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Bementite

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Clarence S. Bement
Formula:
Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Mn may be replaced by minor Fe, Mg and Zn.
Colour:
Brown, dark brown, golden brown, Grayish-yellow
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Hardness:
6
Specific Gravity:
2.9 - 3.1
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named for Clarence Sweet Bement [1843-1923] by George Augustus Koenig in 1887. Bement assembled the finest mineral collection in the USA. He also assembled the finest collection of U.S. coins and was interested in a variety of collectibles. Bement had a keen interest in Franklin, New Jersey minerals from whence his namesake was discovered.
Compare the similar innsbruckite and friedelite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of BementiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.EE.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
E : Single tetrahedral nets of 6-membered rings connected by octahedral nets or octahedral bands
78.5.2.1

78 : Unclassified Silicates
5 :
14.17.8

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
17 : Silicates of Mn

Physical Properties of BementiteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Brown, dark brown, golden brown, Grayish-yellow
Streak:
White
Hardness:
Comment:
Sometimes given as variable 4-6, softer mineral due to alteration
Tenacity:
Flexible
Cleavage:
Perfect
{001} perfect, {100} and {010} very good.
Fracture:
Splintery
Density:
2.9 - 3.1 g/cm3 (Measured)    
Comment:
Density does not support calculations for Z

Optical Data of BementiteHide

Type:
Biaxial
RI values:
nα = 1.602 - 1.624 nβ = 1.632 - 1.650 nγ = 1.632 - 1.650
Birefringence:
0.028
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.030
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
weak
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
Colorless, pale yellow

Chemical Properties of BementiteHide

Formula:
Mn7Si6O15(OH)8

Mn may be replaced by minor Fe, Mg and Zn.
Common Impurities:
Al,Fe,Zn,Mg,Ca

Crystallography of BementiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.5 Å, b = 9.8 Å, c = 5.65 Å
β = 90°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.765 : 1 : 0.577
Unit Cell V:
415.28 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
Micaceous aggregates or plates are typical.
Comment:
Better calculations obtained from Orthorhombic cell.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.25 (90)
4.60 (2)
4.40 (2)
4.06 (3)
3.97 (4)
3.66 (100)
3.58 (90)
3.43 (9)
3.30 (6)
3.09 (5)
3.01 (2)
2.823 (4)
2.722 (4)
2.436 (14)
2.212 (2)
2.113 (7)
2.099 (6)
2.053 (2)
1.859 (2)
1.852 (2)
1.828 (4)
1.759 (2)
1.639 (2)
1.621 (2)
1.478 (2)
Comments:
ICDD PDF 25-546

