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Beaverite-(Cu)

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Formula:
Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
In the ideal end-member Fe3+:Cu is 2:1.
Colour:
Yellow
Lustre:
Earthy
Hardness:
3½ - 4½
Specific Gravity:
4.36
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named beaverite for its first recorded occurrence, Beaver County, Utah, USA. Redefined by Bayliss et al. (2010) as beaverite-(Cu), for its specific composition.
Originally named beaverite.
Compare beaverite-(Zn) and also osarizawaite.

Can be distinguished from plumbojarosite only by accurate determination of the Fe:Cu ratio.
Other Fe members of the alunite family are also visually very similar.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of Beaverite-(Cu)Hide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
Notes:
Redefined by the IMA
6/B.11-120
7.BC.10

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
B : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
30.2.5.7

30 : ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
2 : (AB)2(XO4)Zq
25.7.12

25 : Sulphates
7 : Sulphates of Pb

Physical Properties of Beaverite-(Cu)Hide

Earthy
Colour:
Yellow
Hardness:
3½ - 4½ on Mohs scale
Density:
4.36 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.31 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Beaverite-(Cu)Hide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.850 nε = 1.830 - 1.870
Birefringence:
Strong.
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.020
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
O= Dark yellow
E= Pale yellow

Chemical Properties of Beaverite-(Cu)Hide

Formula:
Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6

In the ideal end-member Fe3+:Cu is 2:1.

Crystallography of Beaverite-(Cu)Hide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:
R3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.2(5) Å, c = 16.994(32) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.36
Unit Cell V:
762.94 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
3
Morphology:
Earthy and friable masses comprised of microscopic hexagonal plates.

Type Occurrence of Beaverite-(Cu)Hide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC R6314

Synonyms of Beaverite-(Cu)Hide

Other Language Names for Beaverite-(Cu)Hide

Relationship of Beaverite-(Cu) to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
Ammonioalunite(NH4)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
ArgentojarositeAgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
Beaverite-(Zn)Pb(Fe3+2Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
DorallchariteTlFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
HuangiteCa0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
Natroalunite-2c(Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Schlossmacherite(H3O)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
WalthieriteBa0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Cuprian Adamite6 photos of Beaverite-(Cu) associated with Cuprian Adamite on mindat.org.
Goethite5 photos of Beaverite-(Cu) associated with Goethite on mindat.org.
Cuprite4 photos of Beaverite-(Cu) associated with Cuprite on mindat.org.
Iodargyrite3 photos of Beaverite-(Cu) associated with Iodargyrite on mindat.org.
Mimetite3 photos of Beaverite-(Cu) associated with Mimetite on mindat.org.
Osarizawaite2 photos of Beaverite-(Cu) associated with Osarizawaite on mindat.org.
Cuprian Beudantite2 photos of Beaverite-(Cu) associated with Cuprian Beudantite on mindat.org.
Plumbojarosite2 photos of Beaverite-(Cu) associated with Plumbojarosite on mindat.org.
Ferrilotharmeyerite2 photos of Beaverite-(Cu) associated with Ferrilotharmeyerite on mindat.org.
Smithsonite2 photos of Beaverite-(Cu) associated with Smithsonite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.BC.05D'AnsiteNa21Mg(SO4)10Cl3Iso.
7.BC.10AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
7.BC.10Ammonioalunite(NH4)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
7.BC.10Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
7.BC.10ArgentojarositeAgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
7.BC.10DorallchariteTlFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10HuangiteCa0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
7.BC.10Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10Natroalunite-2c(Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
7.BC.10NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
7.BC.10OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10Schlossmacherite(H3O)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
7.BC.10WalthieriteBa0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
7.BC.10Beaverite-(Zn)Pb(Fe3+2Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.15Ye'elimiteCa4Al6(SO4)O12Iso.
7.BC.20AtlasoviteK(BiO)Cu6Fe3+(SO4)5O3ClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/ncc
7.BC.20NabokoiteKCu7(SO4)5(Te4+O3)OClTet.
7.BC.25ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.BC.30EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3OMon.
7.BC.30FedotoviteK2Cu3(SO4)3OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.BC.35KamchatkiteKCu3(SO4)2OClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.BC.40PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)ClTet.
7.BC.45KlyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Fe3+,Al)(SO4)4O2Mon.
7.BC.45AlumoklyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Al,Fe3+)(SO4)4O2Tric. 1 : P1
7.BC.50CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
7.BC.55WherryitePb7Cu2(SO4)4(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
7.BC.60MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2Mon. 2 : B2
7.BC.65LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
7.BC.65SchmiederitePb2Cu2(Se6+O4)(Se4+O3)(OH)4Mon.
7.BC.65MunakataitePb2Cu2(Se4+O3)(SO4)(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
7.BC.70ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6Tric. 1 : P1
7.BC.75KrivovichevitePb3Al(OH)6(SO4)(OH)Trig. 3m : R3c
7.BC.80AnhydrokainiteKMg(SO4)Cl

