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Berthierine

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Pierre Berthier
Formula:
(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Dark olive green, ...
Lustre:
Pearly
Hardness:
Name:
For Pierre Berthier (1782-1861), French chemist/mineralogist
A member of the Kaolinite-Serpentine group.

1M and 1H polytypes are known.


Classification of Berthierine

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.ED.15

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
D : Phyllosilicates with kaolinite layers composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets
71.1.2c.2

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
1 : Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
16.19.15

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
19 : Aluminosilicates of Fe and Mg

Physical Properties of Berthierine

Pearly
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
Dark olive green, yellowish green
Streak:
Greenish white
Hardness (Mohs):
Density:
3.06 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Berthierine

Type:
Biaxial
RI values:
nα = 1.620 nγ = 1.650
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.030
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v strong

Chemical Properties of Berthierine

Formula:
(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Berthierine

Polytype:
Formula:
Crystal System:
Class (H-M)
Space Group:
Space Group Setting:
Cell Parameters:
Ratio:
Unit Cell Volume (calc):
Z:
Berthierine-1HBerthierine-1M
  
  
  
  
  


  
  
  
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.04 (100)
3.513 (100)
2.673 (40)
2.514 (90)
2.399 (40)
2.137 (60)
1.552 (70)

Occurrences of Berthierine

Type Occurrence of Berthierine

Relationship of Berthierine to other Species

Other Members of Group:
AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Baumite(Mg,Al,Mn,Zn,Fe)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Brindleyite(Ni,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
CronstedtiteFe22+Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
KellyiteMn22+Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.Clinochrysotile
9.ED.05DickiteAl2Si2O5(OH)4
9.ED.05KaoliniteAl2Si2O5(OH)4
9.ED.05NacriteAl2Si2O5(OH)4
9.ED.05Odinite(Fe3+,Mg,Al,Fe2+)2.5(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
9.ED.10HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.10HisingeriteFe2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
9.ED.10Halloysite-7ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4
9.ED.15AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
9.ED.15AntigoriteMg3Si2O5(OH)4
9.ED.15Brindleyite(Ni,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
9.ED.15CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
9.ED.15ChrysotileMg3Si2O5(OH)4
9.ED.15Cronstedtite(Fe2+,Fe3+)3(Si,Fe3+)2O5(OH)4
9.ED.15Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
9.ED.15Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
9.ED.15Kellyite(Mn2+,Mg,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
9.ED.15LizarditeMg3Si2O5(OH)4
9.ED.15ManandoniteLi2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8
9.ED.15NépouiteNi3Si2O5(OH)4
9.ED.15PecoraiteNi3Si2O5(OH)4
9.ED.15GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(SiFe3+)O5(OH)4
9.ED.20AllophaneAl2O3(SiO2)1.3-2.0 · 2.5-3.0H2O
9.ED.20Chrysocolla(Cu2-xAlx)H2-xSi2O5(OH)4 · nH2O
9.ED.20ImogoliteAl2SiO3(OH)4
9.ED.20Neotocite(Mn2+,Fe2+)SiO3 · H2O
9.ED.25BismutoferriteFe23+Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
9.ED.25ChapmaniteFe23+Sb3+(SiO4)2(OH)
16.19.1IndialiteMg2Al3(AlSi5)O18
16.19.2CordieriteMg2Al3(AlSi5)O18
16.19.3SekaninaiteFe22+Al3(AlSi5)O18
16.19.4Ferro-gedrite◻Fe22+(Fe32+Al2)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
16.19.5StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
16.19.6ChloritoidFe2+Al2OSiO4(OH)2
16.19.7AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
16.19.8Corundophilite(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
16.19.9Yoderite(MgAl3)(MgAl)Al2O2(SiO4)4(OH)2
16.19.10Delessite(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
16.19.11FerrocarpholiteFe2+Al2Si2O6(OH)4
16.19.12MagnesiocarpholiteMgAl2Si2O6(OH)4
16.19.13Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
16.19.14Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
16.19.16Odinite(Fe3+,Mg,Al,Fe2+)2.5(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
16.19.17ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
16.19.18Gedrite◻Mg2(Mg3Al2)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2
16.19.19Magnesiogedrite☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
16.19.20Diabantite(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
16.19.21SudoiteMg2Al3(Si3Al)O10(OH)8
16.19.22VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe3+,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
16.19.23Corrensite(Ca,Na,K)1-x(Mg,Fe,Al)9(Si,Al)8O20(OH)10 · nH2O

Other Names for Berthierine

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Berthierine

Reference List:
Mineralogical Magazine: 29: 502-525.

Brindley, G.W. and R.F. Youell (1953): Ferrous chamosite and ferric chamosite. Mineral. Mag., 37, 57-70.

