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Bilibinskite

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Formula:
PbCu2Au3Te2
Colour:
Light brown, rose brown
Lustre:
Sub-Metallic
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
12.7
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
For Yurii Aleksandrovich Bilibin (March 19, 1901-May 4, 1952), Russian geologist.
This page provides mineralogical data about Bilibinskite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of BilibinskiteHide

Approved
2.BA.80

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
B : Metal Sulfides, M: S > 1: 1 (mainly 2: 1)
A : With Cu, Ag, Au
2.1.6.1

2 : SULFIDES
1 : AmXp, with m:p > 3:1
3.3.12

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
3 : Sulphides etc. of Au

Physical Properties of BilibinskiteHide

Sub-Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Light brown, rose brown
Streak:
Golden brown to brown
Hardness:
4½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN20=329 - 419 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Cleavage:
None Observed
Density:
12.7 g/cm3 (Measured)    14.44 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of BilibinskiteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Strong from grey and dove-color to canary yellow and fiery-red
Bireflectance:
color changed from grey-violet to beige-cream and blood red that results in strong color bireflectance

Chemical Properties of BilibinskiteHide

Formula:
PbCu2Au3Te2
IMA Formula:
PbAu3Cu2Te2
Common Impurities:
Ag,Fe,Se

Crystallography of BilibinskiteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.095 Å
Unit Cell V:
68.67 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
Massive
Comment:
Pseudocell Optical data indicate symmetry equal or less than orthorhombic

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.06 (40)
3.00 (10)
2.37 (100)
2.05 (70)
1.448 (60)
1.232 (80)
1.184 (20)
Comments:
Aginsk gold telluride deposit, Kamchatka, Far Eastern Region, Russia.

Type Occurrence of BilibinskiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Mining Institute, St. Petersburg, 101/1–2; Institute of Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Rare Elements, Moscow; A.E. Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, 78385, vis207.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Weathering zone of tellurium deposits.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of BilibinskiteHide

