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In the ideal end-member Fe3+:Cu is 2:1.
3½ - 4½
For Beaver County, Utah, USA.
Originally named beaverite.
Compare beaverite-(Zn) and also osarizawaite.

Can be distinguished from plumbojarosite only by accurate determination of the Fe:Cu ratio.
Other Fe members of the alunite family are also visually very similar.

Classification of Beaverite-(Cu)

'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
Published without approval
Approval History:
Published without approval: 2007

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
B : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations

2 : (AB)2(XO4)Zq

25 : Sulphates
7 : Sulphates of Pb

Physical Properties of Beaverite-(Cu)

Hardness (Mohs):
3½ - 4½
4.36 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.31 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Beaverite-(Cu)

Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.850 nε = 1.830 - 1.870
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.020
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
O= Dark yellow
E= Pale yellow

Chemical Properties of Beaverite-(Cu)


In the ideal end-member Fe3+:Cu is 2:1.
Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Beaverite-(Cu)

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.2(5) Å, c = 16.994(32) Å
a:c = 1 : 2.36
Unit Cell Volume:
V 762.94 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Earthy and friable masses comprised of microscopic hexagonal plates.

Occurrences of Beaverite-(Cu)

First Recorded Occurrence of Beaverite-(Cu)

Place of Conservation of First Recorded Material:
Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC R6314
Empirical Formula:

Relationship of Beaverite-(Cu) to other Species

Other Members of Group:
JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.10JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
7.BC.40PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)Cl
25.7.1SchaurteiteCa3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
25.7.2Zircosulfate(Zr,Ti)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
25.7.7ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
25.7.11FleischeritePb3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O

Other Names for Beaverite-(Cu)

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Other Information:
Insoluble in water. Soluble in HCl.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Beaverite-(Cu)

Reference List:
Butler, B. S. & Schaller, W. T. (1911), Beaverite, a new mineral. Journal of the Washington Academy of Science: 1: 26-27.

Butler, B. S. & Schaller, W. T. (1911), American Journal of Science: 32: 418.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 45, 201.

Breidenstein, B., Schlüter, J. & Gebhard, G. (1992): On beaverite: new occurrence, chemical data and crystal structure. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1992): 213-220.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2003) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume V. Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 813pp.: 56.

Sato, E., Nakai, I., Miyawaki, R. & Matsubara, S. (2009): Crystal structures of alunite family minerals: beaverite, corkite, alunite, natroalunite, jarosite, svanbergite, and woodhouseite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Abhandlungen 185, 313-322.

Internet Links for Beaverite-(Cu) URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Beaverite-(Cu)

