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Clinoptilolite-Na

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Formula:
Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Generally not pure but containing additional K and/or Ca. Formula previously given as (Na,K,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36.12H2O
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
3½ - 4
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
From the Greek klino - "oblique" ptylon - "feather" and lithos - "stone." The Na-dominant member of the clinoptilolite series.
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Classification of Clinoptilolite-NaHide

Approved
9.GE.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
G : Tektosilicates with zeolitic H2O; zeolite family
E : Chains of T10O20 Tetrahedra

Physical Properties of Clinoptilolite-NaHide

Vitreous
Hardness:
3½ - 4 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of Clinoptilolite-NaHide

Type:
Biaxial (+/-)
RI values:
nα = 1.476 - 1.491 nβ = 1.479 - 1.493 nγ = 1.479 - 1.497
2V:
Measured: 31° to 48°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.003 - 0.006
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v to r < v strong

Chemical Properties of Clinoptilolite-NaHide

Formula:
Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O

Generally not pure but containing additional K and/or Ca. Formula previously given as (Na,K,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36.12H2O
IMA Formula:
Na6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O

Crystallography of Clinoptilolite-NaHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 17.627 Å, b = 17.955 Å, c = 7.399 Å
β = 116.29°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.982 : 1 : 0.412
Unit Cell V:
2,099.51 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of Clinoptilolite-NaHide

Other Language Names for Clinoptilolite-NaHide

Relationship of Clinoptilolite-Na to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Clinoptilolite-CaCa3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2OMon.
Clinoptilolite-KK6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2OMon. 2/m
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Mordenite7 photos of Clinoptilolite-Na associated with Mordenite on mindat.org.
Clinoptilolite-Ca2 photos of Clinoptilolite-Na associated with Clinoptilolite-Ca on mindat.org.
Erionite2 photos of Clinoptilolite-Na associated with Erionite on mindat.org.
Montmorillonite2 photos of Clinoptilolite-Na associated with Montmorillonite on mindat.org.
Heulandite-Ca2 photos of Clinoptilolite-Na associated with Heulandite-Ca on mindat.org.
Pyrite2 photos of Clinoptilolite-Na associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.
Ferrierite-Mg1 photo of Clinoptilolite-Na associated with Ferrierite-Mg on mindat.org.
Heulandite-Na1 photo of Clinoptilolite-Na associated with Heulandite-Na on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.GE.05Clinoptilolite-CaCa3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2OMon.
9.GE.05Clinoptilolite-KK6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2OMon. 2/m
9.GE.05Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.GE.05Heulandite-K(K,Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.GE.05Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.GE.05Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.GE.05Heulandite-Ba(Ba,Ca,K)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.GE.10Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.GE.10Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.GE.15Barrerite(Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.GE.15StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fmmm
9.GE.20Brewsterite-Ba(Ba,Sr)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.GE.20Brewsterite-Sr(Sr,Ba,Ca)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Clinoptilolite-NaHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Koyama, K. & Y. Takeuchi (1977), Clinoptilolite: The distribution of potassium atoms and its role in thermal stability: Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 145: 216-239.
Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 18: 129-146.
Armbruster, T. (1993): Dehydration mechanism of clinoptilolite and heulandite: Single-crystal X-ray study of Na-poor, Ca-, K-, Mg-rich clinoptilolite at 100K. American Mineralogist 78, 260-264.
Fahri Esenli and Isik Kumbasar (1998) X-Ray Diffraction Intensity Ratios I(111)//(311) of Natural Heulandites and Clinoptilolites, Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 46, No. 6, 679-686, 1998.
Johnson, M., O'Connor, D., Barnes, P., Catlow, C. R. A., Owens, S. L., Sankar, G., Bell, R., Teat, S. J. and Stephenson, R. (2003): Cation exchange, dehydration, and calcination in clinoptilolite: in situ X-ray diffraction and computer modeling. J. Phys. Chem. B, 107, 942-951.
Snellings, R.A., Gualtieri, A.F., Elsen, J. (2009): The Rietveld structure refinement of an exceptionally pure sample of clinoptilolite from Ecuador and its Na-, K-, and Ca-exchanged forms. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie Supplements, 30, 395-40

