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Böhmite

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Formula:
AlO(OH)
Colour:
White, pale greyish brown; yellowish or reddish when impure; colourless in thin section
Lustre:
Vitreous, Pearly
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.02 - 3.05
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
For Johann (Johannes, Hans, Jan) Böhm (1895-1952) Czech-German physical-chemist, crystallographer and photographer, who first studied the species.
Dimorph of:
A major constituent of the aluminium ore Bauxite.

Dimorphous with Diaspore and isostructural with Lepidocrocite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of BöhmiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.FE.15

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
E : Hydroxides with OH, without H2O; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
6.1.2.1

6 : HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
1 : XO(OH)
7.6.2

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
6 : Oxides of Al

Physical Properties of BöhmiteHide

Vitreous, Pearly
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
White, pale greyish brown; yellowish or reddish when impure; colourless in thin section
Streak:
White
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Very Good
on {010}, good on {100}, and poor on {001}
Density:
3.02 - 3.05 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.08 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of BöhmiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.644 - 1.648 nβ = 1.654 - 1.657 nγ = 1.661 - 1.668
2V:
Measured: 74° to 88°, Calculated: 80°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.017 - 0.020
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
weak

Chemical Properties of BöhmiteHide

Formula:
AlO(OH)

Crystallography of BöhmiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.693 Å, b = 12.221 Å, c = 2.865 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.302 : 1 : 0.234
Unit Cell V:
129.30 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Rarely tabular to stout prismatic crystals, to 2 mm, showing {001}, {110}, {101}, {111}, {221}; commonly extremely fine-grained, in pisolitic aggregates or disseminated.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
6.11 (100)
3.15 (60)
2.347 (60)
1.862 (20)
1.850 (20)
1.308 (15)
1.661 (10)
Comments:
Recorded on material from Hurunui Peak, New Zealand

Type Occurrence of BöhmiteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Bauxite deposit
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for BöhmiteHide

Croatian:Bemit
Danish:Böhmit
French:Boehmite
Italian:Boehmite
Norwegian (Bokmål):Böhmitt
Polish:Bemit
Russian:Бемит
Serbian (Cyrillic Script):Бемит
Simplified Chinese:一水软铝石
勃姆石
Ukrainian:Беміт

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Natrolite16 photos of Böhmite associated with Natrolite on mindat.org.
Diaspore7 photos of Böhmite associated with Diaspore on mindat.org.
Thomsonite-Ca3 photos of Böhmite associated with Thomsonite-Ca on mindat.org.
Vesuvianite2 photos of Böhmite associated with Vesuvianite on mindat.org.
UM1991-09-OH:AlCr2 photos of Böhmite associated with UM1991-09-OH:AlCr on mindat.org.
Spreustein1 photo of Böhmite associated with Spreustein on mindat.org.
Hibschite1 photo of Böhmite associated with Hibschite on mindat.org.
Nordstrandite1 photo of Böhmite associated with Nordstrandite on mindat.org.
Grossular1 photo of Böhmite associated with Grossular on mindat.org.
Kochsándorite1 photo of Böhmite associated with Kochsándorite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.FE.05Amakinite(Fe2+,Mg)(OH)2Trig.
4.FE.05BruciteMg(OH)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
4.FE.05PortlanditeCa(OH)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
4.FE.05PyrochroiteMn(OH)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
4.FE.05TheophrastiteNi(OH)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
4.FE.10BayeriteAl(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
4.FE.10DoyleiteAl(OH)3Tric.
4.FE.10GibbsiteAl(OH)3Mon. 2/m
4.FE.10NordstranditeAl(OH)3Tric. 1 : P1
4.FE.15Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
4.FE.20GrimaldiiteCrO(OH)Trig.
4.FE.20HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)Hex.
4.FE.25FeitknechtiteMn3+O(OH)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
4.FE.25Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.FE.30QuenselitePbMnO2(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
4.FE.35FerrihydriteFe3+10O14(OH)2Trig.
4.FE.40FeroxyhyteFe3+O(OH)Hex.
4.FE.40Vernadite(Mn4+,Fe3+,Ca,Na)(O,OH)2 · nH2OHex.
4.FE.45QuetzalcoatliteZn6Cu3(TeO6)2(OH)6 · AgxPbyClx+2yTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

6.1.2.2Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
6.1.2.3GuyanaiteCrO(OH)Orth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.6.1CorundumAl2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
7.6.2DiasporeAlO(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.6.4GibbsiteAl(OH)3Mon. 2/m
7.6.5BayeriteAl(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
7.6.6NordstranditeAl(OH)3Tric. 1 : P1
7.6.7DoyleiteAl(OH)3Tric.
7.6.8Akdalaite5Al2O3 · H2OHex.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
As a constituent of bauxite an important raw material for the industrial production of aluminium.