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • Western Antarctica
Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
  • Catamarca
    • Andalgalá Department
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
  • New South Wales
    • Georgiana Co.
      • Peelwood
Dieter Mylius collcetion, ex Jim Sharpe
    • Kennedy Co.
      • Condobolin district
Graham, I. T., Pogson, R., Colchester, D. M. and McKinnon, A. R. (2005): Secondary minerals of the Mineral Hill field. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 101-116.
  • Tasmania
    • Break O'Day municipality
      • Scamander district
- Bottrill, R. S. & Baker, W. E. (2008): A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Bulletin 73, Mineral Resources Tasmania, 254 pp.
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
Nickel, E.H., Gartrell, B.J. (1993) Secondary Minerals of Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993) 24:3: 203-218.
Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Nickel, E., Gartrell, B(1993): Secondary Minerals from Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993): 24:3:203-218
    • Northampton Shire
Downes, P.J., Deacon, G.L., Bevan, A.W.R., Blockley, J., Grguric, B.A., Verrall, M. (2017), Minerals of the Northampton Lead-Copper Field Western Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 18 (1), pp 40, June 2017
Downes, P.J., Deacon, G.L., Grguric, B.A., Bevan, A.W.R., Blockley, J., Verrall, M. (2017), Minerals of the Northampton Lead-Copper Field Western Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol 18 (1), pp 40, June 2017
Downes, P.J., Deacon, G.L., Grguric, B.A., Bevan, A.W.R., Blockley, J., Verrall, M. (2017), Minerals of the Northampton Lead-Copper Field Western Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol 18 (1), pp 40, June 2017
    • Roebourne Shire
      • Whim Creek
P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29
    • Sandstone Shire
      • Youangarra Goldfield (Curran's Find)
Jorgensen, G.C., Downes, P.J., Deacon, G.L., Verall, M. (2017), Wulfenite from the Penny West Gold Mine near Youanmi: a new occurrence for Western Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol 18 (1), pp 23-33, June 2017
    • Wyndham-East Kimberley Shire
      • Kununurra
Downes, P.J., Bevan, A.W.R., Costeo, D., Verrall, M. (2011) Mafic-hosted Secondary Mineralisation from the Shangri-La Pb-Ag-Au-Cu Mine Kimberley Western Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, (Nov. 2011) 16: p15-24.
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • St Martin am Silberberg
Blaß, G., Graf, H.-W. & Pichler, A. (1997): Sekundäre Neubildungen in Schlacken von St. Martin am Silberberg in Kärnten (1). Mineralien-Welt, 8(5), 42-45.
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Rauris valley
        • Hüttwinkl valley
          • Alteck - Hoher Sonnblick area
            • Kolm-Saigurn
A. Strasser: Die MInerale Salzburgs (1989)
Niedermayr, G. & Wittern, A. (2009): Mineralreiches Österreich - Tirol, Salzburg, Vorarlberg. Bode Verlag, Haltern, 144 pp.
    • Lungau
      • Murwinkel
        • Schellgaden
          • Gold mines
PUTZ, H. (2010): Neufunde aus Salzburger Erzlagerstätten. Mineralogisches Archiv Salzburg, 13, 275-277.
  • Styria
    • Liesing - Palten valley
      • Kalwang
        • Kurze Teichen (Kurzteichen valley)
Kolitsch, U. (2014): 1993) Beaverit-(Cu) und ein Mineral der Cyanotrichitgruppe aus einer Kupferschlacke bei Kalwang, Liesingtal, Steiermark. P. 138 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
      • Seiz
        • Wolfsgruben (Wolfgruben)
Kolitsch, U., Postl, W., Brandstätter, F., Bernhard, F., Leikauf, B. & Auer, Ch. (2011): 1713) Beaverit-(Cu), Brochantit, Carbonat-Cyanotrichit, Chalkoalumit und Schwefel aus dem Kupfer-Vorkommen der Wolfsgruben bei Seiz, Liesing-Paltental, Steiermark. Pp. 179-181 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2011): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LX. Carinthia II, 201./121., 135-186; Leikauf, B., Bojar, H.-P., Taucher, J., Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2013): 1826) Caledonit, Linarit, Mimetesit, Munakatait, Plumbojarosit und vermutlich Oxyplumboroméit aus dem Kupfervorkommen der Wolfgruben bei Seiz, Liesing-Paltental, Steiermark. Pp. 138-139 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2013): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXII. Carinthia II, 203./123., 91-146.
    • Schladming
      • Schladminger Tauern
        • Obertalbach valley
Schachinger, T., Bernard, F. & Kolitsch, U. (2012): 1769) Mineralfunde vom Martinlager im Obertal bei Schladming, Steiermark. Pp. 167-168 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
  • Haskovo Oblast (Khaskovo Oblast)
    • Mineralni Bani Obshtina
      • Spachievo ore field (Spahievo ore field)
Kunov, A. & Petrov, P. (2001): Beaverite from the Chala gold-base metal ore deposit: a new mineral for Bulgaria. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 38, 67-71.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Newfoundland
      • Buchans
