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About BityiteHide

White yellowish; colorless; white; brownish
Vitreous, Pearly
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Named by Lacroix (1908) for a 2292 m high mountain massif, Mt. Ibity (or in older French literature spelled as Mt. Bity), a landmark in the area close to the type locality. The chemical composition was later established by Strunz (1956).

The Italian occurrences of bityite are not confirmed by probed analyses and they can be classified as margarite rich in Li and Be.
A Li member of the Mica Group.

Classification of BityiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
C : Phyllosilicates with mica sheets, composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
2 : Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
1 : Aluminosilicates of Li

Physical Properties of BityiteHide

Vitreous, Pearly
Transparent, Translucent
Vitreous and pearly on cleavages
White yellowish; colorless; white; brownish
5½ on Mohs scale
3.05 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of BityiteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.651 nβ = 1.659 nγ = 1.661
Measured: 35° to 52°, Calculated: 52°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.010
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of BityiteHide

IMA Formula:
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of BityiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.94 Å, b = 8.69 Å, c = 18.81 Å
β = 90.08°
a:b:c = 0.568 : 1 : 2.165
Unit Cell V:
807.49 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Prismatic, pseudohexagonal, barrel-shaped crystals with horisontal striation and a curved top faces; fine scaled white yellowish masses; thin pseudohexagonal plates; as lamella forming rosettes.

Type Occurrence of BityiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Prismatic, hexagonal crystals up to 2 mm large forming crust on pinkish tourmaline or quartz crystals.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
A late stage mineral in a LCT granite pegmatite.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for BityiteHide


Relationship of Bityite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Anandite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3((Si,Al,Fe)4O10)(S,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Oxykinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Tourmaline3 photos of Bityite associated with Tourmaline on mindat.org.
Mn-bearing Fluorapatite1 photo of Bityite associated with Mn-bearing Fluorapatite on mindat.org.
Pyrochlore Supergroup1 photo of Bityite associated with Pyrochlore Supergroup on mindat.org.
Columbite-(Fe)1 photo of Bityite associated with Columbite-(Fe) on mindat.org.
Cleavelandite1 photo of Bityite associated with Cleavelandite on mindat.org.
Muscovite1 photo of Bityite associated with Muscovite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.EC.05MinnesotaiteFe2+3Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.05TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.10PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1
9.EC.15CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15ChromphylliteK(Cr,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15FerroaluminoceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15FerroceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20AnniteKFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20HendricksiteK(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20NorrishiteKLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.20FluorotetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20Wonesite(Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Al,Si)4O10)2(OH,F)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.20ShirokshiniteKNaMg2(Si4O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20ShirozuliteK(Mn2+,Mg)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20AspidoliteNaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20Suhailite(NH4)Fe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20YangzhumingiteKMg2.5(Si4O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20OrloviteKLi2Ti(Si4O10)OFMon. 2 : B2
9.EC.20OxyphlogopiteK(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.35Anandite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3((Si,Al,Fe)4O10)(S,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.35ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.35Oxykinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.35FluorokinoshitaliteBaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.40Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.40Kurumsakite(Zn,Ni,Cu)8Al8V5+2Si5O35 · 27H2O (?)
9.EC.40Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.40NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.40VolkonskoiteCa0.3(Cr,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.40Yakhontovite(Ca,Na)0.5(Cu,Fe,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
9.EC.45SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.45SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.45SpadaiteMgSiO2(OH)2 · H2O (?)
9.EC.45SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.45ZincsiliteZn3(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.45FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
9.EC.50VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
9.EC.55Baileychlore(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8Tric. 1
9.EC.55ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.55Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m
9.EC.55FranklinfurnaceiteCa2Fe3+Mn2+3Mn3+(Zn2Si2O10)(OH)8Mon. 2 : B2
9.EC.55DonbassiteAl4.33(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2 : B2
9.EC.55GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.60AliettiteCa0.2Mg6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.60Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2OOrth.
9.EC.60HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.60Karpinskite(Ni,Mg)2Si2O5(OH)2 (?)
9.EC.60Rectorite(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2OMon.
9.EC.60TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2OMon. 2 : B2
9.EC.60BrinrobertsiteNa0.3Al4(Si4O10)2(OH)4 · 3.5 H2OMon.
9.EC.70BurckhardtitePb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
9.EC.75Ferrisurite(Pb,Ca)2.4Fe3+2(Si4O10)(CO3)1.7(OH)3 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.75Niksergievite(Ba,Ca)2Al3(AlSi3O10)(CO3)(OH)6 · nH2OMon.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