Böhmite in petrologyHide

Common component of (items highlighted in red)

References for BöhmiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Böhm, J. (1925): Über Aluminium- und Eisenhydroxyde. I. Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie. 149, 203–216
de Lapparent (1927), Comptes Rendus 184, 1661.
American Mineralogist (1928), 13, 72.
de Lapparent (1930), Bulletin de la Société Minéralogique 53, 262.
Goldstaub (1936), Bulletin de la Société Minéralogique 59, 348.
Palache, C., Berman, H. and Frondel, C. (1944): The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. (New York), 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 645-646.
Deer, W. A., Howie, R. A. and Zussman, J. (1962): Rock-forming minerals, Vol. 5, Non-silicates, 111-117.
Sahama, T. G., Lehtinen, M. and Rehtijärvi, P. (1973): Natural boehmite single crystals crom Ceylon. Contr. Mineral. Petrol. 39, 171-174.
Shelley, D., Smale, D. and Tulloch, A. J. (1977): Boehmite in syenite from New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine 41, 398-400.
Kiss, A. B., Keresztury, G., and Farkas, L. (1980): Raman and IR spectra and structure of boehmite (γ-AlOOH). Evidence for the recently discarded D 17 2h space group. Spectrochimica Acta 36A, 653-658.
Larsen, A. O. (1981): Boehmite from syenite pegmatites in the Oslo region, Norway. Mineralogical Record 12, 227-230.
Hill, R. J. (1981): Hydrogen atoms in boehmite: a single crystal X-ray diffraction and molecular orbital study. Clays and Clay Minerals 29, 435-445.
Corbató, C. E., Tettenhorst, R. T. and Christoph, G. G. (1985): Structure refinement of deuterated boehmite. Clays and Clay Minerals 33, 71-75.
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 70.

Internet Links for BöhmiteHide

Localities for BöhmiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Gough Co.
      • Emmaville (Vegetable Creek)
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-6, SH/56-7), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
  • Northern Territory
    • East Arnhem Region
www.smenet.org/opaque-ore/ix_d49_3.htm.
  • Queensland
    • Cook Shire
      • Cape York Peninsula
Taylor, G., & Eggleton, T. (2004). Little balls”: The origin of the Weipa bauxite. In Regolith (Vol. 2004, pp. 350-254).
gibbsite, boehmite, nano-particulate anhydrous aluminium minerals, kaolinite, quartz, hematite and/or goethite in widely varying proportions and about 2% anatase
Taylor, G., & Eggleton, R. A. (2008). Genesis of pisoliths and of the Weipa Bauxite deposit, northern Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 55(S1), S87-S103.
Econ Geol (1976) 71:1526-1532
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Williamstown
Crooks, AF, Abbot, PJ, 2003, Corundum in South Australia, PIRSA Rept Book 2003/3
  • Western Australia
    • Wyndham-East Kimberley Shire
Recent Investigations of the Mitchell Plateau Bauxite Deposits, Western Australia; TWH Parker and SB Sadlier; Mitchell Plateau Bauxite Company and Alcoa of Australia Limited; 1984
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Industrieviertel
      • Markt Piesting
        • Dreistetten
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Salzburg
    • Salzburg
      • Untersberg massif
        • Glanegg
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
  • Upper Austria
    • Kirchdorf an der Krems
      • Reichraminger Hintergebirge
        • Weißwasser
Bernhard, F. (2008) unpublished XRD-analyses
Bernhard, F. (2008) unpublished XRD analyses
Brazil
 
