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Bianchite

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Angelo Bianchi
Formula:
(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Colour:
White, Yellowish; colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
2.03 - 2.07
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1930 by C. Andeatta in honor of Angelo Bianchi (20 December 1892, Casalpusterlengo, Italy - 24 September 1970, Padova, Italy), Italian mineralogist at the National Research Council (CNR) and the University of Padova.
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Classification of BianchiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.CB.25

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations
29.6.8.2

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
6 : AXO4·xH2O
25.5.13

25 : Sulphates
5 : Sulphates of Zn and Hg

Physical Properties of BianchiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
White, Yellowish; colourless in transmitted light.
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Density:
2.03 - 2.07 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.00 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of BianchiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.465 nβ = 1.494 nγ = 1.495
2V:
Measured: 10° , Calculated: 20°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.030
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v weak

Chemical Properties of BianchiteHide

Formula:
(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
IMA Formula:
ZnSO4 · 6H2O

Crystallography of BianchiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.09 Å, b = 7.2 Å, c = 24.49 Å
β = 98.27°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.401 : 1 : 3.401
Unit Cell V:
1,760.65 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crusts of indistinct crystals. Artificial crystals are tabular {001} with {110} and {112} prominent.
Twinning:
On {001} (common in artificial material).

Type Occurrence of BianchiteHide

Other Language Names for BianchiteHide

German:Bianchit
Spanish:Bianchita

Relationship of Bianchite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Greenockite1 photo of Bianchite associated with Greenockite on mindat.org.
Ktenasite1 photo of Bianchite associated with Ktenasite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.CB.05Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05KieseriteMgSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.05Poitevinite(Cu,Fe,Zn)SO4 · H2OTric.
7.CB.05SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2OMon.
7.CB.05SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05CobaltkieseriteCoSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.07SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.10BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2OMon.
7.CB.15Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15DrobeciteCdSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.15CranswickiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
7.CB.20ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.20JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.25Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.25Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.30RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
7.CB.35BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35MelanteriteFeSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.35Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35Alpersite(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.40EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.45AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2OTric. 1
7.CB.45Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
7.CB.50AluminocoquimbiteFeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2OTrig. 3 : R3
7.CB.55Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.CB.60KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.65QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.70LauseniteFe2(SO4)3·5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.75LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.75RömeriteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.80RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
7.CB.85BíliniteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2 : P2
7.CB.85PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.85Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.90MeridianiiteMgSO4 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

29.6.8.1HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
29.6.8.3FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
29.6.8.4Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
29.6.8.5Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
29.6.8.6Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.5.1ZinkositeZnSO4Orth.
25.5.2GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
25.5.3NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : P3
25.5.4KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2OMon.
25.5.5Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
25.5.6Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.5.7SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.5.8OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth. mm2 : Pca21
25.5.9ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
25.5.10Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
25.5.11GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.5.12ChaidamuiteZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.5.15Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
25.5.16Zincobotryogen(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2OMon. 2/m
25.5.17SchuetteiteHg2+3(SO4)O2Trig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
25.5.18Gianellaite[(NHg2)2](SO4)(H2O)xIso. 4 3m : F4 3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BianchiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Thorpe, T.E., Watts, J.I. (1880) On the specific volume of water of crystallisation. Journal of the Chemical Society of London: 37: 102-117.
Wyrouboff (1889) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 12: 377.
Andeatta, C. (1930) Bianchite, nuovo minerale. Atti della Accademia nazionale dei Lincei Serie VI: 41: 760-769.
Andreatta, C. (1932) Reale accademia nazionale dei Lincei, Rome, Rendus: 6: 16: 62.
Foshag, W.F. (1930) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 15: 537-538.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 495-496.
Spiess, M., Gruehn, R. (1979) Zur thermischen Dehydratisierung des ZnS04 · 7 H20 und zum Hochtemperaturverhalten von wasserfreiem ZnSO4. Zeitschrift für Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie: 456: 222-240.
Chou, I.-M., Seal, R.R. (2005) Determination of goslarite–bianchite equilibria by humidity-buffer technique at 0.1 MPa. Chemical Geology: 215: 517-523.
Leverett, P., Williams, P.A. (2007) Unusual post-mining sulphates from the Peelwood and Lloyd mines, New South Wales, and a comment on wattevilleite. Australian Journal of Mineralogy: 13: 41-46.

Internet Links for BianchiteHide

Localities for BianchiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Australian Capital Territory
    • Brindabella Range
      • Cotter River
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Rosebery district
        • Rosebery
R Bottrrill, unpub. analyses
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Gailtaler Alpen & Karnische Alpen
      • Bleiberg District
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Bulgaria
 
  • Smolyan Oblast
    • Rhodope Mts
      • Madan ore field
Handbook of Mineralogy
Canada
 