71.2.2c.2ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
71.2.2c.4Anandite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3((Si,Al,Fe)4O10)(S,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.1.1PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
16.1.3EucryptiteLiAlSiO4Trig. 3 : R3
16.1.4VirgiliteLiAlSi2O6Hex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
16.1.5Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m
16.1.6BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2OTric. 1 : P1
16.1.8SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2OMon.
16.1.13Clino-holmquistite Root Name☐{Li2}{Z2+3Z3+2}(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2Mon.
16.1.16SogdianiteK(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BityiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Lacroix, A. (1908) Sur une nouvelle espèce minérale (bityite) et sur les minéraux qu'elle accompagne dans les gisements tourmalinifères de Madagascar. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences: 146: 1367-1371.
Lacroix, A. (1908) Les minéraux des filons de pegmatite à tourmaline lithique de Madagascar. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie: 31: 218-247.
Lacroix, A. (1922) Minéralogie de Madagascar. Paris. Tome 1, 398-400 + planche 18.
Strunz, H. (1956) Bityit, ein Berylliumglimmer. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 107, 325-330.
Lin, J.-C., Guggenheim, S. (1983) The crystal structure of a Li,Be-rich brittle mica: a dioctahedral-trioctahedral intermediate. American Mineralogist: 68: 130-142.
Rieder, M., Cavazzini, G., D’Yakonov, Y.S., Frank-Kamenetskii, V.A., Gottardt, G., Guggenheim, S., Koval, P.V., Muller, G., Neiva, A.M.R., Radoslovich, E.W., Robert, J.L., Sassi, F.P., Takeda, H., Weiss, Z., Wones, D.R. (1998) Nomenclature of the micas. The Canadian Mineralogist: 36: 905-912.
Gatta, G.D., Nénert, G., Guastella, G., Lotti, P., Guastoni, A., Rizzato, S. (2014) A single-crystal neutron and X-ray diffraction study of a Li,Be-bearing brittle mica. Mineralogical Magazine: 78: 55-72.

