Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Aktashite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Formula:
Cu6Hg3As4S12
Colour:
Gray-black
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
5.5
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named after its discovery locality in Russia.
Published without approbation, but recognize as valid species by the IMA CNMNC Sulfosalts Subcommittee (2008).
Isostructural with:
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of AktashiteHide

Approved
Notes:
Renamed by the IMA
Approval History:
Renamed by IMA: 2008
2.GA.30

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
G : Sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites
A : Neso-sulfarsenites, etc. without additional S
3.4.13.2

3 : SULFOSALTS
4 : ø = 3
5.4.3

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
4 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Zn and Hg

Physical Properties of AktashiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Gray-black
Comment:
white in reflected light
Streak:
black
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN50=300 - 346 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
Density:
5.5 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.72 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of AktashiteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
weak in shades of blue
Colour in reflected light:
White

Chemical Properties of AktashiteHide

Formula:
Cu6Hg3As4S12
Common Impurities:
Zn,Sb

Crystallography of AktashiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3 - Pyramidal
Space Group:
R3
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.730(3) Å, c = 9.329(1) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.679
Unit Cell V:
1,523.02 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
3
Morphology:
Rarely in crystals resembling trigonal pyramids, to 0.2 mm, which may be zoned with gruzdevite; as xenomorphic grains and granular aggregates.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.04 (20)
3.10 (100)
2.69 (70)
1.903 (100)
1.621 (100)
1.554 (20)
1.345 (30)
1.236 (40)
1.204 (20)
Comments:
Gal-Khaya, Yakutia, Russia (ICDD 25-298).

Type Occurrence of AktashiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Central Siberian Geological Museum, Novosibirsk, Russia, III-14/1; National School of Mines, Paris, France.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Uncommon, of hydrothermal origin in complex polymetallic As–Hg-bearing deposits.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for AktashiteHide

German:Aktashit
Simplified Chinese:硫砷汞铜矿
Spanish:Aktashita

Relationship of Aktashite to other SpeciesHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Arsiccioite3 photos of Aktashite associated with Arsiccioite on mindat.org.
Realgar1 photo of Aktashite associated with Realgar on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.GA.05ProustiteAg3AsS3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
2.GA.05PyrargyriteAg3SbS3Trig. 3m : R3c
2.GA.10PyrostilpniteAg3SbS3Mon.
2.GA.10XanthoconiteAg3AsS3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.GA.15SamsoniteAg4MnSb2S6Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.GA.20SkinneriteCu3SbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.GA.20WitticheniteCu3BiS3Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
2.GA.25LapieiteNiCuSbS3Orth.
2.GA.25MückeiteNiCu(Bi,Sb)S3Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
2.GA.25MalyshevitePdCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
2.GA.25LisiguangitePtCuBiS3Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
2.GA.30GruzdeviteCu6Hg3Sb4S12Trig.
2.GA.30NowackiiteCu6Zn3As4S12Trig. 3 : R3
2.GA.35LaffittiteAgHgAsS3Mon.
2.GA.40RouthieriteTl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.GA.40StalderiteTl(Cu,Ag)(Zn,Fe,Hg)2(As,Sb)2S6Tet.
2.GA.45ErniggliiteTl2SnAs2S6Trig.
2.GA.50BournonitePbCuSbS3Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.GA.50SeligmannitePbCuAsS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
2.GA.50SoučekitePbCuBi(S,Se)3Orth.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

3.4.13.1NowackiiteCu6Zn3As4S12Trig. 3 : R3
3.4.13.3GruzdeviteCu6Hg3Sb4S12Trig.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.4.1NowackiiteCu6Zn3As4S12Trig. 3 : R3
5.4.2Florensovite(Cu,Zn)Cr1.5Sb0.5S4
5.4.4LaffittiteAgHgAsS3Mon.
5.4.5Galkhaite(Cs,Tl)(Hg,Cu,Zn)6(As,Sb)4S12Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
5.4.6LivingstoniteHgSb4S6(S2)Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.4.7GruzdeviteCu6Hg3Sb4S12Trig.
5.4.8TvalchrelidzeiteHg3SbAsS3Mon. 2/m
5.4.9HakiteCu6[Cu4Hg2]Sb4Se13Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for AktashiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Vasil'ev, V.I. (1968) New ore minerals of the mercury deposits of Gornyi Altai and their parageneses. In: Voprosy metallogenii rtuti (Problems of mercury metallogeny). Izdatelstvo "Nauka" Moskva 1968, 111-129.
Fleischer, M. (1971) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 56: 358-362.
Gruzdev, V.S., Chernitsova, N.M., Shumkova, N.G. (1972) Aktashite - Cu6Hg3As5S12, new data. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 206(3): 694-697.
Fleischer, M. (1973) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 58: 560-562.
Kaplunik, L.N., Pobedimskaya, E.A., Belov, H.V. (1980) Kristallicheskaya struktura aktashimita Cu6Hg3As4S12. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 251(1): 96-98.
Nowacki, W. (1982): Isotypy in aktashite Cu6Hg3As4S12 and nowackiite Cu6Zn3As4S12. Soviet Physics - Crystallography 27, 26-27.
Vasil’ev, V.I., Pervukhina, N.V., Borisov, S.V., Magarill, S.A., Naumov, D.Y., Kurat’eva, N.V. (2010) Aktashite Cu6Hg3As4S12 from the Aktash deposit, Altai, Russia: Refinement and crystal chemical analysis of the structure. Geology of Ore Deposits: 52: 656-661.