  • New Brunswick
    • Gloucester Co.
      • Bathurst Parish
        • Bathurst Mining Camp
Anderson, J. L., Peterson, R. C., & Swainson, I. (2012). The atomic structure of deuterated boyleite ZnSO4· 4D2O, ilesite MnSO4· 4D2O, and bianchite ZnSO4· 6D2O. American Mineralogist, 97(11-12), 1905-1914.
  • Northwest Territories
Rocks & Min 81:1 pp 24-32
  • Nunavut
    • Baffin Island
      • Nanisivik
[MinRec 21:533]
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Schenkenzell
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Hesse
    • Richelsdorf District
      • Nentershausen
        • Süß
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Goslar
        • Rammelsberg
Jambor J L, Boyle R W (1962) Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill – Galena Hill area, Yukon, The Canadian Mineralogist 7, 209-218
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Ruhr Coal Mining area
      • Marl
        • Marl-Hüls
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
No reference listed
GRÖBNER, J. (2001): Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21.
        • Sounion area
          • Sounion Mines
W. Krause, H.-J. Bernhardt, R. S. W. Braithwaite, U. Kolitsch and R. Pritchard (2006): Kapellasite, Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2, a new mineral from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine 70, 331-342.
Hungary
 
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Mátraszentimre
Szakáll S.,2011,University of Miskolc, Department of Mineralogy and Petrology
Italy (TL)
 
  • Friuli-Venezia Giulia
    • Udine Province
      • Tarvisio
        • Cave del Predil
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 496; Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual", p22.
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Villaputzu
Anderson, J. L., Peterson, R. C., & Swainson, I. (2012). The atomic structure of deuterated boyleite ZnSO4· 4D2O, ilesite MnSO4· 4D2O, and bianchite ZnSO4· 6D2O. American Mineralogist, 97(11-12), 1905-1914.
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Iglesias
Forti P. (1985) : Alcuni nuovi minerali carsici dell'Iglesiente. Notiz. di Miner. e Paleont., 44, pagg.3-10.
- Stara P., Rizzo R. e Tanca A.G. (1996) : Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e minerali. Vol. I (239 pagg.). EMSa Ed.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Montieri
        • Gerfalco
Bazzoni C., Capperi M., (2001): La miniera di "Montevecchio in Toscana (Gerfalco - Grosseto), Rivista mineralogica italiana, (4), 2001, 236-241; Bazzoni C., Capperi M., (2001): La miniera di "Montevecchio in Toscana (Gerfalco - Grosseto), Rivista mineralogica italiana, (4), 2001, 236-241
Bazzoni, C. & Capperi, M. (2001): La miniera di «Montevecchio» in Toscana (Gerfalco - Grosseto). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2011, 236-241
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Modum
      • Åmot
Raade,G.(1995): "Secondary Zn and Cu minerals from contact deposits of the Oslo region, Norway".Bergverksmuseet Skrift nr 9, 18-26; Neumann,H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske skrifter 68. p. 109
Poland
 
  • Małopolskie
    • Olkusz District
      • Bolesław
Handbook of Mineralogy
      • Olkusz
Cabała, J., & Bzowska, G. (2008). Sulphate speleothems in Pomorzany Zn–Pb ore mine, southern Poland. Kras i speleologia, 12(21), 59-76.
  • Upper Silesia (Śląskie)
    • Katowice
      • Świętochłowice
Bril, H., Zainoun, K., Puziewicz, J., Courtin-Nomade, A., Vanaecker, M. & Bollinger, J.-C. (2008): Secondary phases from the alteration of a pile of zinc-smelting slag as indicators of environmental conditions: an example from Świętochłowice, Upper Silesia, Poland. Canadian Mineralogist 46, 1235-1248.
Romania
 
  • Maramureș Co.
    • Baia Sprie (Felsőbánya)
      • Baia Sprie mine (Felsőbánya mine)
Buzatu, A., Damian, G., & Buzgar, N. (2012) Raman And Infrared Studies Of Weathering Products From Baia Sprie Ore Deposit (Romania). Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits, 85:7-10
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Verkhoyansk Fold Belt
        • Verkhoyansk Silver Province
          • Deputatsky ore cluster
Zhdanov Yu.Ya., Solov'ev L.I. (1998): Geology and mineralogical composition of the oxidized zone in the Deputatsk tin ore deposit. Otechestvennaya Geol. (6), 77-79 (in Russian).
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Orenburgskaya Oblast'
E. Shcherbakova et al. : "The rarest Cobalt-Containing Sulfates from the South Ural, Russia", 5th International Conference "Mineralogy & Museums", Paris, Sept. 5-8th 2004, Bull. de Liaison de la Soc. Franç. de Minéralogie et Cristallographie, 2004, Vol 16, N°2.
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
XRD Analyses by N. Meisser, Lausanne, in Summer 2015
UK
 
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Upper Llanfihangell-y-Creuddyn
        • Pontrhydygroes
http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/6966/1/Palumbo_etal_16May.pdf
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 135; Graeme, R. (1981), Famous mineral localities: Bisbee, AZ, Min.Rec.: 12: 256-319.
    • Graham Co.
      • Aravaipa District
        • Pinaleño Mts
          • Willow Spring Canyon
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 135.
  • Colorado
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Georgetown District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
        • Illinois Mine
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Hendricks, J: Notes on the minerals of Franklin & Sterling Hill (1960): Jenkins & Misiur: Mineralogical Record: 25:95-102 (1994); Dunn(1995):Pt5:630.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Lehigh Co.
      • Upper Saucon Township
        • Saucon Valley
          • Friedensville
Rocks & Min.: 6:26; 10:33-36, 58; Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Society of PA, Inc.: 20; Grant, R.W. (Jan, 1971), PA Mins. (PM)(97), Keystone Newsletter; Montgomery, A. (Aug
  • Virginia
    • Louisa Co.
      • Gold-Pyrite Belt
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Mineral and/or Locality  
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