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Crystal System:
Named for Richard Buckminster Fuller (1895-1983), American architect and visionary. Invented the geodesic dome which illustrates the molecular morphology of fullerenes.
Apparently a fullerene with a C60 composition. Originally described from Shun'ga area, Shun'ga village, Onega lake, Karelia Republic, Northern Region, Russia and Tuvish basaltoid pipe, Gissar Range, Viloyati Sogd (Viloyati Sughd; Viloyati Khodzhent; Viloyati Leninabad), Tajikistan.

In the Shun'ga material, the fullerenes are present in merely trace quantities (0.0001 < 0.001%) (Mosin and Ignatov, 2013), so it would be wrong to consider such rocks as specimens of the (invisible and nondescript) hypothetical mineral "fullerite".

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Classification of FulleriteHide

Published without approval

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
C : Metalloids and Nonmetals
B : Carbon-silicon family
Dana 7th ed.:

Physical Properties of FulleriteHide

3½ on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of FulleriteHide


Crystallography of FulleriteHide

Crystal System:

Synonyms of FulleriteHide

Other Language Names for FulleriteHide


Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
3 photos of Fullerite associated with Shungite

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.CB.05bChaoiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
1.CB.05aGraphiteCHex. 6mm : P63mc
1.CB.10aDiamondCIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.CB.10bLonsdaleiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.CB.15SiliconSiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for FulleriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Buseck, P.R., Tsipursky, S.J., Hettich, R. (1992) Fullerenes from the geological environment. Science: 257: 215-217.
Daly, T., Buseck, P.R., Williams, P., Lewis, C.F. (1993) Fullerenes from a fulgurite. Science: 259: 1599-1601.
Buseck, P.R., Galdobina, L.P., Kovalevski, V.V., Rozhkova, N.N., Valley, J.W., Zaidenberg, A.Z. (1997) Shungites: the C-rich rocks of Karelia, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 1363-1378.
Parthasarathy, G., Srinivasan, R., Vairamani, M., Ravikumar, K., Kunwar, A.C. (1998) Occurrence of natural fullerenes in low grade metamorphosed Proterozoic shungite from Karelia, Russia. Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta: 62: 3541–3544.
Jambor, J.L., Kovalenker, V.A., Roberts, A.C. (1999) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 84: 1685-1688.
Mosin, O. & Ignatov, I. (2013) The structure and composition of natural carbonaceous fullerene containing mineral shungite. International Journal of Advanced Scientific and Technical Research, 6 (3), Nov-Dec 2013.

Internet Links for FulleriteHide

Localities for FulleriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Shun'ga village
  • Sughd
    • Gissar Range
Mineral and/or Locality  
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