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Nikolai V. Belov
Honey-yellow, greenish yellow; in transmitted light colourless to slightly yellow
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Named in 1954 by L. S. Borodin and M. E. Kazakova in honor of Nikolai Vasil'evich Belov [December 14, 1891 Ianov, Lublin Province, Poland (now Ukraine)- March 6, 1982 Moscow, Russia], former Head of the Crystallography and Crystallochemistry Department, Moscow Lomonosov State University, Moscow, Russia.
Fluorine was not (in the first description) determined of the type specimen from Mt. Malyi Pukaruaiv, Lovozero, Kola, Russia (Borodin & Kazakova 1954). Pekov et al. (1995) studied samples of belovite-(Ce) from different localities, including the reinvestigation of the holotype, established its idealized end-member formula NaCeSr3(PO4)3F and confirmed the spacegroup P-3, which was earlier recognized by Klevtsova & Borisov (1964).
A mineral in the Belovite Group of the Apatite Supergroup. The cerium analogue of belovite-(La). The NaSr3Ce analogue of fluorapatite. The strontium analogue of kuannersuite-(Ce).

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Classification of Belovite-(Ce)Hide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:

B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
N : With only large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 0.33:1

8 : A5(XO4)3Zq

19 : Phosphates
5 : Phosphates of Sr and Ba

Pronounciation of Belovite-(Ce)Hide

PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of Belovite-(Ce)Hide

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Transparent, Translucent
Honey-yellow, greenish yellow; in transmitted light colourless to slightly yellow
along prismatic and pinacoidal planes
4.19 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.13 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Belovite-(Ce)Hide

Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.653 - 1.660 nε = 1.634 - 1.640
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.019 - 0.020
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Optical Extinction:

Chemical Properties of Belovite-(Ce)Hide

Common Impurities:

Crystallography of Belovite-(Ce)Hide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
3 - Rhombohedral
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.692 Å, c = 7.201 Å
a:c = 1 : 0.743
Unit Cell V:
585.80 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
acicular to prismatic crystals to 3 cm; radiating to sheaf-like aggregates; granular

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
3.17 (70)
2.90 (100)
2.79 (70)
2.32 (50)
2.151 (50)
2.009 (70)
1.470 (60)
close to belovite-(La)

Type Occurrence of Belovite-(Ce)Hide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
AE Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Moscow, Russia; 56440
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Alkalic pegmatite
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of Belovite-(Ce)Hide

Other Language Names for Belovite-(Ce)Hide

Simplified Chinese:锶铈磷灰石
Traditional Chinese:鍶鈰磷灰石

Relationship of Belovite-(Ce) to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Belovite-(La)NaLaSr3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
Carlgieseckeite-(Nd)NaNdCa3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
FluorcaphiteSrCaCa3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
FluorstrophiteSrCaSr3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
Kuannersuite-(Ce)NaCeBa3(PO4)3F0.5Cl0.5Trig. 3 : P3

Common AssociatesHide

EpistoliteNa2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2O
ErikiteDiscredited as a pseudomorphous mixture of monazite and rhabdophane after vitusite-(Ce) (Pekov et al.
GaidonnayiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Manganoan PectoliteNa(Ca,Mn)2Si3O8(OH)
MurmaniteNa2Ti2(Si2O7)O2 · 2H2O
NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
SitinakiteKNa2Ti4(SiO4)2O5(OH) · 4H2O
Steenstrupine-(Ce)Na14Mn2+2(Fe3+,Mn3+)2Ce6(Zr,Th)(Si6O18)2(PO4)6(HPO4)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Serandite12 photos of Belovite-(Ce) associated with Serandite on
Vuonnemite9 photos of Belovite-(Ce) associated with Vuonnemite on
Umbozerite9 photos of Belovite-(Ce) associated with Umbozerite on
Ussingite8 photos of Belovite-(Ce) associated with Ussingite on
Shkatulkalite5 photos of Belovite-(Ce) associated with Shkatulkalite on
Steenstrupine-(Ce)4 photos of Belovite-(Ce) associated with Steenstrupine-(Ce) on
Chkalovite4 photos of Belovite-(Ce) associated with Chkalovite on
Bykovaite3 photos of Belovite-(Ce) associated with Bykovaite on
Manganoneptunite3 photos of Belovite-(Ce) associated with Manganoneptunite on
Vitusite-(Ce)2 photos of Belovite-(Ce) associated with Vitusite-(Ce) on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BN.05AlforsiteBa5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Carbonate-rich FluorapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)Hex.
8.BN.05Carbonate-rich HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)Hex.
8.BN.05ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Mimetite-MPb5(AsO4)3ClMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BN.05Johnbaumite-MCa5(AsO4)3OHMon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BN.05FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3ClHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
8.BN.05HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)Hex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05JohnbaumiteCa5(AsO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05MimetitePb5(AsO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05FluorstrophiteSrCaSr3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05SvabiteCa5(AsO4)3FHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
8.BN.05VanadinitePb5(VO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Belovite-(La)NaLaSr3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05FluorcaphiteSrCaCa3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Kuannersuite-(Ce)NaCeBa3(PO4)3F0.5Cl0.5Trig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05Hydroxylapatite-MCa5(PO4)3OHMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BN.05PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05StronadelphiteSr5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05FluorphosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Carlgieseckeite-(Nd)NaNdCa3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05Miyahisaite(Sr,Ca)2Ba3(PO4)3F Hex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.10ArctiteNa2Ca4(PO4)3FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide 6/m : P63/m 6/m : P63/m 6/m : P63/m FluorapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)Hex. 6/m : P63/m 6/m : P63/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.5.1StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)Trig. 3m : R3c
19.5.3GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
19.5.4GoedkeniteSr2Al(PO4)2(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
19.5.6NabaphiteNaBaPO4 · 9H2OIso.
19.5.7Olgite(Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
19.5.8NastrophiteNa(Sr,Ba)PO4 · 9H2O
19.5.10GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Mon. m : Bm
19.5.11PenikisiteBa(Mg,Fe2+,Ca)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
19.5.12CuretoniteBa(Al,Ti)(PO4)(OH,O)FMon. 2/m
19.5.15PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Fluorescence of Belovite-(Ce)Hide