Sabina (2003) 94.
SABINA, A.P. (1976): Rocks & minerals for the collector: The Magdalen Islands, Quebec and the island of Newfoundland. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 75-36, 199p. Reissued in 2003 as Île de la Madeleine, Quebec, the Island of Newfoundland and Labrador. Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 58, 94-97.
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Sierra Gorda District
        • Caracoles
Paar, W. H. & Burgstaller, J. (1980): Osarizawaite-beaverite intergrowths from Sierra Gorda, Chile. Mineralogical Record 1980, 101-104
samples analysed by Gerhard Mohn and Joy Desor
  • Atacama Region
    • Copiapó Province
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
      • Zapallar district
samples analysed by Gerhard Mohn and Joy Desor
Pengtao Yu, Jie Liang, Ying Chen, and Yan Huang (2010): Metallurgical Analysis 30(12), 14-21
Czech Republic
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
    • Liberec Region
      • Harrachov (Harrachsdorf)
Fengl, M.: Mineralogie těžených fluoritových ložisek (1.-5.). Minerál, 1998-1999, roč. 6-7, č. 2, 4, 6, 1, 3.
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Kipushi
Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Rhône
      • Beaujeu
        • Les Ardillats
Favreau G., Legris J-R., Dardillac M. (1996), La Verrière (Rhône): Histoire et Minéralogie, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, pp:3-28
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Fecht valley (Munster valley)
        • Zimmerbach
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
[UKJMM 2:11-15 "Cap Garonne Secondary Copper and Lead - W.R. van den Berg"]
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
G. Blass, H.-W. Graf and D. Sebold (2009): Neue Mineralien von der Grube Clara im Kinzigtal. Mineralien-Welt 20 (1), 87-89; Belendorff, K. & Sautner, P. (2009): Beaverit von der Grube Clara - eine Ergänzung. Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 59.
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Bockswies veins
          • Oberschulenberg
Lapis, 11 (1), 9-18+42
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
No reference listed
      • St Andreasberg District
        • Beerberg
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Schnorrer, G. (1993): Mineralogische Notizen VI. Aufschluss, 44, 44-58.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Aachen
      • Stolberg
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
    • Eifel
      • Düren
        • Leversbach
Graf, HW., (1992): Fundstellen und Mineralien in der Nordeifel (Teil 1+2), MineralienWelt 1/1992, 3/1992
        • Untermaubach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Mechernich
        • Kommern
          • Griesberg
Graf, HW., (1992): Fundstellen und Mineralien in de Nordeifel (Teil 1+2), MineralienWelt 1/1992, 3/1992
    • Sauerland
      • Iserlohn
        • Letmathe
Bender, D.; Krimmelbein, M. & W; Altena (1994): Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. in Mineralien-Welt, 4, p.10
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Lahn valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
    • Westerwald
      • Linz am Rhein
        • Kalenborn
          • Kasbach
Habel, B. & Reinhardt, M. (2011): Die Grube Clemenslust- Geschichte und Mineralogie eines Kupferbergwekes am Südrand des Siebengebirges. Mineralien-Welt. 22 (2): 19-36
      • Wied Iron Spar District
        • Neuwied
          • Raubach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Wernigerode
        • Hasserode
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
No reference listed
        • Sounion area
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German).
Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
  • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
    • Évros Prefecture
      • Kirki Mines (Kirka)
Triantafyllidis, S. & Skarpelis, N. (2006): Mineral formation in an acid pit lake from a high-sulfidation ore deposit: Kirki, NE Greece. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 88, 68-71.
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Rudabányai Mts
      • Rudabánya
collector: István Horváth, XRD: Ferenc Kristály, WDS: Viera Kollárová
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Recsk
GEODA 2013/2
  • Markazi Province
    • Astaneh
Nezafatis, N. (2006): Au-Sn-W-Cu Mineralization in the Astaneh-Sarband Area, West Central Iran. PhD thesis, University of Tübingen (Germany), 116 pp.
  • Friuli-Venezia Giulia
    • Udine Province
      • Paluzza
        • Timau
          • Casera Pramosio (Malga Pramosio)-Monte Avostanis/Blaustein area
- Bortolozzi G.M., Pondrelli M. e Vidus L. (2015) : I minerali della Creta di Timau (Lago Avostanis, Paluzza, Udine): riscoperta di un’antica località mineraria. Gortania, 37, 15-31.
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Antigorio Valley
          • Devero Valley
            • Baceno
              • Devero Alp
Lapis, 20 (7/8), 41-64+76.
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Villaputzu
