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About CheraliteHide

Grayish brown to reddish brown (on rims), pale yellow, brownish green ("brabantite")
Specific Gravity:
4.72 - 5.02
Crystal System:
Member of:
Named after Chera, an ancient kingdom in southern India, that includes the type locality.
Monazite Group. The CaTh(PO4)2-dominant member of the group. Formerly known as brabantite.
Redefined by Linthout (2007).
Not to be confused with the discredited cheralite-(Ce) (= Ca-rich monazite-(Ce)).

Compare 'UM1979-07-PO:CaFeHREESiTh'; 'UM1979-08-PO:CCaFeHREESiTh', 'UM1979-10-PO:FeHREETh' and 'UM1980-04-PO:CaHREETh'.

Classification of CheraliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:

A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
D : With only large cations

4 : AXO4

Physical Properties of CheraliteHide

Dull or greasy ("brabantite")
Grayish brown to reddish brown (on rims), pale yellow, brownish green ("brabantite")
brown-gray in thin section ("brabantite")
4.72 - 5.02 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.26 g/cm3 (Calculated)
all data for "brabantite"; measured after heating to 900oC

Optical Data of CheraliteHide

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.779 nβ = 1.780 nγ = 1.817
Measured: 17° to 20°, Calculated: 20°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.038
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
for "brabantite": nα = 1.691, nβ = 1.696–1.73, nγ = 1.725 2V (measured) = 44◦

Chemical Properties of CheraliteHide

Common Impurities:

Crystallography of CheraliteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.726(1) Å, b = 6.933(5) Å, c = 6.447(12) Å
β = 103o56'(16)°
a:b:c = 0.97 : 1 : 0.93
Unit Cell V:
292.93 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Space group P21/n; data for "brabantite"

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
3.06 (100)
2.85 (75)
3.26 (70)
4.15 (30)
1.947 (30)
3.46 (25)
2.14 (25)
data for "brabantite"

Type Occurrence of CheraliteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
"brabantite": elongated crystals; aggregates to 1.5 cm; massive, fine-granular
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Institute for Mineralogy and Crystallography, Berlin Technical University, Berlin, Germany ("brabantite")
Geological Setting of Type Material:
zoned granite pegmatite ("brabantite")
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for CheraliteHide

Simplified Chinese:磷钙钍矿

Relationship of Cheralite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Monazite-(Sm)Sm(PO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)Mon. 2/m
Unnamed (Gd-dominant monazite)(Gd,Y,Dy,Sm,Nd,Th,Ca)(PO4)

Common AssociatesHide

Hafnian Zircon(Zr,Hf)SiO4
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Euxenite-(Y)2 photos of Cheralite associated with Euxenite-(Y) on
Anatase1 photo of Cheralite associated with Anatase on
Pyrite1 photo of Cheralite associated with Pyrite on
Quartz1 photo of Cheralite associated with Quartz on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.AD.05NahpoiteNa2HPO4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.AD.10MonetiteCa(HPO4)Tric. 1
8.AD.10WeiliteCa(HAsO4)Tric. 1 : P1
8.AD.10ŠvenekiteCa(H2AsO4)2Tric. 1 : P1
8.AD.15Archerite(K,NH4)(H2PO4)Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
8.AD.15Biphosphammite(NH4,K)(H2PO4)Tet. 4 2 2 : I41 2 2
8.AD.20Phosphammite(NH4)2(HPO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AD.25BuchwalditeNaCa(PO4)Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
8.AD.30SchultenitePb(HAsO4)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.AD.35Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
8.AD.35DreyeriteBi(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
8.AD.35Wakefieldite-(Ce)Ce(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
8.AD.35Wakefieldite-(Y)Y(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
8.AD.35Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
8.AD.35Wakefieldite-(La)La(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
8.AD.35Wakefieldite-(Nd)Nd(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
8.AD.40PucheriteBi(VO4)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.AD.50Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AD.50RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)Mon. 2/m
8.AD.50Monazite-(Sm)Sm(PO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.AD.60Chursinite(Hg+2)0.5Hg2+(AsO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AD.65ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)Mon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide 2/m : P21/b

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for CheraliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1995), 344-350.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh & Nichols (2000), Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV: 105.
American Mineralogist: 38: 734.
American Mineralogist: 39: 403.
American Mineralogist (1967): 52: 13.
Mineralogical Magazine 43 (1980): 885.
Trends in Mineralogy (1992): 1: 103.
Linthout, K. (2007): Tripartite division of the system 2REEPO4 – CaTh(PO4)2– 2ThSiO4, discreditation of brabantite, and recognition of cheralite as the name for members dominated by CaTh(PO4)2. Can. Mineral. 45, 503-508.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W. and Nichols, M.C., Eds. Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA 20151-1110, USA. (2016)

