IMPORTANT MESSAGE. We need your support now to keep running. Click here to find out why.
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for Educators
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery


This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About BismocliteHide

Cream-white, greyish, yellowish brown; colourless in thin section
Greasy, Silky, Pearly, Dull, Earthy
2 - 2½
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
In allusion to the ions it is apparently composed of: BISMuth, Oxide and ChLoride.
Matlockite Group.

Very plastic.

In contrast to many bismuth oxycompounds, this mineral does not contain the typical bismuthyl cation (BiO)+.

May be confused with the Bi carbonates bismutite, beyerite and others.

Classification of BismocliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

D : Oxyhalides, hydroxyhalides and related double halides
C : With Pb (As,Sb,Bi), without Cu

2 : A(O,OH)Xq

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
9 : Halides of Sb and Bi

Physical Properties of BismocliteHide

Greasy, Silky, Pearly, Dull, Earthy
Transparent, Translucent
Cream-white, greyish, yellowish brown; colourless in thin section
2 - 2½ on Mohs scale
On {001}
7.36 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.784 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of BismocliteHide

Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 2.150 nε = 1.910
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.240
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of BismocliteHide

Common Impurities:

Crystallography of BismocliteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.887 Å, c = 7.354 Å
a:c = 1 : 1.892
Unit Cell V:
111.11 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Crystals minute, scaly or thin rectangular, rarely with corners truncated at 45°; often columnar-fibrous, earthy, compact or massive.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
3.44 (100)
2.677 (95)
2.753 (75)
7.38 (40)
1.946 (35)
2.205 (30)
1.574 (30)
Recorded on synthetic material

Type Occurrence of BismocliteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
In an alluvial specimen, found near bismuth-bearing granite pegmatites
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for BismocliteHide

Simplified Chinese:氯铋矿
Traditional Chinese:氯鉍礦

Relationship of Bismoclite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Daubréeite(BiO)(OH,Cl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
LaurionitePbCl(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
MatlockitePbFClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Quartz4 photos of Bismoclite associated with Quartz on
Bismuth3 photos of Bismoclite associated with Bismuth on
Bismutite3 photos of Bismoclite associated with Bismutite on
Bismuthinite2 photos of Bismoclite associated with Bismuthinite on
Bismite2 photos of Bismoclite associated with Bismite on
Beyerite2 photos of Bismoclite associated with Beyerite on
Bertrandite2 photos of Bismoclite associated with Bertrandite on
Baryte1 photo of Bismoclite associated with Baryte on
Pharmacosiderite1 photo of Bismoclite associated with Pharmacosiderite on
Gold1 photo of Bismoclite associated with Gold on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.DC.05LaurionitePbCl(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.DC.05ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.DC.10FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2OMon. 2/m
3.DC.15PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
3.DC.20LaurelitePb7F12Cl2Hex. 6 : P6
3.DC.25Daubréeite(BiO)(OH,Cl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
3.DC.25MatlockitePbFClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
3.DC.25ZhangpeishaniteBaFClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
3.DC.30NadoritePbSbClO2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
3.DC.30PeritePbBiClO2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
3.DC.35AravaipaitePb3AlF9 · H2OTric.
3.DC.37CalcioaravaipaitePbCa2AlF9Tric. 1
3.DC.40ThorikositePb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
3.DC.45MereheaditePb47Cl25(OH)13O24(CO3)(BO3)2Mon. m
3.DC.60SymesitePb10(SO4)O7Cl4 · H2OTric. 1 : P1
3.DC.70MendipitePb3Cl2O2Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
3.DC.75DamaraitePb3Cl(OH)O2Orth. mm2 : Pmc21
3.DC.80OnoratoiteSb8Cl2O11Tric. 1 : P1
3.DC.85CotunnitePbCl2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.DC.95BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hideéeite(BiO)(OH,Cl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

8.9.1OnoratoiteSb8Cl2O11Tric. 1 : P1
8.9.6Daubréeite(BiO)(OH,Cl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
8.9.7PeritePbBiClO2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm

Other InformationHide

Totally soluble in acids. Re-precipitates upon considerable dilution.

