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Belloite

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About BelloiteHide

Andrés Bello (1781-1865)
Formula:
Cu(OH)Cl
Colour:
Yellowish-green to olive green.
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
1 - 2
Specific Gravity:
3.79 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
For Andrés de Jesús María y José Bello López (November 29, 1781 Caracas, Venezuela - October 15, 1865 Santiago, Chile), founder of the Universidad de Chile.
This page provides mineralogical data about Belloite.


Classification of BelloiteHide

Approved
3.DA.10b

3 : HALIDES
D : Oxyhalides, hydroxyhalides and related double halides
A : With Cu, etc., without Pb

Physical Properties of BelloiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Yellowish-green to olive green.
Streak:
Yellowish green.
Hardness:
1 - 2 on Mohs scale
Density:
3.79 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of BelloiteHide

Type:
Biaxial
Dispersion:
r > v medium
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
yellowish green to pale yellowish green

Chemical Properties of BelloiteHide

Formula:
Cu(OH)Cl

Crystallography of BelloiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Setting:
P21/a
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.552(3) Å, b = 6.668(2) Å, c = 6.124(2) Å
β = 115.00(3)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.833 : 1 : 0.918
Unit Cell V:
205.47 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Comment:
on synthetic material

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.553(100)
2.758(52)
2.516(18)
2.241(27)
1.851(21)

Type Occurrence of BelloiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
incrustations and masses in which individual grains are up to 100 µm
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Mineralogical Museum of the University of Hamburg, Germany
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of BelloiteHide

Other Language Names for BelloiteHide

German:Belloit
Spanish:Belloita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Avdoninite4 photos of Belloite associated with Avdoninite on mindat.org.
Chrysothallite4 photos of Belloite associated with Chrysothallite on mindat.org.
Paratacamite3 photos of Belloite associated with Paratacamite on mindat.org.
Eriochalcite1 photo of Belloite associated with Eriochalcite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.DA.CentennialiteCaCu3Cl2(OH)6 · nH2O (n ~ 0.7)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.DA.05MelanothalliteCu2Cl2OOrth.
3.DA.10aAtacamiteCu2(OH)3ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.DA.10bBotallackiteCu2(OH)3ClMon. 2/m : P21/m
3.DA.10bClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3ClMon. 2/m
3.DA.10aHibbingiteFe2+2(OH)3ClOrth.
3.DA.10aKempiteMn2+2(OH)3ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.DA.10cParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
3.DA.10cHerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.DA.10cKapellasiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.DA.10cGillarditeCu3Ni(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.DA.10cHaydeeiteCu3Mg(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.DA.15ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.DA.15BarlowiteCu4BrF(OH)6Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.DA.20SimonkolleiteZn5Cl2(OH)8 · H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.DA.25ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.DA.25ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2OHex. 6 m2 : P62c
3.DA.30AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6Trig.
3.DA.35PonomareviteK4Cu4Cl10OMon.
3.DA.40AnthonyiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m
3.DA.40CalumetiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2OOrth.
3.DA.45KhaidarkaniteNa0.34Cu4Al3(OH)14F3 · 2H2OMon.
3.DA.50BobkingiteCu5Cl2(OH)8 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
3.DA.55AvdoniniteK2Cu5(OH)4Cl8 · H2OMon. 2/m
3.DA.60DroninoiteNi6Fe2+3(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Fluorescence of BelloiteHide

Other InformationHide

Special Storage/
Display Requirements:
Unstable in non-desert conditions, and converts in water to botallackite and atacamite.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BelloiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Schlüter, J., Klaska, K.-H. and Gebhard, G. (2000): Belloite, Cu(OH)Cl, a new mineral from Sierra Gorda, Antofagasta, Chile. Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Monatsh., 67-73.
Effenberger H (1984) Verfeinerung der Kristallstruktur von Kupfer(II)-hydroxichlorid, Cu(OH)Cl. Monatshefte für Chemie 115, 725-730

Internet Links for BelloiteHide

Localities for BelloiteHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Chile (TL)
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Sierra Gorda District
Neues Jahrb.,Mh.(2000) 67-73; M.Dini & A.Molina collections-analysed material
Russia
 
  • Kamchatka Krai
    • Tolbachik volcano
      • Great Fissure eruption (Main Fracture)
        • Northern Breakthrough (North Breach)
Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Zelenski, M. E., Yapaskurt, V. O., Polekhovsky, Y. S., Fadeeva, O. A., & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2013). Yaroshevskite, Cu9O2 (VO4) 4Cl2, a new mineral from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(1), 107-116.
Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Lykova, I.S., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Britvin, S.N., Pushscharovsky, D.Yu. (2015): New zinc and potassium chlorides from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia: mineral data and crystal chemistry. I. Mellizinkalite, K3Zn2Cl7. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 247-253.
N. V. Chukanov, M. N. Murashko, A. E. Zadov & A. F. Bushmakin (2006): Avdoninite, K2Cu5Cl8(OH)4• H2O, a new mineral from volcanic exhalations and from the zone of technogenesis at massive sulphide ore deposits. Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society 135(3), 38–42
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Lovozero Massif
      • Tyul'bnyunuai River Valley
Handbook of Mineralogy
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Huércal-Overa
        • Cuesta Alta
          • Cerro Minado Mines
FAVREAU et al. (2013)
    • Córdoba
      • El Guijo
A. Carmona & I. Ramos Collection.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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