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Beyerite

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Formula:
Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Colour:
White to bright yellow, or greyish-green, grey; light yellow to colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Adamantine
Hardness:
2 - 3
Specific Gravity:
6.56
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named after Adolph Beyer (1743-1805), mining engineer of Schneeberg, Saxony, who recognized the occurrence of a bismuth carbonate, bismutite, in nature.
An uncommon secondary Ca-Bi carbonate visually indistinguishable from Bismutite and Kettnerite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of BeyeriteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
5.BE.35

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
E : With Pb, Bi
16a.2.3.1

16a : ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
2 : (AB)3(XO3)2Zq
11.10.2

11 : Carbonates
10 : Carbonates of Bi

Physical Properties of BeyeriteHide

Adamantine
Colour:
White to bright yellow, or greyish-green, grey; light yellow to colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
white
Hardness:
2 - 3 on Mohs scale
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
6.56 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.47 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of BeyeriteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 2.130 nε = 1.970
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.160
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic
Comments:
Anomalous biaxial character exhibited in some crystals with a very small 2V.

Chemical Properties of BeyeriteHide

Formula:
Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
IMA Formula:
CaBi2O2(CO3)2

Crystallography of BeyeriteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Immm
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.7725 Å, b = 3.7742 Å, c = 21.726 Å
α = 90°, β = 90°, γ = 90°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1 : 1 : 5.756
Unit Cell V:
309.4 ų
Z:
2
Morphology:
Rectangular plates flattened {001} forming spherical and radial-fibrous structures. Compact earthy masses.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.632 (6)
3.354 (6)
2.851 (10)
2.721 (9)
1.755 (8)
1.688 (7)
1.530 (8)

Type Occurrence of BeyeriteHide

Other Language Names for BeyeriteHide

German:Beyerit
Spanish:Beyerita

Common AssociatesHide

Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Namibite8 photos of Beyerite associated with Namibite on mindat.org.
Bismutite8 photos of Beyerite associated with Bismutite on mindat.org.
Bismuth7 photos of Beyerite associated with Bismuth on mindat.org.
Quartz6 photos of Beyerite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Mixite5 photos of Beyerite associated with Mixite on mindat.org.
Cuprian Adamite4 photos of Beyerite associated with Cuprian Adamite on mindat.org.
Bismite3 photos of Beyerite associated with Bismite on mindat.org.
Adamite2 photos of Beyerite associated with Adamite on mindat.org.
Brochantite2 photos of Beyerite associated with Brochantite on mindat.org.
Bismoclite2 photos of Beyerite associated with Bismoclite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.BE.XAbellaiteNaPb2(CO3)2(OH)Trig. 3m : P3 1c
5.BE.05ShannonitePb2OCO3Orth.
5.BE.10HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2Trig.
5.BE.15PlumbonacritePb5O(OH)2(CO3)3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3c1
5.BE.20PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mbm
5.BE.25Bismutite(BiO)2CO3Orth. mm2 : Imm2
5.BE.30KettneriteCaBiCO3OFOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.10.1Bismutite(BiO)2CO3Orth. mm2 : Imm2

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Readily soluble in acids with effervescence.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BeyeriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 49 (on Bismutosphaerite believed to be beyerite).
Frondel, C. (1943): Mineralogy of the oxides and carbonates of bismuth. American Mineralogist 28, 521-535.
Heinrich (1947) American Mineralogist: 32: 660.
Lagercrantz and Sillén (1948) Arkiv för Kemi, Mineralogi och Geologi, Stockholm: 25: 1.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 281-282.
Arkiv för Kemi, Mineralogi och Geologi: 25A: 1-21.
Grice (2002): A solution to the crystal structures of bismutite and beyerite. Can. Mineral. 40, 693-698.

