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Bonattite

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About BonattiteHide

Formula:
CuSO4 · 3H2O
Colour:
Pale blue
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in honor of Stefano A. Bonatti (1902–1968), Italian petrologist, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
May form as a dehydration product of chalcanthite.


Classification of BonattiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First published:
1957
7.CB.10

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations
25.2.2

25 : Sulphates
2 : Sulphates of Cu and Ag

Physical Properties of BonattiteHide

Colour:
Pale blue

Optical Data of BonattiteHide

Type:
Biaxial
RI values:
nα = 1.554 nβ = 1.577 nγ = 1.618
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.064
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of BonattiteHide

Formula:
CuSO4 · 3H2O
IMA Formula:
Cu(SO4) · 3H2O

Crystallography of BonattiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.59 Å, b = 13.03 Å, c = 7.34 Å
β = 97.1°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.429 : 1 : 0.563
Unit Cell V:
530.53 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0009338BonattiteZahrobsky R F, Baur W H (1968) On the crystal chemistry of salt hydrates. V. The determination of the crystal structure of CuSO4*3H2O (bonattite) Acta Crystallographica B24 508-5131968synthetic0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.40 Å(100)
3.24 Å(67)
3.65 Å(54)
3.42 Å(50)

Type Occurrence of BonattiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Concretions composed of minute individuals
Reference:
Garavelli, C.L. (1957) Bonattite: Un nuovo minerale di alterazione del giacimento elbano di Capo Calamita. Atti della Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei. Rendiconti della Classe di Scienze Fisiche, Matematiche e Naturali: 22: 318-327.

Other Language Names for BonattiteHide

German:Bonattit
Simplified Chinese:三水胆矾
Spanish:Bonattita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Bonattite associated with PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)Cl
1 photo of Bonattite associated with DolerophaniteCu2(SO4)O
1 photo of Bonattite associated with EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
1 photo of Bonattite associated with Poitevinite(Cu,Fe)SO4 · H2O
1 photo of Bonattite associated with MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
1 photo of Bonattite associated with Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.CB.05Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05KieseriteMgSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.05Poitevinite(Cu,Fe)SO4 · H2OTric.
7.CB.05SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2OMon.
7.CB.05SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05CobaltkieseriteCoSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.07SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.15Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15DrobeciteCdSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.15CranswickiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
7.CB.20ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.20JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.25Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.25Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.30RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
7.CB.35BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.35Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35Alpersite(Mg,Cu)(SO4) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.40EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.45AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2OTric. 1
7.CB.45Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
7.CB.50AluminocoquimbiteAl2Fe2(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55CoquimbiteAlFe3(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55ParacoquimbiteFe4(SO4)6(H2O)12 · 6H2OTrig. 3 : R3
7.CB.55Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.CB.60KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.65QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.70LauseniteFe2(SO4)3 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.75LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.75RömeriteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.80RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
7.CB.85BíliniteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2 : P2
7.CB.85PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
7.CB.85Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
7.CB.90MeridianiiteMgSO4 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.2.1ChalcocyaniteCuSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.2.3ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.2.4BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2OMon.
25.2.5DolerophaniteCu2(SO4)OMon. 2/m : B2/m
25.2.6AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.2.7BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
25.2.8PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2OMon. m : Pm
25.2.9LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m
25.2.10WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m : Pm
25.2.11KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.2.12NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
25.2.13PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)ClTet.
25.2.14FedotoviteK2Cu3(SO4)3OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.2.15CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
25.2.16EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3OMon.
25.2.17DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.2.18LeightoniteK2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2OTric.
25.2.19ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon. 2 : P21
25.2.20CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
25.2.21WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
25.2.22CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon.
25.2.23GuilditeCuFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
25.2.24RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.2.26KlyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Fe3+,Al)(SO4)4O2Mon.
25.2.27Poitevinite(Cu,Fe)SO4 · H2OTric.
25.2.28ArgentojarositeAgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m

Other InformationHide

Special Storage/
Display Requirements:
Water-soluble.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BonattiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Garavelli, C.L. (1957) Bonattite: Un nuovo minerale di alterazione del giacimento Elbano di Capo Calamita. Rendiconti della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia: 13: 268-268.
Garavelli, C.L. (1957) Bonattite: Un nuovo minerale di alterazione del giacimento elbano di Capo Calamita. Atti della Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei. Rendiconti della Classe di Scienze Fisiche, Matematiche e Naturali: 22: 318-327.
Fleischer, M. (1958) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 43: 180-180.
Jambor, J.L. (1962) Second occurrence of bonattite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 7: 245-252.
Fleischer, M. (1962) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 47: 1216-1223.
Zahrobsky, R., Baur, W.H. (1966) The crystal structure of copper(II) sulfate trihydrate. American Mineralogist: 51: 276-276.
Zahrobsky, R.F., Baur, W.H. (1968) On the crystal chemistry of salt hydrates. V. The determination of the crystal structure of CuSO4·3H2O (bonattite). Acta Crystallographica: B24: 508-513.