  • Goiás
    • Barro Alto
Santos, W. M. D. (2012). Mineralogia e geoquímica da bauxita derivada do anortosito, Barro Alto, Goiás. Dissertação(Mestrado em Geologia)—Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, 2011.
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Araxá
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
  • Santa Catarina
Norberto Dani et al (2001) Nordstrandite in Bauxite Derived from Phonolite, Lages, Santa Catarina, Brazil Clays and Clay Minerals, 49:216-226
Cambodia
 
  • Bătdâmbâng Province (Khet Batdambang Province; Battambang Province)
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (1993) Atlas of Mineral Resources for the Escap Region Cambodia Vol 10 UN.
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Hastings Co.
      • Dungannon Township
Ref: Sabina (1986) Geol. Survey of Canada, Misc. Report 39, 11-14.
    • Thunder Bay District
Platt & Mitchell (1982)
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
TICE, P. (2010) Petrology and geochemical evolution of the East Hill suite of the Mont Saint-Hilaire alkaline plutonic complex. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of New Orleans, New Orleans. 414 p.
China
 
  • Gansu Province
    • Gannan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Luqu Co.
Xinhui Liu, Mingshen Feng, Jiajun Liu, Minwu Liu, and Yongwen Zhang (2011): Gold Science and Technology 19(4), 6-12
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Baise Prefecture
      • Pingguo Co.
Xinyu Cao and Tongjiang Tang (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(2), 18-23; Zhangling Liu (1980): Geology and Prospecting 16(9), 40-44
  • Guizhou Province
    • Bijie Prefecture
      • Weining Co.
Zhongxin Yuan, Jiankang Li, and Lijuan Ying (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(5), 581-582
    • Guiyang Prefecture
      • Baiyun District
Jiangping Mo and Jinao Li (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(11), 12-18
      • Qingzhen Co.
Jiangping Mo and Jinao Li (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(11), 12-18
Jiangping Mo and Jinao Li (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(11), 12-18
Jiangping Mo and Jinao Li (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(11), 12-18
Jiangping Mo and Jinao Li (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(11), 12-18
      • Wudang District
Jiangping Mo and Jinao Li (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(11), 12-18
      • Xiuwen Co.
Jiangping Mo and Jinao Li (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(11), 12-18
Jiangping Mo and Jinao Li (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(11), 12-18
Jiangping Mo and Jinao Li (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(11), 12-18
    • Zunyi Prefecture
      • Zunyi Co.
Kehua Yin (2009): Geology and Prospecting 45(3), 273-279
  • Henan Province
    • Pingdingshan Prefecture
      • Baofeng Co.
Qinghai Ji, Chunsong Wang, Hong Wang, Chuanquan Liu, and Xingguo Cheng (2013): Northwestern Geology 46(3), 109-115
    • Zhengzhou Prefecture
      • Gongyi Co.
Guanqun Yang (1987): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 6(1), 82-88
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Guiyang Co.
        • Dafang Au-Ag-Pb-Zn deposit
Fushan Wang (1991): Hunan Geology 10(1), 17-24
Fushan Wang (1991): Hunan Geology 10(1), 17-24
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Ordos League (E'erduosi Prefecture)
      • Jungar Banner (Zhunge'er Co.)
        • Jungar coal field (Zhunge'er coal field)
Shifeng Dai, Deyi Ren, Shengsheng Li, and Chenlin Chou (2006): Acta Geologica Sinica 85(2), 294-300
    • Wuhai League (Wuhai Prefecture)
      • Hainan District
        • Laoshidan
Jin Li, Dawei Ren, and Shiyue Chen (1989): Acta Petrologica Sinica 5(3), 76-85
  • Shandong Province
    • Jinan Prefecture
      • Zhangqiu Co.
Cuizhi Wang, Rongge Xiao, Xiuming Jia, Hongchun Zhou, and Jun Liu (2005): Geology and Prospecting 41(5), 34-37
    • Zibo Prefecture
      • Huantai Co.
Cuizhi Wang, Rongge Xiao, Xiuming Jia, Hongchun Zhou, and Jun Liu (2005): Geology and Prospecting 41(5), 34-37
      • Linzi District
Cuizhi Wang, Rongge Xiao, Xiuming Jia, Hongchun Zhou, and Jun Liu (2005): Geology and Prospecting 41(5), 34-37
      • Zhangdian District
Cuizhi Wang, Rongge Xiao, Xiuming Jia, Hongchun Zhou, and Jun Liu (2005): Geology and Prospecting 41(5), 34-37
      • Zichuan District
Cuizhi Wang, Rongge Xiao, Xiuming Jia, Hongchun Zhou, and Jun Liu (2005): Geology and Prospecting 41(5), 34-37
  • Shanxi Province
    • Xinzhou Prefecture
      • Yuanping Co.
Silei Sun, Qingfei Wang, Xuefei Liu, Yanru Wang, Jianyin Meng, Desheng Li, Zengyi Zhao, Hongmei Duan, Zhonghua Yang, and Jianbin Wu (2012): Geology and Exploration 48(3), 487-501
  • Yunnan Province
    • Kunming Prefecture
      • Anning Co.
Ruijun Chen, Jingquan Zhu, Renwei Li, Hui Chen, Rufan Zhang, and Daxing Lin (1993): Acta Petrologica Sinica 9(1), 94-105
    • Wenshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Yanshan Co.
Hanhe Liu (2007): Yunnan Geology 26(1), 32-40
Colombia
 