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

30.2.5.1JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
30.2.5.4Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
30.2.5.5ArgentojarositeAgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
30.2.5.6PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
30.2.5.8DorallchariteTlFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
30.2.5.9Beaverite-(Zn)Pb(Fe3+2Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.7.1SchaurteiteCa3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
25.7.2Zircosulfate(Zr,Ti)(SO4)2 · 4H2OOrth.
25.7.3AnglesitePbSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
25.7.4LanarkitePb2(SO4)OMon. 2/m : B2/m
25.7.5Palmierite(K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
25.7.6LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
25.7.7ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2OMon. 2/m
25.7.8ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6Tric. 1 : P1
25.7.9OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
25.7.10ItoitePb3Ge4+(SO4)2O2(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
25.7.11FleischeritePb3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
25.7.13PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Insoluble in water. Soluble in HCl.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Beaverite-(Cu)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Butler, B.S. and Schaller, W.T. (1911) Beaverite, a new mineral. Journal of the Washington Academy of Science: 1: 26-27.
Butler, B.S. and Schaller, W.T. (1911) American Journal of Science: 32: 418.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 45, 201.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 32, n° 249, 423-432. (includes reference to (includes a reference to type material beaverite, see Butler and Schaller (1911)).
Breidenstein, B., Schlüter, J., and Gebhard, G. (1992) On beaverite: new occurrence, chemical data and crystal structure. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1992): 213-220.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2003) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume V. Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 813pp.: 56.
Sato, E., Nakai, I., Miyawaki, R. & Matsubara, S. (2009) Crystal structures of alunite family minerals: beaverite, corkite, alunite, natroalunite, jarosite, svanbergite, and woodhouseite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Abhandlungen 185, 313-322.
Bayliss, P., Kolitsch, U., Nickel, E.H., and Pring, A. (2010) Alunite supergroup: recommended nomenclature. Mineral. Mag. 74, 919-927.

Internet Links for Beaverite-(Cu)Hide

Localities for Beaverite-(Cu)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antarctica
 
