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Bayldonite

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Formula:
PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Colour:
Green, apple-green, yellow-green; dark green to black (crystals)
Lustre:
Resinous, Waxy, Greasy
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
5.24 - 5.65
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1865 by Arthur Herbert Church in honor of English physician John Bayldon [1837(8) - April 6, 1872 Melbourne, Australia]. Bayldon received degrees from University of Edinburgh and University of London. In the late 1850's, Bayldon was lecturer of botany at the Royal College of Surgeons at Edinburgh. While in Edinburgh, he also published observations of geological and botanical subjects. He emigrated to Australia in 1866 for health reasons. He became surgeon and medical officer of the Melbourne Benevolent Asylum, and, for a short time before his death from Bright's Disease, was the Superintendent of the Ararat Lunatic Asylum. It is widely stated that John Bayldon found the original specimens. He did not. Church (1865) specifically states that the specimen came from a mineral dealer Mr. [Richard] Talling, who had supplied Church with a number of new species.
A relatively rare secondary mineral occurring in the oxidized zones of polymetallic deposits.


Classification of Bayldonite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.BH.45

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
H : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH,etc.):RO4 = 1:1
41.5.14.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
5 : (AB)2(XO4)Zq
20.5.4

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
5 : Arsenates of Ti and Pb

Physical Properties of Bayldonite

Resinous, Waxy, Greasy
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Green, apple-green, yellow-green; dark green to black (crystals)
Streak:
Siskin green to apple green
Hardness:
4½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal, Sub-Conchoidal, Fibrous
Density:
5.24 - 5.65 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.707 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Bayldonite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.951 nβ = 1.970 nγ = 1.991
2V:
Calculated: 89°
Birefringence:
0.040
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.040
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r < v strong
Optical Extinction:
Y^elongation = 45°; X=b
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of Bayldonite

Formula:
PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
IMA Formula:
Cu3PbO(AsO3OH)2(OH)2

Crystallography of Bayldonite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/b
Setting:
C2/c
Cell Parameters:
a = 14.081 Å, b = 5.892 Å, c = 10.147 Å
β = 106.5°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.39 : 1 : 1.722
Unit Cell V:
807.18 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Crystals rare. Common as mammillary crusts with a fibrous structure; fine-grained massive; pulverulent.
Twinning:
Pseudoscalenohedral trillings with the composition plane (311).

X-Ray Powder Diffraction

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.516 (65)
3.231 (72)
3.148 (100)
2.932 (78)
2.723 (60)
2.658 (55)
2.260 (54)

Type Occurrence of Bayldonite

General Appearance of Type Material:
Grass-green to blackish green mammillary masses.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
It is commonly reported the type specimen is BM 1921,433 at the Natural History Museum, London, England, UK. This is however incorrect - the specimen that has the strongest links with the analyses of A. Church is BM 1964,R8217, also at the NHM, London.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of Bayldonite

Other Language Names for Bayldonite

Common Associates

AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
AnglesitePbSO4
AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
BaryteBaSO4
BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
CerussitePbCO3
DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
KeyiteCu2+3Zn4Cd2(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
SchultenitePb(HAsO4)
TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Azurite63 photos of Bayldonite associated with Azurite on mindat.org.
Mimetite51 photos of Bayldonite associated with Mimetite on mindat.org.
Malachite43 photos of Bayldonite associated with Malachite on mindat.org.
Quartz31 photos of Bayldonite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Cerussite19 photos of Bayldonite associated with Cerussite on mindat.org.
Beudantite11 photos of Bayldonite associated with Beudantite on mindat.org.
Arsentsumebite10 photos of Bayldonite associated with Arsentsumebite on mindat.org.
Agardite-(La)8 photos of Bayldonite associated with Agardite-(La) on mindat.org.
Mixite8 photos of Bayldonite associated with Mixite on mindat.org.
Conichalcite8 photos of Bayldonite associated with Conichalcite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping

