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About RambergiteHide

Dark brown to black
Crystal System:
Member of:
Named after Hans Ramberg (15 April 1917, Trondhjem, Norway - 7 June 1998, Uppsala, Sweden), Professor of Mineralogy and Petrology at the University of Chicago, then at the University of Uppsala, Sweden. He was awarded the 1972 Wollaston medal.
Polymorph of:

Classification of RambergiteHide


2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
B : With Zn, Fe, Cu, Ag, etc.

Physical Properties of RambergiteHide

Dark brown to black
{1120} and {0001}

Optical Data of RambergiteHide

Uniaxial (+/-)
Colour in reflected light:
Steel gray
Internal Reflections:

Chemical Properties of RambergiteHide


Crystallography of RambergiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
6mm - Dihexagonal Pyramidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.975(5) Å, c = 6.433(6) Å
a:c = 1 : 1.618
Unit Cell V:
88.03 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Idiomorphic hexagonal crystals to 1.5 mm.

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0010364RambergiteEriksson L, Kalinowski M P (2001) Mn1-xFexS, x=0.05, an example of an anti-wurtzite structure Acta Crystallographica E57 i92-i932001synthetic0293
0011549RambergiteWyckoff R W G (1963) Second edition. Interscience Publishers, New York, New York Crystal Structures 1 85-23719630293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Skarns; anoxic, laminated, Baltic Sea sediments rich
in organic matter; metasedimentary manganese ores.

Type Occurrence of RambergiteHide

Synonyms of RambergiteHide

Other Language Names for RambergiteHide

Relationship of Rambergite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Buseckite(Fe,Zn,Mn)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
CadmoseliteCdSeHex. 6mm : P63mc
GreenockiteCdSHex. 6mm : P63mc
Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)SHex. 6mm : P63mc

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
4 photos of Rambergite associated with Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
2 photos of Rambergite associated with GalenaPbS
1 photo of Rambergite associated with HaueriteMnS2
1 photo of Rambergite associated with PyriteFeS2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.CB.05aColoradoiteHgTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.CB.05aHawleyiteCdSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aMetacinnabarHgSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aSphaleriteZnSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aStilleiteZnSeIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aTiemanniteHgSeIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aRudashevskyite(Fe,Zn)SIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.10aChalcopyriteCuFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10aGalliteCuGaS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bHaycockiteCu4Fe5S8Orth. 2 2 2
2.CB.10aLenaiteAgFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10aRoquesiteCuInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bTalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
2.CB.10aLaforêtiteAgInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.15aČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aFerrokësteriteCu2FeSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aHocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aKësterite Cu2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aPirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aStanniteCu2FeSnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15cUM2006-11-S:CuFeGeZnCu8(Fe,Zn)3Ge2S12 (?)
2.CB.20ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.20MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.30ColusiteCu13VAs3S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
2.CB.30GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
2.CB.30GermanocolusiteCu26V2(Ge,As)6S32Iso. 4 3m : P4 3m
2.CB.30StibiocolusiteCu13V(Sb,Sn,As)3S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3m
2.CB.30Ovamboite Cu20(Fe,Cu,Zn)6W2Ge6S32Iso.
2.CB.30MaikainiteCu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.CB.35aKiddcreekiteCu6SnWS8Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.35aRenierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16Tet. 4 2m : P4 2c
2.CB.35bCatamarcaiteCu6GeWS8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.40LautiteCuAsSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.CB.45CadmoseliteCdSeHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45GreenockiteCdSHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Buseckite(Fe,Zn,Mn)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.55aCubaniteCuFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.55bIsocubaniteCuFe2S3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CB.60PicotpauliteTlFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
2.CB.65ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3Mon. 2/m
2.CB.65SternbergiteAgFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.70SulvaniteCu3VS4Iso. 4 3m : P4 3m
2.CB.80EmpressiteAgTeOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.85MuthmanniteAuAgTe2Mon. 2/m : P2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for RambergiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kalinowski, M.P. (1996) Rambergite, a new polymorph of MnS with hexagonal structure. Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm Förhandlinger: 118: A53-A54. [Abs. in American Mineralogist (1998): 83: 1117.]
Böttcher, M.E., Huckriede, H. (1997) First occurrence and stable isotope composition of authigenic γ-MnS in the central Gotland Deep (Baltic Sea). Marine Geology 137, 201-205.
Eriksson, Lars; Kalinowski, Mariusz P. (2001): Mn1-xFexS, x ≃ 0.05, an example of an anti-wurtzite structure. Acta Crystallographica E57, i92-i93.
Burke, I.T., & Kemp, A.E. (2002). Microfabric analysis of Mn-carbonate laminae deposition and Mn-sulfide formation in the Gotland Deep, Baltic Sea. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 66, 1589-1600.
Hostettler, M. & Flack, H.D. (2003): Anti-wurtzite reoriented. Acta Crystallographica, B59, 537-538.

Internet Links for RambergiteHide

Localities for RambergiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Baltic Sea
American Mineralogist (1998): 83: 1117.
Burke, I. T., & Kemp, A. E. (2002). Microfabric analysis of Mn-carbonate laminae deposition and Mn-sulfide formation in the Gotland Deep, Baltic Sea. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 66(9), 1589-1600.
Lepland, A., & Stevens, R. L. (1998). Manganese authigenesis in the Landsort Deep, Baltic Sea. Marine Geology, 151(1), 1-25.
  • Tibet
    • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
      • Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.)
Wenji Bai, Shufeng Tao, Jingsui Yang, Qingsong Fang, Nicheng Shi and Guowu Li (2007): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 26(5), 418-428
  • Thuringia
    • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke (1999): Ronneburg/Thuringia, the second occurrence of the manganese sulfide rambergite.- Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, p. 35-39
  • Saitama Prefecture
    • Chichibu City
      • Urayama
[]; K. Nishikubo, T. Yamada, A. Harada, M. Takizawa, K. Tange, Y. Kosuge, R. Miyawaki, and S. Matsubara (2009): Rambergite from the Hirogawara mine, Urayama, Chichibu City, Saitama Prefecture, Japan. Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science Series C (Geology & Paleontology), 35, 7-10. []
Sweden (TL)
  • Dalarna County
    • Hedemora
      • Garpenberg
Kalinowski, M.P. (1996) Rambergite, a new polymorph of MnS with hexagonal structure. Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm Förhandlinger: 118: A53-A54.´; Min. Record 33, 168.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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