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Beidellite

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Formula:
(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Colour:
White, reddish, brownish-grey.
Lustre:
Waxy
Hardness:
1 - 2
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named for the type locality at Beidell, Colorado
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of BeidelliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.EC.40

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
C : Phyllosilicates with mica sheets, composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets
71.3.1a.1

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
3 : Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
16.11.15

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
11 : Aluminosilicates of Ca and Mg with or without alkalis

Physical Properties of BeidelliteHide

Colour:
White, reddish, brownish-grey.
Hardness:
1 - 2 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of BeidelliteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.494 - 1.503 nβ = 1.525 - 1.532 nγ = 1.526 - 1.533
2V:
Measured: 9° to 16°, Calculated: 20°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.032
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of BeidelliteHide

Formula:
(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
IMA Formula:
(Na,Ca)0.3Al2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2 · nH2O
Common Impurities:
Ti,K,Mg,Fe

Crystallography of BeidelliteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.17 Å, b = 8.97 Å, c = 17.57 Å
β = 90°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.576 : 1 : 1.959
Unit Cell V:
814.81 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of BeidelliteHide

Other Language Names for BeidelliteHide

German:Beidellit
Spanish:Beidellita

Varieties of BeidelliteHide

Aluminium MontmorilloniteA synthetic end-member in the montmorillonite series.
Chrome-BeidelliteA chromian Beidellite
FerribeidelliteFe(III)-bearing variety of beidellite.

Relationship of Beidellite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AliettiteCa0.2Mg6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 4H2OMon.
FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
PimeliteNi3Si4O10(OH)2·4H2OHex.
Saliotite(Li,Na)Al3(AlSi3O10)(OH)5Mon.
SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon.
SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2OMon.
VolkonskoiteCa0.3(Cr,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
Yakhontovite(Ca,Na)0.5(Cu,Fe,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
ZincsiliteZn3(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Montmorillonite1 photo of Beidellite associated with Montmorillonite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.EC.05MinnesotaiteFe2+3Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.05TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.05WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.10FerripyrophylliteFe3+Si2O5(OH)Mon.
9.EC.10PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1
9.EC.15BoromuscoviteKAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15Chernykhite(Ba,Na)(V3+,Al,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15Montdorite(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4
9.EC.15MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2Mon.
9.EC.15ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15Tobelite(NH4,K)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15ChromphylliteK(Cr,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15FerroaluminoceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15FerroceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15ChromceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2Mon.
9.EC.15Ganterite(Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20AnniteKFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Tric.
9.EC.20HendricksiteK(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20NorrishiteKLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.20PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20SiderophylliteKFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
9.EC.20FluorotetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20Wonesite(Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Al,Si)4O10)2(OH,F)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20TetraferrianniteKFe2+3((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.20FluoranniteKFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20ShirokshiniteKNaMg2(Si4O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20ShirozuliteK(Mn2+,Mg)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20SokolovaiteCsLi2Al(Si4O10)F2Mon.
9.EC.20AspidoliteNaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20UM2004-49-SiO:AlCsFHKLi(Cs,K)(Al,Li)2.6((Si,Al)4O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20Suhailite(NH4)Fe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20YangzhumingiteKMg2.5(Si4O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20OrloviteKLi2Ti(Si4O10)OFMon. 2 : B2
9.EC.20OxyphlogopiteK(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.25Brammallite(Na,H3O)(Al,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.30MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.35Anandite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3((Si,Al,Fe)4O10)(S,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.35BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.35ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.35Kinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.35Ferrokinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2Mon.
9.EC.35Oxykinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.35FluorokinoshitaliteBaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.40Kurumsakite(Zn,Ni,Cu)8Al8V5+2Si5O35 · 27H2O (?)
9.EC.40Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.40NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.40VolkonskoiteCa0.3(Cr,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.40Yakhontovite(Ca,Na)0.5(Cu,Fe,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
9.EC.45HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.EC.45SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.45SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.45SpadaiteMgSiO2(OH)2 · H2O (?)
9.EC.45Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.45SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.45ZincsiliteZn3(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.45FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
9.EC.50VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
9.EC.55Baileychlore(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8Tric.
9.EC.55Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8Mon.
9.EC.55ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.55Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m
9.EC.55FranklinfurnaceiteCa2Fe3+Mn2+3Mn3+(Zn2Si2O10)(OH)8Mon. 2 : B2
9.EC.55Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8Mon.
9.EC.55Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
9.EC.55PennantiteMn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Tric.
9.EC.55SudoiteMg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8Mon.
9.EC.55DonbassiteAl4.33(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2 : B2
9.EC.55GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.55BorocookeiteLi1+3xAl4-x(BSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.60AliettiteCa0.2Mg6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.60Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2OOrth.
9.EC.60DozyiteMg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12Mon.
9.EC.60HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.60Karpinskite(Ni,Mg)2Si2O5(OH)2 (?)
9.EC.60KulkeiteMg8Al(AlSi7O20)(OH)10Mon.
9.EC.60LunijianlaiteLi0.7Al6.2(AlSi7O20)(OH,O)10Mon.
9.EC.60Rectorite(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2OMon.
9.EC.60Saliotite(Li,Na)Al3(AlSi3O10)(OH)5Mon.
9.EC.60TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2OMon. 2 : B2
9.EC.60BrinrobertsiteNa0.3Al4(Si4O10)2(OH)4 · 3.5 H2OMon.
9.EC.65Macaulayite(Fe,Al)24Si4O43(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.70BurckhardtitePb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
9.EC.75Ferrisurite(Pb,Ca)2.4Fe3+2(Si4O10)(CO3)1.7(OH)3 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.75Surite(Pb,Ca)3(Al,Fe2+,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(CO3)2(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.75Niksergievite(Ba,Ca)2Al3(AlSi3O10)(CO3)(OH)6 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.80KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8Mon.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