8.BH.05ThadeuiteCa(Mg,Fe2+)3(PO4)2(OH,F)2
8.BH.10DurangiteNaAl(AsO4)F
8.BH.10IsokiteCaMg(PO4)F
8.BH.10LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)F
8.BH.10MaxwelliteNaFe3+(AsO4)F
8.BH.10PanasqueiraiteCaMg(PO4)(OH,F)
8.BH.10TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
8.BH.15DrugmanitePb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2
8.BH.20Bjarebyite(Ba,Sr)(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3
8.BH.20CirroliteCa3Al2(PO4)3(OH)3 (?)
8.BH.20KulaniteBa(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)2(PO4)3(OH)3
8.BH.20PenikisiteBa(Mg,Fe2+,Ca)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3
8.BH.20PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3
8.BH.20JohntomaiteBaFe2+2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3
8.BH.25Bertossaite(Li,Na)2(Ca,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)4(OH,F)4
8.BH.25Palermoite(Li,Na)2(Sr,Ca)Al4(PO4)4(OH)4
8.BH.30CarminitePbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
8.BH.30SewarditeCaFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
8.BH.35AdeliteCaMg(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35CobaltaustiniteCaCo(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35GabrielsonitePbFe(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35NickelaustiniteCaNi(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
8.BH.35GottlobiteCaMg(VO4,AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35HermannroseiteCaCu(PO4)(OH)
8.BH.40ČechitePbFe2+(VO4)(OH)
8.BH.40DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
8.BH.40MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
8.BH.40PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
8.BH.45VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
8.BH.50PaganoiteNiBi(AsO4)O
8.BH.55JagoweriteBaAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
8.BH.60Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4
8.BH.65LeningraditePbCu3(VO4)2Cl

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals Grouping

20.5.1CafarsiteCa5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2O
20.5.2SchultenitePb(HAsO4)
20.5.3DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
20.5.5PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
20.5.6ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
20.5.7HelmutwinkleritePb(Zn,Cu)2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
20.5.8ThometzekitePb(Cu,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
20.5.9Caryinite(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)CaMn2+2(AsO4)3
20.5.10LudlockitePbFe3+4As3+10O22
20.5.11GabrielsonitePbFe(AsO4)(OH)
20.5.12CarminitePbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
20.5.13SegnititePbFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)6
20.5.14TsumcoritePbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
20.5.15JamesitePb2Zn(Fe2+,Zn)2Fe3+4(AsO4)4(OH)10
20.5.16MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
20.5.17ArsenbrackenbuschitePb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)

Fluorescence of Bayldonite

Not fluorescent in UV.

Other Information

Notes:
Soluble in HCl with difficulty.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Bayldonite

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Church, A. H. (1865). XLI.—Chemical researches on some new and rare cornish minerals. Journal of the Chemical Society, 18, 259-268. http://rruff.info/uploads/JCS18_259.pdf
Lacroix, A. (1910) Minéralogie de la France et des ses colonies, Paris. 5 volumes: vol. 4: 513.
Biehl (1919) Inaugural Dissertation Münster (as Parabayldonite, Cuproplumbite).
Biehl (1921) Min. Abstracts: 1: 202 (as Parabayldonite, Cuproplumbite).
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 45.
Biehl (1925) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 62: 341 (as Parabayldonite, Cuproplumbite).
Cesbron, F. and H. Vachey (1974) The unit cell and twin of bayldonite. Mineralogical Magazine, 39, 716–718.
Ghose, S. and C. Wan (1979) Structural chemistry of copper and zinc minerals. VI. Bayldonite, (Cu, Zn)3Pb(AsO4)2(OH)2: a complex layer structure. Acta Crystallographica: B35: 819–823.
Sumín de Portilla, V., M. Portillo Quevedo and V.I. Stepanov (1981) The structure of bayldonite: chemical analysis, differential thermal analysis, and IR spectroscopy. American Mineralogist, 66, 148–153. http://www.minsocam.org/ammin/AM66/AM66_148.pdf
Siuda, R., & Kruszewski, Ł. (2006). New data on bayldonite, cornwallite, olivenite and philipsburgite from Miedzianka (Rudawy Janowickie Mts., Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogical Society of Poland–Special Papers, 28, 202-204.
Frost, R. L., López, A., de Oliveira Gonçalves, G., Scholz, R., & Xi, Y. (2014). A vibrational spectroscopic study of the arsenate mineral bayldonite (Cu, Zn) 3 Pb (AsO 3 OH) 2 (OH) 2–A comparison with other basic arsenates. Journal of Molecular Structure, 1056, 267-272. http://www.repositorio.ufop.br/bitstream/123456789/4511/1/ARTIGO_VibrationalSpectroscopicBayldonite.pdf
Camm, J. S., & Merry, M. G. H. (1991). Bayldonite and its associates from Penberthy Croft Cornwall. UK J. Mines Minerals, 9(6), 15.
Yi, L. L. L. (1991). DISCOVERY AND STUDY of BAYLDONITE. Mineral Resources and Geology, 6, 008.
Makreski, P., Jovanovski, S., Pejov, L., Petruševski, G., Ugarković, S., & Jovanovski, G. (2015). Theoretical and experimental study of the vibrational spectra of liroconite, Cu 2 Al (AsO 4)(OH) 4∙ 4H 2 O and bayldonite, Cu 3 Pb [O (AsO 3 OH) 2 (OH) 2]. Vibrational Spectroscopy, 79, 36-43. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Petre_Makreski/publication/275898004_Theoretical_and_experimental_study_of_the_vibrational_spectra_of_liroconite_Cu2AlAsO4OH44H2O_and_bayldonite_Cu3PbOAsO3OH2OH2/links/55f94a2808aeba1d9f1a0deb.pdf
Kloprogge, J. T., & Wood, B. J. (2017). X-ray Photoelectron spectroscopic and Raman spectroscopic study of bayldonite from Wheal Carpenter, Cornwall, UK. Vacuum, 141, 49-56.
Magalhães, M. C. F., de Jesus, J. D. P., & Williams, P. A. (1988). The Chemistry of Formation of Some Secondary Arsenate Minerals of Cu (II), Zn (II) and Pb (II). Mineralogical Magazine, 52(368), 679-690. http://rruff.info/doclib/MinMag/Volume_52/52-368-679.pdf

