physical Properties of Baryte

Vitreous, Pearly
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent, Opaque
Comment:
Vitreous to Resinous, Pearly on cleavage surfaces.
Colour:
Colourless, white, yellow, brown, grey, blue, etc.; colourless in transmitted light (also tinted yellow, brown, green, blue, etc.)
Streak:
white
Hardness:
Hardness Data:
Measured
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {001}; less so on {210}; Imperfect on {010}.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
4.50 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.50 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Baryte

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.636 nβ = 1.637 nγ = 1.648
2V:
Measured: 36° to 42°, Calculated: 36° to 40°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.012
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
weak r > v
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
Color X Y Z

Brown: Straw-yellow Wine-yellow Violet
Yellow: Lt. yel.-brn. Yellow-brn Brown
Green: Nr colourless Lt. grn. Amethyst
Blue-grn: Blue-violet Bluish grn Violet

Chemical Properties of Baryte

Formula:
BaSO4

Crystallography of Baryte

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pnma
Setting:
Pnma
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.884(2) Å, b = 5.457(3) Å, c = 7.157(2) Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.628 : 1 : 1.312
Unit Cell V:
346.97 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Usually thin to thick tabular {001}, bounded by {210} alone or in combination with {101}, {011} or other forms. Also flattened {001}, and elongated to prismatic [010] or [100]. More rarely prismatic [001], or equant. Often as aggregates or clusters of tabular crystals with edges projecting into crest-like forms, or as rosettes. Also found as massive material, compact, laminated or concretionary; and in fibrous, stalactic, and earthy masses.

Crystallographic forms of Baryte

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Barite no.2 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Barite no.12 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Barite no.28 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Barite no.35 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Barite no.62 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Barite no.325 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

X-Ray Powder Diffraction

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.90(50)
3.45(100)
3.32(70)
3.10(100)
2.84(50)
2.73(50)
2.12(80)
2.11(80)

Occurrences of Baryte

Paragenetic Mode(s):

Synonyms of Baryte

Other Language Names for Baryte

Varieties of Baryte

Angleso-barite

A plumbian variety of Baryte.

Baryte Rose

Rose-like aggregate of tabular baryte crystals.

See also Desert Rose.

Ca- and Sr-rich Baryte
Calcareobarite

A calcian variety of Baryte.

Celestobarite (of Dana)

A strontium-bearing variety of Baryte.

Cerian Barite

Contains 11 wt.% Ce2O3. From xenocrysts in kimberlites, associated with 'UM1984-36-SiO:CaNaZr' and banded Zr-Fe titanates.

Hepatite

A variety of Baryte that emits a fetid odour when struck. [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]

Hokutolite

A Pb2+-rich (plumboan) variety of baryte deposited by very acid hot springs. Generally also contains minor strontium and minute traces or radium, making recently deposited hokutolite mildly radioactive (although this disappears in a few decades and is no ...

Meißelspat

German name for chisel-shaped baryte crystals.

Messerspat

German name for bladed baryte crystals.
Literally 'knife spar'.

Oakstone

A pseudostalactitic banded variety of crystalline Baryte.
Originally reported from Middleton Common, Middleton, Youlgrave, Derbyshire, England, UK.

Radian Barite

A "variety" of baryte containing trace amounts of radium. The activity of 226Ra in the material from Ohře Rift area, Czech Republic, may reach 8 Bq/g. Scaly precipitates on oil industry equipment may show the radioactivity as high as 103 Bq/g.

See also ...

Schoharite

An impure, fibrous Baryte.
Originally reported from Old Strontian Mine, Schoharie Township, Schoharie County, New York, USA.

Strontian Baryte

A Sr-bearing variety of baryte. Material near the baryte end member of the Baryte-Celestine series.