71.3.1a.2Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
71.3.1a.3NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
71.3.1a.4VolkonskoiteCa0.3(Cr,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
71.3.1a.5SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2OMon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.11.1MadisoniteCa2Mg2Al2Si3O13 or near
16.11.3Alumino-magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
16.11.4Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.11.5ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.11.6JuaniteCa10Mg4Al2Si11O39 · 4H2O or near
16.11.7Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OMon.
16.11.8TacharaniteCa12Al2Si18O33 (OH)36Mon.
16.11.9Aluminobarroisite☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
16.11.10Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.11.12Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
16.11.13Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
16.11.14Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.11.15Magnesiosadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m
16.11.16Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2Mon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Beidellite in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for BeidelliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Larsen, E.S., Wherry, E.T. (1925) Beidellite, a new mineral name. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences: 15: 465-466.
Foshag, W.F. (1926) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 11: 167-168.
Nadeau, P.H., Farmer, V.C., McHardy, W.J., Bain, D.C. (1985) Compositional variations of the Unterrupsroth beidellite. American Mineralogist: 70: 1004-1010.
Christidis, G.E. (2006) Genesis and compositional heterogeneity of smectites. Part III: Alteration of basic pyroclastic rocks - A case study from the Troodos Ophiolite Complex, Cyprus. American Mineralogist: 91: 685-701.

Internet Links for BeidelliteHide

Localities for BeidelliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Chubut
    • Cushamen Department
Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Chubut (2005).
Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Chubut (2005).
    • Escalante Department
Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Chubut (2005).
Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Chubut (2005).
    • Gaiman Department
Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Chubut (2005).
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • North Mt Lofty Ranges
        • Robertstown
Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
  • Western Australia
    • Leonora Shire
      • Eulaminna (Murrin Murrin mining centre)
Murrin Murrin Nickel Laterite Deposit, WA; M.A. Wells, CSIRO Exploration and Mining; CRC LEME 2003
    • Menzies Shire
      • Davyhurst Goldfield
        • Callion
Lintern, M.J., Calcrete Sampling for Mineral Exploration, CRC LEME (date?) (there is not date listed on this source but is likely to be around 1998 when an interest was taken by the CSIRO for the site)
    • Upper Gascoyne Shire
      • Mount Augustus
Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 1, p 193
Bolivia
 
  • Oruro Department
    • Dalence Province
      • Huanuni
[MinRec 32:472]
Bulgaria
 
  • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
Radonova, T.G., Daskalova, Y., and Pounev, L. (1967) Rancieite, coronadite and beidellite – new minerals for the Kremikovtsi iron deposit. Bulletin of the Geological Institute: Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrography, 16, 127-133.
Cameroon
 
  • East Region
    • Lomié
Yongue-Fouateu, R., Yemefack, M., Wouatong, A.S.L., Ndjigui, P.D., and Bilong, P. (2009): Clay Minerals 44(2), 221-237
Denmark
 