Internet Links for Bayldonite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-581.html
Please feel free to link to this page.
Specimens:
The following Bayldonite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Bayldonite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Angola
 
  • Uíge Province
Van King
Argentina
 
  • Neuquén
    • Picunches Department
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2006) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina, Vol. 2, p 428 (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Robinson Co.
      • Cobar
http://leme.anu.edu.au/Pubs/Advancesinregolith/Leverett_et_al.pdf
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
Minerals of Broken Hill, Dr HK Worner et al.Australian Mining & Smelting Ltd, Melbourne, 1982
        • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Australian Mineralogist (1997): 3: 1.
      • Northern Broken Hill Block
The Daydream Mine, G.D. Grose, Bungala Press 2002. The reference refers to minerals collected at the mine and identified by John Leach.
  • Northern Territory
    • Victoria-Daly Region
      • Grove Hill
No reference listed
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Clarendon
Kolitsch, U. and Elliott, P. (1999): Mineralogy of the Mount Malvern Mine near Clarendon, South Australia. Australian J. Mineral. 5, 3-17.; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
Lapis 29(9):9-11 (2004). Nickel, E.H., Gartrell, B.J. (1993) Secondary Minerals of Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993) 24:3: 203-218.
Australian J. Mineralogy 13(1),31-39(2007)
Ashburtonite, a new bicarbonate-silicate mineral from Ashburton Downs; J.D. Grice, E.H. Nickel, R.A. Gault; American Mineralogist, Vol 76, 001701-1707, 1991
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Karawanken
      • Finkenstein
        • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
M. Puttner: Der Aufschluss 47(4):186-192 (1996)
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Rauris valley
        • Hüttwinkl valley
          • Alteck - Hoher Sonnblick area
            • Kolm-Saigurn
A. Strasser: Die MInerale Salzburgs (1989)
Niedermayr, G. & Wittern, A. (2009): Mineralreiches Österreich - Tirol, Salzburg, Vorarlberg. Bode Verlag, Haltern, 144 pp.
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
Lapis 29(9):9-11 (2004)
            • Geyer - Silberberg District
              • Silberberg
                • West slope ("Am Geyer")
Der Aufschluß (2006)
R. Poeverlein and J. Gröbner (2007): "Der Bergbau Geyer bei Rattenberg in Tirol und seine Mineralien", Lapis 32(2), 34-38.
          • Schwaz
            • Ringenwechsel District
              • Weißer Schrofen
Schnorrer, G., Poeverlein, R. (2007): Die Minerale des Martinstollens am Weißen Schrofen, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 58, 27-40
Chile
 