Campostrini, I. & Gramaccioli, C. M. (2001): Selenium-rich secondary minerals from the Baccu Locci mine (Sardinia, Italy). Neues Jahrbuch fuer Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 177, 37-59.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Canal San Bovo
        • Vanoi Valley
          • Pralongo
Conedera M., Bursi Gandolfi N., Ferretti P., Gualtieri A., Rocchetti I. (2016): Miniera di Pralongo. Una mineralizzazione cuprifera presso Canal San Bovo (Valle del Vanoi, Trento): Riv. Mineral. Ital., 50, 2 (2-2016), 90-119.
      • Fiemme Valley
        • Predazzo
Vecchi, F., Rocchetti, I. & Gentile, P. (2013): Die Mineralien des Granits von Predazzo, Provinz Trient, Italien. Mineralien-Welt, 24(6), 98-117 (in German).
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Montieri
        • Gerfalco
Batacchi, C., Ciriotti, M.E., Bittarello, E., Callegari, A.M., Boiocchi, M., Ceccantini, L., Fassina, B. (2013): Fosso Mandromicci, Gerfalco, Montieri (Grosseto). Nuovi ritrovamenti. Micro, 3/2013, 106-126
Bazzoni, C. & Capperi, M. (2001): La miniera di «Montevecchio» in Toscana (Gerfalco - Grosseto). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2011, 236-241
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Niigata Prefecture
        • Aga-machi (Higashi-Kanbara-gun)
Minerals in Japan, p. 251 (Field Best Encyclopedia, vol. 15)
      • Shizuoka Prefecture
        • Nishiizu
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Tohoku Region
      • Akita Prefecture
        • Kazuno City
The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Ohnishi, M., & Shimobayashi, N. (2011). Tsumebite from the Kisamori mine, Akita Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 106(1), 51-56.
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Altai Mts (Rudnyi Altai)
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Balkhash Region (Balqash; Karatas; Prebalkhashie)
    • Chu-Sarysu basin
      • Dzhezkazgan (Zhezqazghan)
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
  • Sonora
    • Cerro Morita
Mineralogical Magazine 1972 38 : 541-544.
  • L'oriental Region
    • Jerada Province
      • Touissit-Bou Beker District
Joan Rosell - (07/2015)
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
New Zealand
  • North Island
    • Te Aroha
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
      • Jelenia Góra District
Siuda, R., Gołębiowska, B. (2003): Nowe dane o minerałach wietrzeniowych złoża Miedzianka-Ciechanowice w Rudawach Janowickich (Dolny Śląsk, Polska). Przegląd Geologiczny: 59(3): 226-252 (in Polish)
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
          • Berezovskii (Berezovskii Zavod)
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Magnitogorsk
Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Yakovleva, V.A., and Spiro, B. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 239-254.
  • Western-Siberian Region
    • Altaiskii Krai
      • Rudnyi Altai
Bill Shelton (2009) Mineral News, 25, #8, 15.
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Ochtiná (Achten)
Mrázek,Z., Ďuďa,R., 1983: Sekundárne minerály oloveno – zinkového ložiska Ochtiná-Margita. Min.Slovaca, 15,2,129 – 140
  • Radlje ob Dravi (Mahrenberg)
- Žorž, Z., Moser, B. (2002): Remšnik - zgodovina, geologija, minerali / Geschichte, Geologie, Mineralien. Ravne na Koroškem: Voranc, 2002 (In Slovenian and German language)
South Africa
  • Limpopo Province
    • Sekhukhune District
      • Marble Hall
Minerals of South Africa
Rick Turner
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
      • Aggeneys
T. Q. Meyer, W. A. van der Westhuizen, G. J. Beukes, H. de Bruiyn and A. E. Schoch (1986) An Occurrence of the Hydrous Lead-Copper-Iron Silicate Creaseyite in South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine 50:346-348
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Níjar
A. Arribas, F. Hernández, M. A. Fernández Périz, J. Gröbner, G. Leal (2005): Rodalquilar - El oro del capo del ágata. BOCAMINA 15, 12-88.
          • Cerro de los Guardias
Georges FAVREAU collection
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Guadalajara
      • Pardos
        • Pardos deposit
J. Gröbner und B. Sainz de Barranda (1999): Die Mineralien der Kupfergrube bei Pardos in der Provinz Guadalajara, Spanien. Mineralien-Welt 10 (4), 26-31. (in German)
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • Ulldemolins
Minerals as determined by analysis by the Dr Joan Vinals Barcelona
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
  • England
    • Cheshire
      • Alderley Edge
No reference listed
    • Cornwall
      • Mount's Bay District
        • St Hilary
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
    • Cumbria
      • Alston Moor District
        • Nenthead
S.Rust Collection
      • Caldbeck Fells
        • Carrock Fell
[Cooper & Stanley, 1990 - "Minerals of the Caldbeck Fells"]
          • Carrock Mine
No reference listed
No reference listed
BMS Database
No reference listed
No reference listed
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