  • Faroe Islands
    • Suðuroy Island
      • Hvalba
Weisenberger, T. B. & Spürgin, S. (2012): Die Färöer - ein geologischer Streifzug. Aufschluss 63, 173-192.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Le Mayet-de-Montagne
J.C. Parneix, A Meunier : "Les paragenèses de remplacement des biotites utilisées comme marqueurs des conditions de température et de composition des fluides dans les altérations hydrothermales et supergène du granite de Mayet-la-Montagne (Allier, France), Bull. Minéral. , 1982, 105, 662-672.
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Cézallier Massif
Guillaume Pierre (2014): Les altérites fossilisées par des coulées de lave: valeur paléoclimatique et implications géomorphologiques; l'exemple de l'Auvergne, de l'Aubrac et du Velay. Earth Sciences. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 1989.
    • Rhône
      • Amplepuis
        • Marnand
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Brittany
    • Morbihan
Chauris, L. (2014): Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 292.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Menzenschwand
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Saxony
    • Dresden
      • Wurgwitz
http://www.geologica-saxonica.de/52-53/05_Dietze.pdf
Hungary
 
  • Veszprém Co.
    • Marcal Basin
Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min. Spec., 1993
Indian Ocean
 
  • Ninety East Ridge (90° E Ridge; Indian Ridge)
    • D.S.D.P.
      • Leg 26
D. Besse et al. , Bell. Minéral. , 1981, 104, pp. 56-63.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Nagano Prefecture
The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
      • Niigata Prefecture
        • Murakami City
Dr Yohachiro Okamoto (1876-1960) collection (curated by the Geological Survey of Japan)
      • Shizuoka Prefecture
        • Toi-cho
The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
  • Kyushu Region
    • Kagoshima Prefecture
      • Okuchi city
The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
    • Nagasaki Prefecture
      • Tsushima Islands
        • Tsushima-Shimoshima island
          • Azu
Masaharu NAKAGAWA (2001) Clay Minerals in Taishu Toseki and Taishu Hakudo. Journal of the Clay Science Society of Japan, 41 (2001-2002), #3, 113-122 (in Japanese).
Jordan
 
Techer, I., Khoury, H.N., Salameh, E., Rassineux, F., Claude, C., Clauer, N., Pagel, M., Lancelot, J., Hamelin, B., and Jacquot, E. (2006): Propagation of high-alkaline fluids in an argillaceous formation: Case study of the Khushaym Matruk natural analogue (Central Jordan). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 90, 53-67.
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Aldama
Cross, B. & Culp Zeitner J. (2006), Geodes Natures Treasures, P.26
    • Mun. de Namiquipa
      • Namiquipa
Panczner (1987): 111.
New Zealand
 
  • South Island
    • Canterbury
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
Norway
 
  • Vest-Agder
    • Farsund
      • Lista
        • Ullgjell
; Isachsen, F. & Rosenqvist, I. Th. (1948): Forvitringsleire og blekejord på Karmøy. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 27:175-186
    • Lyngdal
Barth, T.F.W. (1940): Norske mineraler av Beidellit-gruppen. Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift. 19: 300-310
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka, vol 2, p 140, S.A. Fedotov
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
Ďuďa,R., et al., 1981: Mineralógia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca, Monografia 2, 98s
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Bushveld Complex
      • Waterberg District
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
Minerals of South Africa
UK
 
  • England
Ford, T., A. Sarjeant & M. Smith (1993) The minerals of the Peak district of Derbyshire UK Jour. Mines & Minerals 13:16-55
Ukraine
 
  • Crimea Oblast'
    • Crimea peninsula
Golubovskaya, E.V. (2001): Lithology and Mineral Resources 36(3), 224-235.
  • Zakarpats'ka Oblast' (Transcarpathian Oblasť; Zakarpattia)
    • Khust
Handbook of Mineralogy
USA
 