  • Cauca Department
    • Mun. de Mercaderes
Sutherland, F.L., Duroc-Danner, J.M., and Meffre, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 155-168.
Croatia
 
  • Istria County
    • Buzet
Šinkoveć B., Sacać K., Durn G. (1994): Pyritized bauxites from Minjera, Istria, Croatia. Natura Croatica, 3, 41-65.
  • Primorje-Gorski Kotar County
    • Krk Island
"Dan Costian Collection"; Merlak, E., Velicogna, M., Lenaz, D. (2013): Caratterizzazione mineralogica di due filoni bauxitici rilevati in prossimità di Baška (Isola di Krk - Croazia). Atti e Memorie della Commissione Grotte “E. Boegan", 44, 99-113.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Karlovy Vary (Karlsbad; Carlsbad)
        • Děpoltovice
Sejkora J., Jebavá I., Plášil J., Bureš B., Tvrdý J.: Nordstrandit z lomu v Děpoltovicích u Karlových Varů (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2010, roč. 18, č. 1, s. 33-41.
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Ostrov
Pauliš P., Dvořák Z., Svejkovský J., Malíková R., Pour O., Soumar J. (2015) Böhmit z klasického naleziště zeolitů Horní Hrad v Krušných horách (Česká republika). Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha) 23, 1, 60-62. ISSN 1211- 0329.
      • Žlutice (Luditz)
Černý, P. et al.: Mokrá u Žlutic, lokalita gibbsitu, böhmitu a zeolitů. Minerál, 2002, roč. 10, č. 6, s. 403 - 408.
    • Ústí Region
      • Ústí nad Labem (Aussig)
        • Dolni Zálezly (Salesel)
Gabriel, M.: Ložisko kaolinitických písků u Dolních Zálezel. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1984, roč. 29, č. 1, s. 1-18.
Dominican Republic
 
  • Barahona Province
    • Sierra de Baoruco
R. Weyl (1965) Erdgeschichte und Landschaftsbild in Mittelamerika. (Waldemar Kramer Verlag, Frankfurt am Main)
Finland
 
  • Southern Finland Region
    • Kotka
Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Foix
        • Montels
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 70
      • Lavelanet
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 70
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Bouches-du-Rhône
      • Les Baux-de-Provence
S. Caillère and Th. Pobeguin : "Quelques Aspects Microscopiques de la Gibbsite dans les Bauxites du Mas Rouge (Région des Baux)", Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallogr., 1967, XC, N°3, 414-416
American Mineralogist, Volume 62, pages 458-464, 1977
      • Brignoles
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1964, LXXXVII, p. 542-546.
      • Cabasse
Self collected by S. MAURY
Self collected by S. MAURY
Germany
 
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Niederschlag-Bärenstein District
        • Bärenstein
T. Witzke (1994): Neufunde aus Sachsen (II): Nordstrandit vom Bärenstein bei Annaberg in Sachsen.- Lapis 19, 10, 36-39
Ghana
 
