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Nierite

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03904770014949765703961.jpg
Alfred O.C. Nier
Formula:
Si3N4
Lustre:
Adamantine
Hardness:
9
Specific Gravity:
3.11 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named in 1995 by Martin R. Lee, Sara S. Russell, John W. Arden, and C.T. Pillinger in honor of Alfred Otto Carl Nier (May 28, 1911 – May 16, 1994), physicist and Professor of Chemistry at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. He was responsible for the now accepted measurement of the atmospheric N-isotope composition. Also was instrumental in the development of mass spectrometry (especially stable isotope mass spectroscopy).
Dimorph of:
A very rare natural nitride, originally formed in star dust and now found in meteorites.

Synthetic silicon nitride is a very important high-performance ceramic.


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Classification of NieriteHide

Approved
1.DB.05

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
D : Nonmetallic Carbides and Nitrides
B : Nonmetallic nitrides
Dana 7th ed.:
1.3.9.1
1.3.10.1

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
3 : Semi-metals and non-metals

Physical Properties of NieriteHide

Adamantine
Hardness:
Density:
3.11 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of NieriteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 2.030 nε = 2.020
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.010
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of NieriteHide

Formula:
Si3N4

Crystallography of NieriteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.74 Å, c = 5.61 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.725
Unit Cell V:
291.06 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0012185NieriteYang P, Fun H-K, Rahman I A, Saleh M I (1995) Two phase refinements of the structures of a-Si3N4 and B-Si3N4 made from rice husk by Rietveld analysis Ceramics International 21 137-1421995synthetic0293
0014238NieriteKohatsu I, McCauley J W (1974) Re-examination of the crystal structure of alpha-Si3N4 Materials Research Bulletin 9 917-9201974synthetic0293
0014301NieriteBilly M, Labbe J, Selvaraj A, Roult G (1983) Modifications structurales du nitrure de silicium en fonction de la temperature _cod_database_code 1001238 Materials Research Bulletin 18 921-93419830293
0014302NieriteBilly M, Labbe J, Selvaraj A, Roult G (1983) Modifications structurales du nitrure de silicium en fonction de la temperature _cod_database_code 1001239 Materials Research Bulletin 18 921-93419830293
0014303NieriteBilly M, Labbe J, Selvaraj A, Roult G (1983) Modifications structurales du nitrure de silicium en fonction de la temperature _cod_database_code 1001240 Materials Research Bulletin 18 921-93419830293
0014304NieriteBilly M, Labbe J, Selvaraj A, Roult G (1983) Modifications structurales du nitrure de silicium en fonction de la temperature _cod_database_code 1001241 Materials Research Bulletin 18 921-93419830293
0014305NieriteBilly M, Labbe J, Selvaraj A, Roult G (1983) Modifications structurales du nitrure de silicium en fonction de la temperature _cod_database_code 1001242 Materials Research Bulletin 18 921-93419830293
0014306NieriteBilly M, Labbe J, Selvaraj A, Roult G (1983) Modifications structurales du nitrure de silicium en fonction de la temperature _cod_database_code 1001243 Materials Research Bulletin 18 921-93419830293
0014307NieriteBilly M, Labbe J, Selvaraj A, Roult G (1983) Modifications structurales du nitrure de silicium en fonction de la temperature _cod_database_code 1001244 Materials Research Bulletin 18 921-93419830293
0014308NieriteBilly M, Labbe J, Selvaraj A, Roult G (1983) Modifications structurales du nitrure de silicium en fonction de la temperature _cod_database_code 1001245 Materials Research Bulletin 18 921-93419830293
0014309NieriteBilly M, Labbe J, Selvaraj A, Roult G (1983) Modifications structurales du nitrure de silicium en fonction de la temperature _cod_database_code 1001246 Materials Research Bulletin 18 921-93419830293
0014310NieriteBilly M, Labbe J, Selvaraj A, Roult G (1983) Modifications structurales du nitrure de silicium en fonction de la temperature _cod_database_code 1001247 Materials Research Bulletin 18 921-93419830293
0014311NieriteBilly M, Labbe J, Selvaraj A, Roult G (1983) Modifications structurales du nitrure de silicium en fonction de la temperature _cod_database_code 1001248 Materials Research Bulletin 18 921-93419830293
0014312NieriteBilly M, Labbe J, Selvaraj A, Roult G (1983) Modifications structurales du nitrure de silicium en fonction de la temperature _cod_database_code 1001249 Materials Research Bulletin 18 921-93419830293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of NieriteHide