  • Atacama Region
    • Copiapó Province
bob jenkins collection
  • Coquimbo Region
    • Choapa Province
      • Combarbalá
        • Cogotí
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter, Curator of Hamburg Mineralogical Museum, Germany, and Dr. Hubert Putz (Salzburg Department of Mineralogy)
China
 
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Baise Prefecture
      • Debao Co.
Lairen Lai and Yi Li (1991): Discovery and study of bayldonite. Mineral Resources and Geology 5(6); Yi Li (2001): Guangxi Geology 14(1), 61-64; Yi Li and Lairen Lai (2003): Mineral Resources and Geology 17(2), 170-172
    • Hezhou Prefecture
Lairen Lai and Yi Li (1991): Mineral Resources and Geology 5(6)
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
          • Jáchymov (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 54
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Dubí (Eichwald)
Sejkora, J.: Minerály ložiska Moldava v Krušných horách. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 110-116. ; American Mineralogist 79, 1210-1214
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
        • Échassières
J.M. Boisson et al. : "Filon Sainte Barbe, Commune d'Echassières, Allier, France", Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 2000, 4, 3-46; Horst Schabereiter collection (visual ID Uwe Kolitsch)
    • Rhône
      • Beaujeu
        • Les Ardillats
Favreau G., Legris J-R., Dardillac M. (1996), La Verrière (Rhône): Histoire et Minéralogie, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, pp:3-28
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
      • Poule-les-Echarmeaux
Valverde J. (1999), L'ancienne mine de plomb argentifère de Longefay (Rhône), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°4, pp: 14-24
  • Corsica
    • Haute-Corse
      • Corte
        • Ghisoni
Fiche BSS BRGM n° 11183X4002/GT
  • Grand Est
    • Bas-Rhin
      • Villé Valley
        • Urbeis
Thierry Brunsperger collection.
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Fecht valley (Munster valley)
        • Zimmerbach
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
    • Vosges
      • St Dié
        • Saulcy-sur-Meurthe
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
      • Upper Moselle Valley
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Padern
http://www.zampano.com/minmax/fundort.php3?lang=US&fp=1975&foid=1549]
      • Rennes-les-Bains
        • Montferrand
C.Berbain, G.Favreau - Cahier des micromonteurs n° 2-2000. pp 18-22
    • Aveyron
      • Monteils
- Favreau G., Eytier J-R., Eytier C. (2010), Les minéraux de la mine de Falgayrolles (Aveyron), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°109
    • Gard
      • Mercoirol
Le Cahier des micromonteurs, 1995, n°4, 14-29
    • Hérault
      • Bournac
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-Maritimes
      • Saint-Martin-Vésubie
        • Belvédère
          • Capelet Mt.
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Féraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 4 : Alpes-Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
[UKJMM 2:11-15 "Cap Gronne Secondary Copper and Lead - W.R. van den Berg"]
Jean-Marie Claude collection.
CLAUDE jean-marie : trouvaille et collection personnelle
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Bad Rippoldsau
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Calw
Walenta, K. (1992): "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich).
      • Elz valley
        • Waldkirch
Lapis 21(12), 43 (1996)
      • Emmendingen
        • Freiamt Pb-Cu mining District
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Freudenstadt
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
      • Hornberg
        • Gutach
Erzgräber 7, 4-7 (1993)
      • Lahr
        • Reichenbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
          • Schuttertal
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
          • Weiler
