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Bismutoferrite

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Formula:
Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Colour:
yellow, green
Hardness:
6
Specific Gravity:
4.47
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in allusion to its composition, containing BISMUTh and iron, (Latin = FERRum).
The bismuth analogue of Chapmanite, with which it is easily confused.


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Classification of BismutoferriteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.ED.25

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
D : Phyllosilicates with kaolinite layers composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets
71.1.3.1

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
1 : Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
14.14.8

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
14 : Silicates of V and Bi

Physical Properties of BismutoferriteHide

Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
yellow, green
Streak:
light green
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Brittle
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
4.47 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.09 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of BismutoferriteHide

Type:
Biaxial
RI values:
nα = 1.930 nβ = 1.970 nγ = 2.010
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.080
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r > v strong

Chemical Properties of BismutoferriteHide

Formula:
Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Common Impurities:
Al,As

Crystallography of BismutoferriteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
m - Domatic
Space Group:
Bm
Setting:
Cm
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.21 Å, b = 9.02 Å, c = 7.74 Å
β = 100.67°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.578 : 1 : 0.858
Unit Cell V:
357.45 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2

Type Occurrence of BismutoferriteHide

Synonyms of BismutoferriteHide

Other Language Names for BismutoferriteHide

Simplified Chinese:羟硅铋铁矿
Traditional Chinese:羥矽鉍鐵礦

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Kettnerite2 photos of Bismutoferrite associated with Kettnerite on mindat.org.
Bismuth2 photos of Bismutoferrite associated with Bismuth on mindat.org.
Bismuthinite2 photos of Bismutoferrite associated with Bismuthinite on mindat.org.
Erythrite2 photos of Bismutoferrite associated with Erythrite on mindat.org.
Chalcocite2 photos of Bismutoferrite associated with Chalcocite on mindat.org.
Skutterudite1 photo of Bismutoferrite associated with Skutterudite on mindat.org.
Annabergite1 photo of Bismutoferrite associated with Annabergite on mindat.org.
Eulytine1 photo of Bismutoferrite associated with Eulytine on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.ED.ClinochrysotileMon. 2/m
9.ED.05DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
9.ED.05KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.ED.05NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
9.ED.05Odinite(Fe,Mg,Al,Fe,Ti,Mn)2.4((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
9.ED.10HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
9.ED.10HisingeriteFe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2OMon.
9.ED.10Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m
9.ED.15AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.ED.15AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
9.ED.15Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
9.ED.15Brindleyite(Ni,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15CaryopiliteMn2+3Si2O5(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15CronstedtiteFe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4Trig. 3m : P3 1m
9.ED.15Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15KellyiteMn2+2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Hex.
9.ED.15LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.15ManandoniteLi2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8Orth.
9.ED.15Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4Orth.
9.ED.15PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4Hex. 6 : P63
9.ED.20Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2OAmor.
9.ED.20ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2OOrth.
9.ED.20ImogoliteAl2SiO3(OH)4
9.ED.20Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2OAmor.
9.ED.25ChapmaniteFe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)Mon. m : Bm

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

71.1.3.2ChapmaniteFe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)Mon. m : Bm

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.14.1CavansiteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
14.14.2PentagoniteCa(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2OOrth. mm2
14.14.3GoldmaniteCa3V3+2(SiO4)3Iso.
14.14.4HaradaiteSrVSi2O7Orth.
14.14.5SaneroiteNaMn2+5[Si5O14(OH)](VO3)(OH)Tric.
14.14.6Erlianite(Fe,Mg)4(Fe,V)2Si6O15(OH,O)8Orth.
14.14.7EulytineBi4(SiO4)3Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BismutoferriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Milton, C., J.M. Axelrod, and B. Ingram (1958): Bismutoferrite, chapmanite, and "hypochlorite". American Mineralogist, 43, 656-670.
Zhukhlistov A P, Zvyagin B B (1977) Determination of the crystal structures of chapmanite and bismuthoferrite by high-voltage electron diffraction. Soviet Physics - Crystallography 22, 419-423

Internet Links for BismutoferriteHide

Localities for BismutoferriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Gough Co.
      • Elsmore
Rankin, J., Lawrence, L. J., Sharpe, J. L. and Williams, P. A. (2002): Rare secondary bismuth, tungsten and molybdenum minerals from Elsmore, New England district of New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 8, 55-60.
      • Kingsgate
Sharpe, J.L., & Williams P.A. (2004) - Secondary bismuth and molybdenum minerals from Kingsgate, New England district of New South Wales.- Australian Journal of Mineralogy, vol.10, n°1.
  • Western Australia
    • Upper Gascoyne Shire
      • Yinnietharra (Yinnietharra Station; Yinnetharra)
Pegmatites of Western Australia; M Jacobson, M Calderwood, B Grguric; Hesperian Press, 2007 Perth
Bridge, P. J. & Pryce, M. W. (1974): Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO4, a new mineral from Yiennietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39: 847-9
Bolivia
 