Very plastic.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BismocliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Means (1916) American Journal of Science: 41: 125 (as Daubréeite ?).
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 66.
Bannister (1935) Mineralogical Magazine: 24: 49.
Mountain (1935) Mineralogical Magazine: 24: 59.
American Mineralogist (1935), 20, 813.
Mountain, E. D. (1937): Two new bismuth minerals from South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine 24, 59-64.
Frondel, C. (1943) American Mineralogist: 28: 526.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 60-62.
Keramidas, K. G., Voutsas, G. P. and Rentzepris, P. I. (1993): The crystal structure of BiOCl. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 205, 35-40.
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 61.

Internet Links for BismocliteHide

Localities for BismocliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • San Juan
    • Calingasta Department
      • Calingasta
Testa, F.J., Cooke, D.R., Zhang, L., Mas, G.R. (2016): Bismoclite (BiOCl) in the San Francisco de los Andes Bi–Cu–Au Deposit, Argentina. First Occurrence of a Bismuth Oxychloride in a Magmatic–Hydrothermal Breccia Pipe and Its Usefulness as an Indicator Phase in Mineral Exploration. Minerals, 6, 62, doi:10.3390/min6030062; (2016)
  • New South Wales
    • Blaxland Co.
      • Mount Allen
Gilligan, L.B., Suppel, D.W. (1993) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Nymagee 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map (SI/55-2). Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 171 pages.
    • Bourke Co.
      • Ardlethan
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 62; Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 61
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1093. Frondel, C. (1928) New Data on Agricolite, Bismoclite, Koechlinite and the Bismuth Arsenates, American Mineralogist, Vol.28, Nos.9 and 10, pp 536-540.
    • Clive Co.
      • Torrington
NHM Vienna collection (intergrown with zavaritskite, on catalogued zavaritskite specimen; EDS-analysed)
    • Gough Co.
      • Elsmore
Rankin, J., Sharpe, J. L. & Williams, P. A. (2008): Mineralogical note: Waylandite from Elsmore, New South Wales. Australian J. of Mineralogy 14, 79-80.; Rankin, J., Lawrence, L. J., Sharpe, J. L. and Williams, P. A. (2002): Rare secondary bismuth, tungsten and molybdenum minerals from Elsmore, New England district of New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 8, 55-60.
      • Kingsgate
Sharpe, J.L., & Williams P.A. (2004) - Secondary bismuth and molybdenum minerals from Kingsgate, New England district of New South Wales.- Australian Journal of Mineralogy, vol.10, n°1.
  • Queensland
    • Tablelands Region
R Bottrill, 2015, unpub rept
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
Pring, A., Francis, G. & Birch, W. D. (1992): Nissonite, namibite, and other additions to the mineral suite from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Australian Mineral. 6, 31-39; [MinRec 29:164]
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Roxby Downs
Ehrig, K., McPhie, J., Kamenetsky, V. (2012) Geology and mineralogical zonation of the Olympic Dam iron oxide Cu-U-Au-Ag deposit, South Australia. Economic Geology Special Publication 16, pg. 237-267.
  • Tasmania
    • Kentish municipality
      • Moina - Middlesex District
Tim Murphy pers comm
  • Victoria
    • Golden Plains Shire
      • Pittong
Birch, W.D., Grey, I.E., Mills, S.J., Bougerol, C., Pring, A., Ansermet, S. (2007) Pittongite, a new secondary tungstate from Pittong, Victoria, Australia. Canadian Mineralogist, 45, 857-864.
    • Swan Hill Rural City
      • Lake Boga
Confirmed by Peter Elliot
  • Western Australia
    • Leonora Shire
Grguric, B.A., Madsen, I.C. (2002) Bismoclite from the Leinster area, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 8, No. 2, pg. 83-85.
    • Yilgarn shire
      • Mount Holland pegmatite field
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 61
  • Potosí Department
    • Nor Chichas Province
      • Atocha-Quechisla District
[MinRec 32:481]
Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz); Amer.Min.(1982) 67, 833-840
    • Rafael Bustillo Province (Bustillos Province)
      • Llallagua
Mineralogical Record: 32: 474.; Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
  • Bahia
    • Juazeiro
Färber, G. & Witzke, T. (2011): Exotische Pseudomorphosen aus Brasilien: Waylandit nach Wismutglanz. Lapis 36 (5), 42-43.
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Curionópolis
Teixeira, A. S. (2014). Geologia, petrologia e geocronologia do complexo acamadado lago grande: evidência para uma suíte magmática mineralizada a egp na província mineral de Carajás, Brasil.