Relationship of Baryte to other Species

Forms a series with:

Common Associates

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Fluorite2,310 photos of Baryte associated with Fluorite on mindat.org.
Calcite1,728 photos of Baryte associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Quartz1,292 photos of Baryte associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Sphalerite682 photos of Baryte associated with Sphalerite on mindat.org.
Vanadinite608 photos of Baryte associated with Vanadinite on mindat.org.
Pyrite608 photos of Baryte associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.
Galena567 photos of Baryte associated with Galena on mindat.org.
Dolomite535 photos of Baryte associated with Dolomite on mindat.org.
Stibnite447 photos of Baryte associated with Stibnite on mindat.org.
Chalcopyrite425 photos of Baryte associated with Chalcopyrite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping

7.AD.CalciolangbeiniteK2Ca2(SO4)3
7.AD.05ArcaniteK2SO4
7.AD.05Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
7.AD.10MercalliteKHSO4
7.AD.15MiseniteK8H6(SO4)7
7.AD.20Letovicite(NH4)3H(SO4)2
7.AD.25GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
7.AD.30AnhydriteCaSO4
7.AD.35AnglesitePbSO4
7.AD.35CelestineSrSO4
7.AD.35OlsacheritePb2(SeO4)(SO4)
7.AD.40KalistrontiteK2Sr(SO4)2
7.AD.40Palmierite(K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals Grouping

25.4.1AnhydriteCaSO4
25.4.2BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
25.4.3GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
25.4.4GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
25.4.5CesaniteNa3Ca2(SO4)3(OH)
25.4.6EugsteriteNa4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
25.4.7HydroglauberiteNa10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2O
25.4.8SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
25.4.9GörgeyiteK2Ca5(SO4)6 · H2O
25.4.10PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
25.4.11Koktaite(NH4)2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
25.4.12Ye'elimiteCa4Al6(SO4)O12
25.4.13EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
25.4.14BentoriteCa6(Cr3+,Al)2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
25.4.15CelestineSrSO4
25.4.16KalistrontiteK2Sr(SO4)2

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)

28.3.1.2CelestineSrSO4
28.3.1.3AnglesitePbSO4

Fluorescence of Baryte

Shades of yellow, occasionally orange or pink (LW UV). Shades of yellow, white (Franklin & Sterling Hill, NJ). May phosphoresce strongly greenish-white.

Other Information

Magnetism:
Diamagnetic
Thermal Behaviour:
Inverts to another (monoclinic?) polymorph when heated to 1149°C. Above 1400°C decomposition to barium oxide, sulphur dioxide and oxygen.
Thermoluminescent at times.
Notes:
Insoluble in water, acids, and bases. Moderately soluble in hot, concentrated sulphuric acid, due to the formation of the hydrogen sulphate.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
Used as an additive in drilling fluids, as a white pigment, e. g. in cosmetic products and in paints, and as a filling material for polymers and papers. Also the main source of barium.

Baryte in petrology

An essential component of (items highlighted in red)