Brindley, G.W. (1982): Chemical composition of berthierines - a review. Clays and Clay Minerals, 30, 153-155.

Arma, M., Fleet, ME., and Barnett, R.L. (1985): Titanian berthierine: a Ti-rich serpentine group mineral from the Picton ultramafic dyke, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 23, 213-220.

Bertoldi, C., Dachs, E., Cemič, L., Theye, T., Wirth, R., and Groger, W. (2005): The heat capacity of the serpentine-subgroup mineral berthierine (Fe2.5Al0.5)[Si1.5Al0.5 O5](OH)4. Clays and Clay Minerals 53, 381-389.

Internet Links for Berthierine

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-639.html
Please feel free to link to this page.
Specimens:
The following Berthierine specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Berthierine

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Laverton Shire
      • Laverton
        • Windarra Ni Mine (Mount Windarra; Windarra; Discovery gossan; Poseidon deposit)
Mineralogical Magazine, June 1975, Vol. 40, pp. 200-202.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
      • Poços de Caldas
Atencio et al. (1999) Canadian Mineralogist 37, 91-98.
Bulgaria
 
  • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
Damyanov, Z., & Vassileva, M. (2001). Authigenic phyllosilicates in the Middle Triassic Kremikovtsi sedimentary exhalative siderite iron formation, Western Balkan, Bulgaria. Clays and clay minerals, 49(6), 559-585.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Golden Mining Division
Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Yellowknife Pegmatite field
Wise, M. and Cerny, P., 1990, Beusite-Triphylite Intergrowths from theYellowknife Pegmatite Field, Northwest Territories, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 28: 133-139.
  • Nunavut
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Ontario
    • Cochrane District
      • Timmins area
        • Kidd Township
Jiang, Peacor, & Slack. Clays and Clay Minerals 40:501-514; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 30,pp. 1127-1142 (1992)
    • Prince Edward Co.
      • Sophiasburgh Township
Canadian Mineralogist: 23: 213-220.
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
    • Montréal
      • Mont Royal
Tarassoff collection
China
 
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Beihai Prefecture
      • Hepu Co.
Heping Sun and Curtis, C.D. (1988): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 8(2), 97-103
  • Shanghai Municipality
    • Chongming Co.
Guijia Zhang, Heping Sun, Congxian Li, and Zhizheng Ye (1991): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 11(1), 39-44
Czech Republic
 
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Moravia-Silesia Region
      • Bruntál
Fojt B.: Ba-minerály železnorudné mineralizace na stratiformním sulfidickém ložisku Horní Benešov v Nízkém Jeseníku. Minerál, 2013, roč. 21, č. 4, s. 311-312.; Mücke A., Dolníček Z., Fojt B., Hladíková J., Pudilová M., Reif J., Škoda R.: The Horní Benešov ore deposit in the Devonian Šternberk-Horní Benešov Belt, Jeseníky Mts, Czech Republic. Part II: Fe-ore occurrences. – Čas. Slez. Muz. Opava (A), 2013, 62, 215-254.
    • Vysočina Region
      • Žďár nad Sázavou
Schreyer, W., Bernhardt, H.-J., Medenbach, O.: Ferrogedrite, siderophyllite, septechamosite, andalusite and chloritoid as alteration products of sekaninaite (ferrocordierite) from the Dolní Bory pegmatite, Moravia. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 1993, 34, 12, 125-131.
Staněk, J.: Asociace minerálů významnějších pegmatitových žil v Hatích u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1997, roč. 82, 3-19.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • Mercoeur
No reference listed
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Poullaouen
R.PIERROT, L. CHAURIS, C. LAFORET (1973) : "Inventaire minéralogique de la France : 29- Finistère.", B.R.G.M. Paris.
  • Grand Est
    • Moselle
Handbook of Mineralogy; Philippe Michelin Amethyst's'; Philippe Michelin Amethyst's'; Philippe Michelin Amethyst's
  • Pays de la Loire
    • Loire-Atlantique
      • Saint-Aubin-des-Châteaux
Moëlo, Y., Gloaguen, E., Lulzac, Y. (2006): III. Les minéraux de Saint-Aubin. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 1/2006, 13-25
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Waidhaus
        • Hagendorf
http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm
  • Thuringia
    • Wurzbach
      • Weitisberga
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Hungary
 
