Donate now to keep mindat.org alive!Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
What is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthMineral PhotographyThe Elements and their MineralsGeological TimeMineral Evolution
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Rossmanite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
George R. Rossman
Formula:
☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Colour:
Pale-pink to colorless.
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
7
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named after George R. Rossman (b. August 3, 1944), California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA, in recognition for his work on the spectroscopy of the tourmaline-group minerals (and many other mineral species).
Tourmaline Group.

Vacancy-dominant member; identification only possible with quantitative chemical analysis and/or crystal-structure refinement.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Rossmanite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of RossmaniteHide

Approved
9.CK.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
C : Cyclosilicates
K : [Si6O18]12- 6-membered single rings, with insular complex anions
Dana 7th ed.:
61.3.1.3

Pronounciation of RossmaniteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of RossmaniteHide

Vitreous
Colour:
Pale-pink to colorless.
Streak:
White.
Hardness:

Optical Data of RossmaniteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.645 nε = 1.624
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.021
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate

Chemical Properties of RossmaniteHide

Formula:
☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
IMA Formula:
◻(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH

Crystallography of RossmaniteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m - Ditrigonal Pyramidal
Space Group:
R3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 15.802 Å, c = 7.088 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.449
Unit Cell V:
1,532.78 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
3
Comment:
Sample from Czech Republic has: a = 15.770(2), c = 7.085(1) Å.

Type Occurrence of RossmaniteHide

Synonyms of RossmaniteHide

Other Language Names for RossmaniteHide

Relationship of Rossmanite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AdachiiteCaFe3Al6(Si5AlO18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
BosiiteNaFe3+3(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Chromium-draviteNa(Mg3)Cr3+6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig.
Chromo-alumino-povondraiteNa(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
DarrellhenryiteNa(LiAl2)Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe3+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-feruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluor-liddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-schorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-tsilaisiteNa(Mn2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-uviteCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Foitite(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OHTrig. 3m : R3m
LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
LucchesiiteCaFe2+3 Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Luinaite-(OH)Na(Fe2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Mon. m : Bm
Magnesio-foitite(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig.
MaruyamaiteK(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)(BO3)3(Si6O18)(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)Trig.
Oxy-chromium-draviteNa(Cr)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Oxy-foitite□(Fe2+Al2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Oxy-rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Oxy-schorlNa(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Oxy-uviteCaMg3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Oxy-vanadium-draviteNa(V)3(V4Mg2)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
PovondraiteNaFe3+3(Mg2Fe3+4)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig.
SchorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
TsilaisiteNa(Mn2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
UM2000-64-SiO:BFeHKMgK, Mg, Fe, Si, B, O, H
Unnamed (Pb-dominant Tourmaline)(Pb,Na)(Li,Al)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F,OH)
Uvite SeriesCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
Vanadio-oxy-chromium-draviteNa(V)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
Vanadio-oxy-draviteNaV3(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Elbaite2 photos of Rossmanite associated with Elbaite on mindat.org.
Quartz2 photos of Rossmanite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Foitite1 photo of Rossmanite associated with Foitite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.CK.Fluor-schorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.DarrellhenryiteNa(LiAl2)Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.AdachiiteCaFe3Al6(Si5AlO18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe3+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Chromium-draviteNa(Mg3)Cr3+6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig.
9.CK.05DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Foitite(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OHTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)Trig.
9.CK.05PovondraiteNaFe3+3(Mg2Fe3+4)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig.
9.CK.05SchorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Magnesio-foitite(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig.
9.CK.05Oxy-vanadium-draviteNa(V)3(V4Mg2)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Oxy-rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
9.CK.05Chromo-alumino-povondraiteNa(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Fluor-uviteCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.10Abenakiite-(Ce)Na26Ce6(Si6O18)(PO4)6(CO3)6(SO2)OTrig. 3 : R3
9.CK.15ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
9.CK.20Steenstrupine-(Ce)Na14Mn2+2(Fe3+,Mn3+)2Ce6(Zr,Th)(Si6O18)2(PO4)6(HPO4)(OH)2 · 2H2OTrig.
9.CK.20Thorosteenstrupine(Ca,Th,Mn)3Si4O11F · 6H2O

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for RossmaniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Selway, J.B., Novák, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Cerny, P., Ottolini, L., and Kyser, T.K. (1998) Rossmanite, ◻(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)4, a new alkali-deficient tourmaline: Description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist 83, 896–900.
Grew, E.S., and Anovitz, L.M. (1996) BORON: Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, second edition, as revised (2002).