  • Western Antarctica
Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca
    • Andalgalá Department
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Georgiana Co.
      • Peelwood
Dieter Mylius collcetion, ex Jim Sharpe
    • Kennedy Co.
      • Condobolin district
Graham, I. T., Pogson, R., Colchester, D. M. and McKinnon, A. R. (2005): Secondary minerals of the Mineral Hill field. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 101-116.
  • Tasmania
    • Break O'Day municipality
      • Scamander district
- Bottrill, R. S. & Baker, W. E. (2008): A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Bulletin 73, Mineral Resources Tasmania, 254 pp.
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
Nickel, E.H., Gartrell, B.J. (1993) Secondary Minerals of Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993) 24:3: 203-218.
Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Nickel, E., Gartrell, B(1993): Secondary Minerals from Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993): 24:3:203-218
    • Northampton Shire
Downes, P.J., Deacon, G.L., Grguric, B.A., Bevan, A.W.R., Blockley, J., Verrall, M. (2017): Minerals of the Northampton Lead-Copper Field Western Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 18 (1), 35-49.
Downes, P.J., Deacon, G.L., Grguric, B.A., Bevan, A.W.R., Blockley, J., Verrall, M. (2017), Minerals of the Northampton Lead-Copper Field Western Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol 18 (1), pp 40, June 2017
Downes, P.J., Deacon, G.L., Grguric, B.A., Bevan, A.W.R., Blockley, J., Verrall, M. (2017), Minerals of the Northampton Lead-Copper Field Western Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol 18 (1), pp 40, June 2017
    • Roebourne Shire
      • Whim Creek
P. Downes, J. Bevan & A. Bevan (1998) - Minerals of the Whim Creek copper mine, Western Australia - Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 4, N°1, pp 13-29
    • Sandstone Shire
      • Youangarra Goldfield (Curran's Find)
Jorgensen, G.C., Downes, P.J., Deacon, G.L., Verrall, M. (2017): Wulfenite from the Penny West gold mine, near Youanmi: a new occurrence for Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 18 (1), 23-33.
    • Wyndham-East Kimberley Shire
      • Kununurra
Downes, P.J., Bevan, A.W.R., Costeo, D., Verrall, M. (2011) Mafic-hosted Secondary Mineralisation from the Shangri-La Pb-Ag-Au-Cu Mine Kimberley Western Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, (Nov. 2011) 16: p15-24.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • St Martin am Silberberg
Blaß, G., Graf, H.-W. & Pichler, A. (1997): Sekundäre Neubildungen in Schlacken von St. Martin am Silberberg in Kärnten (1). Mineralien-Welt, 8(5), 42-45.
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Rauris valley
        • Hüttwinkl valley
          • Alteck - Hoher Sonnblick area
            • Kolm-Saigurn
A. Strasser: Die MInerale Salzburgs (1989)
Niedermayr, G. & Wittern, A. (2009): Mineralreiches Österreich - Tirol, Salzburg, Vorarlberg. Bode Verlag, Haltern, 144 pp.
    • Lungau
      • Murwinkel
        • Schellgaden
          • Gold mines
PUTZ, H. (2010): Neufunde aus Salzburger Erzlagerstätten. Mineralogisches Archiv Salzburg, 13, 275-277.
  • Styria
    • Liesing - Palten valley
      • Kalwang
        • Kurze Teichen (Kurzteichen valley)
Kolitsch, U. (2014): 1993) Beaverit-(Cu) und ein Mineral der Cyanotrichitgruppe aus einer Kupferschlacke bei Kalwang, Liesingtal, Steiermark. P. 138 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
      • Seiz
        • Wolfsgruben (Wolfgruben)
Kolitsch, U., Postl, W., Brandstätter, F., Bernhard, F., Leikauf, B. & Auer, Ch. (2011): 1713) Beaverit-(Cu), Brochantit, Carbonat-Cyanotrichit, Chalkoalumit und Schwefel aus dem Kupfer-Vorkommen der Wolfsgruben bei Seiz, Liesing-Paltental, Steiermark. Pp. 179-181 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2011): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LX. Carinthia II, 201./121., 135-186; Leikauf, B., Bojar, H.-P., Taucher, J., Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2013): 1826) Caledonit, Linarit, Mimetesit, Munakatait, Plumbojarosit und vermutlich Oxyplumboroméit aus dem Kupfervorkommen der Wolfgruben bei Seiz, Liesing-Paltental, Steiermark. Pp. 138-139 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2013): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXII. Carinthia II, 203./123., 91-146.
    • Schladming
      • Schladminger Tauern
        • Obertalbach valley
Schachinger, T., Bernard, F. & Kolitsch, U. (2012): 1769) Mineralfunde vom Martinlager im Obertal bei Schladming, Steiermark. Pp. 167-168 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
Bulgaria
 
  • Haskovo Oblast (Khaskovo Oblast)
    • Mineralni Bani Obshtina
      • Spachievo ore field (Spahievo ore field)
Kunov, A. & Petrov, P. (2001): Beaverite from the Chala gold-base metal ore deposit: a new mineral for Bulgaria. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 38, 67-71.
Canada
 
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Newfoundland
      • Buchans
Sabina (2003) 94.
SABINA, A.P. (1976): Rocks & minerals for the collector: The Magdalen Islands, Quebec and the island of Newfoundland. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 75-36, 199p. Reissued in 2003 as Île de la Madeleine, Quebec, the Island of Newfoundland and Labrador. Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 58, 94-97.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Sierra Gorda District
        • Caracoles
Paar, W. H. & Burgstaller, J. (1980): Osarizawaite-beaverite intergrowths from Sierra Gorda, Chile. Mineralogical Record 1980, 101-104
samples analysed by Gerhard Mohn and Joy Desor
  • Atacama Region
    • Copiapó Province
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
      • Zapallar district
samples analysed by Gerhard Mohn and Joy Desor
China
 