Internet Links for CheraliteHide

Localities for CheraliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Santiago del Estero
M. B. FRANCHINI, R. LIRA, L. MEINERT, M. F. POKLEPOVIC, A. IMPICCINI, H. A. MILLONE, CONICET, CIMAR, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Av. Buenos Aires 1400 (8300) Neuquén, Argentina. ;; CONICET. Museo de Mineralogía y Geología “Dr. A. Stelzner”, F.C.E.F. y N. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Av. V. Sársfield 299, (5000) Córdoba, Argentina.;; Washington State University, Pullman, Washington;; Gerencia de Minería de Córdoba. Celso Barrios 1665, 5016, Córdoba.
  • Northern Territory
    • Central Desert Region
      • Nolans Bore,
  • Victoria
    • Swan Hill Rural City
      • Lake Boga
Mills, S. J., Birch, W. D., Maas, R., Phillips, D. & Plimer, I. R. (2008) Lake Boga Granite, northwestern Victoria: mineralogy, geochemistry and geochronology, Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 55(3), 281–299.; Mills, S. J. & Birch, W. D. (2010) Uranmineralien aus dem Lake-Boga-Granit, Victoria, Australien. Mineralien-Welt, 21(3), 62–67. (In German)
  • Lower Austria
    • Wachau
      • Spitz
        • Miesling valley
Kolitsch, U. (2017): 2039) Allanit-(Ce), Cerianit-(Ce), Cheralith, Chernovit-(Y), Mineralien der Pyrochlorsupergruppe, Columbit-(Fe), Columbit-(Mn), Uraninit und weitere Mineralien aus einem Pegmatit im Blocherleitengraben im Mieslingtal bei Spitz, Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. Pp. 256-259 in Walter, F. et al. (2017): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVI. Carinthia II, 207./127., 217-284.
Kolitsch, U., Löffler, E., Pristacz, H. & Brandstätter, F. (2010): 1654) Triplit und weitere Mineralien aus einem anstehenden Pegmatit im Mieslingtal bei Spitz, Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. P. 241 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
  • Styria
    • Kindberg
      • Hadersdorf
Taucher, J. (1998); Tomazic, P. (2010): Interessante Funde von Schörl, Fluorit und weiteren Mineralien im Gneissteinbruch bei Hadersdorf im Mürztal, Steiermark. Der Steirische Mineralog, H. 24, 13-16.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
      • Caldas
        • Campo do Cercado
Waber (1991)
      • Poços de Caldas
Baretto & Fujimori (1986)
  • British Columbia
    • Omenica Mining Division
Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
      • Williston Lake
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
  • Xinjiang
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
          • Koktokay pegmatite field (Keketuohai pegmatite field)
            • Altay Mine
Tianren Zou, Xiangchen Zhang, Fuyi Jia, Rucong Wang, Huizhi Cao, and Boqing Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(4), 34-48
Czech Republic
  • Liberec Region
Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
  • Olomouc Region
    • Šumperk (Mährisch Schönberg)
      • Maršíkov (Marchendorf)
Chládek,Š.:Mineralogická charakteristika pegmatitu na Lysé hoře u Maršíkova v Hrubém Jeseníku. Bakalářská práce,Univerzita Palackého Olomouc,2011,s.1-44.
  • Plzeň Region
    • Sušice (Schüttenhofen)
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
  • Ústí Region
    • Šluknov (Schluckenau)
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
  • Vysočina Region
    • Žďár nad Sázavou District
      • Svratka
        • Fryšava
Černý P., Veselovský F.: Výskyt částečně desilikovaných pegmatitů pronikajících serpentinitem v obci Tři Studně. Minerál, 2013, roč. 21, č. 4, s. 299-304.
  • Lapland
    • Savukoski
      • Tulppio
Vartiainen, H. 1980 The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonative massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin, 313
Al-Ani, T.,Sarapää, O. (2009). Rare earth elements and their mineral phases in Jammi carbonatite veins and fenites on the south side of Sokli carbonatite complex, NE Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, arkistoraportti, M19/4723/2009/34. 24 p.
  • Pirkanmaa
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Ilkka Mikkola collection
  • Occitanie
    • Aveyron
      • Valzergues
Lheur C., Peraud W., Meisser N. (2002), Résultats d'analyses concernant les arséniates et découverte de chéralite-(Ce) à la mine de Valzergues (Aveyron), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°2, pp: 3-8
