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Ni2+[Sb(OH)6]2 · 6H2O
Pale blue to pale blue-green
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Named in 1992 by Paola Bonazzi, Silvio Menchetti, Andrea Caneschi, Stefano and Magnanelli after the type locality of Bottino Mine, Italy.
This page provides mineralogical data about Bottinoite.

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Classification of BottinoiteHide

Approval Year:

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
H : Hydroxides with H2O +- (OH); insular octahedra

3 : X(OH)3

Physical Properties of BottinoiteHide

Pale blue to pale blue-green
Very light blue
3½ on Mohs scale
VHN10=94 - 110 kg/mm2 - Vickers
2.83 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.81 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of BottinoiteHide

Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.600 nε = 1.605
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.005
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of BottinoiteHide

Ni2+[Sb(OH)6]2 · 6H2O
IMA Formula:
Ni2+Sb5+2(OH)12 · 6H2O

Crystallography of BottinoiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
3 - Pyramidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 16.026 Å, c = 9.795 Å
a:c = 1 : 0.611
Unit Cell V:
2,178.64 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Crystals tabular on {0001}, with {10_10}, in rose-like and spherulitic aggregates, to 3 mm.
Inability to solve the structure was attributed to possible twinning. Structure was subsequently solved in P3, with twinning taken into account.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
4.62 (100)
3.36 (100)
2.34 (80)
1.806 (70)
2.09 (60)
1.751 (60)
4.88 (50)
Recorded on material from the type locality

Type Occurrence of BottinoiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
University of Florence, Florence, Italy (No. 1747/RI)
Geological Setting of Type Material:
In an oxidized hydrothermal base-metal deposit
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of BottinoiteHide

Other Language Names for BottinoiteHide

Relationship of Bottinoite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
BrandholziteMg[Sb(OH)6]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3 : P3

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Ullmannite8 photos of Bottinoite associated with Ullmannite on
Dolomite7 photos of Bottinoite associated with Dolomite on
Quartz3 photos of Bottinoite associated with Quartz on
Annabergite3 photos of Bottinoite associated with Annabergite on
Tetrahedrite2 photos of Bottinoite associated with Tetrahedrite on
Cerussite1 photo of Bottinoite associated with Cerussite on
Bindheimite1 photo of Bottinoite associated with Bindheimite on
Chalcopyrite1 photo of Bottinoite associated with Chalcopyrite on
Millerite1 photo of Bottinoite associated with Millerite on
Semseyite1 photo of Bottinoite associated with Semseyite on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.FH.05BrandholziteMg[Sb(OH)6]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3 : P3

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BottinoiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Bonazzi, P., Menchetti, S., Caneschi, A., Magnanelli, S. (1992) Bottinoite, Ni(H2O)6[Sb(OH)6]2, a new mineral from the Bottino mine, Alpi Apuane, Italy. American Mineralogist: 77: 1301-1304.
Clark, A.M. (1993) Bottinoite, a mineral new to Britain. Mineralogical Magazine: 57: 543-544.
Bonazzi, P., Mazzi, F. (1996) Bottinoite, Ni(H2O)6[Sb(OH)6]2: Crystal structure, twinning, and hydrogen-bond model. American Mineralogist: 81: 1494-1500.
Anthony, J.W. et al. (1997) Handbook of Mineralogy: 3: 74.
Rintoul, L., Bahfenne, S., Frost, R.L. (2011) Single-crystal Raman spectroscopy of brandholzite Mg[Sb(OH)6]2·6H2O and bottinoite Ni[Sb(OH)6]2·6H2O and the polycrystalline Raman spectrum of mopungite Na[Sb(OH)6]. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy: 42: 1147-1153.

Internet Links for BottinoiteHide

Localities for BottinoiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Occitanie
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Oms
Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 2007, 95, 3-24.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Meschede
        • Ramsbeck
[Mineralogical Record 29:144]
    • Siegerland
      • Siegen
        • Achenbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Eiserfeld
          • Kohlenbach Valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Eisern
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Siegerland
      • Niederfischbach
    • Westerwald
      • Wied Iron Spar District
        • Altenkirchen
          • Bürdenbach
SCHNORRER, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuheiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis 20 (12), 43-48; 62.
  • Sardinia
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Arbus
Lecca G., Ciriotti M.E., Blass G., Callegari A.M. and Boiocchi M. (2011): - Primo ritrovamento europeo di coconinoite (con noticella sul primo ritrovamento regionale di bottinoite). . Micro, 9,73-77.
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Stazzema
Bonazzi P., Menchetti S., Caneschi A., Magnanelli S., 1992. Bottinoite, Ni(H2O)[Sb(OH)6]2, a new mineral from the Bottino mine, Alpi Apuane, Italy. Am. Miner., 77: 1301-1304.
        • Vergemoli
          • Fornovolasco
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., & Bonini, M. (2008). Fornovolasco. Storia e minerali delle miniere di ferro presso Vergemoli (Alpi Apuane). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2008, 230-252
  • Aragón
    • Teruel
      • Lanzuela
Viñals, J., Calvo, M. (2006): Lanzuela. Teruel, Spain. Ullmanite, Bottinoite and Polydydimite. Mineral Up, vol. I, 1. 58-60.
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Alston Moor District
        • Nenthead
GREEN, D.I., McCALLUM, D. and WOOD, M. (2000) Famous mineral localities: The Brownley Hill Mine, Alston Moor District, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 31, 231-250.
Nat Hist Museum London and S.Rust collection
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Ceulanymaesmawr
        • Bontgoch (Elerch)
BMS Database
      • Upper Llanfihangell-y-Creuddyn
        • Pontrhydygroes
National Museum of Wales database; National Museum of Wales database
      • Ysbyty Ystwyth
BMS Database
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