Pengtao Yu, Jie Liang, Ying Chen, and Yan Huang (2010): Metallurgical Analysis 30(12), 14-21
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
    • Liberec Region
      • Harrachov (Harrachsdorf)
Fengl, M.: Mineralogie těžených fluoritových ložisek (1.-5.). Minerál, 1998-1999, roč. 6-7, č. 2, 4, 6, 1, 3.
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Kipushi
Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Rhône
      • Beaujeu
        • Les Ardillats
Favreau G., Legris J-R., Dardillac M. (1996), La Verrière (Rhône): Histoire et Minéralogie, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, pp:3-28
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Fecht valley (Munster valley)
        • Zimmerbach
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
[UKJMM 2:11-15 "Cap Garonne Secondary Copper and Lead - W.R. van den Berg"]
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
G. Blass, H.-W. Graf and D. Sebold (2009): Neue Mineralien von der Grube Clara im Kinzigtal. Mineralien-Welt 20 (1), 87-89; Belendorff, K. & Sautner, P. (2009): Beaverit von der Grube Clara - eine Ergänzung. Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 59.
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Bockswies veins
          • Oberschulenberg
Lapis, 11 (1), 9-18+42
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
No reference listed
      • St Andreasberg District
        • Beerberg
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Schnorrer, G. (1993): Mineralogische Notizen VI. Aufschluss, 44, 44-58.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Aachen
      • Stolberg
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
    • Eifel
      • Düren
        • Leversbach
Graf, HW., (1992): Fundstellen und Mineralien in der Nordeifel (Teil 1+2), MineralienWelt 1/1992, 3/1992
        • Untermaubach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Mechernich
        • Kommern
          • Griesberg
Graf, HW., (1992): Fundstellen und Mineralien in de Nordeifel (Teil 1+2), MineralienWelt 1/1992, 3/1992
    • Sauerland
      • Iserlohn
        • Letmathe
Bender/Marl, D. & Krimmelbein/Altena, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Lahn valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
    • Westerwald
      • Linz am Rhein
        • Kalenborn
          • Kasbach
Habel, B. & Reinhardt, M. (2011): Die Grube Clemenslust- Geschichte und Mineralogie eines Kupferbergwekes am Südrand des Siebengebirges. Mineralien-Welt. 22 (2): 19-36
      • Wied Iron Spar District
        • Neuwied
          • Raubach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Wernigerode
        • Hasserode
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
No reference listed
        • Sounion area
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German).
Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
  • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
    • Évros Prefecture
      • Kirki Mines (Kirka)
Triantafyllidis, S. & Skarpelis, N. (2006): Mineral formation in an acid pit lake from a high-sulfidation ore deposit: Kirki, NE Greece. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 88, 68-71.
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Rudabányai Mts
      • Rudabánya
collector: István Horváth, XRD: Ferenc Kristály, WDS: Viera Kollárová
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Recsk
GEODA 2013/2
Iran
 
  • Markazi Province
    • Astaneh
Nezafatis, N. (2006): Au-Sn-W-Cu Mineralization in the Astaneh-Sarband Area, West Central Iran. PhD thesis, University of Tübingen (Germany), 116 pp.
Italy
 
  • Friuli-Venezia Giulia
    • Udine Province
      • Paluzza
        • Timau
          • Casera Pramosio (Malga Pramosio)-Monte Avostanis/Blaustein area
- Bortolozzi G.M., Pondrelli M. e Vidus L. (2015) : I minerali della Creta di Timau (Lago Avostanis, Paluzza, Udine): riscoperta di un’antica località mineraria. Gortania, 37, 15-31.
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Antigorio Valley
          • Devero Valley
            • Baceno
              • Devero Alp
Lapis, 20 (7/8), 41-64+76.
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Villaputzu
Campostrini, I. & Gramaccioli, C. M. (2001): Selenium-rich secondary minerals from the Baccu Locci mine (Sardinia, Italy). Neues Jahrbuch fuer Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 177, 37-59.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Canal San Bovo
        • Vanoi Valley
          • Pralongo
Conedera M., Bursi Gandolfi N., Ferretti P., Gualtieri A., Rocchetti I. (2016): Miniera di Pralongo. Una mineralizzazione cuprifera presso Canal San Bovo (Valle del Vanoi, Trento): Riv. Mineral. Ital., 50, 2 (2-2016), 90-119.
      • Fiemme Valley
        • Predazzo
Vecchi, F., Rocchetti, I. & Gentile, P. (2013): Die Mineralien des Granits von Predazzo, Provinz Trient, Italien. Mineralien-Welt, 24(6), 98-117 (in German).
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Montieri
        • Gerfalco
Batacchi, C., Ciriotti, M.E., Bittarello, E., Callegari, A.M., Boiocchi, M., Ceccantini, L., Fassina, B. (2013): Fosso Mandromicci, Gerfalco, Montieri (Grosseto). Nuovi ritrovamenti. Micro, 3/2013, 106-126
Bazzoni, C. & Capperi, M. (2001): La miniera di «Montevecchio» in Toscana (Gerfalco - Grosseto). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2011, 236-241
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Niigata Prefecture
        • Aga-machi (Higashi-Kanbara-gun)
Minerals in Japan, p. 251 (Field Best Encyclopedia, vol. 15)
      • Shizuoka Prefecture
        • Nishiizu
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Tohoku Region
      • Akita Prefecture
        • Kazuno City
The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Ohnishi, M., & Shimobayashi, N. (2011). Tsumebite from the Kisamori mine, Akita Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 106(1), 51-56.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Altai Mts (Rudnyi Altai)
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Balkhash Region (Balqash; Karatas; Prebalkhashie)
http://maurice.strahlen.org/excisrep/kazakhstan.htm
    • Chu-Sarysu basin
      • Dzhezkazgan (Zhezqazghan)
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Mexico
 