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Röhrnbach
Habel, M. (2011): Neufunde aus dem östlichen Bayerischen Wald (VIII). Mineralien Welt. 22 (1),80-87
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Pleystein
Dill, H. G., Melcher, F., Gerdes, A., & Weber, B. (2008). The origin and zoning of hypogene and supergene Fe–Mn–Mg–Sc–U–REE phosphate mineralization from the newly discovered Trutzhofmühle aplite, Hagendorf pegmatite province, Germany. The Canadian Mineralogist, 46(5), 1131-1157.
      • Waidhaus
        • Hagendorf
Schnorrer, G., Kronz, A. & Pascher,G. (2003): Cheralith, Monazit und Xenotim - drei neue Minerale der Xenotim-Monazit-Gruppe sowie Uranosphaerit, ein sekundäres Wismut-Uran-Mineral vom ehemaligen Phosphatpegmatit Hagendorf-Süd/Oberpfalz. Aufschluss, 54, 267-272. (in German)
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
Blass, G., Graf, HW., Kolitsch, U., Sebold, D., Über neue Mineralfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, MW 6/2005
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge District
      • Schmiedeberg
Witzke, T. (2011): Neues von Sadisdorf, Erzgebirge: Gananit, Cheralith, Grayit und Brockit. Mineralien-Welt 22 (4), 47-50.
  • Central Macedonia
    • Kilkis Chemical, X-Ray and Mössbauer investigation of a turquoise from the Vathi area volcanic rocks, Macedonia, Greece. S. Sklavounos, T. Ericcson, A. Filippidis, K. Michailidis, C. Kougoulis; Chemical, X-Ray and Mössbauer investigation of a turquoise from the Vathi area volcanic rocks, Macedonia, Greece. S. Sklavounos, T. Ericcson, A. Filippidis, K. Michailidis, C. Kougoulis; Chemical, X-Ray and Mössbauer investigation of a turquoise from the Vathi area volcanic rocks, Macedonia, Greece. S. Sklavounos, T. Ericcson, A. Filippidis, K. Michailidis, C. Kougoulis
  • Baranya
Nagy, G., (2003): Nacareniobsite in Phonolites in the Mecsek Mts. (Hungary) - Second occurrence in the world, Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract series 1, Szeged 2003
  • Fejér
    • Velencei Mts
      • Lovasberény
Szakáll & Gatter, 1993
India (TL)
  • Kerala (Travancore)
    • Thiruvananthapuram District
      • Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum)
Bowie S H U, Horne J E T (1953) Cheralite, a new mineral of the monazite group, Mineralogical Magazine 30, 93-99
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Vigezzo Valley
          • Trontano
            • Pizzo Marcio
Guastoni, A., Mazzoli, C. (2007): Age determination by μ-PIXE analysis of cheralite-(Ce) from emerald-bearing pegmatites of Vigezzo Valley (Western Alps, Italy). Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges., 153, 279-282.; Guastoni, A. (2012): LCT (lithium, cesium, tantalum) and NYF (niobium, yttrium, fluorine) pegmatites in the Central Alps. Proxies of exhumation history of the Alpine nappe stack in the Lepontine Dome. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Padova, Dept. of Geosciences, 159 pp.; Boscardin, M., Mattioli, V., Rocchetti, I. (2013): Minerali della Valle Vigezzo. Litotipografia Alcione, Lavis (Trento), 229 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Gini, C., Bargellini, C., Gamucci, C., Marinai, V., Nannoni, R. (2013). Botro ai Marmi. I minerali delle miniere Maffei e Montorsi. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 63-83.
Orlandi, P. (1997): Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 22, 2(2-1997), 179-185; Nannoni, R., Marinai, V. (2008): Monte Spinosa. Nuovi ritrovamenti alle miniere Maffei e Montorsi. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 32, 2 (2-2008), 98-111; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Gini, C., Bargellini, C., Gamucci, C., Marinai, V., Nannoni, R. (2013): Botro ai Marmi. I minerali delle miniere Maffei e Montorsi. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 63-83.
  • Bokeo Province
    • Huay Xai
Sutherland, F.L., Bosshart, G., Fanning, C.M., Hoskind, P.W.O., and Coenraads, R.R. (2002): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 20(7), 841-849.
  • Ihorombe
    • Ihosy District
      • Sahambano Commune
Rakotondrazafy, A.F.M., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Rakotosamizanany, S., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Maluski, H., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., and Ratrimo, V. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 134-154.