Internet Links for Clinoptilolite-NaHide

Localities for Clinoptilolite-NaHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Upper Austria
    • Linz-Land
      • Traun
        • Pucking
Kolitsch, U. (2015): 1935) Almandin, Aragonit, Baryt, Heulandit-Na, Klinoptilolith-Na, ein Magnesiochromit-Spinell-Mischkristall und Schwefel vom Traunkraftwerk Pucking, Oberösterreich. Pp. 241-243 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIV. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Kamloops Mining Division
Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.254
  • Nova Scotia
    • Kings Co.
      • Bay of Fundy
Canadian Mineralogist 38, 1215.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • El Loa Province
      • San Pedro de Atacama
        • Cordillera de la Sal
De Waele, J., Forti, P., Picotti, V., Galli, E., Rossi, A., Brook, G., & Cucchi, F. (2009). Cave deposits in Cordillera de la Sal (Atacama, Chile). Geological Constrains on the Onset and Evolution of an Extreme Environment: the Atacama area. Geoacta, Special Publication, 2, 113-117.
China
 
  • Heilongjiang Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Mudanjiang Prefecture
      • Muling Co.
Shouting Zhang, Pengda Zhao, Zhanzhang Xu, and Gengdong Yang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 31-38
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Hradec Králové Region
      • Jičín (Jitschin; Gitschin)
Pauliš P. et al.: Klinoptilolit-Na z Doubravice u Jičína. Zprávy o geologických výzkumech v roce 2005, Mineralogie, petrologie a geochemie, 119-121.
Indian Ocean
 
  • Ninety East Ridge (90° E Ridge; Indian Ridge)
    • D.S.D.P.
      • Leg 26
D. Besse et al. , Bell. Minéral. , 1981, 104, pp. 56-63.
Italy
 
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Fassa Valley
        • Duron Valley
Vezzalini G., Alberti A. (1975): Le zeoliti dell'Alpe di Siusi. Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol., 31, 2, 711-719.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto Region
      • Ibaraki Prefecture
        • Daigo-machi
Kato, A. (2009) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, #27, 416-417.
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek District
      • Aris
Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
New Zealand
 
  • Kermadec Islands
de Ronde, C.E.J.; Hannington, M.D.; Stoffers, P.; Wright, I.C.; Ditchburn, R.G.; Reyes, A.G.; Baker, E.T.; Massoth, G.J.; Lupton, J.E.; Walker, S.L.; Greene, R.R.; Soong, C.W.R.; Ishibashi, J.; Lebon, G.T.; Bray, C.J.; Resing, J.A. 2005 Evolution of a submarine magmatic-hydrothermal system : Brothers volcano, southern Kermadec arc, New Zealand. Economic geology, 100(6): 1097-1133
  • North Island
    • Northland
      • Kaipara
        • Kaipara Harbour
K. A. Rodgers and T. Sameshima (1978) Clinoptilolite Pseudomorphs after Calcitic and Aragonitic Miocene Fossils, Kaipara Harbour, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine 42:410-412.
Pacific Ocean
 
  • Kermadec-Tonga trench
A. G. Reyes, C.E.J. DE Ronde, and C. W. R. Soong (2004) a Submarine Magmatic-hydrothermal System at Brothers Volcano, Kermadecs. Proceedings 26th NZ Geothermal Workshop pp 46-52
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (1984)
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Níjar
JRG Lopez collection
USA
 
  • California
    • Kern Co.
      • Kramer District (Kramer Borate District)
        • Boron
          • Kramer Borate deposit
            • U.S. Borax Mine (Pacific West Coast Borax; Pacific Coast Borax Co.; Boron Mine; Boron open pit; U.S. Borax and Chemical Corporation Mine; Kramer Mine; Kramer pit; Baker Mine)
Am Min 90:1186-1191
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Barstow District
        • Mud Hills (Strontium Hills)
          • Rainbow Basin
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 35, pp. 1571-1606 (1997)
Gunnar Farber
  • Oregon
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Madras
Micro Probe Volume VI Number 4
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Agate Beach
Micro Probe Vol. 9 No. 3, Spring 2001; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 116
    • Malheur Co.
Armbruster, T. and Gunter, M.E (1991) Stepwise dehydration of Heulandite -Clinoptilolite from Succor Creek,Oregon,U.S.A: A single -crystal x-ray study at 100K sample name :natural; American Mineralogist 76 p.1872-1883
Mineral and/or Locality  
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