  • Western Region
    • Bekwai District
      • Affoh-sefwi
http://www.minport.com/showmrds-W001836.html
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Western Attikí District
      • Megara
Z. Maksimovitch, D.L. Bisch : "Brindleyite, a nickel-rich aluminous serpentinite mineral analogous to berthierine", Amer. Mineralogist, 1978, 63, 484-489"
  • Sterea Hellas Department
    • Fthiótis Prefecture
      • Lokris
http://www.min.tu-clausthal.de/www/sga/news15/art10.html
Greenland
 
  • Sermersooq
    • Arsuk Fjord
      • Ivittuut (Ivigtut)
Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Guinea
 
  • Boké Region
Feret, F., Authier-Martin, M., & Sajo, I. (1997). Quantitative phase analysis of Bidi-Koum bauxites (Guinea). Clays and clay minerals, 45(3), 418-427.
Guyana
 
  • Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo Region
    • Omai
http://www.engineeringnews.co.za/article/omai-bauxite-mine-2006-10-27
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Aggteleki Mts
      • Aggtelek
Kovács-Pálffy, P., Velledits, F., Kónya, P., Földvári, M., & Sólymos, K. G. (2008). Nordstrandite, a new occurrence from Hungary. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, 48, 43-48.
  • Fejér Co.
    • Bakony Mts
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
    • Bicske-Zsámbéki Basin
      • Bicske-Csordakút
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
      • Mány
Sajó, I.E. & Szakáll, S. (2007): Canadian Mineralogist 45, 479-483.
    • Vértes Mts
      • Gánt
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
Szakáll: 100 Hungarian Mineal Locality, 2004
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
  • Komárom-Esztergom Co.
    • Gerecse Mts
      • Tatabánya
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
  • Veszprém Co.
    • Bakony Mts
      • Eplény
Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
      • Fenyőfő
Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
      • Nyirád
Szakáll: 100 Hungarian Mineral Locality, 2004
      • Sümeg
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
Iran
 
  • Kohgiluyeh and Buyer Ahmad Province
    • Qaleh Mombi
Zamanian, H. et al. (2016): Mineralogical and geochemical investigations of the Mombi bauxite deposit, Zagros Mountains, Iran. Chemie der Erde 76, 13-37.
  • Zagros Mts (Kuhha-ye Zagros)
Zamanian, H., Ahmadnejad, F., Zarasvandi, A. (2016): Mineralogical and geochemical investigations of the Mombi bauxite deposit, Zagros Mountains, Iran. Chemie der Erde: 76, (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12505&sid=9c29edb14bf99afecd9c54dc2171363b (2016)
Iraq
 
  • Western Desert
    • Wadi Al-Hussainiya
Al-Bassam, K.S., and Tamar-Agha, K.Y. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 266-282.
Israel
 