  • Sonora
    • Mun. de Naco
      • Cerro Morita
Mineralogical Magazine 1972 38 : 541-544.
Morocco
 
  • L'oriental Region
    • Jerada Province
      • Touissit-Bou Beker District
Joan Rosell - Rosellminerals.com (07/2015)
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
New Zealand
 
  • North Island
    • Te Aroha
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
      • Jelenia Góra District
Siuda, R., Gołębiowska, B. (2003): Nowe dane o minerałach wietrzeniowych złoża Miedzianka-Ciechanowice w Rudawach Janowickich (Dolny Śląsk, Polska). Przegląd Geologiczny: 59(3): 226-252 (in Polish)
Russia
 
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
          • Berezovskii (Berezovskii Zavod)
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Magnitogorsk
Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Yakovleva, V.A., and Spiro, B. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 239-254.
  • Western-Siberian Region
    • Altaiskii Krai
      • Rudnyi Altai
Bill Shelton (2009) Mineral News, 25, #8, 15.
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Ochtiná (Achten)
Mrázek,Z., Ďuďa,R., 1983: Sekundárne minerály oloveno – zinkového ložiska Ochtiná-Margita. Min.Slovaca, 15,2,129 – 140
Slovenia
 
  • Radlje ob Dravi (Mahrenberg)
- Žorž, Z., Moser, B. (2002): Remšnik - zgodovina, geologija, minerali / Geschichte, Geologie, Mineralien. Ravne na Koroškem: Voranc, 2002 (In Slovenian and German language)
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Sekhukhune District
      • Marble Hall
Minerals of South Africa
Rick Turner
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
      • Aggeneys
T. Q. Meyer, W. A. van der Westhuizen, G. J. Beukes, H. de Bruiyn and A. E. Schoch (1986) An Occurrence of the Hydrous Lead-Copper-Iron Silicate Creaseyite in South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine 50:346-348
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Níjar
A. Arribas, F. Hernández, M. A. Fernández Périz, J. Gröbner, G. Leal (2005): Rodalquilar - El oro del capo del ágata. BOCAMINA 15, 12-88.
          • Cerro de los Guardias
Georges FAVREAU collection
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Guadalajara
      • Pardos
        • Pardos deposit
J. Gröbner und B. Sainz de Barranda (1999): Die Mineralien der Kupfergrube bei Pardos in der Provinz Guadalajara, Spanien. Mineralien-Welt 10 (4), 26-31. (in German)
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • Ulldemolins
Minerals as determined by analysis by the Dr Joan Vinals Barcelona
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
UK
 
