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Bicchulite

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Formula:
Ca2Al2SiO6(OH)2
System:
Isometric
Colour:
Translucent Colourless
Name:
Named for Bicchu, the town wherein the Japanese type locality is situated, although Bicchu has now been swallowed by an expanded Takahashi City.
Dimorph of:
Chemically very similar to gehlenite.


Classification of Bicchulite

Approved
9.FB.10

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
F : Tektosilicates without zeolitic H2O
B : Tektosilicates with additional anions
76.2.3.5

76 : TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
2 : Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
16.9.12

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
9 : Aluminosilicates of Ca

Physical Properties of Bicchulite

Colour:
Translucent Colourless

Optical Data of Bicchulite

Type:
Isotropic

Chemical Properties of Bicchulite

IMA Formula:
Ca2Al2SiO6(OH)2
Elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Ti,Fe,Mn,Mg,Na,K,P

Crystallography of Bicchulite

Crystal System:
Isometric
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.83 Å
Unit Cell Volume:
V 688.47 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of Bicchulite

Relationship of Bicchulite to other Species

9.FB.05AfghaniteNa22Ca10(Si24Al24)O96(SO4)6Cl6
9.FB.05Bystrite(Na,K)7Ca(Si6Al6)O24(S3)1.5 · H2O
9.FB.05Cancrinite(Na,Ca,◻)8(Al6Si6)O24(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
9.FB.05CancrisiliteNa7(Si7Al5)O24(CO3) · 3H2O
9.FB.05Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Si6Al6)O24Cl3(SO4)0.5
9.FB.05Franzinite(Na,K)30Ca10(Si30Al30)O120(SO4)10 · 2H2O
9.FB.05GiuseppettiteNa42K16Ca6Si48Al48O192(SO4)10Cl2 · 5H2O
9.FB.05Hydroxycancrinite(Na,Ca,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(OH,CO3)2 · 2H2O
9.FB.05LiottiteNa16Ca8Si18Al18O72(SO4)5Cl4
9.FB.05MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(SO4)(Si6Al6O24)Cl2
9.FB.05PitiglianoiteK2Na6(Si6Al6)O24(SO4) · 2H2O
9.FB.05QuadridavyneNa6Ca2Si6Al6O24Cl4
9.FB.05Sacrofanite(Na,Ca)9(Si,Al)12O24(OH,SO4,CO3,Cl)4 · nH2O
9.FB.05Tounkite(Na,Ca,K)8(Si6Al6)O24(SO4)2Cl · 0.5H2O
9.FB.05VishneviteNa8(Al6Si6)O24(SO4) · 2H2O
9.FB.05MarinelliteNa42Ca6Al36Si36O144(SO4)8Cl2 · 6H2O
9.FB.05FarneseiteNa46Ca10(Si42Al42O168)(SO4)12 · 6H2O
9.FB.05Alloriite(Na,K,Ca)24(Na,Ca)4Ca4(Si,Al)48O96(SO4)4(SO3,CO3)2(OH,Cl)2 · 4(H2O,OH)
9.FB.05Fantappièite[Na82.5Ca33K16.5]Σ=132(Si99Al99O396)(SO4)33 · 6H2O
9.FB.05KyanoxaliteNa7(Al5-6Si6-7O24)(C2O4)0.5-1.0 · 5H2O
9.FB.05Balliranoite(Na,K)6Ca2(Si6Al6O24)Cl2(CO3)
9.FB.05CarbobystriteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3) · 4H2O
9.FB.05DepmeieriteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(PO4,CO3)1-x · 3H2O; (x<0.5)
9.FB.05Kircherite(Na5Ca2K)(Si6Al6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.33H2O
9.FB.10DanaliteBe3Fe42+(SiO4)3S
9.FB.10GenthelviteBe3Zn4(SiO4)3S
9.FB.10HaüyneNa3Ca(Si3Al3)O12(SO4)
9.FB.10HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
9.FB.10KamaishiliteCa2(SiAl2)O6(OH)2
9.FB.10LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2, S3,Cl,OH)2
9.FB.10NoseanNa8(Si6Al6)O24(SO4) · H2O
9.FB.10SodaliteNa4Si3Al3O12Cl
9.FB.10TsaregorodtseviteN(CH3)4Si4(SiAl)O12
9.FB.10TugtupiteNa4BeAlSi4O12Cl
9.FB.15MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24Cl
9.FB.15Meionite(Ca,Na)4(Si,Al)12O24(CO3,SO4,Cl)
9.FB.15SilvialiteCa4Al6Si6O24(SO4)
16.9.1GehleniteCa2Al(SiAl)O7
16.9.2AnorthiteCaAl2Si2O8
16.9.3YoshiokaiteCa1-x(Al,Si)2O4
16.9.4SvyatoslaviteCaAl2Si2O8
16.9.5DmisteinbergiteCaAl2Si2O8
16.9.6GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
16.9.7VuagnatiteCaAlSiO4(OH)
16.9.8ZoisiteCa2Al3(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
16.9.9ClinozoisiteCa2Al3(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
16.9.10PrehniteCa2Al(Si3Al)O10(OH)2
16.9.11KamaishiliteCa2(SiAl2)O6(OH)2
16.9.13MargariteCaAl2(Si2Al2)O10(OH)2
16.9.14ChantaliteCaAl2SiO4(OH)4
16.9.15CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
16.9.17KatoiteCa3Al2(OH)12
16.9.18LawsoniteCaAl2Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
16.9.19ParthéiteCa2(Si4Al4)O15(OH)2 · 4H2O
16.9.20WairakiteCa(Si4Al2)O12 · 2H2O
16.9.21VertumniteCa4Al4Si4O6(OH)24 · 3H2O
16.9.22ScoleciteCa(Si3Al2)O10 · 3H2O
16.9.23LaumontiteCa(Si4Al2)O12 · 4H2O
16.9.24YugawaraliteCa(Si6Al2)O16 · 4H2O
16.9.25Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
16.9.26EpistilbiteCa3(Si18Al6)O48 · 16H2O
16.9.27GoosecreekiteCa(Si6Al2)O16 · 5H2O
16.9.28CowlesiteCa(Al2Si3)O10 · 5-6H2O
16.9.30StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
16.9.31SträtlingiteCa2Al(Si,Al)2O2(OH)10 · 2.25H2O
16.9.32AmstalliteCaAl(Si,Al)4O8(OH)4 · (H2O,Cl)