  • Negev
Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
Italy
 
  • Apulia
    • Barletta-Andria-Trani Province
      • Spinazzola
        • Murgetta Rossa
Bárdossy G., Boni M., Dall'Aglio M., D'Argenio B., Pantò G. (1977): Bauxites of peninsular Italy. Composition, origin and geotectonic significance. Monogr. Ser. Miner. Deposits, Issue 15. Gebrüder Bornträger, Berlin, Stuttgart, 1-61; Mongelli G. (1997): Ce-anomalies in the textural components of Upper Cretaceous karst bauxites from the Apulian Carbonate Platform (southern Italy). Chem. Geol., 140, 69-79; Mongelli G. (2002): Growth of hematite and boehmite in concretions from ancient karst bauxite: clue for past climate. Catena, 50, 43-51; Mongelli G., Acquafredda P. (1999): Ferruginous concretions in a Late Cretaceous karst bauxite: composition and conditions of formation. Chem. Geol., 158, 315-320; Mongelli G., Boni M., Buccione R., Sinisi R. (2014): Geochemistry of the Apulian karst bauxites (southern Italy): Chemical fractionation and parental affinities. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 9-21.
    • Foggia Province
      • Gargano Promontory
        • San Giovanni Rotondo
          • Quadrone
Bárdossy G., Boni M., Dall'Aglio M., D'Argenio B., Pantò G. (1977): Bauxites of peninsular Italy. Composition, origin and geotectonic significance. Monogr. Ser. Miner. Deposits, Issue 15. Gebrüder Bornträger, Berlin, Stuttgart, 1-61.
  • Campania
    • Benevento Province
      • Cusano Mutri
- Mondillo N., Balassone G., Boni M., Rollinson G. (2011): Karst bauxites in the Campania Apennines (southern Italy): a new approach. Per. Mineral., 80, 3, 407-432.
Bárdossy G., Boni M., Dall'Aglio M., D'Argenio B., Pantò G. (1977): Bauxites of peninsular Italy. Composition, origin and geotectonic significance. Monogr. Ser. Miner. Deposits, Issue 15. Gebrüder Bornträger, Berlin, Stuttgart, 1-61; Mondillo N., Balassone G., Boni M., Rollinson G. (2011): Karst bauxites in the Campania Apennines (southern Italy): a new approach. Per. Mineral., 80, 3, 407-432.
  • Piedmont
    • Vercelli Province
      • Sesia Valley
        • Mastallone Valley
          • Sabbia
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Sassari Province
      • Olmedo
MacLean, W.H., Bonavia, F.F., and Sanna, G. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 607-616.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Semproniano
De Waele J., Galli E., Piccini L., Rossi A. (2013): Descrizione morfologica e mineralogica della grotta ipogenica sulfurea di Montecchio (Grosseto, Toscana). In: Cucchi F., Gudi P. (eds.), Atti del XXI Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia “Diffusione delle conoscenze”, Sessione Attività di esplorazione e ricerca. Trieste 2-5 giugno 2011. Edizioni Università di Trieste, Trieste, 380-386.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Montecchio Maggiore
        • San Pietro
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 70
      • Schio
        • Tretto
          • Val Munari
            • Contrade Maglio-Pornaro
Saccardo, D., Zordan, A. (2002): Il giacimento metamorfico di contatto di Maglio-Pornaro al Tretto di Schio (Vicenza). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 26, 4 (4-2002), 234-236; Boscardin, M., Daleffe, A., Rocchetti, I., Zordan, A. (2011): Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni. Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato”, Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), 183 pp.; Zordan, A. (2014): Provincia di Vicenza. In: Zorzi, F., Boscardin, M., (eds.), Minerali del Veneto. Alla scoperta dei tesori della nostra regione. Museo di Storia Naturale e Archeologia di Montebelluna - Treviso, Cierre Edizioni, Sommacampagna, 173-246.
Jamaica
Strohel E. (1971, June). The Mineralogy of Jamaican Bauxite. In The Journal of the Geological Society of Jamaica, Proceedings of bauxite/alumina symposium p63.
Hill,V.G.(1955)The Mineralogy and Genesis of the Bauxite Deposits of Jamaica, AM V.40, Page 676.
  • Saint Ann Parish
Anderson, R. E. (1971, June). Notes on the geology of the bauxite deposits of Jamaica. In The Journal of the Geological Society of Jamaica, Proceedings of bauxite/alumina symposium (pp. 9-16).
Hill,V.G.(1955)The Mineralogy and Genesis of the Bauxite Deposits of Jamaica, AM V.40, Page 676.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Hiroshima Prefecture
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Tohoku Region
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Ohshuu City
          • Esashi ward
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Batken Oblast
Atali A. Agakhanov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp23-28
Madagascar
 
  • Tuléar Province (Toliara)
    • Anosy Region (Fort Dauphin Region)
      • Amboasary District
        • Behara Commune
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Mexico
 
  • Yucatán
2009 Portland GSA Annual Meeting (18-21 October 2009) Paper No. 26-11
Montenegro
 
  • Nikšic
Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2009 A607
Myanmar
 
  • Mandalay Region (Mandalay Division)
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
      • Mogok Township
        • Kyatpyin North
Kan-Nyunt, H.-P., Karampelas, S., Link, K., Thu, K., Kiefert, L. and Hardy, P. (2013): Blue sapphires from the Baw Mar mine in Mogok. Gems & Gemology 49, 223-232.
New Zealand
 
  • South Island
    • Hurunui District
      • Culverden
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
    • Otago
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
Nigeria
 
