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Onisim Kler
3½ - 4
Specific Gravity:
4.48 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Named in honor of Onisim Yegorovitch(Egorovich) Kler (Онисим Егорович Клер) (25 February 1845, Switzerland - 18 January 1920, Russia), naturalist and Honorary Member of the Russian Mineralogical Society.
This page provides mineralogical data about Clerite.

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Classification of CleriteHide

First Published:

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
A : With Cu, Ag, Fe (without Pb)

Physical Properties of CleriteHide

3½ - 4 on Mohs scale
VHN100=224 - 262 - Vickers
4.48 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of CleriteHide

strong yellow-brown anisotropy
440nmR1=35.2%R2= 24.5%
480nmR1=35.2%R2= 23.9%
540nmR1=36.0%R2= 23.8%
580nmR1=36.7%R2= 24.6%
660nmR1=36.4%R2= 25.7%

Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 36.7%.
R1 shown in black, R2 shown in red
Colour in reflected light:
light grey with pale pink-yellow tint

Chemical Properties of CleriteHide


Crystallography of CleriteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.47(2) Å, b = 14.36(3) Å, c = 3.81(1) Å
a:b:c = 0.799 : 1 : 0.265
Unit Cell V:
627.54 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Irregular equant grains

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
3.69 (90)
3.23 (70)
2.90 (80)
2.65 (100)
1.813 (50)

Type Occurrence of CleriteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Ural Mineralogical Museum, Ekaterinburg, Russia.
Murzin, V.V., Bushmakin, A.F., Sustavov, S.G., Shcherbachov, D.K. (1996) Clerite MnSb2S4 – a new mineral from Vorontsovskoye gold deposit in the Urals. Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 125(3): 95-101.

Synonyms of CleriteHide

Other Language Names for CleriteHide

Relationship of Clerite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
BerthieriteFeSb2S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.HA.05ChalcostibiteCuSbS2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HA.05EmplectiteCuBiS2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
2.HA.10MiargyriteAgSbS2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.HA.20BerthieriteFeSb2S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HA.25AramayoiteAg3Sb2(Bi,Sb)S6Tric. 1 : P1
2.HA.25BaumstarkiteAg3Sb3S6Tric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for CleriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Bente, K., Edenharter, A. (1989) Röntgenographische Strukturanalyse von MnSb2S4 und Strukturverfeinerung von Berthierit, FeSb2S4. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 185: 31-33.
Murzin, V.V., Bushmakin, A.F., Sustavov, S.G., Shcherbachov, D.K. (1996) Clerite MnSb2S4 – a new mineral from Vorontsovskoye gold deposit in the Urals. Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 125(3): 95-101.
Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J., Roberts, A.C. (1997) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 82: 620-624.
Mandarino, J.A. (1997) Abstracts of New Mineral Descriptions. Mineralogical Record: 28: 219-224.

Internet Links for CleriteHide

Localities for CleriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Shimane
Motomura (1990) Sanko-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 43.
Kubozono collection
Russia (TL)
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Tur'insk-Auerbakovsk ore field
      • Turya river
        • Tur'insk
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; American Mineralogist, 82, 620-624; Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.; Vikentyev, I. V., & Vikentyeva, O. V. (2015). Precious metal minerals and “invisible” gold in sulfide ores of Urals. In Mater. of ХII Int. Sci. Conf.“Advanced Technologies, Equipment and Analytical Systems for Materials and Nano-Materials (Vol. 3, pp. 33-41).
Mineral and/or Locality  
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