Internet Links for RossmaniteHide

Localities for RossmaniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • San Luis
    • Coronel Pringles department
      • El Trapiche
        • Las Águilas deposit
Miguel Á. Galliski, María Florencia Márquez-Zavalía, Raúl Lira, Jan Cempírek and Radek Škoda (2012) Mineralogy and Origin of the Dumortierite-Bearing Pegmatites of Virorco, San Luis, Argentina. Canadian Mineralogist 50:873-894.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Pena
Wilson, W E (2012) Famous Mimeral localities: The Jonas Mine, Itatiaia, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record 43:289-317.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Revelstoke Mining Division
      • Revelstoke
Dixon, A. (2014, October). Mount Begbie Pegmatite Group, British Columbia, Canada–evolution from Barren to Complex Rare-element Pegmatites. In 2014 GSA Annual Meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia.
  • Manitoba
    • Lac-du-Bonnet area
      • Bernic Lake
Can Min.38:877-891; Selway, J. B.; Cerny, P.; Hawthorne, F. C.; Novak, M. (2000): The Tanco pegmatite at Bernic lake, Manitoba. XIV. Internal tourmaline. Canadian Mineralogist 38, 877-891.
    • Red Cross Lake
Selway JB, Novák M, Cerný P, Hawthorne FC. (2000) Compositional evolution of tourmaline in lepidolite-subtype pegmatites. European Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 569-584.; Černý, O., Teertstra, D.K., Chapman, R., Selway, J.B., Hawthorne, F.C., Ferreira, K., Chackowsky, L.E., Wang, X.J. & and Meintzer, R.E. (2012); Černý, P., Teertstra, D. K., Chapman, R., Selway, J. B., Hawthorne, F. C., Ferreira, K., ... & Meintzer, R. E. (2012). Extreme Fractionation And Deformation Of The Leucogranite–Pegmatite Suite At Red Cross Lake, Manitoba, Canada. Iv. Mineralogy. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(6), 1839-1875.
China
 
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
          • Koktokay pegmatite field (Keketuohai pegmatite field)
            • Altay Mine
Zhang AC, Wang Ru, Hu H, Chen XM (2004) Occurrences of foitite and rossmanite from the Koktokay No. 3 pegmatite dyke, Altai, Northwestern China: A record of hydrothermal fluids. Canadian Mineralogist, 42, 873-883.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • South Bohemia Region
      • Písek
Historic mineral collection National museum of Czech Republic
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
Selway J. B., Novák M., Cerný P., Hawthorne F. C., 1999, Compositional evolution of tourmaline in lepidolite-subtype pegmatites. European Journal of Mineralogy, 11:569-584.
      • Třebíč District
        • Hrotovice
Bull. Minéral. , 1984, 107, pp. 369-384. / http://minerals.gps.caltech.edu/rossmanite/Czech_Republic_Radkovice/Radkovice-index.htm
      • Žďár nad Sázavou
        • Rožná pegmatite (Rozna; Roschna)
P. Pauliš (2001): Nejzajímavější naleziště Moravy a Slezska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora.
      • Žďár nad Sázavou District
        • Bystřice nad Pernštejnem
Am. Mineral. (1998) 83, 896–900; Novak, M., & Cerny, P. (2001). Distinctive compositional trends in columbite-tantalite from two segments of the lepidolite pegmatite at Rozna Western Moravia, Czech Republic. Journal of GEOsciences, 46(1-2), 1-8.
        • Křižanov
Novák, M., Staněk, J.: Lepidolitový pegmatit od Dobré Vody u Velkého Meziříčí, západní Morava. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae geologicae, 1999, roč. 84, s. 3 - 44.
Germany
 
  • Saxony
    • Limbach-Oberfrohna
      • Pegmatite occurrences
A. Ertl, U. Kolitsch, H.-P. Meyer, T. Ludwig, C. L. Lengauer, L. Nasdala and E. Tillmanns (2009): Substitution mechanism in tourmalines of the “fluor-elbaite”-rossmanite series from Wolkenburg, Saxony, Germany. N. Jahrb. Mineral. Abh. 185, 51-61.
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Elba Island
        • Campo nell'Elba
          • San Piero in Campo
Barsotti, G., & Nannoni, R. (2006). Rocce, minerali e miniere delle isole dell'Arcipelago Toscano. Pacini editore, 152 pp.
F. Pezzotta, A. Guastoni, C. Aurisicchio (1998) - La rossmanite di Roznà e dell'Elba. - Riv. Mineral. It., 22 2: 46-50.
          • Sant'Ilario in Campo
Riv. Mineral. Ital. 22(2):46-50 (1998)
Japan
 
  • Kyushu Region
    • Fukuoka Prefecture
Yohei Shirose, Seiichiro Uehara (2013) Li tourmaline from Nagatare, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences Vol. 108 (2013) No. 4 August p. 238-243
Madagascar
 
  • Antananarivo Province
    • Vakinankaratra Region
      • Sahatany Pegmatite Field (Mt Ibity area)
        • Sahatany Valley
Buřival, Z. & Novàk, M. (2015): Hydrothermal replacement of garnet by tourmaline in elbaite subtype LCT pegmatites. In PEG 2015: 7th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites. 2015.
  • Tuléar Province (Toliara)
    • Anosy Region (Fort Dauphin Region)
      • Amboasary District
        • Tranomaro Commune
http://www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_articles/Anjahamiary.pdf/ Pezzotta, F.(2004): Der Pegmatit von Anjahamiary bei Fort Dauphin, Madagaskar. LAPIS 29 (2): 24-28
Mozambique
 