References for Baryte

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Licetus, F. (1640) (as Lapis Bononiensis, Litheophorus).
Mentzel (1673) Misc. Ac. Nat. Cur.
Mentzel (1675) Obscuro lucens (as Lapis Bononiensis).
Wallerius, J.G (1747) Mineralogia, eller Mineralriket. Stockholm: 56 (as Lysesten, Bononiensisksten, Gypsum irregulare, lamellosum).
Cronstedt A. (1758) Mineralogie; eller Mineral-Rikets Upstallning. Stockholm: 21 (as Gypsum spatosum, Marmor metallicum, Spatum Bononiense, Tungspath). p. 25 (as Terra calcarea phlogisto et acido vitrioli mixta, Les wersten, Lapis hepaticus).
Born, I. von (1772) Lythophylacium Bornianum; Index fossiliumquae colligit, etc., Prague, pt 1: 14 (as Gypsum ponderosum).
de Lisle, R. (1772) Essai de cristallographie. Paris (as Spath pesant ou séléniteux).
Bergmann, T. (1782) Sciagraphia regni mineralis (as Spathum ponderosum).
de Lisle, R. (1783) Cristallographie, ou description des formes propres à tous les corps du regne minéral. 4 volumes, Paris. (as Spath pesant ou séléniteux).
Withering (1784) Royal Society of London, Philosophical Transactions.
Kirwan, R. (1794) Elements of Mineralogy, second edition: 1: 136 (as Baroselenite).
Delamétherie, J.C. (1797) Des pierres barytiques pures. Théorie de la Terre, 2nd. Edition, 5 volumes, Paris: 2: 8 (as Barytite).
Karsten, D.L.G. (1800) Tabellarische Uebersicht der mineralogisch - einfachen Fossilien. Mineralogische Tabellen, Berlin. First edition: 38, 75 (as Baryt, Hepatit).
Haüy, R.J. (1801) Traité de minéralogie. First edition: in 4 volumes with atlas in fol., Paris: 2 (as Baryte).
Eaton, in: Macneven: Atomic Theory Chym., New York: 19 (as Schoharite).
Beudant, F.S. (1824), Traité élémentaire de Minéralogie Paris: 441 (as Barytine).
Dufrénoy (1835) Annales de chimie et de physique, Paris: 60: 102 (as Dréelite).
Breithaupt (1838) Journal für praktische Chemie, Leipzig: 15: 322 (as Allomorphit).
Shepard (1838) American Journal of Science: 34: 161 (as Calstronbarite).
Glocker, E.F. (1847) Generum et specierum mineralium secundum ordines naturales digestorum synopsis. Halle: 261 (as Dreeit).
Dana, J.D. (1850) System of Mineralogy, 3rd. Edition, New York: 704.
Waltershausen (1855) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 94: 137 (as Barytocölestin).
Dana, J.D. (1868) System of Mineralogy, 5th. Edition, New York: 617 (as Celestobarite).
Adam, M. (1869) Tableau minéralogique, Paris: 62 (as Schoarite = a mis-spelling).
Helmhacker (1872) Ak. Wien, Denkschr.: 32, part 2: 1.
Hankel (1874) Sächs Ges. Wiss., Abh.: 10: 281.
Sandberger (1875) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 383.
Collie (1879) Mineralogical Magazine: 2: 220.
Bauer (1887) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Beil.-Bd., Heidelberg, Stuttgart: I: 37.
Lacroix (1889) Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 108: 1126 (as Michel-lévyte).
Valentin (1889) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 15: 576.
Gonnard (1890) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 13: 354.
Luedeking, C., Wheeler, H.A. (1891) Notes on a Missouri barite. American Journal of Science: 42: 495.
Beckenkamp (1897) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 28: 69.
Jannetaz and Goldberg (1897) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 28: 103.
Mügge (1898) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Beil.-Bd., Heidelberg, Stuttgart: I: 71.
Samoiloff (1902) Moskovskoe Obshchestvo Liubitelei Priordy, Moscow, Bulletin: 16: 105.
Mügge (1903) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Beil.-Bd., Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 16: 399.
Barker (1908) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 45: 25.
Rosický (1908) Ac. sc. Bohéme, Bulletin: 13.
Ungemach (1908) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 31: 92.
Vogt (1908) Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, Oslo: 1: 3.
Pogue (1910) Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum: 38: 17.
Henglein (1911) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Beil.-Bd., Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 32: 71.
Kolb (1911) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 49: 14.
Goldschmidt, V. (1913) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 1: 140.
Tarr (1919) Economic Geology: 14: 46.
Grahmann (1920) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 1.
Grahmann (1920) Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie, Hamburg, Leipzig: 81: 257.
Ōhashi, R. (1920) Note on the Plumbiferous Barytes from Shibukuro, Prefecture of Akita, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine: 19: 73.
Veit (1922) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Beil.-Bd., Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 45: 121.
Maier (1923) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 58: 75.
Niggli (1924) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 59: 266.
Zeller (1924) Földtani Közlöny, Budapest (Magyarhone Földtani Torsulat): 53: 139.
James, Wood (1925) Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: 109A: 598.
Basche, Mark (1926) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 64: 1.