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Münstertal
        • Belchen
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Staufen
          • Grunern
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Todtnau
http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Baden-W%FCrttemberg/Schwarzwald/Todtnau/Lisb%FChl
        • St Wilhelm
Pöllmann, H., (1990): Mineralparagenesen im Nephelinbasanit von Triebendorf/ Opf., Der Aufschluss, Vol. 41(4), 219-226
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
      • Zell am Harmersbach
        • Biberach
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992; Gröbner, J. (2007): Neufunde von der Eichhalde bei Biberach im Kinzigtal. Erzgräber 21, 21-26.
No reference listed
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Lautertal (Odenwald)
        • Reichenbach
          • Borstein
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
          • Hohenstein
Lapis 25(2), 13-30 (2000)
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
Belendorff, K & Petitjean, K. (1987): Reichenbach im Odenwald. Die Mineralien von Fundpunkt 16.1. bei Reichenbach. LAPIS 12 (10), 23-32 + 58
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
          • Teufelsstein
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Taunus
      • Emmershausen
www.haldengraeber.de/Homepage/Fundstellen/Deutschland/Taunus/Silbergaut/Silbergaut.html; Sterrmann, G. & Schäfer, T. (2016): Die Mineralien der Grube Silbergaut bei Emmershausen im Taunus. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 38-47 (in German).
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Bockswies veins
          • Oberschulenberg
J. Gröbner: Neufunde aus den Bergbaurevieren St. Andreasberg, Bad Lauterberg und von Oberschulenberg im Harz, MINERALIEN-WELT 18 (2007), 43-51.
      • St Andreasberg District
        • Beerberg
Schnorrer, G., Kronz, A., Ließmann, W., Kehr. A., (2009): Zur Mineralogie der ehemaligen Grube Alter Theuerdank, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 60, pp. 29-62
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Bergisches Land
      • Engelskirchen
        • Loope
Habel, B. & Linder, R. (2009): Die Grube "Castor" bei Loope und ihre Mineralien. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 10-23
      • Rösrath
        • Hoffnungsthal
min max
    • Eifel
      • Mechernich
        • Kommern
          • Griesberg
Graf, HW., (1992): Fundstellen und Mineralien in de Nordeifel (Teil 1+2), MineralienWelt 1/1992, 3/1992
    • Niederberg area
      • Heiligenhaus
        • Flandersbach
Lapis 1988(1), 16-35
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1988): Der Niederbergische Erzbezirk des Werdener Bergreviers in Nordrhein-Westfalen. Lapis 13(1): 11-35
    • Siegerland
      • Müsen
Der Aufschluss 2000(2), 71-123
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Lahn valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
    • Palatinate
      • Winnweiler
        • Imsbach
Lapis, 9 (5), 36-39.
Lapis, 9 (5), 36-39.
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Westerwald
      • Linz am Rhein
        • Kalenborn
          • Kasbach
Markl, G., (1990): Die Grube Clemenslust bei Kalenborn im Siebengebirge, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 41, 185-201
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Clausnitz - Sayda District
        • Sayda
Witzke, T. (2012): Neubestimmungen von Fundstellen in Sachsen: Pyracmonit, Philipsbornit, Mottramit, Mansfieldit, Hydrocerussit und weitere. Aufschluss, 63, 295-300.
      • Niederschlag-Bärenstein District
        • Bärenstein
          • Niederschlag
Lapis, 19 (4), 13-22+50.
      • Schneeberg District
Lapis 29(9):9-11 (2004)
      • Schwarzenberg District
        • Langenberg
          • Graul
http://www.dergraul.de
  • Thuringia
    • Thuringian Forest
      • Gräfenroda
Knoll, H. (2009): Interessante Fundstellen bei Gräfenroda im Thüringer Wald. Mineralien-Welt 20 (2), 50-61.
Germany & Czech Republic
 