  • Kogi State
    • Lokoja District
Mücke, A., Badejoko, T.A., and Akande, S.O. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 284-296.
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Langangen
        • Rønningen (Skredderrønningen)
Burvald, Ingulv (1993): To forekomster av nefelin-syenitt-pegmatitt i Telemark. STEIN 20 (3), 176-179
        • Slevolden
Burvald, Ingulv (1993): To forekomster av nefelin-syenitt-pegmatitt i Telemark. STEIN 20 (3), 176-179
      • Langesundsfjorden
        • Siktesøya
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
      • Mørje
Peter Andresen collection, 2016.
        • Sagåsen
Larsen, A.O. (1981): Boehmite from syenite pegmatites in the Oslo region, Norway. Mineralogical Record 12, 227-230
Larsen, A.O. (1981): Boehmite from syenite pegmatites in the Oslo region, Norway. Mineralogical Record 12, 227-230
Larsen, A.O., Åsheim, A. and Gault, R. A. (2005): Minerals of the eudialyte group from the Sagåsen larvikite quarry, Porsgrunn, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter 30: 58-62
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Hedrum
        • Lågendalen
Sæbø, P. (1966a): A short comment on some Norwegian mineral deposits within the igneous rock complex of the Oslo region. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 46, 260-261
Svein A.Berge collection (collected in 1988)
Peter Andresen observation in field sept 2003
Andersen, F. (1993): Hedrum pukkverk i Lågendalen. STEIN 20 (4), 236-238
      • Langesundsfjorden
        • Barkevik area
Field collected and identified by Knut Eldjarn
Svein A. Berge collection (find 1978)
        • Stokkøya (Stokø; Stockö; Stocköe)
Svein A. Berge observation 1992
        • Vesle Arøya
Engvoldsen, T., Andersen, F., Berge, S. A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18 (1), 15-71; Larsen, A.O., Kolitsch, U., Gault, R.A. & Giester, G. (2010): Eirikite a new mineral species of the leifite group from the Langesundsfjord district, Norway. European Journal of Mineralogy. 22, 875–880
      • Malerød
Collected by Peter Andresen, 2010.; Peter Andresen collection
      • Tjølling
        • Håkestad
Svein A. Berge collection (Found in 1985)
        • Klåstad
Larsen, K.E. & Stensvold, B.K.(2015): Berylliummineraler og andre sjeldne mineraler i syenittpegmatitter i Skallist larvikittbrudd, Tjølling, Larvik, Vestfold. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2015, 47-56
      • Tvedalen
Engvoldsen, T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71 (see p.68)
Peter Andresen collection, 2016.
Collection of Peter Andresen.
Nordrum, F.S. (2001): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2000-2001. STEIN 28 (2): 13- 19
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Andresen, P. (2013): Gedigent bly og andre spennende mineraler fra en unik pegmatitt i Tvedalen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 50, 83-87
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseets Skrift. 20, 50-59
Papua New Guinea
 
  • New Ireland Province
    • Lihir Island area
Petersen, S., Herzig, P. M., Hannington, M. D., Jonasson, I. R., & Arribas, A. (2002). Submarine gold mineralization near Lihir Island, New Ireland fore-arc, Papua New Guinea. Economic Geology, 97(8), 1795-1813.
Russia
 
  • North-Western Region
    • Leningradskaya Oblast'
Shcherban, S. A., & Nurmagambetov, K. N. (1970). Infrared spectroscopic investigations of bauxites. Journal of Applied Spectroscopy, 13(3), 1277-1278.
  • Northern Caucasus Region
    • Kabardino-Balkarian Republic
      • Baksan Valley
        • Upper Chegem volcanic caldera (Verkhnechegemskaya caldera)
A. E. Zadov data
  • Northern Region
    • Arkhangel'skaja Oblast'
      • Plisetsk area
        • Severoonezhsk
Gorshkov A.I., Demina V.I., Mokhov A.V., Zhukov V.V., Korotkin V.N., Ziborova T.A. (1991) New γ-hydroxide of chromium in bauxite ores of Severoonezhskoe deposit, - Doklady AN SSSR, v. 320, №6, p.1455-1458 (in Rus.)
    • Komi Republic
      • Timan Range
Mordberg, L.E. (2004): Mineralogical Magazine 68(3), 489-497.
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Khibiny Massif
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
        • Suoluai River Valley
Tony Nikischer
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 70
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Revúca Co.
      • Gemerská Ves
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
  • Košice Region
    • Košice Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590; Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Sobrance Co.
      • Remetské Hámre
[European Journal of Mineralogy 13:177-186]
    • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
  • Trenčín Region
    • Púchov Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
Sudan
 