Ruiz (1926) Reale accademia nazionale dei Lincei, Rendus, Rome: 3(6): 342.
Bruce, E.L., Light, M. (1927) Barytocelestite from the Kingdon Lead Mines, Galetta, Ontario. American Mineralogist: 12: 396.
Doelter, C. (1927) Handbuch der Mineral-chemie (in 4 volumes divided into parts): 4(2): 227.
Hintze, C. (1929) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1(3B), 3782.
Gallitelli (1929) Atti. soc. nat. mat. Modena: 8: 86.
Wagner (1929) Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie, Leipzig, Berlin: 2: 27.
Kalb (1930) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 74: 469.
Heide (1931) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 78: 257.
Kalb, Koch (1931) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 78: 169.
Wagner (1931) Zeitschrift für angewandte Chemie: 44: 665.
Braun (1932) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Beil.-Bd., Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 65: 173.
Buschendorf (1932) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 81: 38.
Buttgenbach (1932) Annales of the Société géologique de Belgique, Liége: 55: 165.
Kalb (1932) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 81: 342.
Haas (1933) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Beil.-Bd., Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 67: 217.
Masuda (1932) Proceedings of the Imperial Academy, Tokyo: 8: 436.
Tarr, W.A. (1933) The origin of the sand barites of the Lower Permian of Oklahoma. American Mineralogist: 18: 260.
Bobkova (1935) Publ. Foc. Sc. University of Masaryk, no. 211.
Howland, A.L. (1936) An occurrence of barite in the red beds of Colorado. American Mineralogist 21: 584.
Russell, A. (1936) Baryte Crystals from the Manvers Main Colliery, Wath-Upon-Dearne, Near Rotherham, Yorkshire. Mineralogical Magazine: 24: 318.
Kolaczkowska (1936) Arch. min. soc. Varsovie: 12: 181.
Tertsch (1936) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 95: 296.
Tokody (1936) Magyar Tudományos Akadémia, Budapest: 54: 650.
Franco (1938) Bol. fac. fil. Cienc. Let. University of São Paulo, no. 10: 75.
Grimm, Peters, Wolff (1938) Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie, Hamburg, Leipzig: 236: 57.
Erdélyi (1939) Földtani Közlöny, Budapest (Magyarhone Földtani Torsulat): 69: 290.
Kašpar (1939) in: Mineral Abstracts: 7: 336.
Saukov (1939) Comptes rendus de l’académie des sciences de l’U.R.S.S., n.s.: 22: 254.
Tavora (1946) Estud. Brasil. deGeol.: 1: 47.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 408-415.
Heinrich, E.W., Vian, R.W. (1967) Carbonitic barites. American Mineralogist: 52: 1179-1189.
Isetti, G. (1967) Studi sul colore e sul pleocroismo della Baritina. Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma pp. 25-41.
Isetti, G. (1968) Studio sulla fotoconducibilità elettrica della baritina. Periodico di mineralogia – Roma, pp. 45-53.
Patel, A.R., Koshy, J. (1968) Cleavage and etching of barite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 9: 539-546.
Blount, C.W. (1974) Synthesis of barite, celestite, anglesite, witherite, and strontianite from aqueous solutions. American Mineralogist: 59: 1209-1219.
Hill, R.J. (1977) A further refinement of the barite structure. The Canadian Mineralogist: 15: 522-526.
Miyake, M., Minato, I., Morikawa, H., Iwai, S.I. (1978) Crystal structure and sulphate force constants of barite, celestite, and anglesite. American Mineralogist: 63: 506-510.
Gaines, R.V., Skinner, H.C.W., Foord, E.E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A. (1997) Dana's New Mineralogy: The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, 8th. edition: 572.
Jacobsen, S.D., Smyth, J.R., Swope, R.J., Downs, R.T. (1998) Rigid-body character of the SO4 groups in celestine, anglesite and barite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 36: 1053-1060.
Pina, C.M., Becker U., Risthaus, P., Bosbach, D., Putnis, A. (1998) Molecular-scale mechanisms of crystal growth in barite. Nature: 395: 483-486.
Hanor, J.S. (2000) Barite–celestine geochemistry and environments of formation. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry: 40: 193-275.
Majzlan, J., Navrotsky, A., Neil, J.M. (2002) Energetics of anhydrite, barite, celestine, and anglesite: a high-temperature and differential scanning calorimetry study. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 66: 1839-1850.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., Nichols, M.C. (2003) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume V. Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 813pp.: 45.
Lane, M.D. (2007) Mid-infrared emission spectroscopy of sulfate and sulfate-bearing minerals. American Mineralogist: 92: 1-18.
Buzgar, N., Buzatu, A., Sanislav, I.V. (2009) The Raman study on certain sulfates. Annalele Stiintifice ale Universitatii 55: 5-23.
Jehlička, J., Vítek, P., Edwards, H.G.M., Hargreaves, M.D., Čapoun, T. (2009) Fast detection of sulphate minerals (gypsum, anglesite, baryte) by a portable Raman spectrometer. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy: 40: 1082-1086.
Antao, S.M. (2012) Structural trends for celestite (SrSO4), anglesite (PbSO4), and barite (BaSO4): confirmation of expected variations within SO4 groups. American Mineralogist: 97: 661-665.