Internet Links for BonattiteHide

Localities for BonattiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Mareeba Shire
Harris, D.L., Lottermoser, B.G., Duchesne, J. (2003) Ephemeral acid mine drainage at the Montalbion silver mine, north Queensland. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 50(5), 797-809.
Bulgaria
 
  • Plovdiv Province
    • Plovdiv
Atanassova, R. & Kerestedjian, T. (2009): Efflorescent minerals from the metallurgical waste heaps of the KCM non-ferrous metal smelter, Plovdiv, Bulgaria. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 47, 51-63.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Lillooet Mining Division
      • Bonaparte River
        • Hat Creek
Canadian Mineralogist: 7: 245-252.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Sierra Gorda
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter, Curator of Hamburg Mineralogical Museum, Germany
  • Atacama
    • Copiapó Province
      • Cachiyuyo de Llampos mining district
samples analysed by Gerhard Moehn
China
 
  • Xinjiang
    • Tulufan Prefecture (Turfan Prefecture; Turpan Prefecture)
      • Shanshan Co. (Piqan Co.; Pichan Co.)
Chunqi Wen, Xinhuang Xu, and Yanshi Mao (2002): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 32(9), 29-32
Fiji
 
  • Vanua Levu
    • Nukundamu
Handbook of Mineralogy
Germany
 
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Hochsauerlandkreis
        • Bestwig
          • Ramsbeck
Schnorrer, G. (2000): Mineralogische Notizen VII. Der Aufschluss, 51, 281-293.
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion Mining District
          • Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
              • Hilarion Mine
Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Hungary
 
  • Heves County
    • Recsk
Sánoor Szakáll, Mária Foldvári, Gábor Papp, Péter Kovács-pálffy, Árpád Kovács (1997) Secondary Sulphate Minerals From Hungary. Acta Mineralogica-petrographica, Szeged, Xxxviii, Supplementum, 7-63.
Iran
 
  • Kerman Province
    • Sirjan County
      • Pariz
Khorasanipour, M., Tangestani, M. H., Naseh, R., & Hajmohammadi, H. (2011). Hydrochemistry, mineralogy and chemical fractionation of mine and processing wastes associated with porphyry copper mines: a case study from the Sarcheshmeh mine, SE Iran. Applied Geochemistry, 26(5), 714-730.
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
      • Sestri Levante
Carbone, C. , Marescotti, P., Cabella, R., Lucchetti, G. (2002): Sulfide alteration and related secondary minerals from the Libiola mine (Eastern Liguria, Italy). Poster at the 82° SIMP Congress , Arcavacata di Rende (CS) 18-20/09/2002. Abstract in Plinius 28 , 88-89.
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Villaputzu
Ciriotti M.E. and Blass.G. (2010) - Pot-pourri 2009: identificazioni UKiS AMI. Minerali italiani di interesse.. Micro (UK report), pagg. 124-127
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Capoliveri
        • Cape Calamita Mine (Calamita Mine)
C.L. Garavelli (1957) – Bonattite: un nuovo minerale di alterazione del giacimento elbano di Capo Calamita – Atti Acc. Naz. Lincei, Rend., v.21, s.8, f.3: 318-327.
Norway
 
  • Trøndelag
    • Oppdal
Selbekk R.S. (2010): Norges mineraler. En revidert utgave av Norges mineraler (Neumann 1985). Tapir-NGU-NHM. 552p (p.234)
Russia
 
  • Kamchatka Krai
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Orenburg Oblast
    • Gay
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Rezhevsky District
D. Krinov data
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Sierre
      • Anniviers
        • Grimentz
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Graham Co.
      • Aravaipa Mining District
        • Klondyke
          • Grand Reef Mountain
            • Laurel Canyon
Grant, Raymond W., Richard A. Bideaux & Sidney A. Williams (2006), Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995 to 2005: 2.
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Bradshaw Mts (Bradshaw Range)
        • Agua Fria Mining District
          • Mayer
Brian Beck Collected, Attard Minerals XRF, Univ. of Arizona microprobe
  • Nevada
    • Washoe Co.
      • Steamboat Springs Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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