  • Alabama
    • De Kalb Co.
      • Willis Valley (Wills Valley)
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull 120
  • Arizona
    • Coconino Co.
      • Cameron District
        • Cameron area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 132.
    • Gila Co.
      • Globe-Miami District
        • Miami-Inspiration District
          • Inspiration
            • Castle Dome area (Castle Dome Mine area; Pinto Valley Mine area)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 132; Peterson, N.P., et al (1946), Hydrothermal alteration in the Castle Dome copper deposit, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 41: 820-840; Peterson, N.P. (1962), Geology and ore deposits of the Globe-Miami district, AZ, USGS PP 342; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 108.
    • Greenlee Co.
      • Shannon Mts
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 132, 304; Schwartz, G.M. (1947), Hydrothermal alteration in the 'porphyry copper' deposits, Econ.Geol.: 42: 319-352; Schwartz, G.M. (1958), Alteration of biotite under mesothermal conditions, Econ.Geol.: 53: 164-177.
    • Pima Co.
      • Ajo District
        • Little Ajo Mts
          • Ajo
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 132; Gilluly, J. (1937), AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 141: 68-75, 79-81; Gilluly, J. (1946), The Ajo mining district, Arizona, USGS PP 209: 96; Thomas, W.J. & R.B. Gibbs (1983), Famous mineral localities: The New Cornelia mine, Ajo, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 283-298.
Gilluly, J. (1946), The Ajo mining district, Arizona, USGS PP 209: 96.
    • Pinal Co.
      • San Manuel District
        • San Manuel
          • San Manuel Mine (Apex Lead & Vanadium Mining Corp Mine; Quarelli group)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 132; Schwartz, G.M. (1947), Hydrothermal alteration in the 'porphyry copper' deposits, Econ.Geol.: 42: 319-352.
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
Rocks and Minerals, (1976) 51:495-507
  • California
    • Kern Co.
      • Kramer District (Kramer Borate District)
Handbook of Mineralogy
    • Los Angeles Co.
      • Lake Hughes
        • Elizabeth Lake Canyon
Beverly, Burt Jr. (1934), Graphite deposits in Los Angeles County, California: Economic Geology: 29: 352; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 440.
      • Sierra Pelona Mts (Sierra Pelona Range)
        • Castaic
          • Elizabeth Lake Canyon
            • Upper Elizabeth Lake Canyon
Beverly, Burt Jr. (1934), Graphite deposits in Los Angeles County, California: Economic Geology: 29: 352; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 100.
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • New Idria District
          • San Benito River headwaters area
            • Dallas Gem Mine area
              • Santa Rita Peak
www.mineralsocal.org
              • South of the Dallas Gem Mine
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 440.
    • Sierra Co.
Ferguson, Henry G. & R.W. Gannett (1932), Gold quartz veins of the Alleghany district, California: USGS PP 172: 45; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 441.
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Mineral Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Wagon Wheel Gap
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Ouray Co.
      • Mt. Sneffels
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • San Juan Mts
        • Ouray District
          • Ouray
            • Sneffels District (Sneffels - Red Mountain District; Mount Sneffels District)
              • Sneffels (Sneffels Camp)
                • Revenue group
The Mines and Minerals of the Great American Rift, R.W. Holmes & M.B. Kennedy, 1983
    • Saguache Co.
      • Bonanza District (Kerber Creek District)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Crystal Hill District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Idaho
    • Blaine Co.
      • Lava Creek District
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
    • Owyhee Co.
      • De Lamar District
Chipera & Bish, Clays and Clay Minerals 45:226
      • Flint District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Silver City District (Carson District)
Handbook of Mineralogy
    • Washington Co.
      • Weiser District
USGS Bull 1042D
  • Maine
    • Oxford Co.
      • Buckfield
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1.; King and Foord, 2000, Addenda to Volume 1, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 2.
  • Maryland
    • Cecil Co.
      • Pilot
Ostrander, C. W. & W. E. Price (1940) Minerals of Maryland: Natural History Society of Maryland , 92 p.
  • Montana
    • Flathead Co.
      • Hog Heaven District (Flathead District)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Fitting District
        • Gillis Range
Mineralogical Record: 30: 277-292.
  • New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
        • Vanadium
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • McKinley Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Socorro Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
  • Oregon
    • Grant Co.
      • Quartzburg District (Comer District)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Jackson Co.
      • Butte Creek District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Texas
    • Brewster Co.
[MinRec 21:233]
  • Utah
    • Piute Co.
      • Marysvale District (Marysvale Uranium area)
Wyant, D. G., 1954, The East Slope No. 2 uranium prospect, Piute County, Utah: U. S. Geol. Survey Circ. 322, 6 p.
    • Sanpete Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Deep Creek Mts
        • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Utah Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Fairfield
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Wyoming
    • Sweetwater Co.
      • Green River Basin
Tony Nickischer
Mineral and/or Locality  
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