Internet Links for AktashiteHide

Localities for AktashiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Abkhazia
 
  • Gudauta District (Gudauta Raion)
Vasil’ev, V.I., Pervukhina, N.V., Borisov, S.V., Magarill, S.A., Naumov, D.Y., Kurat’eva, N.V. [Васильев, В.И., Первухина, Н.В., Борисов, С.В., Магарилл, С.А., Наумов, Д.Ю., Куратьева, Н.В.] (2009) Refinement and crystal chemical analysis of the structure of Aktashite Cu6Hg3As4S12 from the Aktash deposit( Altai, Russia) [Уточнение и кристаллохимический анализ структуры акташита Cu6Hg3As4S12 из месторождения Акташ (Алтай, Россия)]. Zapiski RMO [Записки РМО], 138, 2, 75-82 (in Russian); Vasil’ev, V.I., Pervukhina, N.V., Borisov, S.V., Magarill, S.A., Naumov, D.Y., Kurat’eva, N.V. (2010) Aktashite Cu6Hg3As4S12 from the Aktash deposit, Altai, Russia: Refinement and crystal chemical analysis of the structure. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52, 7, 656-661.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Liard Mining Division
      • Iskut River
MINFILE NUMBER: 104B 008
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Bomby Township
Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697; Powell, W. G., & Pattison, D. R. (1997). An exsolution origin for low-temperature sulfides at the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 92(5), 569-577.
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
Econ Geol (1997) 92:569-577; Powell, W. G., & Pattison, D. R. (1997). An exsolution origin for low-temperature sulfides at the Hemlo gold deposit, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 92(5), 569-577.
China
 
  • Sichuan Province
    • Ngawa Autonomous Prefecture (Aba Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Jiuzhaigou Co. (Nanping Co.)
http://www.idm.gov.vn/Nguon_luc/Xuat_ban/2004/B23/b42.htm
France
 
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • La Chapelle-en-Valgaudemar (La Chapelle-en-Valgaudémar)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Johan, Z. & Mantienne, J. (2000): Thallium-rich mineralization at Jas Roux, Hautes-Alpes, France: a complex epithermal, sediment-hosted, ore-forming system. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 45, 63-77.
Georgia
 
  • Racha-Lochkhumi-Kvemo Svaneti Region
    • Mestia-Racha District
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Iran
 
  • West Azarbaijan Province (West Azerbaijan Province)
    • Takab (Takan Tepe)
Asadi, H.H., Voncken, J.H.L, Kühnel, R.A., and Hale, M. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 656-671.
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Stazzema
          • Sant'Anna di Stazzema
Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P. (2014): Mercury-arsenic sulfosalts from Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). II. Aktashite, Cu6Hg3As4S12, and laffittite, AgHgAsS3, from the Monte Arsiccio mine: occurrence and crystal structure. Periodico di Mineralogia, 83, 1-18.; Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., & Orlandi, P. (2014). Mercury-arsenic sulfosalts from Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). I. Routhierite,(Cu0. 8Ag0. 2) Hg2Tl (As1. 4Sb0. 6)∑= 2S6, from Monte Arsiccio mine: occurrence and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26(1), 163-170.
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Osh Oblast
    • Alai Range (Alay Range)
[Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Spiridonov, E. M., KRAPIVA, L., Stepanov, V. I., & Chvileva, T. N. (1981). Antimonous Aktashite from the Chauvai Mercury Deposit (Central Asia). Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 261(3), 744-748.
      • Fergana Valley
[Lapis 11:11-24]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Mexico
 
  • Sonora
    • Mun. de Moctezuma
Lapis 2001(1), 11-40
Handbook of Mineralogy
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Bryzgalov, I. A., Shcherbachev, D. K., & Konyshev, V. O. (1999). Aktashite in Ores from the Kyuchus Gold-Mercury Deposit, Northeastern Yakutia. In Doklady earth sciences (Vol. 365, pp. 272-275). Springer.
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
          • Berezovskii (Berezovskii Zavod)
Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.
        • Krasnotur'insk (Bogolovsk; Krasnoturjinsk; Krasnoturyinsk)
          • Turya river
            • Tur'insk
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; American Mineralogist, 82, 620-624; Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.
  • Western-Siberian Region
    • Altai Republic (Gorno-Altayskaya Autonomous Oblast')
[Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; V. I. Vasil’ev, N. V. Pervukhina, S. V. Borisov, S. A. Magarill, D. Yu. Naumov and N. V. Kurat’eva (2010): Aktashite Cu6Hg3As4S12 from the Aktash deposit, Altai, Russia: Refinement and crystal chemical analysis of the structure. Geology of Ore Deposits 52, 656-661.
Spain
 
  • Castile and Leon
    • León
      • Maraña
        • Puerto de las Señales
Martín-Izard, A., Gumiel, P., Arias, M., Cepedal, A., Fuertes-Fuente, M., & Reguilón, R. (2009). Genesis and evolution of the structurally controlled vein mineralization (Sb–Hg) in the Escarlati deposit (León, Spain): Evidence from fault population analysis methods, fluid-inclusion research and stable isotope data. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 100(1), 51-66.
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
http://www.fglb.clubdesk.com/clubdesk/www?p=100100
USA
 
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Osgood Mts
        • Potosi District
          • Adam Peak
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Cortez District
Clark, L. R. (2012). Ore and gangue mineral paragenesis of the Cortez Hills Carlin-type gold deposit, Nevada: evidence for coincident high-grade gold deposition and collapse brecciation. MS Thesis, University of Nevada
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2017, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: September 21, 2017 06:16:39 Page generated: August 25, 2017 12:51:39
Go to top of page