Internet Links for Baryte

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-549.html
Please feel free to link to this page.
Specimens:
The following Baryte specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Significant localities for Baryte

Showing 61 significant localities out of 11,620 recorded on mindat.org.

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
Birch et al., 1982, Minerals of Broken Hill
  • Queensland
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Mount Isa
        • Mount Isa Mines
R Bottrill collection
  • South Australia
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Roxby Downs
Econ Geol. (1995) 90:281-307; Econ Geol (1992) 87:64-90; Econ Geol. (1992) 87:1-28; Roberts, D.E., Hudson, G.R.T., and Li, Z. (1984): Geology and Prospecting 20(7), 32-37, 51; USGS Open File Report 81-1666; SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 3000
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Rosebery district
        • Rosebery
Bottrill & Baker 2008 "catalogue of minerals of Tasmania"; Large, R. R., Allen, R. L., Blake, M. D., & Herrmann, W. (2001). Hydrothermal alteration and volatile element halos for the Rosebery K lens volcanic-hosted massive sulfide deposit, western Tasmania. Economic Geology, 96(5), 1055-1072.; Huston, D. L., & Large, R. R. (1988). Distribution, mineralogy, and geochemistry of gold and silver in the north end orebody, Rosebery, Tasmania. Economic Geology, 83(6), 1181-1192.; Brathwaite, R. L. (1969). The geology of the Rosebery ore deposit (Doctoral dissertation, University of Tasmania).; Zaw, K., Large, R. R., & Huston, D. L. (1997). Petrologic and geochemical significance of a Devonian replacement zone in the Cambrian Rosebery massive sulfide deposit, western Tasmania. The Canadian Mineralogist, 35(5), 1325-1349.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Gailtaler Alpen & Karnische Alpen
      • Bleiberg District
        • Bad Bleiberg
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Belgium
 
  • Hainaut Province (Henegouwen; Hennegau)
    • Chimay
      • Lompret
Harjo Neutkens collection
  • Namur Province
    • Philippeville
      • Doische
Harjo Neutkens collection
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean
      • Le Fjord-du-Saguenay RCM
        • Saint-Honoré
          • Saint-Honoré carbonatite complex
Min Rec (1981) 12:355-357
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • Langeac
        • Marsanges
J.-J. Périchaud: "Les Minéraux d'Auvergne", Vol. 2, 1986
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Saint-Amant-Tallende
        • Saint-Saturnin (incl. Saint-Sandoux)
Merchandier Y., Galvier J. (1996), La barytine miel de la Côte d'Abot, St-Saturnin, Puy-de-Dôme, Le Règne Minéral, n° spécial, pp: 38-43
  • Occitanie
    • Gard
      • Saint-Laurent-le-Minier
Gol D. (1996), La barite des Malines, St-Laurent le Minier (Gard), Le Règne Minéral, n° spécial, pp: 44-56; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
- Gol, D, Martaud, A., Meisser, N. & Chollet, P. (2010): Minéralogie des Malines, Gard. Le Règne Minéral, HS XVI, 49-88.
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • Esparron
Thierry JEAN
    • Var
      • Tanneron
Mari G. (2002), La mine de Fontsante (Var), Le Règne Minéral, n°43, pp: 38-60
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Helgoland Island
Markus Gerstmann - Collection
Markus Gerstmann - Collection;
Ireland
 