Other Language Names for BilibinskiteHide

Simplified Chinese:碲铅铜金矿
Spanish:Bilibinskita
Traditional Chinese:碲鉛銅金礦

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.BA.AlburniteAg8GeTe2S4Iso.
2.BA.DzierżanowskiteCaCu2S2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.BA.05ChalcociteCu2SMon. 2/m : P21/b
2.BA.05DjurleiteCu31S16Mon. 2/m
2.BA.05GeeriteCu8S5Trig. 3
2.BA.05RoxbyiteCu9S5Tric. 1 : P1
2.BA.10AniliteCu7S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.BA.10DigeniteCu9S5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.BA.15BorniteCu5FeS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
2.BA.20BellidoiteCu2SeTet. 4/m : P42/n
2.BA.20BerzelianiteCu2SeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.BA.25AthabascaiteCu5Se4Orth.
2.BA.25UmangiteCu3Se2Tet.
2.BA.30RickarditeCu7Te5Orth.
2.BA.30WeissiteCu2-xTeHex.
2.BA.35AcanthiteAg2SMon. 2/m : P21/m
2.BA.40MckinstryiteAg5-xCu3+xS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.BA.40StromeyeriteAgCuSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.BA.40dUM2003-13-S:AgAuCuAg6AuCu2S5
2.BA.45JalpaiteAg3CuS2Tet.
2.BA.45SelenojalpaiteAg3CuSe2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
2.BA.50EucairiteAgCuSeOrth.
2.BA.55AguilariteAg4SeSMon. 2/m
2.BA.55NaumanniteAg2SeOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
2.BA.60CervelleiteAg4TeSMon. 2/m
2.BA.60HessiteAg2TeMon. 2/m : P21/b
2.BA.60ChenguodaiteAg9Fe3+Te2S4Orth.
2.BA.65Henryite(Cu,Ag)3+xTe2 , with x ~ 0.40 Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
2.BA.65StütziteAg5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36Hex. 6 : P6
2.BA.70ArgyroditeAg8GeS6Orth. mm2 : Pna21
2.BA.70CanfielditeAg8SnS6Orth. mm2
2.BA.70Putzite(Cu4.7Ag3.3)GeS6Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.BA.75FischesseriteAg3AuSe2Iso. 4 3 2 : I41 3 2
2.BA.75Penzhinite(Ag,Cu)4Au(S,Se)4Hex.
2.BA.75PetrovskaiteAuAg(S,Se)Mon.
2.BA.75PetziteAg3AuTe2Iso. 4 3 2 : I41 3 2
2.BA.75UytenbogaardtiteAg3AuS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
2.BA.80Bezsmertnovite(Au,Ag)4Cu(Te,Pb)Orth.
2.BA.80Bogdanovite(Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)Iso.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.3.1CalaveriteAuTe2Mon.
3.3.2KrenneriteAu3AgTe8Orth. mm2 : Pma2
3.3.3KostoviteCuAuTe4Orth.
3.3.4UytenbogaardtiteAg3AuS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
3.3.5FischesseriteAg3AuSe2Iso. 4 3 2 : I41 3 2
3.3.6PetrovskaiteAuAg(S,Se)Mon.
3.3.7PetziteAg3AuTe2Iso. 4 3 2 : I41 3 2
3.3.8MuthmanniteAuAgTe2Mon. 2/m : P2/m
3.3.9Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
3.3.10Penzhinite(Ag,Cu)4Au(S,Se)4Hex.
3.3.11Bezsmertnovite(Au,Ag)4Cu(Te,Pb)Orth.
3.3.13Bogdanovite(Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)Iso.
3.3.14Montbrayite(Au,Ag,Sb,Bi,Pb)23(Te,Sb,Bi,Pb)38Tric.

Other InformationHide

Electrical:
metallic conduction.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BilibinskiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
American Mineralogist: 64: 652.
Spiridonov, E.M., Bezsmertnaya, M.S., Chvileva, T.N. and Bezsmertnyi, V.V. (1978): Bilibinskite, Au3Cu2PbTe2, a new mineral of gold-telluride deposits. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 107(3), 310-315 (in Russian).
Bochek, L.I., Malinovskiy, Y.A., Sandomirskaya, S.M. and Chuvikina, N.G. (1982): Bilibinskite and bezsmertnovite, new hybrid minerals of the intermetallic compound-oxide type rather than intermetallic compounds of gold. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 266(5), 1255-1259 (in Russian).
Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, Earth Science Sections: 266: 145-148.
Spiridonov, E.M. (1991): Composition and structure of the bilibinskite-bogdanovite mineral group. Novye dannye o mineralakh, 37, 138-145 (in Russian).
Spiridonov, E. M. (2011) Bilibinskite,(Au5-6Cu3-2)8 (Te,Pb,Sb)5, from the Cementation Zone of the Aginskoe, Kamchatka and Pionerskoe, Sayan Mountains Gold-telluride Deposits. New Data on Minerals. 46:162-164

Internet Links for BilibinskiteHide

Localities for BilibinskiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Armenia
 
  • Gelark'unik' Province (Geghark'unik')
    • Vardenis
Spiridonov, E. M. (2011) Bilibinskite,(Au5-6Cu3-2)8 (Te,Pb,Sb)5, from the Cementation Zone of the Aginskoe, Kamchatka and Pionerskoe, Sayan Mountains Gold-telluride Deposits. New Data on Minerals. 46:162-164
China
 
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Habahe Co. (Kaba Co.; Qaba Co.)
Huiliang Xiao, Yongguan Dong, Jiyuan Zhou, Henian Wang, Junfeng Ji, and Yu Zhao (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 715-718; Huliang Xiao, Jiyuan Zhou, Henian Wang, Yongguan Dong, Junfeng Ji, and Zhao Yu (2003): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 22(1), 74-82
Kazakhstan
 