  • North Darfur Wilayah (Shamal Darfur Wilayah)
Germann, K., Schwarz, T., & Wipki, M. (1994). Mineral deposit formation in Phanerozoic sedimentary basins of north-east Africa: the contribution of weathering. Geologische Rundschau, 83(4), 787-798.
Sweden
 
  • Skåne
    • Helsingborg
      • Fjärestad
Norin, R. (1949): Studier över den mineralogiska sammansättningen av några lertyper från NV. Skånes rät-lias-, Vallåkra- och Kågeröds-bildningar. GFF 71: 215 – 237 (p. 228)
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Collombey
      • Muraz
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 81
Tanzania
 
  • Tanga Region
Henry Hanni (1987) On Corundums from Umba Valley, Tanzania. J. Gemm. 20:278-284.
Turkey
 
  • Central Anatolia Region
    • Eskişehir Province
      • Mihaliççik
Echle, W. (1967): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 14, 86-101.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 140; Graeme, R. (1981), Famous mineral localities: Bisbee, AZ, Min.Rec.: 12: 256-319.
  • Arkansas
    • Pulaski Co.
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125
    • Saline Co.
U.S. Geological Survey,2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
U.S. Geological Survey,2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
      • Bauxite
Rocks & Min.:63:122; Stroud, et al(1969).
U.S. Geological Survey,2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Temescal Valley
        • Alberhill
Allen, Victor T. (1946), Some United States boehmite localities: (abstract) Geological Society of America Bulletin: 57: 1173; Engel, R., T.E. Gay, and B.L. Rogers (1959) Mineral deposits of Lake Elsinore quadrangle, California California Division Mines and Geology Bulletin 146: 77-95; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 108; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 144; Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 70.
  • Colorado
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Geneva District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Georgia
    • Rabun Co.
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 70
      • Pine Mountain
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 70
  • Montana
    • Silver Bow Co.
The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen; "Butte, Montana, Minerals, Mines and History", The Mineralogical Record, Vol 33, No. 1, Jan-Feb, 2002
  • North Carolina
    • Jackson Co.
American Mineralogist ,1979, Vol. 64 pg 1300-1302
White,John Sampson.,(1979) Boehmite Exsolution In Corundum: American Mineralogist 64.1300-1302
    • Mitchell Co.
      • Bee Creek
Mineral Commodity Files, Asheville Regional Office, North Carolina Geological Survey
  • Pennsylvania
Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Society of PA, Inc.: 20-21; Montgomery, A. (Aug, 1972) PA Mins. (PM) (116), Keystone Newsletter; Grant, R.W. (Feb & Mar, 1973) PA Mins. (PM) (1
Rocks & Min.: 6:26; 10:33-36, 58; Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Society of PA, Inc.: 20-21; Montgomery, A. (Aug, 1972) PA Mins. (PM) (116), Keystone Newsletter; Grant, R.W.
Rocks & Min.: 6:26; 10:33-36, 58; Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Society of PA, Inc.: 20-21; Montgomery, A. (Aug, 1972) PA Mins. (PM) (116), Keystone Newsletter; Grant, R.W.
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • Drum Mts
        • Detroit District (Drum District; Joy District)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Utah Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Virginia
    • Augusta Co.
      • Spottswood Bauxite District
        • Spottswood
Rocks & Min.:60:165.
Rocks & Min.:60:165.
Rocks & Min.: 60:165.
  • Washington
    • Cowlitz Co.
      • Longview
        • Slide Creek
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.60
    • King Co.
      • Palmer
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.60
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.60
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.60
    • Kittitas Co.
      • Hyas Lake
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.60
Vietnam
 
  • Lang Son Province
    • Cao Loc District
Kamitani, M., Okumura, K., Teraoka, Y., Miyano, S., and Watanabe, Y. (2007): Mineral Resources Map of East Asia. Geological Survey of Japan.
Kamitani, M., Okumura, K., Teraoka, Y., Miyano, S., and Watanabe, Y. (2007): Mineral Resources Map of East Asia. Geological Survey of Japan.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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