Internet Links for BityiteHide

Localities for BityiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Western Australia
    • Coolgardie Shire
      • Nepean
Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I. (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia, 394 pages.
    • Perenjori Shire
      • Karara Conservation Reserve
Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I., (2007). Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Nazareno
Fernando R.M. Pires and A. Raphael Cabral (1998) The Volta Grande pegmatites, Minas Gerais, Brazil: an example of rare-element granitic pegmatites exceptionally enriched in lithium and rubidium: Discussion. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 1157-1158.
  • Manitoba
    • Lac-du-Bonnet area
      • Greer Lake
        • Whiteshell Park
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Barbara Lake Area
Hewitt, D.F. (1967) Pegmatite Mineral Resources of Ontario, Industrial Mineral Report 21, Ontario Department of Mines.
  • North Karelia
    • Tohmajärvi
Teertsra David K., Lahti Seppo I., Alviola Reijo, Cerny Petr. 1993. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 368, 39 s.
  • Pirkanmaa
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Lahti Seppo I., 1981. On the granitic pegmatites of the Eräjärvi area in Orivesi, Southern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 314, 82 s.
  • South Ostrobothnia
    • Kuortane
Lahti, Seppo I. 1998A. Kaatialan pegmatiitista ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 2, 6–26; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Tittling
        • Hötzendorf
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Matzersdorf
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Vigezzo Valley
          • Druogno
            • Orcesco
Mattioli V. - La Vigezzite, nuovo minerale - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 1, Serie 2, fasc. 1, 1979
          • Trontano
            • Pizzo Marcio
Mattioli, V. (1979 a): I minerali di Pizzo Marcio in Valle Vigezzo. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 3 [1, serie 2], 2 (2-1979), 30-36; Mattioli, V. (1979 b): Minerali Ossolani. Ed. Arti Grafiche Medesi, Milano, 268 pp.; Appiani, R., Cini, V., Gentile, P., Mattioli, V., Preite, D., Vignola, P. (1995): Val Vigezzo - I minerali delle albititi. Ed. Linea Due S.r.l., Marnate (Varese), 90 pp.; Guastoni, A., Diella, V., Pezzotta, F., Demartin, F. (2007): Vigezzite and associated Nb-Ta oxides of emerald pegmatitic deposits of Vigezzo Valley (Western Alps, Italy). Crystallization Processes in Granitic Pegmatites - International Meeting. Cavoli, Elba Island, Italy, 23rd-29th May 2005. Abstracts; http://www.minsocam.org/msa/Special/Pig/PIG_Articles/Elba%20Abstracts%2010%20Guastoni.pdf; Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.; Guastoni, A., Diella, V., Pezzotta, F. (2008): Vigezzite and associated oxides of Nb–Ta from emerald-bearing pegmatites of the Vigezzo valley, Western Alps, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist, 46, 619-633; Guastoni, A. (2012): LCT (lithium, cesium, tantalum) and NYF (niobium, yttrium, fluorine) pegmatites in the Central Alps. Proxies of exhumation history of the Alpine nappe stack in the Lepontine Dome. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Padova, Dept. of Geosciences, 159 pp.; Boscardin, M., Mattioli, V., Rocchetti, I. (2013): Minerali della Valle Vigezzo. Litotipografia Alcione, Lavis (Trento), 229 pp.
Ranorosoa, N. (1986): Etude mineralogique des pegmatites du champ de la Sahatany, Madagascar. These de Doctorat de l`Universite Paul Sabatier, Toulouse Toulouse 3, no. 86 TOU3 0210, Toulouse, 240 p.
  • Vakinankaratra
    • Antsirabe II
      • Ibity
        • Sahatany Valley
Lefevre & Thomas (1998): Les pegmatites de la vallée de la Sahatany, Madagascar. La Règne Minéral, nr 19, 15-28
Knut Edvard Larsen collection
Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. pp 398-400 + planche 18 / Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, 78p.
Behier, J (1953): Les mineraux de la pegmatite de Manjaka, Vallee de la Sahatany. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A.581
Larsen, K. E. (2003): Mineralene i Sahatany pegmatittfelt, Madagaskar. Bergverksmuseets skrifter 25, 5-18 (in norwegian)
      • Mangarano
Ranorosoa, N. (1986): Etude mineralogique des pegmatites du champ de la Sahatany, Madagascar. These de Doctorat de l`Universite Paul Sabatier, Toulouse Toulouse 3, no. 86 TOU3 0210, Toulouse, 240 p.
Ranorosoa, N. (1986): Etude mineralogique des pegmatites du champ de la Sahatany, Madagascar. These de Doctorat de l`Universite Paul Sabatier, Toulouse Toulouse 3, no. 86 TOU3 0210, Toulouse, 240 p.
    • Betafo
      • Anosiarivo Manapa
        • Antsentsindrano
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-3236
  • Aust-Agder
Nordrum, F.S. (2008): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2007-2008. STEIN 35 (2), 8-20
  • Lower Silesia
    • Dzierżoniów District
      • Piława Górna (Ober Peilau; Gnadenfrei)
Łodziński, M., Pieczka, A. (2011): Gahnite inclusions in beryl in pegmatites of the Sowie Mts. Block, the Strzegom-Sobótka Massif and the Hruby Jesenik Massif, Sudety Mts. Mineralogia Special Papers: 38: 131-132
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Ladoga Region
Ivashchenko, V. I., & Lavrov, О. В. (2006) Ore Deposits and Occurrences in the North Ladoga Region, Southwest Karelia. in Ore Deposits And Occurrences In The North Ladoga Region, Southwest Karelia Field Trip Guidebook. Understanding the genesis of ore deposits to meet the demands of the 21st century 12th Quadrennial IAGOD Symposium 2006. Moscow. P.41-64.
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Yekaterinburg
      • Malyshevo
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Stockholm
    • Nynäshamn
Langhof, J., Jonsson, E. & Gustafsson, L. (2016): Sekundära Be-mineral i svenska granitpegmatiter-en översikt. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2016: 43-52
  • Western Region
    • Mbarara District
      • Ankole pegmatite field
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Portland
        • Collins Hill
          • Strickland pegmatite (Strickland-Cramer Quarry; Strickland-Cramer Mine; Strickland-Cramer Feldspar-Mica Quarries)
Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
  • New Mexico
    • Taos Co.
      • Picuris District
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • North Carolina
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain District
Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl,2004,Minerals and their Localities, pg # 85; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
  • Mashonaland East
    • Mutoko District (Mtoko District)
      • Mutoko parish (Mtoko)
Gallagher, M. J., & Hawkes, J. R. (1966). Beryllium minerals from Rhodesia and Uganda. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, 25, 59-75.
  • Masvingo
    • Bikita Area
Gallagher, M. J., & Hawkes, J. R. (1966). Beryllium minerals from Rhodesia and Uganda. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, 25, 59-75.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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