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Levinsonite-(Y)

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Dr. Alfred A. Levinson
Formula:
(Y,Nd,La)Al(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Colour:
Colourless
Lustre:
Vitreous
Specific Gravity:
2.181 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in honor of Alfred Abraham Levinson (1927-2005), Professor emeritus of Mineralogy, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, the originator of the internationally used nomenclature for rare earth element (REE) minerals.
This page provides mineralogical data about Levinsonite-(Y).


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Classification of Levinsonite-(Y)Hide

Approved
10.AB.70

10 : ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
A : Salts of organic acids
B : Oxalates

Physical Properties of Levinsonite-(Y)Hide

Vitreous
Colour:
Colourless
Streak:
White
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
on {101}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
2.181 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Levinsonite-(Y)Hide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.480 nβ = 1.490 nγ = 1.550
2V:
Measured: 7° , Calculated: 46°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.070
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of Levinsonite-(Y)Hide

Formula:
(Y,Nd,La)Al(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2O
IMA Formula:
YAl(SO4)2(C2O4) · 12H2O

Crystallography of Levinsonite-(Y)Hide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.289(1) Å, b = 9.234(1) Å, c = 11.015 Å
β = 108.50°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.114 : 1 : 1.193
Unit Cell V:
992.44 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Prismatic crystals, elongate [101] to 1.0 mm in length, and as randomly oriented groups of a few crystals.

Type Occurrence of Levinsonite-(Y)Hide

Synonyms of Levinsonite-(Y)Hide

Other Language Names for Levinsonite-(Y)Hide

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

10.AB.05HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2OMon. 2/m
10.AB.05LindbergiteMn2+(C2O4) · 2H2OMon. 2/m
10.AB.10GlushinskiteMg(C2O4) · 2H2OMon.
10.AB.15MoolooiteCu(C2O4) · 0.4H2OOrth.
10.AB.20StepanoviteNaMgFe3+(C2O4)3 · 8-9H2OTrig. 3m : P3c1
10.AB.25MinguzziteK3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
10.AB.30WheatleyiteNa2Cu(C2O4)2 · 2H2OTric.
10.AB.35ZhemchuzhnikoviteNaMgAl(C2O4)3 · 8H2OTrig. 3m : P3c1
10.AB.40WeddelliteCa(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2OTet. 4/m : I4/m
10.AB.45WhewelliteCa(C2O4) · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
10.AB.50CaoxiteCa(C2O4) · 3H2OTric.
10.AB.55Oxammite(NH4)2(C2O4) · H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 2
10.AB.60NatroxalateNa2(C2O4)Mon.
10.AB.65Coskrenite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)2(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2OTric.
10.AB.75Zugshunstite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)Al(C2O4)(SO4)2 · 12H2OMon.
10.AB.80NovgorodovaiteCa2(C2O4)Cl2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in water
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Levinsonite-(Y)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
ROUSE, R.C., PEACOR, D.R., ESSENE, E.J., COSKREN, T.D. & LAUF, R.J. (2001) The new minerals levinsonite-(Y) [(Y,Nd,Ce)Al(SO4)2(C2O4)12H2O] and zugshunstite-(Ce) [(Ce,Nd,La,)Al(SO4)2(C2O4)12H2O]: coexisting oxalates with different structures and differentiation of LREE and HREE. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 65, 1101-1115. Abstracted in: American Mineralogist (2001): 86: 1535-1536.

Internet Links for Levinsonite-(Y)Hide

Localities for Levinsonite-(Y)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
USA (TL)
 
  • Tennessee
    • Sevier Co.
      • Great Smoky Mountains National Park
ROUSE, R.C., PEACOR, D.R., ESSENE, E.J., COSKREN, T.D. & LAUF, R.J. (2001) The new minerals levinsonite-(Y) [(Y,Nd,Ce)Al(SO4)2(C2O4)12H2O] and zugshunstite-(Ce) [(Ce,Nd,La,)Al(SO4)2(C2O4)12H2O]: coexisting oxalates with different structures and differentiation of LREE and HREE. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 65, 1101-1115.Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:235
Mineral and/or Locality  
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