  • Erzgebirge; Krusné Hory Mts (Ore Mts)
Jansa, J., Novák, F., Pauliš, P., Scharmová, M.: Supergenní minerály Sn-W ložiska Cínovec v Krušných horách (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1998, roč. 6, s. 83-101.
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
Hanke, H. (1996): Neues aus Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt, 7 (1), 54-56.
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
Lapis, 26, 11 (Nov. 2001), p.43
        • Spitharopoussi area
Fritz Schreiber collection
No reference listed
Hungary
 
  • Fejér Co.
    • Velencei Mts
      • Lovasberény
No reference listed
Szakáll-Gatter-Szendrei: Mineral species of Hungary, 2005; Sánoor Szakáll, Mária Foldvári, Gábor Papp, Péter Kovács-pálffy, Árpád Kovács (1997) Secondary Sulphate Minerals From Hungary. Acta Mineralogica-petrographica, Szeged, Xxxviii, Supplementum, 7-63.
  • Pest Co.
    • Börzsöny Mts
      • Nagybörzsöny (Deutsch Pilsen; Deutschpilsen)
Bódi-Tóth-Own found-2010-2013
Ireland
 
  • Co. Galway
    • Killimor
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
      • Castelvecchio di Rocca Barbena
G. Armellino collection
  • Lombardy
    • Varese Province
      • Ceresio Valley
        • Cuasso al Monte
Biffi, P., Sbacchi, M., Sinelli, E. (2004): Gli arseniati di Cava del Prete e altre novità mineralogiche dal granofiro di Cuasso al Monte (Varese). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4 (4-2004), 232-239.
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Antigorio Valley
          • Devero Valley
            • Baceno
              • Devero Alp
Guastoni, A. (2009): Monte Cervandone. Recenti novità mineralogiche. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana 2009 (1), 38-48.
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Villaputzu
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Gonnosfanadiga
        • Fenugu Sibiri Mine
Brizzi, G., Olmi, F., Sabelli, C. (1994): Gli arseniati di Pira Inferida, Gonnofanadiga (CA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/1994, 193-206.
Stara P., Rizzo R. and Tanca G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e minerali. Vol. II (pagg. 192). EMSa 1996.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Luigi Chiappino
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto Region
      • Gunma Prefecture
        • Katashina
Yamada, T. (2005) Suisyou, 17, 2-4.
    • Kinki region
      • Hyogo Prefecture
        • Kawanishi City
The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Kyushu Region
    • Miyazaki Prefecture
      • Takachiho
Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
    • Oita prefecture
      • Saiki City
        • Kiura mine (Shin-Kiura mine; Kiura emery mine)
The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara; Uehara, S., et al (2014) MInerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Kayrakty (Kairakty)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
Mexico
 
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Mapimí
      • Mapimí
Moore, T.P. and Megaw, P.K.M. (2003): Famous mineral localities: The Ojuela mine, Mapimi, Durango, Mexico. The Mineralogical Record, 34(5), 1-91
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Djebel Saghro (Jbel Saghro)
        • Bou Skour District
Georges Favreau collection
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 663, 861.
Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Grootfontein District
      • Kombat
Dunn, P.J. (1991), Rare minerals of the Kombat Mine, Mineralogical Record: 22(6): 421-425.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
      • Jelenia Góra District
Siuda R., Kruszewski L., 2006: New data on bayldonite, cornwallite, olivenite and philipsburgite from Miedzianka (Rudawy Janowickie Mts., Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica Special Papers, 28, 202-204
Portugal
 
  • Beja District
    • Almodôvar
      • Almodôvar
Rui Nunes - November 2007
Romania
 
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
      • Moldova Nouă-Sasca Cu-Mo ore field
Lapis 29(9):9-11 (2004)
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Cuevas del Almanzora (Cuevas de Vera)
        • Sierra Almagrera
          • Jaroso Ravine
Calvo, M. (2015). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol VII. Fosfatos, Arseniatos y Vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 págs.
      • Níjar
        • Rodalquilar
          • Cerro de los Guardias
Calvo, M. (2015). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol VII. Fosfatos, Arseniatos y Vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 págs.
    • Huelva
      • Paterna del Campo
Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Guadalajara
      • Pardos
        • Pardos deposit
J. Gröbner und B. Sainz de Barranda (1999): Die Mineralien der Kupfergrube bei Pardos in der Provinz Guadalajara, Spanien. Mineralien-Welt 10 (4), 26-31. (in German)
  • Catalonia
    • Girona (Gerona)
      • Ripollès
        • Camprodon
          • Rocabruna
Joan Rosell
Switzerland
 
