Donate now to keep mindat.org alive!Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
The most common minerals on earthMineral PhotographyThe Elements and their Minerals
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Bismuthinite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Formula:
Bi2S3
Colour:
Lead gray to tin white
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
2 - 2½
Specific Gravity:
6.78
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Member of:
Name:
From the composition.
Isostructural with:
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of BismuthiniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.DB.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
B : M:S = 2:3
2.11.2.3

2 : SULFIDES
11 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
3.7.17

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
7 : Sulphides etc. of V, As, Sb and Bi

Physical Properties of BismuthiniteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Lead gray to tin white
Comment:
Yellowish or iridescent tarnish.
Streak:
Lead-gray
Hardness:
2 - 2½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Flexible
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {010}
imperfect on {100} {110}
Comment:
Somewhat sectile
Density:
6.78 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.81 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of BismuthiniteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Strong, especially in oil
Reflectivity:
400nmR1=35.7%R2= 46.2%
420nmR1=36.4%R2= 47.2%
440nmR1=37.2%R2= 47.9%
460nmR1=37.7%R2= 48.3%
480nmR1=37.7%R2= 48.8%
500nmR1=37.6%R2= 49.4%
520nmR1=37.3%R2= 49.6%
540nmR1=37.1%R2= 49.1%
560nmR1=36.9%R2= 48.7%
580nmR1=36.8%R2= 48.3%
600nmR1=36.6%R2= 47.8%
620nmR1=36.4%R2= 47.3%
640nmR1=36.3%R2= 46.8%
660nmR1=36.1%R2= 46.3%
680nmR1=36.0%R2= 45.8%
700nmR1=35.9%R2= 45.4%

Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 49.6%.
R1 shown in black, R2 shown in red

Chemical Properties of BismuthiniteHide

Formula:
Bi2S3
Common Impurities:
Pb,Cu,Fe,As,Sb,Se,Te

Crystallography of BismuthiniteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.12 Å, b = 11.25 Å, c = 3.97 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.988 : 1 : 0.353
Unit Cell V:
496.65 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Stout prismatic to acicular
Comment:
sp. gr. Pbnm

Crystallographic forms of BismuthiniteHide

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Bismuthinite - {110}, {010}, {311}, modified
Bismuthinite - {110}, {010}, modified
Bismuthinite - {110}, {010}, {310}, modified
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

Toggle
Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.967 (40)
3.569 (100)
3.530 (60)
3.118 (80)
2.812 (50)
2.521 (40)
1.953 (40)
Comments:
Synthetic.

Synonyms of BismuthiniteHide

Other Language Names for BismuthiniteHide

Catalan:Bismutinita
Italian:Bismutina
Polish:Bizmutyn
Simplified Chinese:辉铋矿
Spanish:Bismuthinita
Swedish:Vismutglans

Varieties of BismuthiniteHide

Antimonian BismuthiniteAn antimony-bearing variety of bismuthinite.
Argentiferous Bismuthinite
Selenian BismuthiniteAlmost certainly a member of a solid solution series between and guanajuatite.

Relationship of Bismuthinite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AntimonseliteSb2Se3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
GuanajuatiteBi2Se3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
StibniteSb2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