Not fluorescent.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Belovite-(Ce)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Borodin, L. S., Kazakova, M. E. (1954) Belovite - a new mineral from an alkaline pegmatite. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 96: 613-616
Fleischer, M. (1955) New mineral names. American Mineralogist, 40: 551-554 (abstract).
Nadezhina, T.N., et al. (1987): Mineral. Zhurnal: 9(2): 45-48.
Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Beletskaya, O. V., Khomyakov, A. P., Menshikov, Y. P. (1995) Belovite-(Ce): New data, refined formula and relationship to other minerals of the apatite group. Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 124: 98-110
Rakovan, J. F. & Hughes, J. M. (2000) Strontium in the apatite structure: strontian fluorapatite and belovite-(Ce). The Canadian Mineralogist, 38: 839-845
Pasero, M., Kampf, A. R., Ferraris, C., Pekov, I. V., Rakovan, J. R. & White, T. J. (2010) Nomenclature of the apatite supergroup minerals. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22: 163-179

Internet Links for Belovite-(Ce)Hide

Localities for Belovite-(Ce)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Khibiny Massif
          • Eveslogchorr Mt
            • Astrophyllite Stream
Pekov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp11-16
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
          • Koashva Mt
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
          • Kukisvumchorr Mt
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y., Hawthorne, F.C., Khomyakov, A.P. (2013): Kolskyite (Ca☐)Na2Ti4(Si2O7)2O4(H2O)7, a group-IV Ti-disilicate from the Khibiny Alkaline Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia: description and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 51, 921-936.; Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y. A., & Hawthorne, F. C. (2014). Saamite, Ba□ Tinbna3ti (Si2o7) 2o2 (Oh) 2 (H2o) 2, a Group-iii Ti-disilicate Mineral from the Khibiny Alkaline Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia: Description and Crystal Structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 52(4), 745-762.
        • Lovozero Massif
Yakovenchik, V.N., Ivaniuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Selivanova, E.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Korchak, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Spiridonova, D.V., Zalkind, O.A. (2010): Punkaruaivite, Li{Ti2(OH)2[Si4O11(OH)]}•H2O, a new mineral species from hydrothermalites of Khibiny and Lovozero alkaline massifs (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 41-50.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
A. P. Khomyakov et al., 2005; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Chukanov, N. V., Ermolaeva, V. N., Pekov, I. V., Sokolov, S. V., Nekrasov, A. N., & Sokolova, M. N. (2005). Raremetal mineralization connected with bituminous matters in late assemblages of pegmatites of the Khibiny and Lovozero massifs. New Data Minerals, 40, 80-95.
Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp.
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Ivanyuk, G. Y., & Yakovenchuk, V. N. (2014). Loparite-(Ce) in rocks of the Lovozero layered complex at Mt. Karnasurt and Mt. Kedykvyrpakhk. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 685-698.
            • Karnasurt underground mine
              • Karnasurt area
Mineralogical Record (2000): 31: 203.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
          • Kedykverpakhk Mt
            • Karnasurt underground mine
              • Kedyk area
Mineralogical Record: 36(4): 397-416.
DAN-SSSR (1954) 96/3, 613-616; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp.; Yakovenchuk, V. N., Ivanyuk, G. Y., Krivovichev, S. V., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Selivanova, E. A., Korchak, J. A., ... & Zalkind, O. A. (2011). Eliseevite, Na1. 5Li [Ti2Si4O12. 5 (OH) 1.5]∙ 2H2O, a new microporous titanosilicate from the Lovozero alkaline massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). American Mineralogist, 96(10), 1624-1629.
Ermolaeva, V.N., Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Zadov, A.E. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(8), 758-775.
          • Sengischorr Mt
            • Motchisuai River Valley
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
South Africa
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
  • Montana
    • Meagher Co.
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