SUPPORT US. Covid-19 has significantly affected our fundraising. Please help!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice SettingsThe Mineral Quiz
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesSearch by ColorNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography


This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About ScainiiteHide

Black, bluish metallic with dark red tint
Specific Gravity:
5.56 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
For Dr. Giuseppe Scaini (1906-1988), engineer and skillful investigator of systematic and Italian mineralogy.
This page provides mineralogical data about Scainiite.

Classification of ScainiiteHide

Approval year:

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
B : Galena derivatives, with Pb

Physical Properties of ScainiiteHide

Black, bluish metallic with dark red tint
VHN100=192 - Vickers
Hardness Data:
5.56 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of ScainiiteHide

Internal Reflections:
rare red internal reflections

Chemical Properties of ScainiiteHide


Crystallography of ScainiiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 52 Å, b = 8.148 Å, c = 24.31 Å
β = 104.09°
a:b:c = 6.382 : 1 : 2.984
Unit Cell V:
9991 ų

Crystal StructureHide

Unit Cell | Unit Cell Packed
2x2x2 | 3x3x3 | 4x4x4
Big Balls | Small Balls | Just Balls | Spacefill
Polyhedra Off | Si Polyhedra | All Polyhedra
Remove metal-metal sticks
Display Options
Black Background | White Background
Perspective On | Perspective Off
2D | Stereo | Red-Blue | Red-Cyan
CIF File    Best | x | y | z | a | b | c
Stop | Start
Console Off | On | Grey | Yellow
IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0006839ScainiiteMoelo Y, Meerschaut A, Orlandi P, Palvadeau P (2000) Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy): II - Crystal structure of scainiite, Pb14Sb30S54O5, an expanded monoclinic derivative of Ba12Bi24S48 hexagonal sub-type (zinkenite group) European Journal of Mineralogy 12 835-8462000Tuscany, Italy0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
4.039 Å(13)
3.773 Å(11)
3.706 Å(4)
3.622 Å(11)
3.472 Å(100)
3.441 Å(18)
3.041 Å(35)
2.956 Å(54)
2.827 Å(20)
2.706 Å(8)
2.628 Å(8)
2.441 Å(5)
2.356 Å(5)
2.296 Å(7)
2.228 Å(22)
2.100 Å(2)
2.052 Å(46)
2.006 Å(8)
1.973 Å(8)
1.947 Å(129
1.898 Å(9)
1.867 Å(6)
1.827 Å(4)
d and I observed. Gandolfi camera, diameter 114.6 mm.

Type Occurrence of ScainiiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Acicular crystals, elongated [010], black in colour with bluish metallic luster. The bluish colour apparently arises from a superficial very low hydrothermal alteration of the crystals.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Museo di Storia Naturale e del Territorio, Pisa University, Italy Catalogue numbers: 15521, 15522, 15523.
Musée de l'Ecole des Mines de Paris, France.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Late extensional calcite veins embedded in the dolomitic limestones.

Synonyms of ScainiiteHide

Other Language Names for ScainiiteHide


Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
5 photos of Scainiite associated with PyriteFeS2
1 photo of Scainiite associated with PillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.JB.Andorite VIAgPbSb3S6Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.JB.ArsenquatrandoriteAg17.6Pb12.8Sb38.1As11.5S96Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.AndreadiniiteCuHgAg7Pb7Sb24S48Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.05DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.10CosalitePb2Bi2S5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.15FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.15MarriteAgPbAsS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.20CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.25aJunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25dProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25bFelbertaliteCu2Pb6Bi8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25jRouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25fÁngelaiteCu2AgPbBiS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.JB.25iCuproneyiteCu7Pb27Bi25S68Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.30aGeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30aJordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30bKirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.35cPillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35aZinkenitePb9Sb22S42Hex. 6 : P63
2.JB.35dPellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35fTubuliteAg2Pb22Sb20S53Mon. m : Pb
2.JB.35eChovanitePb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.40bAschamalmitePb6Bi2S9Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aBursaitePb5Bi4S11 (?)Orth.
2.JB.40aFizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aGustaviteAgPbBi3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.40aLillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.40aRamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40dSchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
2.JB.40aUchucchacuaiteAgMnPb3Sb5S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
2.JB.40eUstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
2.JB.40aVikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.40bHeyrovskýitePb6Bi2S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
2.JB.40aAndorite IVPb18Ag15Sb47S96Mon. 2 : P2
2.JB.55GratonitePb9As4S15Trig. 3m : R3m
2.JB.60MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ScainiiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
-Orlandi P., Moëlo Y., Meerschaut A., Palvadeau P. (1999). Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). I. Scainiite, Pb^14Sb^30S^54O^5, the first Pb-Sb oxy-sulfosalt, from Buca della Vena mine, European Journal of Mineralogy: 11: 949-954.
European Journal of Mineralogy: 12: 835-846.
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 173: 1-23.

Internet Links for ScainiiteHide

Localities for ScainiiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Italy (TL)
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Stazzema
        • Ponte Stazzemese
Orlandi P., Moëlo Y., Meerschaut A., Palvadeau P. (1999): Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy): I. Scainiite, Pb14Sb30S54O5, the first Pb-Sboxy-sulfosalt, from Buca della Vena mine., European Journal of Mineralogy 11, 949-954
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Žiar nad Hronom District
      • Kremnica
Števko M., Sejkora J., Dolníček Z., Škácha P. (2018): Selenium-rich Ag-Au mineralization at the Kremnica Au-Ag epithermal deposit, Slovak Republic. Minerals (in press).
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica District
      • Gelnica
Jiří Sejkora, Daniel Ozdín, František Laufek, Jakub Plášil, Jiří Litochleb (2011): Marrucciite, a rare Hg-sulfosalt from the Gelnica ore deposit (Slovak Republic), and its comparison with the type occurrence at Buca della Vena mine (Italy). Journal of GEOsciences, 56, 399-408.
  • Žilina Region
    • Liptovský Mikuláš District
      • Dúbrava
Chovan, M., Majzlan, J., Ragan, M., Siman, P., Krištín, J. (1998): Pb-Sb and Pb-Sb-Bi sulfosalts and associated sulphides from Dúbrava antimony deposit, Nízké Tatry Mts. Acta Geologica Universitatis Comenianae, 53, 37-49. Sejkora, J. & Kouřimský, J. (2005): Atlas minerálů České a Slovenské republiky. Academia, Praha, 375 p. (in Czech)
          • Ľudovít adit
Martin Števko and Jiří Sejkora-unpublished (EMPA-WDS and PXRD confirmed)
      • Partizánska Lupča
Topa, D., Sejkora, J., Makovicky, E., Pršek, J., Ozdín, D., Putz, H., Dittrich, H. & Karup-Møller, S. (2012): Chovanite, Pb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2), a new sulphosalt species from the Low Tatra Mountains, Western Carpathians, Slovakia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 727-740.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat Discussions Facebook Logo Instagram Logo Discord Logo is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2021, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us - Report a bug/vulnerability Current server date and time: March 1, 2021 13:43:13 Page generated: February 15, 2021 23:13:32
Go to top of page