Internet Links for BeyeriteHide

Localities for BeyeriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • San Luis
    • Chacabuco department
      • Sierra de la Estranzuela
Handbook of Mineralogy
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Cloncurry
        • Malbon
Neil A. Richards 2005.
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
Taucher, J. (1994): Beyerit vom Hüttenberger Erzberg, Kärnten. Matrixx - Mineralogische Nachrichten aus Österreich, Band 3, 17-18.; G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Gastein valley
        • Naßfeld valley
          • Kreuzkogel massif
            • Radhausberg
Niedermayr et al. (2006): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LV. – Carinthia II, 196./116.: 121-157.
      • Habach valley
        • Nasenkopf
          • Leckbachgraben (Leckbachrinne)
Bayerl, R. (2004): Krupkait, ein Erstfund aus dem Habachtal. Lapis 29 (7-8), 54-56. (in German)
Lapis 25(12):42 (2000)
      • Hollersbach valley
        • Scharnbachgraben
Kolitsch, U., Poeverlein, R. & Gröbner, J. (2009): 1584) Weitere Nachweise von Sekundärmineralien aus den alpinen Sulfidvererzungen von Bärenbad im Hollerbachtal: Beyerit, Ferrimolybdit und Skorodit; Salzburg. Pp. 206-207 in: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2009): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVIII. Carinthia II, 199/119, 189-236.
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Outaouais
      • Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
        • Val-des-Monts
          • Lac Saint-Pierre (Wakefield Lake)
Miles, N. M., Hogarth, D.D. & Russell, D.S. (1971): Wakefieldite, yttrium vanadate, a new mineral from Quebec. American Mineralogist. 56, 395-410
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Hradec Králové Region
      • Náchod (Nachod)
Černý, P., Doubek, Z., Veselovský, F.: Nerosty z Bělovsi u Náchoda – Jiráskova lomu. Minerál, roč. 11, č. 6, s. 406-418.
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
          • Jáchymov (St Joachimsthal)
[Mineralogical Record 29:164]
Lapis 2002(7/8), 46
France
 
  • Grand Est
    • Vosges
      • Val-d'Ajol
        • Faymont
- ESCANDE, J.-C., JOHAN, Z., LOUGNON, J., PICOT, P. & PILLARD, F. (1973): Note sur la présence de minéraux de bismuth dans un filon de barytine et fluorine à Faymont, près Le Val-d'Ajol (Vosges). - Bull. Soc. fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. 96, 398-399. - ASSELBORN, E. (1982): Le filon des roches en Val d'Ajol. - Minéraux et Fossiles 88, 32-37. - FLUCK, P. & STEIN, S. (1992): Espèces minérales des principaux districts miniers du massif vosgien. - Pierres et Terre 35 (December 1992), 120 pp. - L'HEUR, C. & MOREAU, F. (1994): Les minéralisations du filon du Bas Hérival près du Val d`Ajol (Vosges). – Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 2, 3-14. - HOHL, J. L. (1994): Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien. - Ed. du Rhin, Mulhouse, Frankreich. - U. Kolitsch (1997): New mineral occurrences from some localities in the Vosges, France: Triembach, Bluttenberg and Val d'Ajol. Aufschluss 48 (2), 65-91. (in German) - Favreau, G. et Iltis, A. (2000): Données complémentaires sur les minéraux du Val d'Ajol (Vosges). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, (1), 39-54.
- ESCANDE, J.-C., JOHAN, Z., LOUGNON, J., PICOT, P. & PILLARD, F. (1973): Note sur la présence de minéraux de bismuth dans un filon de barytine et fluorine à Faymont, près Le Val-d'Ajol (Vosges). - Bull. Soc. fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. 96, 398-399. - ASSELBORN, E. (1982): Le filon des roches en Val d'Ajol. - Minéraux et Fossiles 88, 32-37. - FLUCK, P. & STEIN, S. (1992): Espèces minérales des principaux districts miniers du massif vosgien. - Pierres et Terre 35 (December 1992), 120 pp. - L'HEUR, C. & MOREAU, F. (1994): Les minéralisations du filon du Bas Hérival près du Val d`Ajol (Vosges). – Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 2, 3-14. - HOHL, J. L. (1994): Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien. - Ed. du Rhin, Mulhouse, Frankreich. - U. Kolitsch (1997): New mineral occurrences from some localities in the Vosges, France: Triembach, Bluttenberg and Val d'Ajol. Aufschluss 48 (2), 65-91. (in German) - Favreau, G. et Iltis, A. (2000): Données complémentaires sur les minéraux du Val d'Ajol (Vosges). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, (1), 39-54.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Baden-Baden
        • Kälbelberg
No reference listed
      • Baiersbronn
        • Schönegründ
No reference listed
      • Calw
Walenta, K. (1992): "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich).; American Mineralogist: 69: 1190
        • Oberreichenbach
Gröbner, J. (2003): Eine Wismutvererzung bei Würzbach im Nordschwarzwald. Der Erzgräber 17 (1), 28-32.
      • Freudenstadt
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
      • Hausach
Lapis 23(4), 13-17 (1998)
      • Hornberg
Gröbner, J. & Schrenk, D. (2005): Die Mineralien des Tunnels bei Hornberg. Der Erzgräber 19, 17-25. (in German)
      • Schapbach
Markl, G. (1996): Wildschapbach: Mineralogie und Lagerstättenkunde des klassischen Schwarzwälder Bergbaureviers. Lapis 21 (11), 13-28. (in German)
J. Gröbner: Neufunde von der Grube Katharina im Wildschapbach, Der Erzgräber 18 (2/2004), 34-37.
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
KOLITSCH, U., GRÖBNER, J. & BAYERL, R. (1995): Die Mineralien der Silber-Antimon-Vererzungen der Grube Clara im Zeitraum 1993 bis 1995. - Erzgräber 9 (2), 61-77.
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Spessart
        • Waldaschaff
Lorenz, J., Schmitt, R., Hahn, W. (2007): Rhabdophan und Cuprobismutit von der Barytgrube "Pauline" in Waldaschaff im Spessart, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 58, 41-54
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Röhrnbach
Habel, M. (2009): Der Granodioritbruch der Fa. Josef Uhrmann OHG, Steinerleinbach bei Röhrnbach. Mineralien-Welt 20 (2), 66-86.
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Lauterberg
Gröbner, J. & Kloss, D. (2010): Neufunde von der Grube Wolkenhügel bei Bad Lauterberg im Harz. Lapis 35 (1), 39-41; 62.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Johanngeorgenstadt District
        • Johanngeorgenstadt
Gröbner, J., Grimm, O. & Zienau, H. (2005): Neufunde interessanter Wismut- und Uranmineralien am Schaarschacht, Johanngeorgenstadt, Sachsen. Lapis 30 (6), 44-51; 62.
        • Steinbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Marienberg District
        • Lauta
Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
        • Neustädtel
Belendorff, K. (2009): Dreyerit und Rhabdophan-(Nd) aus Schneeberg, Erzgebirge. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 27-29
J. Hoppner Collection
collection Leon Hupperichs, from the Staatliche Mineralien Niederlage Freiberg
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Schlegel, L., Kleeberg, R. & Meisser, N. (1996): Lapis 21(9), 37-41.
        • Wolfgang Maaßen Mine field
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
      • Schwarzenberg District
        • Langenberg
http://www.dergraul.de
Gunnar Farber
  • Thuringia
    • Vogtland
      • Hirschberg
        • Ullersreuth
T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
            • Hilarion area
Solomos, C., Voudouris, P. & Katerinopoulos, A. (2004): Mineralogical studies of bismuth-gold-antimony mineralization at the area of Kamariza, Lavrion. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece 34, Proceedings of the 10th International Congress, Thessaloniki, Greece, 387-396 (in Greek with English abstract).
Fritz Schreiber specimen
India
 