  • Zambezia Province
    • Alto Ligonha District
      • Muva
Yellow tourmaline from Muva, Simmons, W.B., Falster A.U. & Laurs, B.M. (2011): A survey of Mn-rich yellow tourmaline from worldwide localities and implications for the petrogenesis of granitic pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist. 49: 301-319
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Omaruru District
      • Omaruru
Giller BS (2003) An overview of tourmaline mineralogy from gem tourmaline producing pegmatite districts in Africa. Master of Science Thesis, University of New Orleans, LA.
Nigeria
 
  • Oyo State
Giller BS (2003) An overview of tourmaline mineralogy from gem tourmaline producing pegmatite districts in Africa. Master of Science Thesis, University of New Orleans, LA.
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Meløy
      • Holandsfjord
Kolitsch, U., Andresen, P., Husdal, T. A., Ertl, A., Haugen, A., Ellingsen, H. V. and Larsen, A. O. (2013): Tourmaline-group minerals from Norway, part II: Occurrences of luinaite-(OH) in Tvedalen, Larvik and Porsgrunn, and fluor-liddicoatite, fluor-elbaite and fluor-schorl at Ågskardet, Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseet Skrift 50, 23-41.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Dzierżoniów District
      • Piława Górna (Ober Peilau; Gnadenfrei)
        • DSS Piława Górna Quarry
Pieczka, A., Hawthorne, F.C., Ma, C., Rossman, G.R., Szełęg, E., Szuszkiewicz, A., Turniak, K., Nejbert, K., Ilnicki, S.S., Buffat, P., Rutkowski, B. (2016): Żabińskiite, ideally Ca(Al0.5Ta0.5)(SiO4)O, a new mineral of the titanite group from the Piława Górna pegmatite, the Góry Sowie Block, southwestern Poland, Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press
Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
Simmons W., Falster A. (2004) Gem Tourmaline from Congo. Gems & Gemology 40, 263-265.
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
http://minerals.gps.caltech.edu/rossmanite/Russia_Turgenevskoye/Russia_Turgenevskoye-Index.html
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Rezh District
          • Lipovka pegmatite field
Memetova L.R., Pekov I.V., Bryzgalov I.A., Kononkova N.N. (2005): Chemistry and zoning of tourmaline from the granitic pegmatites of the Lipovka, Middle Urals, Russia. (Abstract) Materials of 5th International Symposium “Mineralogical Museums”. Saint-Petersburg, Russia, pp. 151-153.; Igor.V. Pekov, Lyudmila R. Memetova (2008) Minerals of the Lipovka Granite Pegmatites, Central Urals, Russia. Mineralogical Almanac 13:6-45
Sweden
 
  • Södermanland
    • Haninge
      • Utö
        • Utö Mines
Selway, J. B.; Smeds, S.-A.; Černý, P.; Hawthorne, F. C. (2002): Compositional evolution of tourmaline in the petalite-subtype Nykopingsgruvan pegmatites, Utö, Stockholm Archipelago, Sweden. GFF 124, 93-102
Selway, J. B.; Smeds, S.-A.; Černý, P.; Hawthorne, F. C. (2002): Compositional evolution of tourmaline in the petalite-subtype Nyköpingsgruvan pegmatites, Utö, Stockholm Archipelago, Sweden. GFF 124, 93-102
Tanzania
 
  • Morogoro Region
Giller BS (2003) An overview of tourmaline mineralogy from gem tourmaline producing pegmatite districts in Africa. Master of Science Thesis, University of New Orleans, LA.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • St Austell District
        • St Stephen-in-Brannel
          • Whitemoor
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britain and Ireland. Terra Publishing, Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire. 624pp.
USA
 
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Poland
Pedro-Pablo Gil-Crespo, Uxue Ostaikoetxea, Encarnación Roda-Robles, William Simmons, James Nizamoff (2012): Caracterización por XRD y Espectroscopía NIR de Turmalinas de la Serie Chorlo-Elbaita-Rossmanita de la Pegmatita de Berry-Havey (Maine, USA). Macla 16, p. 222-223.; Roda-Robles, E., Simmons, W., Pesquera, A., Gil-Crespo, P. P., Nizamoff, J., & Torres-Ruiz, J. (2015). Tourmaline as a petrogenetic monitor of the origin and evolution of the Berry-Havey pegmatite (Maine, USA). American Mineralogist, 100(1), 95-109.
    • Oxford Co.
      • Paris
http://minerals.gps.caltech.edu/rossmanite/USA_Maine_Mt_Mica/Mt-Mica-index.htm
      • Rumford
Dyar MD, Taylor ME, Lutz TM, Francis CA, Guidotti CV, Wise M (1998) Inclusive chemical characterization of tourmaline: Mössbauer study of Fe valence and site occupancy. American Mineralogist 83, 848-864. [samples 45 and 46, labeled olenite, are actually rossmanite].
  • New York
    • Essex Co.
Lupulescu, M. & Rakovan, J. (2008) The 35th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy, 10.
Vietnam
 
  • Yenbai Province (Yen Bai Province)
    • Luc Yen
Min Rec 2007 38:453-457
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2018, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: January 20, 2018 11:11:47 Page generated: December 22, 2017 13:17:47
Go to top of page