  • La Paz Department
    • Larecaja Province
      • Sorata
[MinRec 32:474]
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
        • South Lorrain Township
Canadian Mineralogist 47, 159-164, 165-172(2009)
  • Québec
    • Outaouais
      • Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
        • Val-des-Monts
          • Lac Saint-Pierre (Wakefield Lake)
Traill, R.J. (1983) Catalogue of Canadian mineral species. Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 80-18, 432p.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Horní Slavkov (Schlaggenwald)
        • Krásno (Schönfeld)
Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P., Fikar, M., Veselovský, F., Mach, Z., Gabašová, A., Skoda, R. & Beran, P. (2006): Supergene minerals at the Huber stock and Schnöd stock deposits, Krásno ore District, the Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 57-101.
      • Kraslice (Graslitz)
Beran, P.: Mineralogie ložiska Cu (Ag, Au, Co) rud Tisová u Kraslic. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1997, roč. 4-5, s. 65-77.
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
          • Jáchymov (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 54
      • Mariánské Lázně (Marienbad)
        • Slavkovský Les Mtn
Sejkora, J., Srein, V., Ondrus, p. (1994): New data on bismutoferrite and chapmanite from the Bohemian occurrences. Vist.Ces.Geol.Ust., 69(4), 75-78
Malý, K., Sejkora, J.: Supergenní Cu a Bi mineralizace na lokalitě Tři Sekery u Mariánských Lázní. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2004, roč. 12, s. 136-139.
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Klášterec nad Ohří
Sejkora, Jiří; Čejka, Jiří (2007), Šreinite from Horní Halže, the Krušné hory Mountains, Czech Republic, a new mineral species, its comparison with asselbornite from Schneeberg, and new data for asselbornite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, Volume 184(2)197-206.
France
 
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch)
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997; Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Bad Rippoldsau
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
      • Münstertal
        • Staufen
          • Grunern
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
          • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
WALENTA, K. (1995): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Clara. 6. Folge, 2. Teil. - Lapis 20 (6), 41 und 46-49.
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Franconian Forest
        • Bad Steben
          • Lichtenberg
            • Lichtenberg Copper mines
Meier, S. and Dünkel, B. (2010): Mineralien von der Dorschenmühle bei Lichtenberg, Franken. Lapis, 35 (10), 60-64; 90.
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Röhrnbach
Habel, M. (2009): Der Granodioritbruch der Fa. Josef Uhrmann OHG, Steinerleinbach bei Röhrnbach. Mineralien-Welt 20 (2), 66-86.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Wernigerode
        • Hasserode
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2006): Neufunde aus dem Erzgebirge (II). Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 22-27.
        • Antonsthal
Gröbner J., Kolitsch U.; Neufunde aus dem Erzgebirge (II), Mineralien-Welt Jg 17 (2006), 3, pag. 22-27.
      • Freiberg District
        • Roßwein
Handbook of Mineralogy
      • Johanngeorgenstadt District
        • Johanngeorgenstadt
Gröbner, J., Grimm, O. & Zienau, H. (2005): Neufunde interessanter Wismut- und Uranmineralien am Schaarschacht, Johanngeorgenstadt, Sachsen. Lapis 30 (6), 44-51; 62.
      • Marienberg District
        • Lauta
Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
Frenzel, 1871
        • Neustädtel
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Bergakademie Freiberg collection (unnumbered specimen (ex: K.S. Mineralien-Niederlage zu Freiberg).
Belendorff, K. (2009): Dreyerit und Rhabdophan-(Nd) aus Schneeberg, Erzgebirge. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 27-29
          • Junge Kalbe Mine
Am Min 43 (1958), 656
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
          • Siebenschlehen Mine (Shaft 10)
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Th. Witzke collection
          • Weißer Hirsch Mine (Shaft 3)
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
        • Wolfgang Maaßen Mine field
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
  • Thuringia
    • Vogtland
      • Hirschberg
        • Ullersreuth
T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Tohoku Region
      • Fukushima Prefecture
        • Soma-gun
Matsubara & Miyawaki (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals. (National Science Museum, Tokyo)
Romania
 
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
      • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
South Africa
 
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Ehlanzeni District
      • Pilgrim's Rest
        • Bourke's Luck
Minerals of South Africa
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Callington District
        • Calstock
          • Gunnislake
Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.; Weiss, S., Green, D.H., Hooper, J.J., Elton, N. (2007): Lapis 32(11), 13-25
      • St Austell District
        • St Stephen-in-Brannel
          • St Stephen
Kingsbury, A.W.G. (1963): Mineralogical Magazine 33, xc. Embrey, P.G. (1978) Fourth supplementary list of British minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 42, n° 322, 169-177 (referring to Kingsbury).
    • Cumbria
      • Southern Fells
        • Waberthwaite
[Mineralogical Record 29:164]; BMS Database
USA
 
  • California
    • Plumas Co.
      • Diamond Mts
        • Last Chance District
          • Adams Peak
Mineralogical Record (1998): 29: 165.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Portland
Huff, R. C., R. G. Huff, J. Vajdak. (1996), An Occurrence of Bismutoferrite in Portland, Connecticut. Rocks & Minerals: 71(3): 197.; Vajdak, Josef. (1997), New Mineral Finds in 1996, News from Vajdak of Pequa Rare Minerals and Metals. Mineral News: 13:(3): 1,4,5.
  • New Mexico
    • Doña Ana Co.
Handbook of Mineralogy
Mineral and/or Locality  
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