  • Glarus
    • Murg Valley
      • Mürtschenalp
        • Chalttal area
Lapis 29(9):9-11 (2004)
Lapis 29(9):9-11 (2004)
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Saint-Luc
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 69; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Bagnes Valley
      • Bruson
Cuchet, S., Ansermet, S. & Meisser, N. (2012): Die kupferhaltige Mineralisierung am Six Blanc im Wallis. Schweizer Strahler 46 (4), 2-16 (in German and French).
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
        • Gwennap
          • St Day United Mines (Poldice Mines)
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • Mount's Bay District
        • St Hilary
No reference listed
Michael Merry, pers. commun.
[Am Min 66 (1981), 148; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications; Camm, G.S. & Merry, M. (1991) Bayldonite & its associates from Penberthy Croft, Cornwall. U.K. Journal of Mines and Minerals, 9, 6-15.
      • St Erth - Gwithian Area
        • Gwinear-Gwithian
          • Fraddam
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
        • Hayle
          • Great Wheal Alfred (Alfred Consols)
Collins, J.H. (1892): "A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon", 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), pp. 108.
    • Cumbria
      • Caldbeck Fells
        • Carrock Fell
[Cooper & Stanley, 1990, 81 - "Minerals of the English Lake district"]
[Cooper & Stanley, 1990, 80 - "Minerals of the English Lake district"]
No reference listed
[Cooper & Stanley, 1990, 80 - "Minerals of the English Lake district"]
[Cooper & Stanley, 1990, 80 - "Minerals of the English Lake district"]
No reference listed
[Cooper & Stanley, 1990, 80 - "Minerals of the English Lake district"]
[Cooper & Stanley, 1990, 80 - "Minerals of the English Lake district"]; BMS Database
        • Potts Gill
          • East Potts Gill Mine
[Cooper & Stanley, 1990, 80 - "Minerals of the English Lake district"]
[Cooper & Stanley, 1990, 80 - "Minerals of the English Lake district"]
BMS Database
      • Threlkeld District
        • Glenderaterra Valley
BMS Database
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Trefeirig
        • Goginan
No reference listed
    • Powys
      • Llangurig
      • Old Radnor
        • Wethel
Cotterell TF et al (2011) The mineralogy of Dolyhir quarry, Old Radnor. Powys, Wales. UKJMM 32:5-61
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 130; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 130; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
    • Pima Co.
      • Santa Rita Mts
        • Helvetia-Rosemont District
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 130.
      • Silver Bell Mts
        • Silver Bell District
No reference listed
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
        • Crestmore quarries
          • Sky Blue Hill
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 100.
      • Eagle Mts
        • Eagle Mountains District (Monte Negro District)
Tucker, W. Burling (1924a), Imperial, Inyo, Kern, Los Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Ventura Counties: California Mining Bureau. Report 20: 195; Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 200; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 164.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Barstow District
        • Barstow
          • Lead Mountain [2]
www.mineralsocal.org
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1942), Notes on some minerals from southern California, III: American Mineralogist: 27: 323-330; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 100; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 323.
  • Colorado
    • Park Co.
      • Montezuma District
        • Hall Valley (Hall's Valley)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Idaho
    • Custer Co.
      • Bay Horse District
        • Ramshorn Mountain
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
    • Lemhi Co.
      • Blue Wing District
        • Patterson
Ream, L. (2005): Segnitite and other secondary minerals at the Ima Mine, Lemhi County, Idaho. Mineral News, 21, 4-5.
  • Montana
    • Beaverhead Co.
      • Bryant District (Hecla District)
        • Lion Mountain group (Lion Mountain tunnel; Cleopatra; Atlantis; Ariadne; Condor; Alta; True Fissure; Mark Anthony; Oneida; Pride of the West; Blue Bird; Sheep Mountain; Ramshorn; Silver Quartz)
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
    • Granite Co.
      • Philipsburg District (Flint Creek District)
        • John Long Mts
          • Black Pine Ridge
Waisman D. (1992) Minerals of the Black Pine Mine, Granite County, Montana Mineralogical Record, Vol. 23 No. 6, p. 477-483.; Gobla, M. J. (2012) Montana Mineral Locality Index. Rocks and Minerals 87:208-240.
Min News 21:7 p 1,3, 4
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Spruce Mountain District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Weepah District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Iron Point District
        • Valmy
Dr. William S. Wise presentation to Northwest Micro Mineral Study Group on 1 May 2004, Update on Mineralogy of the Silver Coin Mine, Iron Point District, Edna Mountains, Humboldt Co., Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Bell District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Fitting District
        • Luning
          • Rhyolite Pass
Marco Ciriotti collection (analysed by SEM-EDS, 2005)
    • Nye Co.
      • Lodi Hills
        • Lodi District
          • Quartz Mountain camp
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:512-524
  • New Mexico
    • Luna Co.
      • Victorio District
Jerry Cone Collection
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic District
          • Eureka
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
    • Summit Co.
      • Wasatch Mts
        • Park City District (Uinta District)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Deep Creek Mts
        • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
          • Gold Hill
Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22.
collected by Brent Thorne
Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Ophir District
          • Dry Canyon area
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
    • Utah Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Collected by Brent Thorne SEM-EDS analyzed by Association Jean Wyart (Paris)
Zimbabwe
 
  • Mashonaland West
    • Kadoma District
Vetter, U., Weck, H.-D., Weale, T., Klosa, D., Wittich, C. and Hoffmann, K. (1999): A provisional inventory of the Sanyati oxide-zone minerals, Zimbabwe. Z. Angew. Geol. 45, 15-21.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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