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Bílinite

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About BíliniteHide

Bílina, Czech Republic
Formula:
Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Colour:
White to yellowish
Lustre:
Silky
Hardness:
2
Specific Gravity:
1.875 - 1.99
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named for the town of Bílina (Bilin) near the type locality of Světec (Schwaz), Bílina (Bilin), Bohemia, Czech Republic.
Halotrichite Group

The ferric iron dominant member of the Halotrichite Group.

Other purely ferrous-ferric sulfate minerals are copiapite and römerite. Other sulfates with both Fe(II) and Fe(III) are also metavoltine, pertlikite, and voltaite.


Classification of BíliniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.CB.85

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations
29.7.3.5

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
7 : AB2(XO4)4·H2O
25.10.21

25 : Sulphates
10 : Sulphates of Fe alone

Physical Properties of BíliniteHide

Silky
Colour:
White to yellowish
Comment:
Semitransparent
Hardness:
Density:
1.875 - 1.99 g/cm3 (Measured)    1.99 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of BíliniteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+/-)
RI values:
nα = 1.480 - 1.482 nβ = 1.500 nγ = 1.489 - 1.493
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.009 - 0.011
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
relatively weak
Optical Extinction:
Inclined 33-39 degrees.

Chemical Properties of BíliniteHide

Formula:
Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
IMA Formula:
Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2O

Crystallography of BíliniteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.208 Å, b = 24.333 Å, c = 21.255 Å
β = 100.3°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.255 : 1 : 0.874
Unit Cell V:
3,159.02 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Radial-fibrous aggregates.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.48 (25)
4.96 (30)
4.84 (50)
4.31 (100)
4.10 (40)
3.51 (100)
3.29 (30)

Type Occurrence of BíliniteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Radial-fibrous aggregates.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Altered lignite.

Other Language Names for BíliniteHide

German:Bilinit
Spanish:Bilinita

Relationship of Bílinite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2 : P2
PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Rozenite1 photo of Bílinite associated with Rozenite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.CB.05Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05KieseriteMgSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.05Poitevinite(Cu,Fe)SO4 · H2OTric.
7.CB.05SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2OMon.
7.CB.05SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05CobaltkieseriteCoSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.07SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.10BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2OMon.
7.CB.15Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15DrobeciteCdSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.15CranswickiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
7.CB.20ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.20JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.25Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.25Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.30RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
7.CB.35BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.35Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35Alpersite(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.40EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.45AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2OTric. 1
7.CB.45Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
7.CB.50AluminocoquimbiteFeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2OTrig. 3 : R3
7.CB.55Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.CB.60KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.65QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.70LauseniteFe2(SO4)3·5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.75LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.75RömeriteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.80RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
7.CB.85Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2 : P2
7.CB.85PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.85Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.90MeridianiiteMgSO4 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

29.7.3.1PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
29.7.3.2HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2 : P2
29.7.3.3ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
29.7.3.4Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
29.7.3.6Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
29.7.3.7Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.10.1SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.10.2RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.10.3SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2OTric.
25.10.4FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.10.5MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.10.6Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
25.10.7LauseniteFe2(SO4)3·5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
25.10.8KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
25.10.9CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
25.10.10ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2OTrig. 3 : R3
25.10.11QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.10.12FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.10.13MetahohmanniteFe3+2(SO4)2O · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.10.14HohmanniteFe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2OTric. 1
25.10.15ButleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
25.10.16ParabutleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.10.17AmarantiteFe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2OTric. 1
25.10.18FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OMon.
25.10.19Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
25.10.20RömeriteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.10.22CopiapiteFe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2OTric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in water.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BíliniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Šebor (1913) Sborník Klubu Přírodovĕd: no. 2.
Šebor (1914) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: I: 395.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 529.
Periodico di Mineralogia (1985): 54: 11.
Powder Diffraction File (International Center for Diffraction Data) 25-1153.

Internet Links for BíliniteHide

Localities for BíliniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Mendoza
    • Malargüe Department
Handbook of Mineralogy
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
      • Caldas
        • Campo do Cercado
Waber et al. (1992) Jour. Geochemical Explor. 45, 53-112; WABER, N., SCHORSCHER, H.D., & PETERS, T. (1992) Hydrothermal and supergene uranium mineralization at the Osamu Utsumi mine, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45, 53-112.
Czech Republic
 
  • Moravia-Silesia Region
    • Ostrava
      • Odra Mine (after 1995)
        • Ostrava Mine (after 1967)
Vinš V. (1957) Nové nálezy recentních síranů v ostravsko-karvinském revíru. Přírodovědecký sborník Ostravského kraje, 18, 3, 436–437.
  • Ústí Region
    • Bílina (Bilin)
Int. Geol. Rev. 12 (1971), 849
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German). [identification announced; no description given yet]
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
              • Hilarion area
Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Hungary
 
  • Nógrád Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Bátonyterenye
Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min. Spec., 1993
Norway
 
  • Trøndelag
    • Oppdal
Selbekk R.S. (2010): Norges mineraler. En revidert utgave av Norges mineraler (Neumann 1985). Tapir-NGU-NHM. 552p (p.238)
Witsø, T. (1995): Mineraler i Oppdal med beskrivelse. Driva Kro og Steinsenter. Unpublished paper. http://vinstradalen.no/pdf/Mineraler.pdf
Witsø, T. (1995): Mineraler i Oppdal med beskrivelse. Driva Kro og steinsenter. Unpublished paper. http://vinstradalen.no/pdf/Mineraler.pdf
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia
    • Kłodzko District
      • Nowa Ruda (Neurode)
        • Słupiec (Schlegel)
          • Słupiec Mine (John Mine)
Ciesielczukk, J., Kruszewski, Ł., Fabiańska, M.J., Misz-Kennan, M., Kowalski, A., Mysza, B., 2014: Efflorescences and gas composition emitted from the burning coal-waste dump in Słupiec, Lower Silesian Coal Basin, Poland. Proceedings of the International Symposium CEMC 2014, Skalský Dvůr, April 23-26th, 26-27
Russia
 
  • Kamchatka Krai
Bortnikova, S. B., Bessonova, E. P., Gavrilenko, G. M., Vernikovskaya, I. V., Bortnikova, S. P., & Palchik, N. A. (2008). HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY OF THERMAL SOURCES, MUTNOVSKY VOLCANO, SOUTH KAMCHATKA (RUSSIA). In Proceedings of the 33rd workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, SGP-TR-185.
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk Oblast
    • Central Donbass
Möckel, S. & Frischmann, N. (1992): Mineralien der Quecksilberlagerstätte Nikitovka in der Ukraine. Mineralien-Welt, 3, 14-15. (in German)
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
[MinRec 24:421]
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 136; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436; MinRec 24:428.
  • Idaho
    • Butte Co.
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Utah
    • Utah Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Washington
    • Snohomish Co.
      • Sultan District
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.59
Uzbekistan
 
  • Fergana Region
    • Uzbekistan District
Uklonskiy, A.S. [Уклонский, А.С.] (1964) Geochemistry of native sulphur [К геохимии самородной серы]. Uzbek Geological Journal [Uzbekskiy Geologicheskiy Zhurnal, Узбекский геологический журнал], 6, 5-10; Uklonskiy, A.S. [Уклонский, А.С.] (1982) Geochemistry of native sulphur [К геохимии самородной серы]. In: Problems of mineralogy and geochemistry. Selected papers [Проблемы минералогии и геохимии. Избранные труды]. Uzbek SSR Branch, Academy of Sciences Press [Издательство "Фан" Узбекской ССР], Tashkent, 66-71.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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