  • Béni Mellal-Khénifra Region
    • Khénifra Province
      • Tamazeght Mountain Range
Khadem Allah, B. (1993)
  • Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab Region
Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
  • Buskerud
    • Modum
      • Snarum
Nordrum, F.S. (2010): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2009-2010. Stein 37 (2), 4-14
  • Østfold
    • Råde
Selbekk, R. S., Berg, H-J. and Folvik, H. O. (2009) Mineraler i monazitt-gruppen funnet i Norge. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 41: 43-47.
  • Trøndelag
    • Levanger
      • Ytterøy
Grønvik, A. & Torsvik, T. (1989) On the origin and age of hydrothermal thorium-enriched carbonate veins and breccias in the Møre­-Trøndelag Fault Zone, central Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 69:1-19
  • Lower Silesia
Kucha H., Wieczorek A. 1980: Ca1-xTh1-xRE2x[PO4]2 . 2H2O, a new mineral from Lower Silesia, Poland. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 11, No 1, 123-136
    • Dzierżoniów District
      • Piława Górna (Ober Peilau; Gnadenfrei)
        • DSS Piława Górna Quarry
Szuszkiewicz, A., Szełęg, E., Pieczka, A., Ilnicki, S., Nejbert, K., Turniak, K., ... & Michałowski, P. (2013) The Julianna pegmatite vein system at the Piława Górna Mine, Góry Sowie Block, SW Poland–preliminary data on geology and descriptive mineralogy. Geological Quarterly, 2013, 57 (3): 000–000
    • Orlica-Śnieżnik Dome
Budzyń, B., Jastrzębski, M. (2015): Monazite alterations and geochronology in the Jawornik granitoid and host metasedimentary rocks (Sudetes Mts., SW Poland). Mineralogia Special Papers: 44: 29
    • Ząbkowice Slaskie District
      • Ząbkowice (Frankenstein)
        • Szklary (Gläsendorf)
Pieczka, A., Evans, R. J., Grew, E. S., Groat, L. A., Ma, C., & Rossman, G. R. (2013). The dumortierite supergroup. II. Three new minerals from the Szklary pegmatite, SW Poland: Nioboholtite,(Nb0. 6⃞0. 4) Al6BSi3O18, titanoholtite,(Ti0. 75⃞0. 25) Al6BSi3O18, and szklaryite, ⃞Al6BAs33+ O15. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(6), 2841-2856.
    • Zgorzelec district
Mochnacka, K., Oberc-Dziedzic, T., Mayer, W., & Pieczka, A. (2015). Ore mineralization related to geological evolution of the Karkonosze–Izera Massif (the Sudetes, Poland)—Towards a model. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 215-238.
  • Harghita
Paulina Hîrtopanu, Robert J. Fairhurst, Gyula Jakab, Sorin Silviu Udubaşa (2017): Monazite-(Ce) and its associations from the Ditrau alkaline intrusive massif, East Carpathians, Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits 90, 27-40.
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Rezh District
      • Lipovsk pegmatite field
Igor.V. Pekov, Lyudmila R. Memetova (2008) Minerals of the Lipovka Granite Pegmatites, Central Urals, Russia. Mineralogical Almanac 13:6-45
  • Bratislava Region
    • Bratislava Co.
      • Bratislava
        • Devín
Chudík, P. & Uher, P. (2009): Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 155, 40. (Abs.)
South Africa
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
Cairncross & Dixon (1995) 138-140.
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Lago Maggiore
      • Brissago
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 110.
  • Kirovohrad Oblast
Gurov, E. P., Shekhunova, S. B., & Permyakov, V. V. (2015). Accessory and opaque minerals in impact melt rocks of the Boltysh structure, Ukraine. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 50(6), 1139-1155.
  • Michigan
    • Marquette Co.
      • Republic
Rebecca A. Simmons (2009) "Minerals of the Grizzly Pegmatite, Marquette County, Michigan", Mineral News, 25, #4, 1 & 12-13.
  • Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Tolicha District
        • Tolicha Peak
          • Landmark-Life Preserver group
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Rio Arriba Co.
Gunnar Färber
  • Wisconsin
    • Marathon Co.
Rocks and Minerals, (1987) 62:188-195
Hanson, S.L., et al (1999) Rocks and Minerals, 74, 184
Minerals of the Stettin pluton, Marathon County, Wisconsin. A. Falster, Rocks & Minerals, 61(2), 1986, pp 74–78.
    • Wood Co.
      • Vesper
Min.News 15(5):1, 5 - 6
  • Wyoming
    • Carbon Co.
      • Encampment District
        • Encampment
Dave Harris (location specified by dealer).
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