Type Occurrence of BementiteHide

Synonyms of BementiteHide

Other Language Names for BementiteHide

German:Bementit
Simplified Chinese:蜡硅锰矿
Spanish:Bementita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Willemite7 photos of Bementite associated with Willemite on mindat.org.
Rhodonite7 photos of Bementite associated with Rhodonite on mindat.org.
Calcite6 photos of Bementite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Cahnite6 photos of Bementite associated with Cahnite on mindat.org.
Ganophyllite6 photos of Bementite associated with Ganophyllite on mindat.org.
Axinite-(Mn)6 photos of Bementite associated with Axinite-(Mn) on mindat.org.
Andradite2 photos of Bementite associated with Andradite on mindat.org.
Rhodochrosite2 photos of Bementite associated with Rhodochrosite on mindat.org.
Braunite2 photos of Bementite associated with Braunite on mindat.org.
Sarkinite1 photo of Bementite associated with Sarkinite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.EE.10BrokenhilliteMn8Si6O15(OH)10Hex. 6mm : P63mc
9.EE.10Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
9.EE.10FriedeliteMn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EE.10Pyrosmalite-(Mn)Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10Trig.
9.EE.10Mcgillite(Mn,Fe)8Si6O15(OH)8Cl2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EE.15Nelenite(Mn,Fe)16(Si12O30)(OH)14[As3+3O6(OH)3]Mon.
9.EE.15SchalleriteMn2+16As3Si12O36(OH)17Trig. 3m : P3m1
9.EE.20Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EE.20TuperssuatsiaiteNa2Fe3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EE.20YofortieriteMn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EE.20WindhoekiteCa2Fe3+2.67[Si8O20](OH)4 · 10H2O Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EE.25Falcondoite(Ni,Mg)4Si6O15(OH)2 · 6H2OOrth.
9.EE.25LoughliniteNa2Mg3Si6O16 · 8H2OOrth.
9.EE.25SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnna
9.EE.25Kalifersite(K,Na)5Fe3+7Si20O50(OH)6 · 12H2OTric.
9.EE.30GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2OTric.
9.EE.30OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2OHex.
9.EE.30TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
9.EE.35Reyerite(Na,K)2Ca14(Si,Al)24O58(OH)8 · 6H2OTrig.
9.EE.35Truscottite(Ca,Mn)14Si24O58(OH)8 · 2H2OTrig.
9.EE.40NatrosiliteNa2Si2O5Mon.
9.EE.45MakatiteNa2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
9.EE.50VarennesiteNa8Mn2Si10O25(OH,Cl)2 · 12H2OOrth.
9.EE.55RaiteNa4Mn2+3Ti0.25Si8O20(OH)2 · 10H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
9.EE.60IntersiliteNa6Mn2+Ti[Si10O24(OH)](OH)3 · 4H2OMon.
9.EE.65Shafranovskite(Na,K)6(Mn,Fe)3Si9O24 · 6H2OTrig.
9.EE.65ZakharoviteNa4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2OTrig.
9.EE.70ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2OTrig. 3 : R3
9.EE.75Minehillite(K,Na)2-3Ca28Zn4Al4Si40O112(OH)16Hex.
9.EE.80Fedorite(Na,K)2-3(Ca4Na3)Si16O38(OH,F)2 · 3.5H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.EE.80Martinite(Na,◻,Ca)12Ca4(Si,S,B)14B2O38(OH,Cl)2F2·4H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.EE.85Lalondeite(Na,Ca)6(Ca,Na)3Si16O38(F,OH)2·3H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.17.1RhodoniteCaMn3Mn(Si5O15)Tric. 1
14.17.2TephroiteMn2+2SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
14.17.3BrauniteMn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
14.17.4AlleghanyiteMn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.17.5Ribbeite(Mn2+,Mg)5(SiO4)2(OH)2Orth.
14.17.6LeucophoeniciteMn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.17.7JerrygibbsiteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
14.17.9Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
14.17.10YofortieriteMn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m

Fluorescence of BementiteHide

Not fluorescent in UV

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BementiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
American Mineralogist: 79: 91-106.

Internet Links for BementiteHide

Localities for BementiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
Worner, H. K. and Mitchell, R. W., eds. Birch, W. D. (et al) (1982) Minerals of Broken Hill, published by Australian Mining & Smelting Limited ISBN 0-909221-18-9
Austria
 
  • Tyrol
    • East Tyrol
      • Virgen valley
        • Prägraten
          • Timmelbach valley
Kolitsch, U., Schachinger, T., Auer, C. (2017): 2026) Albit, Amphibol, Bementit(?), Braunit, ein Mn-Chlorit, As-haltiger Fluorapatit, Galaxit, Hämatit, Hübnerit, Iwakiit(?), Jakobsit, Kalifeldspat, Kutnahorit, Långbanit, Manganoxide, Nickelskutterudit, Pyrophanit, Quarz, Rhodochrosit, Rhodonit, Safflorit, Sarkinit, Sonolith, Spessartin, Tephroit, Uraninit und Zirkon aus Manganvererzungen von der Wunwand (Wunspitze) bei Prägraten, Osttirol. Pp. 241-246 in Walter, F. et al. (2017): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVI. Carinthia II, 207./127., 217-284.
    • North Tyrol
      • Sill valley (Wipp valley)
        • Navis valley
          • Navis
BRANDSTÄTTER, F., GRILL, J., NIEDERMAYR, G. & WALTER, F. (2015): 1927) Bementit, Bixbyit, Kutnohorit, Manganberzeliit, Tilasit, Tiragalloit, Todorokit und andere Mineralien von Navis, Tirol. Pp. 232-234 in NIEDERMAYR, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
Min Rec 39:125-130
http://acd.ufrj.br/geologia/posgrad/area1_d.htm
China
 