  • Paraíba
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Pedra Lavrada
A. Bhaskara Rao and M. S. Adusumilli (1965): Bismoclite from Brazil. Can. Mineral. 8, 390-391.
      • Picuí
Fernando Brederodes Collection
  • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Equador
Re-entry of old data; Färber, G. & Witzke, T. (2011): Exotische Pseudomorphosen aus Brasilien: Waylandit nach Wismutglanz. Lapis 36 (5), 42-43.
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Levack Township
Li, C. & Naldrett, A.J. (1993) Platinum-group minerals from the Deep Copper zone of the Strathcona deposit, Sudbury, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist: 31: 31-44.
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Santa Catalina
        • Guanaco (Huanaco)
M. Dini collection
  • Atacama Region
    • Copiapó Province
      • Tierra Amarilla
        • Pampa Larga district
          • Alacrán
samples analysed by Gerhard Moehn and Joy Desor
  • Corsica
    • Corse-du-Sud
      • Testa
Lheur, C., Meisser,N., Pecorini, R. and Steinmetz, A. (2011): Nouveautés minéralogiques en Corse. La Régne Minéral. 102: 33-40
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
        • Cap Garonne Mine
Cap Garonne mine museum and CLAUDE jm collection
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Böckelsbach valley
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
          • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
          • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Siegerland
      • Siegen
        • Gosenbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium; Lavreotiki Municipality)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
        • Sounion area
          • Sounion Mines
Wendel, W. & Rieck, B. (1999c): Lavrion: Die komplette Mineralliste. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 61-63.
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari metropolitan city (Metropolitan City of Cagliari)
      • Sarroch
Orlandi, P., Demartin, F., Pasero, M., Leveret,P., William, P.A., Hibbs,D.E., (2011), Gelosaite BiMo6+(2–5x)Mo5+6xO7(OH)·H2O (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.4), a new mineral from Su Senargiu (CA), Sardinia, Italy, and a second occurrence from Kingsgate, New England, Australia. Am. Min.: 96: 268 - 273. ; Orlandi P., Gelosa M., Bonacina E., Caboni F., Mamberti M., Tanca G.A., Vinci A. (2015): Sette nuove specie mineralogiche della Sardegna. I minerali della mineralizzazione a molibdeno e bismuto di Su Seinargiu (CA). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 39, 2, 84-115.
    • Sassari Province
      • La Maddalena
        • La Maddalena Island
Billows, E. (1941): I minerali della Sardegna ed i loro giacimenti. Sardegna Mineraria, Istituto per gli studi Sardi, Regia Università di Cagliari.
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
          • Vulcano Island
Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M. & Campostrini, I. (2009): Demicheleite-(Cl), a new mineral from La Fossa crater, Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. American Mineralogist 94, 1045-1048; Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M., Campostrini, I. (2010): Demicheleite-(I), BiSI, a new mineral from La Fossa Crater, Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 141-145.; Campostrini I. et al - Vulcano: ein aussergewohnlicher Fundpunkt von neuen und seltenen Mineralien - MineralienWelt 2010 - nr.3 - p.40-57
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Elba Island
        • Rio Marina
Maggie Wilson
G. Marinelli, 1959 - I minerali di bismuto del cantiere Falcacci a Rio Marina (Isola d'Elba). - Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., Mem. Serie A, 66: 337-352.; Senesi, F., Hanauer, M. & Rogner, P. (2013): I minerali di bismuto di Rio Marina, Isola d'Elba. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2013, 234-242
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto region
      • Tochigi Prefecture
        • Nikko City
          • Ashio-machi
Ii & Hori (1992) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 159.
  • Kyushu Region
    • Nansei Archipelago
      • Kagoshima Prefecture
        • Yakushima-cho
          • Yakushima Island
Hori Mineralogy, Tokyo
  • Karaganda
    • Karazhal
      • Betpakdala Desert (Bet-Pak-Dal Desert)
P.M. Kartashov data; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib
      • Okongava Ost Farm 72
- Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
New Zealand
  • South Island
    • Southland Region
      • Southland District
        • Stewart Island
Allibone, A.H., MacKenzie, D., Turnbull, R., Tulloch, A., Craw, D. (2016) Polymetallic mineralisation associated with carboniferous I-type granitoids in central Stewart Island New Zealand, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 59:3, 436-456.