Other Names for Bicchulite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Bicchulith
Japanese:備中石
Spanish:Bicchulita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Bicchulite

Reference List:
American Mineralogist: 63: 58-65.

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 146: 35-41.

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 152: 13-21.

Internet Links for Bicchulite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-661.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Bicchulite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Japan (TL)
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Okayama Prefecture
        • Takahashi City
          • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
            • Fuka
Mineralogical Journal of Japan (1973): 7, 243-251; Mineralogical Record: 27: 304.; I. Kusachi, Y. Takechi, C. Henmi and S. Kobayashi (1998) Parasibirskite, a New Mineral from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine 62:521-525.
    • Tohoku Region
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Kamaishi City
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated by the Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Ohshuu City
          • Esashi ward
Bunno, M., Shimazaki, H., & Sato, K. (1982). Occurrence and genesis of bicchulite and tilleyite skarns at the Sakae adit, the Akagane mine, Iwate Prefecture. Mining Geology, 32, 141-150.; Shimazaki, H., Miyawaki, R., Yokoyama, K., Matsubara, S., & Bunno, M. (2008). Occurrence and new data of dellaite from the Akagane mine, Japan. Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences, 103(6), 385-389.
UK
 
  • Northern Ireland
    • Co. Antrim
      • Glenoe
Henmi, C., Kusachi, I., Henmi, K., Sabine, P.A., and Young, B.R. (1973) A new mineral bicchulite, the natural analogue of gehlenite hydrate, from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan and Carneal, County Antrim, Northern Ireland. Mineralogical Journal, vol. 7, n° 3, 243-251. Embrey, P.G. (1978) Fourth supplementary list of British minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 42, n° 322, 169-177.
USA
 
  • Texas
    • Uvalde Co.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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