  • Rajasthan (Rajputana)
    • Ajmer Division
      • Bhilwara District
Amer Min (1969) 54:1710-1725
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Canavese District
        • Léssolo
          • Cálea
Guastoni, A., Gentile, P. & Zorzi, F. (2015) Beyerite delle miniere di Brosso, Valchiusella, Torino. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 39(1), 32-35.
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Vigezzo Valley
          • Craveggia
            • Rio Vasca
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
          • Toceno
            • Val di Crana
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Vergemoli
          • Fornovolasco
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., & Bonini, M. (2008). Fornovolasco. Storia e minerali delle miniere di ferro presso Vergemoli (Alpi Apuane). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2008, 230-252
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Tohoku Region
      • Fukushima Prefecture
The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
  • Kyushu Region
    • Fukuoka Prefecture
Uehara, S. & Y. Shirose (2013), Namibite and hechtsbergite from the Nagatare mine, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 108,105-110
    • Oita prefecture
      • Saiki City
The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara; Uehara, S., et al (2014) MInerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib District
      • Okatjimukuju Farm 55 (Friedrichsfelde Farm)
P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
  • Kunene Region
    • Kaokoveld Plateau
Niedermayr, G., Schnaitmann, E. A., Brandstätter, F. (2008): Das Dioptas-Shattuckit-Vorkommen Kandesei im Kakokoland [sic]. Mineralien-Welt 19, 76-93 (in German).; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
    • Khorixas District
      • Mesopotamia Copper Valley
Niedermayr, G.(2001): Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit. In: S. Jahn, O. Medenbach, G. Niedermayr, G. Schneider: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle (1 and 2nd Edition, in German), 97-99; Niedermayr, G.(2001): Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit. In: S. Jahn, O. Medenbach, G. Niedermayr, G. Schneider: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle (1 Edition, in German), 97-99
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Fyresdal
      • Moisesberg Mines
Nordrum, F.S. & Larsen, A.O. (1995): Erts- og sekundærmineraler fra De Lampertiske Duers gruve, Moiseberg kobberverk i Fyresdal. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 9, 38-41.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
      • Czarnów
        • Rędziny
Gołębiowska, B., Pieczka, A., Parafiniuk, J. (2011): New data on weathering of bismuth sulfotellurides at Rędziny, Lower Silesia, Southwestern Poland. Mineralogia Special Papers: 38: 95-96
Portugal
 