Synonyms of NieriteHide

Other Language Names for NieriteHide

German:Nierit
Spanish:Nierita

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.DB.10SinoiteSi2N2OOrth.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

1.3.10.UM2006-34-N:GaGaNHex. 6mm : P63mc

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for NieriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kohatsu, I., McCauley, J.W. (1974) Re-examination of the crystal structure of α-Si3N4. Materials Research Bulletin: 9: 917-920.
Lee, M.R., Russell, S.S., Arden, J.W., Pillinger, C.T. (1995) Nierite (Si3N4), a new mineral from ordinary and enstatite chondrites, Meteoritics: 30: 387-398.
Yang, P., Fun, H.-K., Rahman, I.A., Saleh, M.I. (1995) Two phase refinements of the structures of α-Si3N4 and β-Si3N4 made from rice husk by Rietveld analysis. Ceramics International: 21: 137-142.
Jambor, J.L., Pertsev, N.N., Roberts, A.C. (1996) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 81: 249-254.
Mandarino, J.A. (1996) Abstracts of New Mineral Descriptions. Mineralogical Record: 27: 115-120.

Internet Links for NieriteHide

Localities for NieriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Algeria
 
  • Adrar Province
Lee, M.R., Russell, S.S., Arden, J.W., & Pillinger, C.T. (1995) Nierite (Si3N4), a new mineral from ordinary and enstatite chondrites. Meteoritics 30 (4): 387-397. (July 1995).
Australia
 
  • Victoria
    • City of Greater Shepparton
      • Murchison
Stroud, R. M., Nittler, L. R. & Alexander, C. M. O'd. (2006) Supernova Nierite (α-Si3N4) from Murchison (pdf.#5360): Meteoritics & Planetary Science 41 (8, Supplement): page A168. (Aug 2006)
Azerbaijan (TL)
 
  • Aghjabadi District
    • Shusha
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Meteoritics, vol. 32, pages 719-732; Lee M R, Russell S S, Arden J W, Pillinger C T (1995) Nierite (Si3N4), a new mineral from ordinary and enstatite chondrites, Meteoritics, 30, 387-398
China
 
  • Guizhou
    • Guiyang
      • Qingzhen County
Lin, Yangting, Amari, Sachiko, and Pravdivtseva, Olga (2002) Presolar grains from the Qingzhen (EH3) meteorite. The Astrophysical Journal: 525(1)(08/2002): 257-263.
Czech Republic
 
  • Olomouc Region
    • Olomouc District
Lee M R, Russell S S, Arden J W, Pillinger C T (1995) Nierite (Si3N4), a new mineral from ordinary and enstatite chondrites, Meteoritics, 30, 387-398; Lee, M.R., Russell, S.S., Arden, J.W., & Pillinger, C.T. (1995) Nierite (Si3N4), a new mineral from ordinary and enstatite chondrites. Meteoritics 30 (4): 387-397. (July 1995).
USA
 
  • Kansas
    • McPherson Co.
Lee M R, Russell S S, Arden J W, Pillinger C T (1995) Nierite (Si3N4), a new mineral from ordinary and enstatite chondrites, Meteoritics, 30, 387-398
Outer Space
European Journal of Mineralogy; December; v. 19; no. 6; p. 771-782; DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2007/0019-1766
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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