IMPORTANT MESSAGE. We need your support now to keep mindat.org running. Click here to find out why.
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for Educators
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Springcreekite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About SpringcreekiteHide

Formula:
BaV3+3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6
Colour:
Black
Lustre:
Adamantine, Sub-Metallic
Hardness:
4 - 5
Specific Gravity:
3.48
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
From the type locality at the Spring Creek Mine, Wilmington, South Flinders Ranges, Flinders Ranges, South Australia, Australia.
The only naturally occurring V3+ member of the Alunite Supergroup.


Classification of SpringcreekiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1998
7/B.36-155
8.BL.10

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
L : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 3:1

Physical Properties of SpringcreekiteHide

Adamantine, Sub-Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Black
Streak:
Brownish black
Hardness:
4 - 5 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
(10-12)
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
3.48(3) g/cm3 (Measured)    3.58 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of SpringcreekiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.858 nε = 1.817
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.041
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of SpringcreekiteHide

Formula:
BaV3+3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6
IMA Formula:
BaV3+3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Common Impurities:
Fe,Al,Ca,Sr,Si

Crystallography of SpringcreekiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:
R3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.258(1) Å, c = 17.361(9) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.392
Unit Cell V:
792.03 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
3
Morphology:
Pseudo-cubic {10-12} crystals.
Twinning:
None observed.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.90 (9)
3.627 (4)
3.073 (10)
2.301 (4)
1.971 (5)
1.814 (4)

Type Occurrence of SpringcreekiteHide

Synonyms of SpringcreekiteHide

Other Language Names for SpringcreekiteHide

Relationship of Springcreekite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
BenauiteSrFe3+3(HPO4,PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
EylettersiteTh0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig.
Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Florencite-(La)LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Florencite-(Nd)NdAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Florencite-(Sm)SmAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
GalloplumbogummitePb(Ga,Al,Ge)3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Mon. m : Bm
GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Kintoreite-2cPbFe3+3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6
PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Unnamed (As-analogue of Zaïrite)(Bi,Pb)Fe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)6
WaylanditeBiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
ZaïriteBiFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Fluorapatite2 photos of Springcreekite associated with Fluorapatite on mindat.org.
Copper2 photos of Springcreekite associated with Copper on mindat.org.
Cuprite2 photos of Springcreekite associated with Cuprite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BL.05BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.05HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.05SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05GallobeudantitePbGa3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.10ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10ArsenogorceixiteBaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10ArsenocrandalliteCaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
8.BL.10BenauiteSrFe3+3(HPO4,PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10DussertiteBaFe3+3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10EylettersiteTh0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.10GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Mon. m : Bm
8.BL.10GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.10PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10SegnititePbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(La)LaAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(Nd)NdAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(Ce)CeAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Florencite-(La)LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Florencite-(Nd)NdAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13WaylanditeBiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13ZaïriteBiFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13ArsenowaylanditeBiAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.13Graulichite-(Ce)CeFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Florencite-(Sm)SmAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.15ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3Mon.
8.BL.25PattersonitePbFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2OTric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SpringcreekiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kolitsch, U., Taylor, M., Fallon, G. and Pring, A. (1999c): Springcreekite, BaV3+3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6, a new member of the crandallite group, from the Spring Creek mine, South Australia: the first natural V3+-member of the alunite family. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte, 1999, 529-544.

Internet Links for SpringcreekiteHide

Localities for SpringcreekiteHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia (TL)
 
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • South Flinders Ranges
        • Wilmington
U. Kolitsch, M. R. Taylor, G. Fallon and A. Pring (1999): Springcreekite, BaV3+3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6, a new member of the crandallite group, from the Spring Creek mine, South Australia: the first natural V3+-member of the alunite family and its crystal structure. N. Jb. Mineral. Mh. 1999, 529-544; [AmMin 85:1324]; Mineralogical Magazine 63, 735-741
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2018, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: October 23, 2018 14:50:17 Page generated: October 18, 2018 18:04:06
Go to top of page