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Bowieite

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Formula:
(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
7
Specific Gravity:
6.93 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named in 1967 by George A. Desborough and Alan J. Criddle in honor of Stanley Hay Umphray Bowie (March 24, 1917, Bixter, Scotland - September 3, 2008, Yeovil, England), Assistant Director of the Institute of Geological Sciences (now British Geological Survey), London. Bowie was an authority on uranium geology and developed hardness and reflectance methods for opaque mineral identification.
The Rh analogue of kashinite. Possibly also analogous to 'UM1978-17-S:IrOsPtRu'.


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Classification of BowieiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1980
2.DB.15

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
B : M:S = 2:3
2.11.12.1

2 : SULFIDES
11 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
3.12.10

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
12 : Sulphides etc. of the platinum metals

Physical Properties of BowieiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Hardness:
Hardness:
VHN100=858 - 1288 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Tenacity:
Brittle
Density:
6.93(3) g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of BowieiteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Weak - dark gray to very dark brown
Colour in reflected light:
Pale gray to pale gray-brown

Chemical Properties of BowieiteHide

Formula:
(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
IMA Formula:
Rh2S3

Crystallography of BowieiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.46 Å, b = 6.00 Å, c = 6.13 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.41 : 1 : 1.022
Unit Cell V:
311.16 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Anhedral grains to 0.5mm

Type Occurrence of BowieiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Smithsonian
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Placer platinum deposit
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of BowieiteHide

