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Bindheimite

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Formula:
Pb2Sb25+O7
System:
Isometric
Colour:
Yellow, yellow-brown, ...
Lustre:
Resinous, Dull, Earthy
Hardness:
4 - 4½
Name:
For Johann Jacob Bindheim (1750-1825), German chemist who made the first chemical analysis of the mineral.
"Bindheimite" is a common but inadequately described mineral, much of which corresponds to the more recently described Oxyplumboroméite, although further studies of individual occurrences would be required to determine this with certainty.

A secondary mineral occurring in the oxidized zones of antimony-bearing lead deposits, a frequent oxidation product of Pb-Sb-sulphosalts.

Compare UM1978-09-O:CuHPbSbSi.


Classification of Bindheimite

'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959), Questionable
4.DH.20

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
H : With large (+- medium-sized) cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
44.1.1.2

44 : ANTIMONATES
1 : A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
24.3.5

24 : Antimonates and Antimonites
3 : Antimonates of Ti and Pb

Physical Properties of Bindheimite

Resinous, Dull, Earthy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
Yellow, yellow-brown, brown, white, grey, greenish; colourless to yellow and brown in transmitted light
Streak:
White, yellowish white
Hardness (Mohs):
4 - 4½
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
4.6 - 8.4 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.8 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Bindheimite

Type:
Isotropic
RI values:
n = 1.84 - 1.87
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.000 - Isotropic minerals have no birefringence
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of Bindheimite

IMA Formula:
Pb2Sb25+O7
Elements listed in formula:
Analytical Data:
Chemical analysis of material from Wamsley Mine, Mineral Co., Nevada, USA
Sb2O5  (40.35)
Fe2O3   (5.22)
PbO    (44.12)
H2O     (5.31)
insol.  (3.63)

sum     98.63 wt.-%
Common Impurities:
As,Bi,Ca,Fe,Na

Crystallography of Bindheimite

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Fd3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.4 Å
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,124.86 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8
Morphology:
Fibrous (pseudomorphs?); dense to earthy cryptocrystalline masses and incrustations; rarely opaline.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.03 (100)
1.85 (80)
1.58 (80)
2.62 (60)
0.884 (50)
1.20 (40)
1.17 (40)
Comments:
Recorded on material from an unknown locality

Occurrences of Bindheimite

First Recorded Occurrence of Bindheimite

Relationship of Bindheimite to other Species

4.DH.05BranneriteUTi2O6
4.DH.05OrthobranneriteU4+U6+Ti4O12(OH)2
4.DH.05Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
4.DH.10KassiteCaTi2O4(OH)2
4.DH.10Lucasite-(Ce)CeTi2O5(OH)
4.DH.15Bariomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Bariopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)A2-mB2X6-wY1-n
4.DH.15Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno)(Ca,Na)2(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)7
4.DH.15Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15Cesstibtantite
4.DH.15JixianitePb(W,Fe3+)2(O,OH)7
4.DH.15Hydropyrochlore(H2O,◻)2Nb2(O,OH)6(H2O)
4.DH.15Natrobistantite
4.DH.15Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Plumbobetafite (of Hogarth 1977)A2-mB2X6-wY1-n
4.DH.15Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)
4.DH.15Strontiopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15Stannomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Stibiobetafite (of Černý et al.)A2-mB2X6-wY1-n
4.DH.15Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(U,Ca,Ce)2(Nb,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
4.DH.15Yttrobetafite (of Hogarth 1977)A2-mB2X6-wY1-n
4.DH.15Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
4.DH.15Bismutopyrochlore (of Chukanov et al.)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15Hydrokenoelsmoreite2W2O6(H2O)
4.DH.20BismutostibiconiteBi(Sb5+,Fe3+)2O7
4.DH.20Monimolite
4.DH.20CuproroméiteCu2Sb2(O,OH)7
4.DH.20StetefeldtiteAg2Sb2(O,OH)7(?)
4.DH.20Stibiconite(Sb,O,OH) ?
4.DH.25RosiaitePbSb2O6
4.DH.30Zirconolite(Ca,Y)Zr(Ti,Mg,Al)2O7
4.DH.35LiandratiteU6+Nb2O8
4.DH.35PetscheckiteU4+Fe2+Nb2O8
4.DH.40IngersoniteCa3Mn2+Sb45+O14
4.DH.45Pittongite(Na,H2O)0.7(W,Fe3+)(O,OH)3
24.3.2DerbyliteFe43+Ti34+Sb3+O13(OH)
24.3.3Hemloite(Ti,V3+,Fe3+,Al)12As23+O23(OH)
24.3.4NadoritePbSb3+O2Cl
24.3.6Monimolite
24.3.7ThorikositePb3O3Sb3+(OH)Cl2

Other Names for Bindheimite

Other Information

Other Information:
Dissolves in nitric acid, leaving a residue of antimonic oxide; also dissolves in hydrochloric acid, leaving a residue of lead chloride.

May alter to Massicot. Pseudomorphically replaces Jamesonite, Tetrahedrite, Galena, Bournonite, and Zinkenite.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Bindheimite

Reference List:
Bindheim (1792) Schriften der Gesellschaft naturforschender Freunde in Berlin, Schr.: 10: 374.

Karsten, D.L.G. (1800) Mineralogische Tabellen, Berlin. First edition: 77 (as Bleiniere).

Glocker, E.F. (1847) Generum et specierum mineralien secundum ordines naturals digestorum synopsis. Halle: 257 (as Stibiogalenites).

Nicol, J (1849) Manual of Mineralogy, Edinburgh: 319 (as Bleinierite).

Leymérie, A.F.G.A. (1859) Cours de minéraogie. Toulouse. Third edition, 2 volumes: 2: 283 (as Moffrasite).

Fischer (1863) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 559 (as Blumit).

Dana, J.D. (1868) System of Mineralogy, 5th. Edition, New York: 591.

Adam, M. (1869) Tableau minéralogique, Paris: 37 (as Pfaffite).

Prior and Spencer (1895) Mineralogical Magazine: 11: 23.

Lacroix, A. (1910) Minéralogie de la France et des ses colonies, Paris. 5 volumes: vol. 4: 514.

Knopf (1918) U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 660: 249.

Shannon, Earl V. (1920) Economic geology: 15: 88.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 47.

Shannon, Earl V. (1926) “The Minerals of Idaho,” U.S. National Museum Bulletin 131: 438.

Hintze, Carl (1931) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [4B]: 838.

Natta and Baccaredda (1933) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 85: 271.

Hägele (1937) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 45.

Meixner (1937) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 38.

Le Mesurier (1939) Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia: 25: 137.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1018-1020.

Mason, B. and Vitaliano, C. J. (1953) The mineralogy of the antimony oxides and antimonates. Mineralogical Magazine 30, 100-112.

Bothwell, D. I., Davis, R. J. and Moss, A. A. (1960) A bismuth-bearing variety of bindheimite. Mineralogical Magazine 32, 664-666.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (1997) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume III. Halides, Hydroxides, Oxides. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 628pp.: 57.

Internet Links for Bindheimite

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Specimens:
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Localities for Bindheimite

Mineral and/or Locality  
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