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Fullerite

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Formula:
C60
Colour:
Black
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
Named for Richard Buckminster Fuller (1895-1983), American architect and visionary. Invented the geodesic dome which illustrates the molecular morphology of fullerenes.
Apparently a fullerene with a C60 composition. Originally described from Shun'ga area, Shun'ga village, Onega lake, Karelia Republic, Northern Region, Russia and Tuvish basaltoid pipe, Gissar Range, Viloyati Sogd (Viloyati Sughd; Viloyati Khodzhent; Viloyati Leninabad), Tajikistan.

In the Shun'ga material, the fullerenes are present in merely trace quantities (0.0001 < 0.001%) (Mosin and Ignatov, 2013), so it would be wrong to consider such rocks as specimens of the (invisible and nondescript) hypothetical mineral "fullerite".


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Classification of FulleriteHide

Questionable
Notes:
Published without approval
1.CB.05c

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
C : Metalloids and Nonmetals
B : Carbon-silicon family
Dana 7th ed.:
1.3.5.5

Physical Properties of FulleriteHide

Vitreous
Colour:
Black
Streak:
Black
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of FulleriteHide

Formula:
C60

Crystallography of FulleriteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal

Synonyms of FulleriteHide

Other Language Names for FulleriteHide

German:Fullerit
Spanish:Fullerita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Shungite3 photos of Fullerite associated with Shungite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.CB.05bChaoiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
1.CB.05aGraphiteCHex. 6mm : P63mc
1.CB.10aDiamondCIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.CB.10bLonsdaleiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.CB.15SiliconSi

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for FulleriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Buseck, P.R., Tsipursky, S.J., Hettich, R. (1992) Fullerenes from the geological environment. Science: 257: 215-217.
Daly, T., Buseck, P.R., Williams, P., Lewis, C.F. (1993) Fullerenes from a fulgurite. Science: 259: 1599-1601.
Buseck, P.R., Galdobina, L.P., Kovalevski, V.V., Rozhkova, N.N., Valley, J.W., Zaidenberg, A.Z. (1997) Shungites: the C-rich rocks of Karelia, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 1363-1378.
Parthasarathy, G., Srinivasan, R., Vairamani, M., Ravikumar, K., Kunwar, A.C. (1998) Occurrence of natural fullerenes in low grade metamorphosed Proterozoic shungite from Karelia, Russia. Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta: 62: 3541–3544.
Jambor, J.L., Kovalenker, V.A., Roberts, A.C. (1999) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 84: 1685-1688.
Mosin, O. & Ignatov, I. (2013) The structure and composition of natural carbonaceous fullerene containing mineral shungite. International Journal of Advanced Scientific and Technical Research, 6 (3), Nov-Dec 2013.

Internet Links for FulleriteHide

Localities for FulleriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Lake Onega
        • Shun'ga village
[www.webmineral.com]
Tajikistan
 
  • Viloyati Sogd (Viloyati Sughd; Viloyati Khodzhent; Viloyati Leninabad)
    • Gissar Range
[www.webmineral.com]
Mineral and/or Locality  
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