  • England
    • Cheshire
      • Alderley Edge
No reference listed
    • Cornwall
      • Mount's Bay District
        • St Hilary
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 32, n° 249, 423-432.; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications.
    • Cumbria
      • Alston Moor District
        • Nenthead
S.Rust Collection
      • Caldbeck Fells
        • Carrock Fell
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) New Occurrences of Vanadium Minerals (Mottramite, Descloizite, and Vanadinite) in the Caldbeck Area of Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 235: 289-295.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Beaverite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 239, 700-702.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 32, n° 249, 423-432.; Cooper, M.P. & Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells.
          • Carrock Mine
No reference listed
Kingsbury, A.W.G., Hartley, J. (1957) Beaverite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 239, 700-702.
BMS Database
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Beaverite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 239, 700-702.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) New Occurrences of Vanadium Minerals (Mottramite, Descloizite, and Vanadinite) in the Caldbeck Area of Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 235: 289-295.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Beaverite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 239, 700-702.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 32, n° 249, 423-432.
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
        • Potts Gill
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Beaverite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 239, 700-702.
        • Roughton Gill
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) Beaverite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 239, 700-702.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1958) Jarosite and natrojarosite from the Lake District. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 240, 813-815.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1960) Carminite and beudantite from the northern part of the Lake District and from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 32, n° 249, 423-432.; Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, vol. 11, 3-28.
Trevor F. Bridges, David Green, Michael S. Rumsey and C. Michael Leppington (2011) A review of the mineralisation of the Roughton Gill mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 3 Roughton Gill Mine Journal of the Russell Society 14:3-23.
BMS Database
    • Devon
      • Tavistock District
        • Horrabridge
Braithwaite, R.S.W., and Cooper, B.V. (1982): Mineralogical Magazine 46, 119-126
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Ysgubor-y-coed
        • Furnace
BMS Database, UKJMM No18
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
[MinRec 24:421]
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 134; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
      • Tombstone Hills
        • Tombstone District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 131; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b); Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 65.
          • Tombstone
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 125; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143.
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Hayden area
            • Chilito
Rolf Luetcke
    • Graham Co.
      • Aravaipa District
        • Santa Teresa Mts
          • Klondyke
            • Grand Reef Mountain
              • Laurel Canyon
Besse, William W. (1981) Mineral Paragenesis of the Grand Reef mine, Aravaipa mining district Graham County, Arizona. M.S. thesis, Department of Geology, California State University, Los Angeles.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Mammoth District
        • Tiger
          • St. Anthony deposit
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 131; Bideaux, R.A. (1980), Tiger, AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 155-181.
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range)
        • Clark Mountain District (Clark District)
          • Mohawk Hill
Hewett, Donnel Foster (1956) Geology and mineral resources of the Ivanpah quadrangle, California and Nevada, USGS Professional Paper 275, 172 pp.: 145; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 302.
      • Silver Lake District
        • Soda Mts
          • Baker
Joe Marty, Anthony Kampf, Robert Housley, Stuart Mills, Stefan Weiss (2010) Seltene neue Tellurmineralien aus Kalifornien, Utah, Arizona und New Mexico (USA). Lapis, 35, #12, 42-51.
          • Zzyzx (Fort Soda; Soda; Soda Springs; Zzyzx Mineral Spring Resort)
Collected by and in the collection of Al Wilkins. EDS confirmed by Bob Housley.
  • Colorado
    • Custer Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Park Co.
      • Horseshoe Basin District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Michigan
    • Gogebic Co.
      • Gogebic iron range
        • Marenisco
Carlson, Shawn M., Fountain, Daniel R., Laughlin-Yurs, Cullen, Mills, Owen P., Olds, Travis A. (2007) Secondary Lead Minerals from the Copps Mine, Gogebic County, Michigan. Rocks & Minerals Vol. 92, No. 2, 166-171
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Spring Mts
        • Goodsprings District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 568.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
          • Goodsprings
D. F. Hewett (1931) GEOLOGY AND ORE DEPOSITS OF THE GOODSPRINGS QUADRANGLE, NEVADA: 133
C. Lemanski collection (7556CL).
[Hewett, D (1931) Geology and Ore Depositsof the Goodsprings Quadrangle, Nevada; USGS PP 162]
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Bristol and Jackrabbit Districts
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Bob Werner (2009) Mineral News, 25, #11, 1-5.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Silver Star District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Belmont District
          • Belmont
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Socorro Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. ed., 1996
        • Bingham
NMBMMR Mineral Museum
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • Texas
    • Culberson Co.
      • Guadalupe Mts
Rocks & Minerals: 66(3): 196-224.
  • Utah
    • Beaver Co.
      • San Francisco Mts
        • San Francisco District (Frisco District)
          • Frisco
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 568.; Butler, B. S. (1913) Geology and ore deposits of the San Francisco and adjacent districts, Utah. USGS Professional Paper 80.
    • Salt Lake Co.
      • Wasatch Mts
        • Little Cottonwood District (Alta District)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 568.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Ophir District
          • Ophir Hill area
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Utah Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Wisconsin
    • Rusk Co.
      • Ladysmith
Jones, C., J. Jones & G. LaBerge, G. (1999). The Flambeau Mine, Ladysmith, Wisconsin. Mineralogical Record, 30 (2), 107-131.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Mashonaland West
    • Kadoma District
Vetter, U., Weck, H.-D., Weale, T., Klosa, D., Wittich, C. and Hoffmann, K. (1999): A provisional inventory of the Sanyati oxide-zone minerals, Zimbabwe. Z. Angew. Geol. 45, 15-21.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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