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Boothite

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About BoothiteHide

Formula:
CuSO4 · 7H2O
Colour:
Light blue; light blue in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous, Silky, Pearly
Hardness:
2 - 2½
Specific Gravity:
1.94
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
After Edward Booth (1857–1917) chemist at the University of California.
Melanterite Group.

This mineral, fully hydrated copper sulphate, is very rare. The partially hydrated copper sulphate mineral, chalcanthite, is much more common.


Classification of BoothiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.CB.35

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations
29.6.10.2

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
6 : AXO4·xH2O
25.2.4

25 : Sulphates
2 : Sulphates of Cu and Ag

Physical Properties of BoothiteHide

Vitreous, Silky, Pearly
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Comment:
Silky or pearly luster on fibrous material.
Colour:
Light blue; light blue in transmitted light.
Hardness:
2 - 2½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Imperfect/Fair
On {001} imperfect.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
1.94 g/cm3 (Measured)    
Comment:
Value approximate.

Optical Data of BoothiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.470 nβ = 1.480 nγ = 1.490
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.020
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
relatively weak

Chemical Properties of BoothiteHide

Formula:
CuSO4 · 7H2O
IMA Formula:
Cu(SO4) · 7H2O

Crystallography of BoothiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Morphology:
Crystals rare. Commonly massive with crystalline or fibrous structure.

Type Occurrence of BoothiteHide

Synonyms of BoothiteHide

Other Language Names for BoothiteHide

German:Boothit
Spanish:Boothita

Varieties of BoothiteHide

Ferroan BoothiteAn iron-rich boothite.
Originally reported from Salvadora Mine, Calama, El Loa Province, Antofagasta Region, Chile.
Mg-bearing BoothiteA magnesian boothite

Relationship of Boothite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Alpersite(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Arseniosiderite2 photos of Boothite associated with Arseniosiderite on mindat.org.
Pyrite1 photo of Boothite associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.CB.05Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05KieseriteMgSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.05Poitevinite(Cu,Fe)SO4 · H2OTric.
7.CB.05SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2OMon.
7.CB.05SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05CobaltkieseriteCoSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.07SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.10BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2OMon.
7.CB.15Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15DrobeciteCdSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.15CranswickiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
7.CB.20ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.20JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.25Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.25Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.30RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
7.CB.35BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.35Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35Alpersite(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.40EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.45AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2OTric. 1
7.CB.45Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
7.CB.50AluminocoquimbiteFeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2OTrig. 3 : R3
7.CB.55Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.CB.60KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.65QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.70LauseniteFe2(SO4)3·5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.75LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.75RömeriteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.80RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
7.CB.85BíliniteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2 : P2
7.CB.85PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.85Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.90MeridianiiteMgSO4 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

29.6.10.1MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
29.6.10.3Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
29.6.10.4BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
29.6.10.5MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.2.1ChalcocyaniteCuSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.2.2BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2OMon.
25.2.3ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.2.5DolerophaniteCu2(SO4)OMon. 2/m : B2/m
25.2.6AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.2.7BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
25.2.8PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2OMon. m : Pm
25.2.9LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m
25.2.10WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m : Pm
25.2.11KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.2.12NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
25.2.13PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)ClTet.
25.2.14FedotoviteK2Cu3(SO4)3OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.2.15CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
25.2.16EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3OMon.
25.2.17DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.2.18LeightoniteK2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2OTric.
25.2.19ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon. 2 : P21
25.2.20CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2OOrth.
25.2.21WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
25.2.22CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon.
25.2.23GuilditeCuFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2OMon.
25.2.24RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.2.26KlyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Fe3+,Al)(SO4)4O2Mon.
25.2.27Poitevinite(Cu,Fe)SO4 · H2OTric.
25.2.28ArgentojarositeAgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m

Other InformationHide

Special Storage/
Display Requirements:
dehydrates to chalcanthite.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BoothiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Schaller W T (1903) Minerals from Leona Heights, Alameda Co., California. University of California Publications. Bulletin of the Department of Geology 3, 191-217
Schaller (1904) American Journal of Science: 17: 192.
Lacroix, A. (1910) Minéralogie de la France et des ses colonies, Paris. 5 volumes: vol. 4: 227.
Larsen, E.S. and Berman, H. (1934) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, Second edition, USGS Bulletin 848: 150.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II: 504-505.
Leverett, P., McKinnon, A.R., and Williams, P.A. (2004) New data for boothite, CuSO4·7H2O, from Burranga, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy: 10: 3-6.