  • Akmola
    • Shortandy
Spiridonov, E. M. (2011) Bilibinskite,(Au5-6Cu3-2)8 (Te,Pb,Sb)5, from the Cementation Zone of the Aginskoe, Kamchatka and Pionerskoe, Sayan Mountains Gold-telluride Deposits. New Data on Minerals. 46:162-164
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Spiridonov, E. M. (2011) Bilibinskite,(Au5-6Cu3-2)8 (Te,Pb,Sb)5, from the Cementation Zone of the Aginskoe, Kamchatka and Pionerskoe, Sayan Mountains Gold-telluride Deposits. New Data on Minerals. 46:162-164
  • East Kazakhstan
    • Kurchumskiy District
Глоба В.А. Месторождение Манка - новый геолого-промышленный тип месторождений золота. // Изв. НАН РК, Сер. геол. 2006, 5(403), с.20-28. ; Spiridonov, E. M. (2011) Bilibinskite,(Au5-6Cu3-2)8 (Te,Pb,Sb)5, from the Cementation Zone of the Aginskoe, Kamchatka and Pionerskoe, Sayan Mountains Gold-telluride Deposits. New Data on Minerals. 46:162-164
  • Karaganda
    • Shet District
Spiridonov, E. M. (2011) Bilibinskite,(Au5-6Cu3-2)8 (Te,Pb,Sb)5, from the Cementation Zone of the Aginskoe, Kamchatka and Pionerskoe, Sayan Mountains Gold-telluride Deposits. New Data on Minerals. 46:162-164
Spiridonov, E. M. (2011) Bilibinskite,(Au5-6Cu3-2)8 (Te,Pb,Sb)5, from the Cementation Zone of the Aginskoe, Kamchatka and Pionerskoe, Sayan Mountains Gold-telluride Deposits. New Data on Minerals. 46:162-164
Republic of Macedonia
 
  • Probistip
    • Kratovo-Zletovo ore District
Serafimovski, T., Zlatkov, G., & Tasev, G. (2015). Calculation of variation and ore-bearing coefficients in the Plavica epithermal polymetallic deposit, Eastern Macedonia. 15th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference SGEM 2015, 3, 119-127.; Serafimovski, T., Volkov, A. V., Serafimovski, D., Tasev, G., Ivanovski, I., & Murashov, K. Y. (2017). Plavica epithermal Au–Ag–Cu deposit in eastern Macedonia: Geology and 3D model of valuable component distribution in ore. Geology of Ore Deposits, 59(4), 296-304.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
        • Okinsky District
          • Muya District
Extra Lapis English No. 5 Gold; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Spiridonov, E. M. (2011) Bilibinskite,(Au5-6Cu3-2)8 (Te,Pb,Sb)5, from the Cementation Zone of the Aginskoe, Kamchatka and Pionerskoe, Sayan Mountains Gold-telluride Deposits. New Data on Minerals. 46:162-164
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
      • Central Kamchatka mining district
Extra Lapis English No. 5 Gold; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Andreeva, E. D., Matsueda, H., Okrugin, V. M., Takahashi, R., & Ono, S. (2013). Au–Ag–Te Mineralization of the Low‐Sulfidation Epithermal Aginskoe Deposit, Central Kamchatka, Russia. Resource Geology, 63(4), 337-349.; Okrugina, V. and Elena Andreeva (2014) Volcanic-related epithermal deposits in Kamchatka volcanic arc (North-East of Pacific region). in Abstract Volume IAGR Conference Series No. 20, pp.107–109
Spiridonov, E. M. (2011) Bilibinskite,(Au5-6Cu3-2)8 (Te,Pb,Sb)5, from the Cementation Zone of the Aginskoe, Kamchatka and Pionerskoe, Sayan Mountains Gold-telluride Deposits. New Data on Minerals. 46:162-164
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