        • Potts Gill
No reference listed
        • Roughton Gill
Trevor F. Bridges, David Green, Michael S. Rumsey and C. Michael Leppington (2011) A review of the mineralisation of the Roughton Gill mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 3 Roughton Gill Mine Journal of the Russell Society 14:3-23.
BMS Database
    • Devon
      • Tavistock District
        • Horrabridge
Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Ysgubor-y-coed
        • Furnace
BMS Database, UKJMM No18
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
[MinRec 24:421]
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 134; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
      • Tombstone Hills
        • Tombstone District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 131; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b); Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 65.
          • Tombstone
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 125; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143.
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Hayden area
            • Chilito
Rolf Luetcke
    • Graham Co.
      • Aravaipa District
        • Santa Teresa Mts
          • Klondyke
            • Grand Reef Mountain
              • Laurel Canyon
Besse, William W. (1981) Mineral Paragenesis of the Grand Reef mine, Aravaipa mining district Graham County, Arizona. M.S. thesis, Department of Geology, California State University, Los Angeles.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Mammoth District
        • Tiger
          • St. Anthony deposit
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 131; Bideaux, R.A. (1980), Tiger, AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 155-181.
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range)
        • Clark Mountain District (Clark District)
          • Mohawk Hill
Hewett, Donnel Foster (1956) Geology and mineral resources of the Ivanpah quadrangle, California and Nevada, USGS Professional Paper 275, 172 pp.: 145; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 302.
      • Silver Lake District
        • Soda Mts
          • Baker
Joe Marty, Anthony Kampf, Robert Housley, Stuart Mills, Stefan Weiss (2010) Seltene neue Tellurmineralien aus Kalifornien, Utah, Arizona und New Mexico (USA). Lapis, 35, #12, 42-51.
          • Zzyzx (Fort Soda; Soda; Soda Springs; Zzyzx Mineral Spring Resort)
Collected by and in the collection of Al Wilkins. EDS confirmed by Bob Housley.
  • Colorado
    • Custer Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Park Co.
      • Horseshoe Basin District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Michigan
    • Gogebic Co.
      • Gogebic iron range
        • Marenisco
Carlson, Shawn M., Fountain, Daniel R., Laughlin-Yurs, Cullen, Mills, Owen P., Olds, Travis A. (2007) Secondary Lead Minerals from the Copps Mine, Gogebic County, Michigan. Rocks & Minerals Vol. 92, No. 2, 166-171
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Spring Mts
        • Goodsprings District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 568.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
          • Goodsprings
C. Lemanski collection (7556CL).
[Hewett, D (1931) Geology and Ore Depositsof the Goodsprings Quadrangle, Nevada; USGS PP 162]
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Bristol and Jackrabbit Districts
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Bob Werner (2009) Mineral News, 25, #11, 1-5.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Silver Star District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Belmont District
          • Belmont
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Socorro Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. ed., 1996
        • Bingham
NMBMMR Mineral Museum
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • Texas
    • Culberson Co.
      • Guadalupe Mts
Rocks & Minerals: 66(3): 196-224.
  • Utah
    • Beaver Co.
      • San Francisco Mts
        • San Francisco District (Frisco District)
          • Frisco
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 568.; Butler, B. S. (1913) Geology and ore deposits of the San Francisco and adjacent districts, Utah. USGS Professional Paper 80.
    • Salt Lake Co.
      • Wasatch Mts
        • Little Cottonwood District (Alta District)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 568.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Ophir District
          • Ophir Hill area
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Utah Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Wisconsin
    • Rusk Co.
      • Ladysmith
Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999). The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131.
  • Mashonaland West
    • Kadoma District
Vetter, U., Weck, H.-D., Weale, T., Klosa, D., Wittich, C. and Hoffmann, K. (1999): A provisional inventory of the Sanyati oxide-zone minerals, Zimbabwe. Z. Angew. Geol. 45, 15-21.
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