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About ClinocervantiteHide

Crystal System:
The name reflects its symmetry and relationship to cervantite.
Dimorph of:
Isostructural with:
The Sb3+ analogue of kyawthuite.

Natural analogue of synthetic β-Sb2O4.

Note on the type locality: The type specimen described by Basso et al. (1999) was reported to come from the Cetine di Cotorniano mine, but was later recognised as coming from a slag at Tafone (Grosseto) (Ciriotti et al., 2009; Menchetti & Batoni, 2017).

Classification of ClinocervantiteHide


4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
E : With medium-sized cations; with various polyhedra

Physical Properties of ClinocervantiteHide


Optical Data of ClinocervantiteHide

RI values:
nα = 1.720 nγ = 2.100
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.380
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
r < v moderate

Chemical Properties of ClinocervantiteHide


Crystallography of ClinocervantiteHide

Crystal System:

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
3.244 (vs)
2.920 (m)
2.877 (s)
1.619 (m)

Type Occurrence of ClinocervantiteHide

Synonyms of ClinocervantiteHide

Other Language Names for ClinocervantiteHide

Relationship of Clinocervantite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
BismutocolumbiteBi(Nb,Ta)O4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
StibiocolumbiteSb(Nb,Ta)O4Orth. mm2
StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4Orth. mm2

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Valentinite7 photos of Clinocervantite associated with Valentinite on mindat.org.
Rosiaite3 photos of Clinocervantite associated with Rosiaite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.DE.10Koragoite(Mn2+,Fe3+)3(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(Nb,Mn)2(W,Ta)2O20Mon. 2 : P21
4.DE.15KoechliniteBi2MoO6Orth. mm2 : Pna21
4.DE.15TungstibiteSb3+2WO6Orth. 2 2 2
4.DE.20TelluriteTeO2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.DE.30BismutocolumbiteBi(Nb,Ta)O4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.DE.30StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4Orth. mm2
4.DE.30StibiocolumbiteSb(Nb,Ta)O4Orth. mm2
4.DE.35BaddeleyiteZrO2Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ClinocervantiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Amador, J., Gutierrez-Puebla, E., Monge, M.A., Rasines, I., Ruiz-Valero, C. (1988): Diantimony tetraoxides revisited. Inorganic Chemistry, 27, 1367-1370.
Basso, R., Lucchetti, G., Zefiro, L., and Palenzona, A. (1999): Clinocervantite, β-Sb2O4, the natural monoclinic polymorph of cervantite from the Cetine mine, Siena, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy 11, 95-100.
Menchetti, S. & Batoni, M. (2017): Clinocervantite - Alle Cetine il primo ritrovamento su matrice naturale. Micro, 15, 96-103.

Internet Links for ClinocervantiteHide

Localities for ClinocervantiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Italy (TL)
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Manciano
Ciriotti, M.E., Fascio, L., Pasero, M. (2009): Italian Type Minerals. PLUS - University of Pisa, Ed., Pisa, 357 pp.
    • Siena Province
      • Chiusdino
Palenzona A., Pierini G., Prandoni P. G., 1998. Una nuova specie dalle Cetine di Cotorniano, Siena: clinocervantite. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 22, 4: 55-56; Basso, R., Lucchetti, G., Zefiro, L., and Palenzona, A. (1999): Clinocervantite, β-Sb2O4, the natural monoclinic polymorph of cervantite from the Cetine mine, Siena, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy 11, 95-100; Menchetti, S., Batoni, M., Batacchi, C., Borselli, G., Brogi, A., Ceccantini, L., Fassina, B., Marchesini, M., Rossellini, A. & Ruggieri, G. (2015): Le Cetine di Cotorniano. Miniera e minerali. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 354 p.; Menchetti, S., Batoni, M. (2017): Clinocervantite. Alle Cetino il primo ritrovamento su matrice naturale. Micro, 15, 2-2017, 96-103.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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