  • Nordland
    • Sørfold
Ellingsen, H.V., Andersen, T. & Haugen, A., (2000): Nye mineraler fra amazonittpegmatitten ved Tennvatn, Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skriftserie 17, 52-58.
  • Telemark
    • Drangedal
      • Tørdal
Kristiansen, R. (2008): Nye mineralfunn i Norge. STEIN 35 (1): 17-21
Pacific Ocean
  • East Pacific Rise
    • Juan de Fuca Ridge complex
      • Southern Gorda Ridge
Eos Trans. AGU, 81 (48), Fall Meet. Suppl., 2000
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Chukotskii Autonomous Okrug
      • Chukchi Peninsula (Chukotka Peninsula; Chukotski Peninsula)
Kurguzova, A. V., Smirnov, S. Z., Klyukin, Y. I., & Karmanov, N. S. (2014). Bi-rich fluid inclusions in quartz from zwitter related to Li-F granite in the Severny pluton, Chukchi Peninsula: An insight into bismuth behavior during greisenization process. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 629-636.
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
Zelenski, M. & Bortnikova, S. (2005): Sublimate speciation at Mutnovsky volcano, Kamchatka. European Journal of Mineralogy, 17, 107-118.
    • Sakhalinskaya Oblast'
      • Kuril Islands (Kurile Islands)
        • Iturup Island
South Africa
  • Limpopo Province
    • Bushveld Complex
      • Waterberg District
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
Armitage, P. E. B., McDonald, I., Edwards, S. J., & Manby, G. M. (2002). Platinum-group element mineralization in the Platreef and calc-silicate footwall at Sandsloot, Potgietersrus District, South Africa. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 111(1), 36-45.
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
      • Orange River
Gevers, T. W.; Partridge, F. C.; Joubert, G. K. (1937): The pegmatite area south of the Orange River, Namaqualand. Mem. Geol. Survey, S. Africa, No. 31, 172 pp.
      • Steinkopf
Mineralogical Magazine (1935): 24: 59-62; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 61.
  • Viloyati Khatlon
    • Kuljabskij Raion (Kulyabskaya)
      • Kulob (Kulab; Kulyab)
Lur'ye, L. M., Shadlun, T. N., Ugaste, Y. A., & Vyal'sov, L. N. (1971). Lead, silver, and copper sulfobismuthite from the benjaminite-pavonite group in Kaptarkhan ore deposit, East Karamazar, Central Asia. International Geology Review, 13(11), 1628-1642.
  • Viloyati Sogd (Viloyati Sughd; Viloyati Khodzhent; Viloyati Leninabad)
    • Adrasman
      • Karamazar Mts
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 61
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • St Hilary
[UKJMM 17 (1996) p.17]
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
    • Dumfries and Galloway
Braithwaite, R.S.W. and Knight, J.R. (1990) Rare Minerals, Including Several New to Britain, in Supergene Alteration of U-Cu-As-Bi-Co Mineralisation Near Dalbeattie, South Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 54, n° 374: 129-131.
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 61
Miller, J.M. and Taylor, K. (1966) Bull. Geol. Surv. G. B. 25, 9. [M.A. 18, 17.]; Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
      • Needle's Eye
R. S. W. Braithwaite and J. R. Knight (1990) Rare Minerals, Including Several New to Britain, in Supergene Alteration of U-Cu-As-Bi-Co Mineralisation Near Dalbeattie, South Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine 54:129-131.
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
        • Russ District
          • Reward
Adams, Paul (2010) The Brown Monster and Reward Mines Inyo County, California. Mineralogical Record 41:175-193.
  • Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Goldfield District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Goldfield
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Manhattan District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Round Mountain District
[MinRec 22:181]; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 26, pp. 355-376(1988)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 26, pp. 355-376(1988)
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 62.
          • Eureka
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 62.; Means, A H "Some New Mineral Occurences From The Tintic District, Utah" American Journal of Science Vol 41, Noi 241 (1916) pp 125-30; Means, A H "Some New Mineral Occurences From The Tintic District, Utah" American Journal of Science Vol 41, Noi 241 (1916) pp 125-30
Mineral and/or Locality is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2018, except where stated. relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: October 20, 2018 23:22:10 Page generated: October 1, 2018 01:46:57
Go to top of page