Internet Links for BoothiteHide

Localities for BoothiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Georgiana Co.
      • Burraga
Leverett, P., McKinnon, A.R. & Williams, P.A. (2004) - New data for Boothite, CuSO4.7H2O, from Burraga, New South Wales.- Australian Journal of Mineralogy, vol.10, n°1.; Leverett, P., & Williams, P. A. (2007). Unusual post-mining sulfates from the Peelwood and Lloyd mines, New South Wales, and a comment on wattevilleite. Australian Journal of Mineralogy.
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Queenstown district
Ralph Bottrill et al in prep.; Bottrill, R. S. (2000). A Mineralogical Field Guide for the Western Tasmania Minerals and Museums Tour.
Bottrill RS & Baker, WE (in prep) Catalogue of Minerals of Tasmania. Mineral Resources Tasmania
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
Hey; Herz (1896) Zeits Krist. 26:16-18
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Rhône
      • L'Arbresle
        • Sain-Bel
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 505; W. L. Roberts, G.R. Rapp Jr., J. Weber : "Encyclopedia of Minerals", 1974, Van Nostrand Rheinhold Company
      • Villefranche
        • Chessy-les-Mines
[Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 1988, 4, p.6-46]
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
Scacchi (1872) Acc. Napoli, Rendus: 211 (as cupromagnesite); American Mineralogist (1927): 12: 14-19.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Valsugana
        • Levico Terme
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Norway
 
  • Aust-Agder
    • Evje og Hornnes
      • Flåt
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p.109 + pers. Commentary Gunnar Raade 18.04.1988
  • Hordaland
    • Kvinnherad
      • Ølve mining district
Ellingsen, R. (1989): Funn av sjeldne sulfatmineraler i Kvinnherad. NAGS-nytt 16 (1), 25-26
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
http://maurice.strahlen.org/minerals/boothite.htm.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
          • Bisbee
Grant, Raymond W., Richard A. Bideaux & Sidney A. Williams (2006), Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995 to 2005: 2.
    • Graham Co.
      • Aravaipa District
        • Santa Teresa Mts
          • Klondyke
            • Grand Reef Mountain
              • Laurel Canyon
de Álvaraz Morfĩn, Torre (1999) The Use Of Pb Isotopes To Characterize The Fate And Transport Of Pb In An Interrupted Stream, Aravaipa Creek, Graham County, Arizona. MS Thesis University of Arizona; Mineralogical Record 11:225
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Bradshaw Mts (Bradshaw Range)
        • Agua Fria District
          • Mayer
Brian Beck Collected, Attard Minerals XRF, Univ. of Arizona microprobe
  • California
    • Alameda Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Oakland Hills (San Leandro Hills)
          • Oakland
            • Leona Heights
              • Leona Heights deposit
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 505; Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1903a), Minerals from Leona Heights, Alameda County, California: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 3: 207; Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1905b), Mineralogical notes: USGS Bulletin 262: 123; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 296.; Anthony R. Kampf & FM Locality Index Committee (1989) California Locality Index. Mineralogical Record, 20:129-142.
[Mineralogical Record 20 129-142]
    • Calaveras Co.
      • Foothill Copper Belt
        • Campo Seco District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 505.
Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1904), Notes on some California minerals: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 17: 191-194; Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1905b), Mineralogical notes: USGS Bulletin 262: 122; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 297.; Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1904), Notes on some California minerals: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 17: 192; Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1905b), Mineralogical notes: USGS Bulletin 262: 122; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 108.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Silver Lake District
        • Soda Mts
    • Santa Barbara Co.
      • San Rafael Mts
        • Cachuma District
          • Cachuma Village
            • Figueroa Mountain
              • Tunnel Ranch
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 108.
  • Massachusetts
    • Franklin Co.
      • Rowe
No reference listed
  • Montana
    • Silver Bow Co.
      • Butte District (Summit Valley District)
        • Butte
          • Berkeley Pit
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Battle Mountain District
Rob Lavinsky
  • Utah
    • San Juan Co.
      • White Canyon District
        • White Canyon
Finnell, T. L., Franks, P. C., & Hubbard, H. A. (1963). Geology, ore deposits, and exploratory drilling in the Deer Flat area, White Canyon district, San Juan County, Utah USGS Bulletin 1132
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; Finnell, T. L., Franks, P. C., & Hubbard, H. A. (1963). Geology, ore deposits, and exploratory drilling in the Deer Flat area, White Canyon district, San Juan County, Utah USGS Bulletin 1132
Mineral and/or Locality  
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