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Baise Prefecture
      • Jingxi Co.
Yang Yuchun (1996): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 15(2), 186-190
  • Hunan Province
    • Xiangtan Prefecture
Yang Yuchun (1996): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 15(2), 186-190
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Ankang Prefecture
      • Ziyang Co.
Yang Yuchun (1996): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 15(2), 186-190; Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
    • Hanzhong Prefecture
      • Xixiang Co.
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
      • Zhenba Co.
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
  • Sichuan Province
    • Dazhou Prefecture
      • Wanyuan Co.
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
    • Leshan Prefecture
      • Jinkouhe District
Fan, D., Hein, J.R., and Ye, J. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 135-151.
    • Ya'an Prefecture
      • Hanyuan Co.
Fan, D., Hein, J.R., and Ye, J. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 135-151.
  • Yunnan Province
    • Dali Autonomous Prefecture
      • Heqing Co.
Zhangxiang Peng (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(10), 14-18
Yang Yuchun (1996): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 15(2), 186-190
    • Wenshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Yanshan Co.
Yang Yuchun (1996): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 15(2), 186-190
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Pardubice Region
Prachař, I.: Současný stav výskytu nerostů ve Chvaleticích. Acta musei Reginaehradecensis, série A: vědy přírodní, 1981, roč. XVI., s. 99-102.
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Ne
        • Graveglia Valley
[MinRec 32:356]
          • Reppia
-Marchesini, M. & Pagano, R. (2001): The Val Graveglia manganese district, Liguria, Italy. The Mineralogical Record, 32, 349-379; 415.
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Varaita Valley
        • Bellino
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp. [PXRD analysis by Uwe Kolitsch]
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Okhotsk Subprefecture (Abashiri Province)
      • Kitami City
Togari, K., & Akasaka, M. (1987). Okhotskite, a new mineral, an Mn3+-dominant member of the pumpellyite group, from the Kokuriki mine, Hokkaido, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine, 51(62), 611-614.
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
Donald E. Lee (1955)
      • Shizuoka prefecture
H. Momoi (1964) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 39-63.
      • Yamanashi Prefecture
        • Minobu
          • Shimobe
mineralhunters.hp.infoseek.co.jp/kusama.html
    • Chugoku Region
      • Shimane Prefecture
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
      • Yamaguchi Prefecture
        • Iwakuni City
Lee, D. E. (1955)
        • Kudamatsu City
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.; Fumitoshi HIROWATARI (1961) Minerals and Their Paragenetic Relations of the Manganese Deposits of Fukumaki Mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Japan Vol.12:565-572
Lee, D. E. (1955)
Mayumi Yoshinaga (1963) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 14, 1, 1-22.
    • Kanto Region
      • Gunma Prefecture
        • Kiryuu City
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
        • Midori City
          • Seta
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
      • Tochigi Prefecture
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
      • Tokyo Metropolis
        • Nishi-Tama-gun
          • Okutama-cho
N. Aikawa (1987) Journal of Geosciences, Osaka City University, 30, 1-13.
Alfredo Petrov specimens
    • Kinki Region
      • Hyogo Prefecture
        • Yabu City
          • Yabu-cho
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
      • Kyoto Prefecture
Mayumi Yoshinaga (1963) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 14, 1, 1-22.
        • Nantan City
Toyofumi Yoshimura, "Manganese deposits in Japan - Addendum, PartII", Science reports, Department of Geology, Kyushu University (1969)
      • Mie Prefecture
        • Ise City
          • Shobu
http://www.issp.u-tokyo.ac.jp; Daisuke Nishio- Hamane, Norimitsu Tomita, Tetsuo Minakawa, and Sachio Inaba (2013) Iseite, Mn2Mo3O8, a new mineral from Ise, Mie Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 108, 37─41.
      • Shiga prefecture
        • Gamou-gun
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
        • Ritto City
Lee, D. E. (1955); Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
    • Tohoku Region
      • Fukushima Prefecture
        • Nishiaizu-machi
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
Shirozu, H., & Hirowatari, F. (1955). Bementite from the Tokuzawa mine, Fukushima prefecture. Jap. Ass. Miner. Petrol, econ. Geol, 39, 241-248.
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Kunohe-gun
          • Noda-mura
Watanabe, T. (1959) Mineralogical Journal, 2, 6, 408-421; Am Min (1955) 40:32-40
        • Miyako City
Mayumi Yoshinaga (1963) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 14, 1, 1-22.
        • Shimohei-gun
          • Iwaizumi-cho
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
  • Kyushu Region
    • Kumamoto Prefecture
Yoshimura, T., Shirozu, H., & Hirowatari, F. (1958). Bementite and pyroxmangite from Ichinomata mine, Kumamoto Prefecture. Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Japan, 3, 457-467.
    • Miyazaki Prefecture
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
      • Takachiho
H. Momoi (1964) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 39-63.
    • Nansei Archipelago
      • Kagoshima Prefecture
        • Amami-Oshima Island
          • Oshima-gun
            • Setouchi-cho
Toyofumi Yoshimura, "Manganese deposits in Japan - Addendum, PartII", Science reports, Department of Geology, Kyushu University (1969)
Toyofumi Yoshimura, "Manganese deposits in Japan - Addendum, PartII", Science reports, Department of Geology, Kyushu University (1969)
          • Yamato-son (Yamato village)
Alfredo Petrov collection (December 2005 field trip)
  • Shikoku Island
    • Kochi Prefecture
      • Kami city
M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
Toyofumi Yoshimura, "Manganese deposits in Japan - Addendum, PartII", Science reports, Department of Geology, Kyushu University (1969); M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
Handbook of Mineralogy
      • Nankoku city
Masutomi Museum specimens (Kyoto)
M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Zhayrem (Zhairem)
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
New Zealand
 
  • North Island
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
Norway
 
  • Oppland
    • Lom
Selbekk R.S. (2010): Norges mineraler. En revidert utgave av Norges mineraler (Neumann 1985). Tapir-NGU-NHM. 552p
Romania
 
  • Maramureș Co.
Udubasa, G., Hartopanu, P., Ilinca, G. (1996). The Regionally metamorphosed Fe-Mn Ore Deposit at Razoare, Preluca Mts., Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineralogy, 77, 3-20.
  • Suceava Co.
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Komi Republic
      • Prepolar Ural
http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=1551
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
          • Sedel'nikovo
Brusnitsyn A.I. (2000) Rhodonite deposits of Middle Ural, - S.-Peterburg Univercity press, p. 200 (in Rus.).
  • Western-Siberian Region
Jocchen Hintze
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica Co.
      • Bystrý Potok
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Rožňava (Rosenau; Rozsnyó)
        • Čučma
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Kalahari manganese field
Minerals of South Africa
      • Hotazel
Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
      • Kuruman
        • N'Chwaning Mines
Cairncross, B., and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, Linden 2014, RSA
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna
    • Hedemora
      • Garpenberg
Grensman, F., Kalinowski, M.P. and Sandström, F. (2001): Garpenberg Norra. Litofilen. 18 (2), 26-46.
  • Dalsland
    • Åmål
      • Strandhem ore field
No reference listed
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Persberg district
        • Pajsberg
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 857.
  • Västmanland
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
Holtstam, D. (2001): W and V mineralization in Långban-type Fe-Mn deposits: Epigenetic or Syngenetic? Geologiske Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar 123: 29-33
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Hinterrhein Valley
      • Rheinwald
        • Splügen
Roth, P. & Meisser, N. (2013): Die seltenen Mineralien der Bündner Manganvorkommen. Schweizer Strahler 47 (3), 8-21 (in German and French).
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Liskeard District
        • Altarnun
[Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]; Russell, A. (1946). On rhodonite and tephroite from Treburland manganese mine, Altarnun, Cornwall; and on rhodonite from other localities in Cornwall and Devonshire. Mineralogical Magazine, 27(194), 221-235.
    • Devon
      • Tavistock District
        • Milton Abbot
No reference listed
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Valdez-Cordova Borough
      • Copper River District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Yukon-Koyukuk Borough
      • Amber District
Am Min 49:158-165
  • Arizona
    • Pinal Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Mineral Creek District (Ray District)
          • Scott Mountain area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 132.
  • Arkansas
    • Independence Co.
Howard, 1987. Mineral Species of Arkansas
  • California
    • Alameda Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Livermore District (Tesla District)
          • Mendenhall Springs
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 101, 228.
    • Calaveras Co.
      • Foothill Copper Belt
        • Carmen City
Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 60; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 411.
        • Lightner Peak
Taliaferro, Nicholas Lloyd & A.J. Solari (1943a), Manganese deposits of the Sierra Nevada: their genesis and metamorphism: California Division Mines and Geology Bulletin 125: 326-327; Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 106-107; Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 38-43; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 411.
      • West Belt
        • Lost City
Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 60; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 101, 320; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 213, 411.
    • Glenn Co.
      • Coastal Range
        • Elephant Hill
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10097019.
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Coastal Range
        • Bridgeville
Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 77; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 101, 320.
        • Shelter Cove
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Mariposa Co.
      • Mother Lode Belt
        • Coulterville District
          • Coulterville
Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 80; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 101.
      • West Belt
        • Granite Springs District
          • Granite Springs
Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 80; Hewett, Donnel Foster, Charles Wesley Chesterman & Bennie Wyatt Troxel (1961), Tephroite in California manganese deposits: Economic Geology: 56: 50-52; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 214, 361; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 412, 460.
    • Mendocino Co.
      • Coastal Range
        • Bell Springs
Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 110, 127-128; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 412.
        • Hearst
          • Sanhedrin Mountain
            • Mount Sanhedrin deposits (Impassable Rock deposit)
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 101, 228.
      • Mayacmas Mts (Mayacamas Mts)
        • West Mayacmas District
          • Mahnke Peak
Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 139; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 412.
      • Redwood Valley
O’Brien, J.C. (1953), Mines and mineral resources of Mendocino County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology (Report 49): 49(4): 364, 391; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 412.
    • Nevada Co.
      • Spenceville District
        • Higgins Corner