  • Baranya Co.
    • Mecsek Mts
      • Pécs
  • Veszprém Co.
    • Bakony Mts
      • Halimba
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Gesso Valley
        • Valdieri
          • San Lorenzo
Parola, F. (2015): I minerali della Miniera del Lausetto in Valle Gesso (Cuneo). Tesi di laurea in Scienze Geologiche. Università degli Studi di Torino, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Torino, 47 pp.
    • Torino Province
      • Canavese District
        • Léssolo
          • Cálea
Le miniere di Brosso (2001)-Italo Campostrini- ed. Museo Regionale Torino
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Baveno
        • Feriolo
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
        • Oltrefiume
          • Mount Camoscio
Grill, E. (1935): I minerali del granito di Baveno, la fayalite. Periodico di Mineralogia, 129-133. - Gallitelli, P. (1936): Le miche del granito di Baveno. . Periodico di Mineralogia, 61-76 - Pagliani, G. (1948): Le Zeoliti del granito di Baveno. Periodico di Mineralogia, 175-188. - Ravagnani, D. (1974): I giacimenti uraniferi italiani - Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo - Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, Ed., Milano, 188 pp. - min. Rec. 14 (3), 157-168 - Am. Min. 83, 1330-1334 (1998) - Am. Min. 84, 782-789 (1999). - Guastoni, A. & Pezzotta, F. (2004): Kristiansenite a Baveno, second ritrovamento Mondiale della specie. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2004, 247-251. - Guastoni, A., Demartin, F., Pezzotta, F. (2004): Sekaninaite delle pegmatiti granitiche di Feriolo e Baveno (VB). Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, 145, 59-68. - Mineralogist americano (2005) 90, 1442-1452.
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Fluminimaggiore
        • Oridda Valley
Olmi, F., Sabelli, C., Santucci, A. & Brizzi, G. (1995): Les minéraux rares de Sardaigne. Le Règne Minéral, 4/1995, 4-25
    • Nuoro Province
      • Gadoni
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto Region
      • Saitama Prefecture
        • Chichibu City
          • Ohtaki-mura
            • Nakatsugawa
The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
New Zealand
 
  • South Island
    • Canterbury
Coombs, D. S., Zhao, G., & Peacor, D. R. (2000). Manganoan berthierine, Meyers Pass, New Zealand: occurrence in the prehnite-pumpellyite facies. Mineralogical Magazine, 64(6), 1037-1046.
Gejing Li et al. : "Solid solution in the celadonite family: The new minerals ferroceladonite and and ferroaluminoceladonite", American Mineralogist, Volume 82, pages 503–511, 1997
Niger
 
  • Agadez Department
    • Aïr Region
      • South Aïr
Wolley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa.- The Geological Society, London
Poland
 
  • Łódzkie
    • Świętokrzyskie Mts (Holy Cross Mts)
      • Opoczno County
Kozłowska, A., Maliszewska, A. (2015): Berthierine in the Middle Jurassic sideritic rocks from southern Poland. Geological Quarterly: 59(3): 551-564
  • Świętokrzyskie
    • Świętokrzyskie Mts (Holy Cross Mts)
      • Piotrków Trybunalski County
        • Aleksandrów Commune
Kozłowska, A., Maliszewska, A. (2015): Berthierine in the Middle Jurassic sideritic rocks from southern Poland. Geological Quarterly: 59(3): 551-564
Russia
 
  • Central Region
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
          • Noril'sk
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
Mariya S. Alferova (2007) Grossular, Vesuvianite and Achtarandite Mineralogy of the Talnakh Region. New Data on Minerals 42:50-61
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Chitinskaya Oblast'
        • Krasnokamensk
          • Strel'tsovskoe Mo-U ore field
Laverov, N.P., Petrov, V.A., Poluektov, V.V., Nasimov, R.M., Hammer, J., Burmistrov, A.A., and Shchukin, S.I. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 339-361.
  • Northern Region
    • Komi Republic
      • Timan Range
Mordberg, L.E. (1999): Journal of Geochemical Exploration 66(1/2), 353-361.
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Córdoba
      • Hornachuelos
        • Sierra Albarrana
Maria del Mar Abad-Ortega and Fernando Nieto, Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 363-367.
Sweden
 
  • Södermanland
    • Eskilstuna
UK
 
  • England
    • Co. Durham
      • North Pennines
Handbook of Mineralogy
    • North Yorkshire
      • Scarborough
Jason Evans collection
Gunnar Farber specimens
    • Northamptonshire
      • Corby
Handbook of Mineralogy
    • West Sussex
Handbook of Mineralogy
Handbook of Mineralogy
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
USA
 
  • California
    • Santa Clara Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Mount Hamilton
  • Colorado
    • San Juan Co.
      • Elk Park
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Kentucky
    • Rockcastle Co.
http://www.rkci.org/library/gsp/engle.htm
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Auburn
        • West Mount Apatite District
Wise, M. A. (2007). Crystallization of 'pocket' berthierine from the pulsifer granitic pegmatite, Poland, Maine, USA. Clays and Clay Minerals, 55(6), 583-592.
  • Wyoming
    • Albany Co.
Rocks & Minerals 76:382
Mineral and/or Locality  
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