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Named in 1799 by Augustus Gottlob Werner from the Greek μελανός for "black".
A variety of Andradite

A black Ti-bearing (up to 11.5 mass% TiO2, usually ~5 or less mass%) variety of Andradite garnet.

Visit for gemological information about Melanite.

Classification of Melanite

Physical Properties of Melanite


Chemical Properties of Melanite

Elements listed in formula:

Other Names for Melanite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:黑榴石
Traditional Chinese:黑榴石

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Melanite in petrology

An essential component of (items highlighted in red)
Common component of (items highlighted in red)

References for Melanite

Reference List:
Werner, Augustus Gottlob (1799) in L. A. Emmerling, Lehrbuch fur Mineralogie, second edition, volume 1, p. 172.

Howie, R.A., A.R. Wooley, J.H. Scoon, R.C. Tyler & J.N. Walsh (1968), The role of titanium and the effect of TiO2 on the cell size, refractive index, and specific gravity in the andradite-melanite-schorlomite series: Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 775-790.

Huggins, F.E., D. Virgo & H.G. Huckenbolz (1977), Titanium-containing silicate garnets: II. The crystal chemistry of melanites and schorlomites: American Mineralogist: 62: 646-665.

Schwartz, K.B., Nolet, D.A., and Burns, R.G. (1980) Mössbauer spectroscopy and crystal chemistry of natural Fe-Ti garnets. American Mineralogist: 65: 142-153.

Agrosì, G., Scandale, E., and Digennaro, M.A. (2001) Growth defects of a melanite crystal. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Abhandlungen: 176: 89-107.

Agrosì, G., Schingaro, E., Pedrazzi, G., Scandale, E., and Scordari, F. (2002) A crystal chemical insight into sector zoning of a titanian andradite ('melanite') crystal. European Journal of Mineralogy: 14: 785-794.

Internet Links for Melanite URL:
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The following Melanite specimens are currently listed for sale on

Localities for Melanite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
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