  • Évora District
    • Vila Viçosa
      • Conceição
Alves, P. (2016) Beyerita y waylandita de la mina Miguel Vacas (Vila Viçosa, Évora, Portugal). Acopios, 7: 9-20.
  • Vila Real District
    • Peso da Régua
      • Galafura
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Northern Karelia
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Córdoba
      • Villanueva de Córdoba
Schnorrer, G. (2000): Die Minerale der ehemaligen Grube Espuela de San Miguel bei Villanueva de Cordoba, Prov. Cordoba in Spanien. Der Aufschluss, 51, 211-222. (in German)
  • Asturias
    • Belmonte de Miranda
Calvo, M. (2012). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol V. Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 págs.
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Bregaglia Valley (Bergell)
      • Albigna Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 77
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Riviera
      • Lodrino
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 77
  • Vaud (Waadt)
    • Lavey-les-Bains
Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Saint-Luc
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
        • Bovernier
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 77.
Tajikistan
 
  • Viloyati Sogd (Viloyati Sughd; Viloyati Khodzhent; Viloyati Leninabad)
    • Zeravshan Range
      • Pendzhikent (Penjikent; Panjakent)
Handbook of Mineralogy
Novgorodova, M.I., Generalov, M.Ye., Gorshkov, A.I., Sivtsov, A.V., Uspenskiy, Ye.I (1991) Association of native gold with bismuthyl carbonates and tellurates. Izvestiya Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Geol.: 4: 102-108 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S. (1993): New mineral Names. :merican Mineralogist: 78: 234
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Eastern Fells
        • Shap
Wirth, M. & Green, D. (2002): The Shap granite quarry, Cumbria. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals. # 22, 43-52.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Wickenburg
No reference listed
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Bradshaw Mts (Bradshaw Range)
        • Castle Creek District
Joe Ruiz, Mammoth, AZ, USA
Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 6. Mr. Joe Ruiz, Mammoth, AZ, personal communication to John Ebner, Ronald Deblois, Eckhard Stuart and C. Lemanski, Jr. (2008).
Handbook of Mineralogy
      • White Picacho District
        • San Domingo Wash
Jahns, R.H. (1952), Pegmatite Deposits of the White Picacho District, Maricopa and Yavapai Cos., AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 162: 93-96.
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Jurupa Mts
        • Jurupa
MinRec 15:273-290
    • San Diego Co.
      • Mesa Grande District
        • Gem Hill
Foord, E. E. (1977), Famous Mineral Localities: the Himalaya Dike System, Mesa Grande District, San Diego County, California. Mineralogical Record 8(6): p. 471.
      • Pala District
        • Pala
          • Chief Mountain
Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.
          • Hiriart Mountain (Hariat Mtn; Harriot Mtn; Heriart Mtn; Heriot Mtn; Hiriat Hill)
[Mineralogical Record 29:164]
          • Tourmaline Queen Mountain (Pala Mtn; Queen Mtn)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 282.
      • Ramona District
        • Ramona
Mineralogical Magazine (1996), 60: 387-388.
  • Colorado
    • Fremont Co.
      • Eight Mile Park pegmatite District
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 15, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
[MinRec 29:165]
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 282; Pearl, 1958. Colorado Gem Trails & Mineral Guide
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 282; Pearl, 1958. Colorado Gem Trails & Mineral Guide
    • Park Co.
      • Guffey District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 282; Eckel, E. B. (1997) Minerals of Colorado. ; USGS Prof. Paper 227
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT & SE NY State
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Spring Mts
        • Goodsprings District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Tule Canyon District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Luna Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd rev. ed., 1996 Virginia T. McLemore, Nelia Dunbar, Matt T. Heizler, Kelly Donahue (2000): Geology and mineral deposits of the Victorio mining district, Luna County , New Mexico- Preliominary observations, New Mexico Geologic Society Guidebook, 51st field Conference, Southwest passage – A trip through the Phanerozoic, pp267-278
Min Rec 20:1 p57
    • Taos Co.
      • Picuris District
Jahns, R. H. and Ewing, R. C. (1977): The Harding mine, Taos County, New Mexico. Mineralogical Record, 8 (2): 115-126.; 4th Annual New Mexico Mineral Symposium (1985) New Mexico Geology 7:18-19
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic District
          • Mammoth
            • Mammoth Peak
Collected by and in the collection of Alex Earl
    • Utah Co.
      • Tintic District
Antonio Borrelli collection
  • Wisconsin
    • Dodge Co.
Buchholz, T., A. Falster, A. & W. Simmons (2007) Waylandite, bismuth and associated minerals from the Waterloo Quarry, southern Wisconsin: 34th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium Abstracts: 7-8.
Uzbekistan
 
  • Samarkand Viloyati (Samarqand)
    • Zirabulak Mountain (Zirabulakskie Mountain)
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Mineral and/or Locality  
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