  • Co. Longford
    • Ballymahon
      • Keel
Barry Flannery (Personal Collection); Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C., (2009), Sediment-hosted zinc-lead deposits of the world; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1252
  • Co. Tipperary
    • Silvermines District
Barry Flannery Collection and Stephen Moreton (Pers. Comm.); Econ Geol (1987) 82:371-394; Econ Geol (1984) 79:529-548
Gasparrini, C. (1978) Unpubl. report, Minmet Scientific, Toronto, Canada; Taylor, S. and Andrew, C.J. (1979) Trans. Inst. Mining Metall., sect. B, 88, 125; Economic Geology (1984) 79, pp. 529-548.; Andrew, C.J. (1987) pers. comm.; Ryback, G. Nawaz, R. and Farley, E. (1988) Seventh Supplementary List of British Isles Minerals (Irish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 52, n° 365, pp. 267-274.; Moreton, S. (1999) Mineralogical Record, 30, 99-106.
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Stazzema
          • Ponte Stazzemese
Orlandi & Dini, 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 29, 1: 11-24.
          • Sant'Anna di Stazzema
D'Achiardi A., 1872/73. Mineralogia della Toscana. Arnaldo Forni Editore, Pisa.
Namibia
 
  • Karas Region
    • Lüderitz District
      • Rosh Pinah
Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 47. Min.Rec.: 20(5):397.; Cairncross, B. and Fraser, A. (2012) The Rosh Pinah lead-zinc mine. Roacks & Minerals, 87 (5), 398-407.
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Bamble (Bamle)
      • Tråk (Tråg)
Vogt, Th.(1908): Schwerspat aus norwegischer Vorkommen. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 1, 3-54; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, 105 -106.
Peru
 
  • Ancash Department
    • Bolognesi Province
      • Huallanca District
        • Huallanca
Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.
  • Huancavelica Department
    • Angaraes Province
Crowley, Jack A., Currier, Rock H., & Szenics, Terry (1997) Mines and Minerals of Peru. Mineralogical Record, Vol.28, No.4. 98p.
  • La Libertad Department
    • Santiago de Chuco Province
      • Quiruvilca District
Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
  • Lima Department
    • Huarochiri Province
      • Casapalca
Mineralogical Record (1997): 28(4).
Romania
 
  • Maramureș Co.
    • Baia Sprie (Felsőbánya)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 412.
Slovakia
 
  • Trenčín Region
    • Trenčín Co.
Gramblička R. (2006): Minerály Horného Sŕnia.
South Africa
 
  • Gauteng Province
    • Witwatersrand field
      • West Rand District (West Rand)
        • Far West Rand (West Wits Line)
          • Western Sector
            • Carletonville
Cairncross, B., and Rademeyer, B., (2001) Large barite crystals from the Elandsrand gold mine, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 32(3) 177-180; Cairncross, B., (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa, pg 46;
Spain
 
  • Castile and Leon
    • León
      • Pola de Gordón
Picapiedra´s Collection
UK
 
  • England
    • Co. Durham
      • North Pennines
        • Lunedale
Dunham K C. 1990. Geology of the Northern Pennine Orefield. Vol 1, Tyne to Stainmore. HMSO
    • Cumbria
      • Escarpment District
        • Hilton
          • Scordale
Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9; Rocks and Minerals (2009) 84: 114-121
    • Devon
      • East Devon
        • Sidmouth
UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 2003 No23 p27-35
    • North Yorkshire
      • North Pennines
        • Arkengarthdale
          • Langthwaite
Specimens offered by Lawsons from Summer 2007 find.; UKJMM Vol.29 p.14
          • Whaw
            • Northside Mines
Dunham Sir K C. Geology of the Northern Pennine Orefield. Vol 2. Stainmore to Craven. HMSO
  • Scotland
    • Central Region
Dr Stephen Moreton, unpublished observation. Large specimen in National Museums Scotland.
Ukraine
 