Hewett, Donnel Foster, Charles Wesley Chesterman & Bennie Wyatt Troxel (1961), Tephroite in California manganese deposits: Economic Geology: 56: 39-58; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 413.
    • Plumas Co.
      • Moccasin
Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 172-176; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 413.
      • Mount Hough
Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 172-176, 175; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 413.
    • Riverside Co.
      • Menifee District (Auld District)
        • Menifee
Cal Div of Mines & Geo Bulletin 189 " Minerals of California"
      • Pinacate District
        • Lake Elsinore
Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 83; Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 181-182; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 101; California Division of Mines and Geology Open-File Report 77-14 (1977): 809-814; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 413, 415.
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 413.
        • Hollister
          • Stayton District (McLeod District; Panoche District)
            • Antimony Peak
Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 83, 158; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 101; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 413.
    • San Joaquin Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Ladd-Buckeye District
          • Castle Rock
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10109387.
Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 217, 221-224; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geol. Bulletin 189: 101, 215; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 413; USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10033551.
          • Eagle Mountain
Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 217, 221-224; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 101; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 413.
    • Santa Clara Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Black Wonder District
          • Alum Rock
Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 87; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 101.
    • Shasta Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Harrison Gulch District
          • Dead Horse Ridge
Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 182; Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 266; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 214, 413.
    • Sonoma Co.
      • Coast Range
        • Cazadero
Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 89; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 321; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 414.
    • Stanislaus Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Ladd-Buckeye District
          • Mount Oso
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 59; Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 217-218, 287-288; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 215; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 414.
    • Tehama Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Tedoc Mountain
Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 300-301; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 414.
    • Trinity Co.
      • Coastal Range
Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 302-337; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 414.
        • Chicago Rock
Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 194-206; Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 302-337; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 321; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 414.
        • Horsehead Mountain
Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 60; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 101.
        • Kekawaka
          • Shell View deposits (Shellview claims)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • Mad River Rock
Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 59, 194-206; Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 310, 314, 310, 319; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 414; www.mineralsocal.org.
        • Neafus Peak
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10077857.
        • Pickett Peak
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • Shannon Butte
Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 194-206; Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 302-337; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 321; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 414.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10033666.
        • Three Forks
Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 194-206; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 321; Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 198; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 414.; Huebner, J. Stephen; Flohr, Marta J. (1990) Microbanded manganese formations; protoliths in the Franciscan Complex, California; USGS Professional Paper 1502.
Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 194-206; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 321.
        • Van Horn Peak
Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 302-337; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 414.
Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 302-337; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 414.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Dubakella Mountain
Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 60; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 101, 321; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 414.
        • Hayfork District
          • Peanut
Hewett, Donnel Foster, Charles Wesley Chesterman & Bennie Wyatt Troxel (1961), Tephroite in California manganese deposits: Economic Geology: 56: 45; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 114.
        • Pony Buck Peak
Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 60, 194-206; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 414.
        • Trinity Mts
          • Gozem Peak
Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 302-337; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 414.
        • Upper Hayfork Creek area
          • Red Mountain
Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 60, 194-206; Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 302-337; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 101, 321; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 414.
    • Tuolumne Co.
      • Mother Lode Belt
        • Jacksonville District
          • Domingo Peak
Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 91; Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 343-344; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 215, 414.
  • Connecticut
    • Litchfield Co.
      • Salisbury
        • Salisbury District
Januzzi, Ronald E. and David Seaman. (1976), Mineral Localities of Connecticut and Southeastern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World. Taylor Assoc./Mineralogical Press, Danbury: 229.
Januzzi, Ronald E. and David Seaman. (1976), Mineral Localities of Connecticut and Southeastern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World. Taylor Assoc./Mineralogical Press, Danbury: 229.
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT & Southeastern NY State, p.229, 234.
  • Maine
    • Aroostook Co.
      • Castle Hill
      • T3 R9 WELS
  • Massachusetts
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Plainfield
Quinn, Alonzo W. (1945). Geology of the Plainfield-Hawley area : with special reference to deposits of manganese and iron minerals (USGS Open-File Report: 45-28)
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Hicks District
NBMG Bull 106 Geology and Mineral Resources of Elko County, Nevada; USGS Open-File Report 76-56
    • Humboldt Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
      • Black Diablo District
NBMG Bull 89 Geology and Mineral Resources of Pershing County, Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
          • Franklin Mine
FOMS Millsite Committee (1986) (circa), List of Mineral Species Found on the Franklin Mill Site, Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society (unpublished).
Koenig, G.A., Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Proceedings (1887):310-311; Dunn(1995):Pt4:488.
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Dunn(1995):Pt4:490.
    • Alleghany Co.
      • Sparta
        • Bald Knob
Clarence S.Ross and Paul F.Kerr,1932,The Manganese Minerals of a vein near Bald Knob,North Carolina,The American Mineralogist,Vol.17,Jan 1932,No.1,pg#18
  • Washington
    • Clallam Co.
      • Aurora Ridge
Ref:Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; Marshall T. Huntting, 1956
      • Barnes Creek
Huntting, M. (1956): Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metallic Minerals, Vol. 1; Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.62
Ref:Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; Marshall T. Huntting, 1956
Ref:Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; Marshall T. Huntting, 1956
      • Elwah Ranger Station
Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; Derkey, Joseph, Lasmanis
      • Happy Lake Ridge
Ref:Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; Marshall T. Huntting, 1956
      • Heckles
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.56
Ref:Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1, Marshall T. Huntting, 1956
      • Hurricane Ridge
Ref:Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; Marshall T. Huntting, 1956
        • Hells Canyon
Ref:Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1, Marshall T. Huntting, 1956
      • Hutton Ridge
Ref:Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; Marshall T. Huntting, 1956
      • Kloshe Nanish Trail
Ref:Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; Marshall T. Huntting, 1956
      • Lake Crescent
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.38,56
Ref:Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; Marshall T. Huntting, 1956
      • Mount Muller
Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; Derkey, Joseph, Lasmanis
Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; Derkey, Joseph, Lasmanis
      • Sappho
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
      • Sekiu
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
      • Snyder Ranger Station
Ref:Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; Marshall T. Huntting, 1956
Ref:Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; Marshall T. Huntting, 1956
        • Littleton Creek
Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; Derkey, Joseph, Lasmanis
    • Grays Harbor Co.
      • Humptulips
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.56
      • Quinault Lake
Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; Derkey, Joseph, Lasmanis
Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; Derkey, Joseph, Lasmanis
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.56
Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; Derkey, Joseph, Lasmanis
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Copper City
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.56
      • Mount Jupiter
        • Elkhorn Group
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.63; Lasmanis, R. Et Al (1990): Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report
    • Mason Co.
      • Copper Creek (Boulder Creek)
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
      • Hoodsport
        • Lake Cushman
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.56
      • Mount Gladys
Huntting, M. (1956): Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metallic Minerals, Vol. 1; Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.56; Lasmanis, R. Et Al (1990): Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report
      • Mount Steel
Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; Derkey, Joseph, Lasmanis
    • Skagit Co.
      • Fidalgo Island
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.56
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.56
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