Other Language Names for BowieiteHide

Relationship of Bowieite to other SpeciesHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Isoferroplatinum4 photos of Bowieite associated with Isoferroplatinum on mindat.org.
Cuprorhodsite1 photo of Bowieite associated with Cuprorhodsite on mindat.org.
Ferrorhodsite1 photo of Bowieite associated with Ferrorhodsite on mindat.org.
Miassite1 photo of Bowieite associated with Miassite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.DB.05AntimonseliteSb2Se3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.DB.05BismuthiniteBi2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.DB.05GuanajuatiteBi2Se3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.DB.05MetastibniteSb2S3Amor.
2.DB.05PääkköneniteSb2AsS2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.DB.05StibniteSb2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.DB.10Ottemannitebeta Sn2S3
2.DB.10SuredaitePbSnS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.DB.15Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3Orth.
2.DB.20Montbrayite(Au,Sb)2Te3Tric.
2.DB.25EdgariteFeNb3S6Hex. 6 2 2 : P63 2 2
2.DB.30Tarkianite(Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8Iso. 4 3m
2.DB.35CameroniteCu5-x(Cu,Ag)3+xTe10 (x = 0.43)Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.11.12.2Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3Orth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.12.1Seinäjokite(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)2Orth.
3.12.2LauriteRuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.3Ruthenarsenite(Ru,Ni)AsOrth.
3.12.4Anduoite(Ru,Os)As2Orth.
3.12.5Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsSMon.
3.12.6Xingzhongite(Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)2S4Iso.
3.12.7RhodplumsiteRh3Pb2S2Trig.
3.12.8Cuprorhodsite(Cu,Fe)Rh2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.9KonderiteCu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16Hex. 6/m : P6/m
3.12.11CherepanoviteRhAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.12.12Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsSIso. m3 (2/m 3)
3.12.13Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)STet.
3.12.14Vasilite(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
3.12.15PalladseitePd17Se15
3.12.16Oosterboschite(Pd,Cu)7Se5Orth.
3.12.17TelluropalladinitePd9Te4Mon.
3.12.18TemagamitePd3HgTe3Trig. 3m : P3m1
3.12.19SopcheiteAg4Pd3Te4Orth.
3.12.20MicheneritePdBiTe
3.12.21KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)Hex.
3.12.22Telargpalite(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)Iso.
3.12.23Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2Trig. 3m : P3m1
3.12.24PalladoarsenidePd2AsMon. 2/m : P2/m
3.12.25StillwateritePd8As3Trig.
3.12.26AtheneitePd2As0.75Hg0.25Hex. 6 m2 : P62m
3.12.27MajakitePdNiAsHex.
3.12.28PalarstanidePd5(Sn,As)2Hex.
3.12.29ArsenopalladinitePd8(As,Sb)3Tric. 1 : P1
3.12.30VincentitePd3AsTet.
3.12.31PalladobismutharsenidePd2(As,Bi)Orth.
3.12.32StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2Hex.
3.12.33Hexatestibiopanickelite(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)Hex.
3.12.34Sudburyite(Pd,Ni)SbHex.
3.12.35TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)Iso.
3.12.36BorovskitePd3SbTe4Iso.
3.12.37IsomertieitePd11Sb2As2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.38Mertieite-IPd11(Sb,As)4Hex.
3.12.39Mertieite-IIPd8Sb2.5As0.5Trig.
3.12.40SobolevskitePd(Bi,Te)Hex.
3.12.41Frooditeα-PdBi2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.12.42PolaritePd(Bi,Pb)Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
3.12.43UrvantsevitePd(Bi,Pb)2Tet.
3.12.44CooperitePtSTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mmc
3.12.45Braggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)STet.
3.12.46Kharaelakhite(Cu,Pt,Pb,Fe,Ni)9S8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
3.12.47MalaniteCu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4Iso.
3.12.48Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2Trig.
3.12.49MaslovitePtBiTe
3.12.50SperrylitePtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.51PlatarsitePtAsSIso.
3.12.52GeversitePtSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.53DaomaniteCuPtAsS2Orth.
3.12.54Genkinite(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3Tet. 4 2 2
3.12.55StumpflitePt(Sb,Bi)Hex.
3.12.56InsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2
3.12.57ErlichmaniteOsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.58Omeiite(Os,Ru)As2Orth.
3.12.59Osarsite(Os,Ru)AsSMon.
3.12.60Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3Orth.
3.12.61InaglyiteCu3Pb(Ir,Pt)8S16Hex.
3.12.62Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.63Iridarsenite(Ir,Ru)As2Mon.
3.12.64Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsSIso.
3.12.65TolovkiteIrSbSIso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BowieiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Parthé, E., Hohnke, D., Hulliger, F. (1967) A new structure type with octahedron pairs for Rh2S3, Rh2Se3 and Ir2S3. Acta Crystallographica: 23: 832-840.
Jambor, J.L. (1989) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 74: 1215-1220.
Desborough, G.A., Criddle, A.J. (1984) Bowieite: a new rhodium-iridium-platinum sulfide in platinum-alloy nuggets, Goodnews Bay, Alaska. The Canadian Mineralogist: 22: 543-552.

Internet Links for BowieiteHide

Localities for BowieiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Kennedy Co.
      • Fifield
Webb, K. (2014). The age and tectonometallogenic setting of the Fifield “Alaskan-type” intrusive suite, Lachlan Orogen, NSW. NSW., Bachelor of Science (Honours), School of Earth & Environmental Sciences, University of Wollongong.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Leoben
Min.& Pet. 73:247-277; Min.& Pet. 73:247-277
Bulgaria
 
  • Blagoevgrad Oblast
Цинцов, З. (1998). Състав, разпространение и транспорт на минералите на елементите от групата на платината в алувиалните седименти на Благоевградския грабен. Сп. БГД, 59(2), 59-65.
  • Burgas Oblast (Bourgas Oblast)
    • Kameno Obshtina
Atanasov, A. V. (1990). Vasilite,(Pd, Cu) 16 (S, Te) 7, a new mineral species from Novoseltsi, Bulgaria. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 687-689.
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Chaudière-Appalaches
      • Les Appalaches RCM
        • Thetford Mines
Corrivaux, L. & Laflamme, J.H. G. (1990) Minéralogie des éléments du group du platin dans les chromitites de l'ophiolite de Thetford Mines, Québec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 579-595.
Corrivaux, L. & Laflamme, J.H. G. (1990) Minéralogie des éléments du group du platin dans les chromitites de l'ophiolite de Thetford Mines, Québec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 579-595.
  • Yukon
    • Whitehorse Mining District
      • Kluane District
Yana Fedortchouk, William LeBarge, Andrei Y. Barkov, Luca Fedele, Robert J. Bodnar, and Robert F. Martin (2010) Platinum-group minerals from a placer deposit in Burwash Creek, Kluane area, Yukon Territory, Canada. The Canadian Mineralogist (June 2010), 48(3):583-596
China
 
  • Hebei Province
    • Chengde Prefecture
      • Chengde Co.
        • Gaositai
Keqiao Chen (1981): Chinese Science Bulletin 26(12), 768
Colombia
 
  • Chocó Department
    • Mun. de Condoto
Stribrny, B., Wellmer, F.-W., Burgath, K.-P., Oberthür, T., Tarkian, M., and Pfeiffer, T. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 260-281.
Dominican Republic
 
  • La Vega Province
    • Bonao
      • Falcondo Mine
Aiglsperger, T., Proenza, J. A., Zaccarini, F., Lewis, J. F., Garuti, G., Labrador, M., & Longo, F. (2015). Platinum group minerals (PGM) in the Falcondo Ni-laterite deposit, Loma Caribe peridotite (Dominican Republic). Mineralium Deposita, 50(1), 105-123.
Ecuador
 
  • Esmeraldas Province
Weiser, T. and Schmidt-Thome, M. (1993) Platinum-group minerals from the Santiago river, Esmeraldas province, Ecuador. Canadian Mineralogist, 31, 61-73.
Ethiopia
 
  • Oromia Region (Oromiya Region)
    • Gimbi
      • Yubdo District (Joubdo District; Youbdo District; Joubda District)
C. J. Stanley et al.: Mineralogical Magazine 69(4):447-453 (2005)
Mongolia
 
  • Uvs Aimag
Oyunchimeg, T., Izokh, A.E., Vishnevsky, A.V., and Kalugin, V.M. (2009): Russian Geology and Geophysics 50(10), 863-872.
Oyunchimeg, T., Izokh, A.E., Vishnevsky, A.V., and Kalugin, V.M. (2009): Russian Geology and Geophysics 50(10), 863-872.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
        • Bou Azzer District (Bou Azer District)
          • Agoudal
El Ghorfi, M., Melcher, F., Oberthür, T., Boukhari, A. E., Maacha, L., Maddi, A., & Mhaili, M. (2008). Platinum group minerals in podiform chromitites of the Bou Azzer ophiolite, Anti Atlas, Central Morocco. Mineralogy and Petrology, 92(1-2), 59-80.
New Caledonia
 
  • Southern Province
    • Pirogues River
Economic Geology: 89: 1454-1468; (2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p287
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Chukotskii Autonomous Okrug
      • Kolyma area
        • Bol'shoi Anyui River Basin
          • Baimka River
            • Aluchinskii Massif (Aluchin horst)
Gornostayev, S.S., Crocket, J.H., Mochalov, A.G., and Lajoki, K.V.O. (1999) The platinum-group minerals of the Baimka placer deposits, Aluchin horst, Russian Far East. Canadian Mineralogist: 37: 1117-1129.
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
Tony Nikischer specimen and analysis; Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
Handbook of Mineralogy
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
S.N. Britvin, N.S. Rudashevsky, A.N. Bogdanova, D.K. Shcherbachev (2001) Miassite Rh17S15, a new mineral from a placer of the Miass River, Urals. Zap. Vseross. Mineral. Obshch., 130(2), 41–45 (in Russian, English abs.).
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
USA (TL)
 
  • Alaska
    • Bethel Borough
      • Goodnews Bay
Canadian Mineralogist: 22: 543-552.
USGS Open-File Report 01-269
Mineral and/or Locality  
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