  • L'viv Oblast' (Lviv Oblast'; Lwiw Oblast')
Kowalski, W., & Śmietańska, I. (1983). Gorceixite from a Barite-fluorite Deposit at Stanisławów (Kaczawskie Mts.). Mineralogia Polonica, 13(1), 3-16.; Ewa Chojecka (1980) Fluorite origin temperatures in some barite veins in the Sudetes. acta geologica polonica 30:53-59
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • Eagle Co.
      • Gilman District (Battle Mountain District; Red Cliff District)
        • Gilman
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", pp. 13-14, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • Lake Co.
      • Leadville District
        • Leadville
          • Iowa Gulch
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
        • Upper Iowa Gulch
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", photo #13, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • Mineral Co.
      • Creede District
Rocks & Min.:57:62.; Economic Geology; December 1994; v. 89; no. 8; p. 1883-1905; Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:396-413
    • Park Co.
      • Hartsel District
Howland, A.L. (1936), An occurrence of barite in the red beds of Colorado, Am.Min.: 21(9): 584-588; Brobst, D.A. (1958), Barite Resources of the United States, USGS Bull. 1072-B: 109 (Table 10).
    • Weld Co.
      • Stoneham
Stevens, R.E. (1960) Second Report on a Cooperative Investigation of the Composition of Two Silicate Rocks. Geological Survey Bulletin 1113. Rocks & Min.: 62:319.
  • Connecticut
    • Hartford Co.
      • New Britain
Harold Moritz collection
Januzzi, Ronald E. (1976), Mineral Localities of Connecticut and Southeastern New York State. The Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Connecticut.
    • New Haven Co.
      • Cheshire
Hill, J.M. (1917), Barytes and strontium: USGS Min. Resources U.S., 1915, part 2: 161-185; Harte, C.R. (1945), Connecticut's minor metals and her minerals: Connecticut Soc. Civil Engineers 61st. Annual Rept.: 176; Brobst, D.A. (1958), Barite Resources of the United States, USGS Bull. 1072-B: 109 (Table 10); Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State; Rocks & Min.: 20:518.; Rocks & Minerals (1995) 70:396-409
Hill, J.M. (1917), Barytes and strontium: USGS Min. Resources U.S., 1915, part 2: 161-185; Harte, C.R. (1945), Connecticut's minor metals and her minerals: Connecticut Soc. Civil Engineers 61st. Annual Rept.: 176; Brobst, D.A. (1958), Barite Resources of the United States, USGS Bull. 1072-B: 109 (Table 10); Rocks & Min.: 15:348; 24:358.; Januzzi, Ronald E. (1976): Mineral Localities of Connecticut and Southeastern New York State. The Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Connecticut.
    • Tolland Co.
      • Somers
Bill Clark collection, Harold Moritz collection, Jeremy Zolan collection
  • Georgia
    • Bartow Co.
      • Cartersville District
Matrix 10:4 pp 245-259
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Bootstrap District
Cook, D. , Crackel, D. and Jensen , M. (2002): The Dee North Mine, Elko County, Nevada. The Mineralogical Record, 33(3): 225-234.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Oklahoma
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Norman
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 412; Rocks & Minerals (1997): vol. 72.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Lancaster Co.
      • Manheim Township
J. Wingard, Personal Observation 3-27-04
  • South Dakota
    • Meade Co.
      • Dalzell
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
    • Pennington Co.
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
  • Washington
    • King Co.
      • Goldmyer Hot Springs
Rick Dilhoff's collection
        • Spruce claim (Spruce Ridge)
Lasmanis, Ray (1991) Rocks & Minerals 60: 316-20
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