ArsenopyriteFeAsS
BismuthBi
CassiteriteSnO2
ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
GalenaPbS
PyriteFeS2
QuartzSiO2
StanniteCu2FeSnS4
TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Quartz74 photos of Bismuthinite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Bismutite43 photos of Bismuthinite associated with Bismutite on mindat.org.
Bismuth38 photos of Bismuthinite associated with Bismuth on mindat.org.
Chalcopyrite29 photos of Bismuthinite associated with Chalcopyrite on mindat.org.
Pyrite29 photos of Bismuthinite associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.
Fluorite28 photos of Bismuthinite associated with Fluorite on mindat.org.
Calcite21 photos of Bismuthinite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Bismite15 photos of Bismuthinite associated with Bismite on mindat.org.
Arsenopyrite13 photos of Bismuthinite associated with Arsenopyrite on mindat.org.
Siderite12 photos of Bismuthinite associated with Siderite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.DB.05AntimonseliteSb2Se3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.DB.05GuanajuatiteBi2Se3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.DB.05MetastibniteSb2S3Amor.
2.DB.05PääkköneniteSb2AsS2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.DB.05StibniteSb2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.DB.10Ottemannitebeta Sn2S3
2.DB.10SuredaitePbSnS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.DB.15Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.DB.15Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3Orth.
2.DB.20Montbrayite(Au,Sb)2Te3Tric.
2.DB.25EdgariteFeNb3S6Hex. 6 2 2 : P63 2 2
2.DB.30Tarkianite(Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8Iso. 4 3m
2.DB.35CameroniteCu5-x(Cu,Ag)3+xTe10 (x = 0.43)Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.11.2.1StibniteSb2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.11.2.2AntimonseliteSb2Se3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.11.2.4GuanajuatiteBi2Se3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.7.1PatróniteVS4Mon.
3.7.2DuranusiteAs4SOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
3.7.3DimorphiteAs4S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.7.4RealgarAs4S4Mon. 2/m
3.7.5PararealgarAs4S4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
3.7.6AlacrániteAs8S9Mon. 2/m : P2/b
3.7.7UzoniteAs4S5Mon.
3.7.8OrpimentAs2S3Mon. 2/m
3.7.9JeromiteAmor.
3.7.10LaphamiteAs2(Se,S)3Mon. 2/m
3.7.11GetchelliteAsSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
3.7.12Wakabayashilite[(As,Sb)6S9][As4S5]Orth. mm2 : Pna21
3.7.13PääkköneniteSb2AsS2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.7.14StibniteSb2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.7.15MetastibniteSb2S3Amor.
3.7.16TellurantimonySb2Te3Trig.
3.7.18NevskiteBi(Se,S)Trig.
3.7.19GuanajuatiteBi2Se3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.7.21IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3Trig.
3.7.22LaitakariteBi4Se2STrig. 3m : R3m
3.7.23PoubaitePbBi2(Se,Te,S)4Trig.
3.7.24TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3Trig.
3.7.25SoučekitePbCuBi(S,Se)3Orth.
3.7.26TsumoiteBiTeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
3.7.27PilseniteBi4Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.28HedleyiteBi7Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.29TetradymiteBi2Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.30JoséiteBi4TeS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.31Joséite-BBi4Te2STrig.
3.7.32IngoditeBi2TeSTrig.
3.7.33SulphotsumoiteBi3Te2STrig.
3.7.34KawazuliteBi2Te2SeTrig.
3.7.36SkippeniteBi2TeSe2Trig.
3.7.37KochkaritePbBi4Te7Trig.
3.7.38RucklidgeitePbBi2Te4Trig.
3.7.39AleksitePbBi2Te2S2Trig.
3.7.40JunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
Bismuth ore.

Bismuthinite in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for BismuthiniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Groth (1880) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 5: 252.
Peacock (1933) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 86: 203.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 275-278.
Kupčik, V. and Veselá-Nováková, L. (1970) Zur Kristallstruktur des Bismuthinits, Bi2S3. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 14: 55-59.
Mozgova, N.N., Nenasheva, S.N., Christykova, N.I., Mogilevkin, S.B., and Sivtsov, A.V. (1990) Compositional fields of minerals in the bismuthinite-aikinite series. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1990: 35-45.
Kyono, A., Kimata, M. (2004) Structural variations induced by difference of the inert pair effect in the stibnite-bismuthinite solid solution series (Sb,Bi)2S3. American Mineralogist 89, 932-940.
Petrícek, V. and Makovicky, E. (2006) Interpretation of selected structures of the bismuthinite – aikinite series as commensurately modulated structures: Canadian Mineralogist: 44(1): 189-206.

Internet Links for BismuthiniteHide

Localities for BismuthiniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListShow