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Synchysite

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About SynchysiteHide

Name:
From the Greek σύγχΰσις "synchys" for "confounding" in allusion to its initially being mistaken for parisite.
The name applied to what was believed to be the cerium-dominant species (see Palache et al., Dana 7th ed., vol. II, 287), but was later determined to be Synchysite-(Y).
The very rare neodymium analogue Synchysite-(Nd) was approved in the late 1970s.
The cerium analogue Synchysite-(Ce) was not submitted until 1982 (IMA1982-030).

See also Synchysite Group.


Synonyms of SynchysiteHide

Other Language Names for SynchysiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
9 photos of Synchysite associated with QuartzSiO2
5 photos of Synchysite associated with AnataseTiO2
4 photos of Synchysite associated with CalciteCaCO3
3 photos of Synchysite associated with Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
3 photos of Synchysite associated with Gadolinite
2 photos of Synchysite associated with ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
2 photos of Synchysite associated with BrookiteTiO2
2 photos of Synchysite associated with RutileTiO2
1 photo of Synchysite associated with ZirconZr(SiO4)
1 photo of Synchysite associated with TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SynchysiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Nordenskiöld (1894) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 16: 338 (as Parisite).
Flink (1901) University of Upsala, Geological Institution, Bulletin: 5: 81 (Synchisite).
Flink (1901) Meddelelser om Grønland: 24: 29.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 287-289 (as Synchisite).

Internet Links for SynchysiteHide

Localities for SynchysiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Angola
 
  • Huambo Province
    • Bailundo City Council
[Synchysite-(Y)] Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Beleque, A. R. C. (2010). Minerais de ETR no complexo carbonatítico de Bailundo (Mungo, Angola): ocorrência, composição e significado económico.
    • Ekunha City Council
[Synchysite-(Y)] Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
    • Longonjo City Council
[Synchysite-(Y)] Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
  • Huíla Province
    • Lubango City Council
[Synchysite-(Ce)] ZHENG, L., GU, X., & ZHANG, Y. (2014). Pyrochlore Chemistry from the Bonga Carbonatite-type Nb Deposit, Huila Province, Angola: Implications for Magmatic-Hydrothermal Processes of Carbonatite. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 40, 205-226.; Amores-Casals, S., Melgarejo, J. C., Bambi, A., Gonçalves, A. O., Morais, E. A., Manuel, J., ... & Molist, J. M. (2019). Lamprophyre-Carbonatite Magma Mingling and Subsolidus Processes as Key Controls on Critical Element Concentration in Carbonatites—The Bonga Complex (Angola). Minerals, 9(10), 601.
  • Namibe Province
    • Tombwa City Council
[Synchysite-(Ce)] L. Torró, C. Villanova, M. Castillo, M. Campeny, A. O. Gonçalves and J. C. Melgarejo (2012): Niobium and rare earth minerals from the Virulundo carbonatite, Namibe, Angola. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 393-409.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca Province
    • Belén Department
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Colombo, F., Lira, R., Simmons, W., & Falster, A. (2011). The NYF-type miarolitic-rare earth elements pegmatites of the El Portezuelo granite, Papachacra (Catamarca, NW Argentina). Asoc. Geol. Arg., Serie D, Publicación Especial, 14, 57-59.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Birch, W. D. & Pring, A. (1987): A note on synchysite-(Ce) from Broken Hill, New South Wales. Australian Mineral. 2 (2), 13-15; Birch BH Book
  • Northern Territory
    • Central Desert Region
      • Nolans Bore
[Synchysite-(Y)] Huston, D. L., Maas, R., Cross, A., Hussey, K. J., Mernagh, T. P., Fraser, G., & Champion, D. C. (2017). The Nolans rare earth element-phosphorus-uranium mineral system: formation and modification over 1800 million years. AGES 2017 Proceedings, NT Geological Survey
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Selwyn District
Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Yunta
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Roxby Downs
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Lottermoser B. G. (1995). Neues.Jb. Miner. Mh.1995, 8, 371-384
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Queenstown district
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Unpub data R Bottrill & C Hughes
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Gurktaler Alpen
      • St Veit an der Glan
        • Äußere Wimitz
[Synchysite-(Ce)] G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 191./111.: 43-55 (2001)
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Ankogel group
        • Kleinelend valley
[Synchysite-(Ce)] G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Goldberg group
        • Tauern valley
[Synchysite-(Ce)] G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
    • Millstatt lake ridge
      • Fresach
        • Laas
[Synchysite-(Ce)] G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Lower Austria
    • Industrieviertel
      • Gloggnitz
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Kolitsch, U. & Slama, M. (2016): Zur Mineralogie des niederösterreichischen Anteils des Semmering-Basistunnels: ein erster Bericht. Der Steirische Mineralog 31, 20-27 (in German).; Kolitsch+Auer+Schachinger+Slama (2018)
    • Waldviertel
      • Maissau
        • Limberg
          • Gänsgraben
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Kolitsch, U. & Schillhammer, H. (2018): 2091) Allanit-(Ce), Azurit, Gips, Jarosit, Malachit und Synchisit-(Ce) aus den Granitsteinbrüchen im Gänsgraben bei Limberg, Maissau, Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. Pp. 229-230 in Walter, F. et al. (2018): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVII. Carinthia II, 208./128., 185-254.
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Gastein valley
        • Böckstein
[Synchysite-(Y)] A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
peter neschen collection
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
        • Naßfeld valley
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
          • Sportgastein
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Franz Bernhard (EDS-analyses of several synchysite samples)
        • Siglitz - Bockhart area
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
        • Weissen valley
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
      • Habach valley
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
      • Obersulzbach valley
        • Hopffeld area
[Synchysite-(Ce)] A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Natural History Museum Vienna collection
      • Rauris valley
        • Hüttwinkl valley
[Synchysite-(Ce)] A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
[Synchysite-(Ce)] A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
        • Seidlwinkl valley
[Synchysite-(Ce)] A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
      • Untersulzbach valley
        • Ascham Alp - Breitfuß - Sonntagskopf area
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
    • Lungau
      • Murwinkel
        • Rotgülden
          • Muritzen valley
            • Haderlingspitze
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Walter, F. (2010): 1647) Monazit-(Ce), Synchisit-(Ce), Vanadinit, Wulfenit und Xenotim-(Y) vom Haderlingspitz, Muritzenkar, Lungau, Salzburg. P. 234-235 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
        • Schellgaden
C. Auer: Lapis 20(11):11-20 (1995)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
  • Styria
    • Kindberg
      • Hadersdorf
C.Auer (2019)
    • Koralpe
      • Deutschlandsberg
        • Leibenfeld
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Postl, W. et al. (2007)
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Zillertal
        • Zamser Grund (Zams valley)
          • Schrammacher
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Folie, K., Rocchetti, I. (1999): Novità Mineralogiche del Passo di Vizze. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1999, 222-230.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Belgium
 
  • Wallonia
    • Luxembourg
      • Bertrix
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Hatert, F. (2002) Les carbonates de Terres Rares de Bertrix, Belgique. Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège, 73(1), 27-34.
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba
    • Ayopaya Province
Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408.
  • Santa Cruz
    • Velasco Province
Comin-Chiaramonti, P., Girardi, V. A. V., De Min, A., Boggiani, P. C., & Correia, C. T. (2011). Iron-rich formations at the Cerro Manomó region, Southeastern Bolivia: Remnant of a BIF?. Episodes-Newsmagazine of the InternationalUnion of Geological Sciences, 34(3), 177.
Brazil
 
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Canaã dos Carajás
[Synchysite-(Y)] Grainger, C.J., Groves, D.I., Tallarico, F.H.B., and Fletcher, I.R. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 451-489.
  • Santa Catarina
Comin-Chiaramonti, P., de Barros Gomes, C., Castorina, F., di Censi, P., Antonini, P., Furtado, S., ... & Scheibe, L. F. (2008). Geochemistry and geodynamic implications of the Anitápolis and Lages alkaline-carbonatite complexes, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 32(1), 43-58.
  • São Paulo
    • Itapirapuã Paulista
[Synchysite-(Y)] Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Wicheeda Lake
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Dalsin, M.L. (2013) The Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Geochronology of the Wicheeda Carbonatite Complex, British Columbia. M.Sc. Thesis, University of British Columbia, Vancouver.
  • Northwest Territories
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Feng, Y. & Samson, I.M. (2015) Replacement process involving high field strength elements in the T-zone, Thor Lake rare-metal deposit. Canadian Mineralogist 53, 61-82.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Sheard, E.R. (2010); SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Pe-Piper, Georgia; Wisen, J., Papoutsa, A. and Piper, D. J.W. (2015) Mineralisation of fractured granites along the Cobequid Fault Zone: West Moose River Pluton, Cumberland County, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 7759.
    • Yarmouth Co.
      • Argyle
        • East Kemptville
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Horváth collection - XRD analysis
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • Carb Lake Area
[Synchysite-(Ce)] SAGE, R.P. (1983) Geology of the Carb Lake carbonatite complex. Ontario Geological Survey Open File Report 5399, 68p.
    • Nipissing District
      • Strathcona Township
MDI Number: MDI31M04SW00079
    • Sudbury District
      • Scadding Township
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Canadian Mineralogist 45, 1415
    • Thunder Bay District
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Mitchell (1991)
      • Killala Lake Area
[Synchysite-(Ce)] http://users.renegadeisp.com/~rwahl/Prairie%20Lake%20area%20Properties%20Available%20for%20option.htm
Can Mineral February 1997 v. 35 no. 1 p. 105-118
      • O'Meara Township
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Platt & Wooley (1990)
  • Québec
    • Chaudière-Appalaches
      • Les Appalaches RCM
        • Thetford Mines
          • Pontbriand
Fredric Schuster
      • Robert-Cliche RCM
        • Tring-Jonction
Dr. Jeff Chiarenzelli, identified
    • Laurentides
      • Deux-Montagnes RCM
        • Oka
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Gold (1969); Gaston Pouliot (1970) Study of carbonatitic calcites from Oka, Quebec. Can Mineral 10:511-540
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Cheang, K.K. (1977), Structure and polytypism of synchisite and parisite from Mont St. Hilaire, Quebec. M. Sc. Thesis, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada.
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
[Synchysite-(Ce)] HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Horváth, L., Pfenninger-Horváth, E., Gault, R. A., & Tarassoff, P. (1998): Mineralogy of the Saint-Amable Sill, Varennes and Saint-Amable, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 29: 83-118.
    • Montréal
[Synchysite-(Ce)] TARASSOFF, P., HORVÁTH, L. and PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2006) Famous mineral localities: the Francon quarry, Montréal, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 37, 5-60.
    • Nord-du-Québec
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Nadeau, O.,Cayer, A., Pelletier, M., Stevenson, R. & Jébrak, M. (2015) The Paleoproterozoic Montviel carbonatite-hosted REE–Nb deposit, Abitibi, Canada: Geology, mineralogy, geochemistry and genesis. Ore Geology Reviews 67, 314-335.
      • Nunavik
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Laferrière, A. (2011) Technical Report Mineral Resource Estimation Eldor Property – Ashram Deposit Nunavik, Quebec Commerce Resources Corporation. SGS Canada Inc. 99 p.
    • Outaouais
      • Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
        • Val-des-Monts
          • Lac Saint-Pierre (Wakefield Lake)
[Synchysite-(Y)] Hogarth, D.D., Chao, G.Y., Plant. G.A. & Steacy, H. R. (1974): Caysichite, a new silico-carbonate of yttrium and calcium. Canadian Mineralogist.12: 293-298
      • Pontiac RCM
        • Otter Lake
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Martin et al. (2018)
    • Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean
      • Le Fjord-du-Saguenay RCM
        • Saint-Honoré
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Fournier, A. (1993)
[Synchysite-(Ce)] FOURNIER, A. (1993) Magmat!c and hydrothermal controls of LREE mineralization of the St.-Honoré carbonatite, Québec. M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Canada. 95p.
China
 
  • Gansu
    • Wuwei
      • Tianzhu Co.
Zhi Ma, Yaoyu Chen, and Xin Zhong (2006): Gansu Science and Technology 22(12), 96-98
  • Henan
    • Nanyang
      • Xixia Co.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Qu, K., Sima, X., Zhou, H., Xiao, Z., Tu, J., Yin, Q., ... & Li, J. (2019). In situ LA-MC-ICP-MS and ID-TIMS U-Pb ages of bastnäsite-(Ce) and zircon from the Taipingzhen hydrothermal REE deposit: New constraints on the later Paleozoic granite-related U-REE mineralization in the North Qinling Orogen, Central China. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 173, 352-363.
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo mining district
        • Bayan Obo
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
    • Tongliao League (Tongliao Prefecture)
      • Jarud Banner (Zalute Co.)
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189
  • Jiangxi
    • Ganzhou
      • Dayu Co.
[Synchysite-(Y)] Rucheng Wang, Fontan, F., Xiaoming Chen, Huan Hu, Changshi Liu, Shijin Xu, and de Parseval, P. (2003): Canadian Mineralogist 41, 727-748.
      • Longnan Co.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Yunhuai Lin and Shiyang Chen (1985): Geology and Prospecting 21(3), 23-31
[Synchysite-(Y)] Deqian Chen, Daoling Yin, Jianxiong Zhou, Xingyuan Lin, Hanqing Zhang and Nicheng Shi (1994): Geological Review 59(1), 82-86
      • Xunwu Co.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Yunhuai Lin (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(4), 22-28
  • Shaanxi
    • Baoji
      • Taibai Co.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Xishun Hu (2009): Gold Science and Technology 17(2), 17-22, 27
  • Sichuan
    • Liangshan
      • Huili Co.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Yuanfu Xiao, Yan Sun, Zhiqiang Zhao, Gang Niu, Lin Zhang, and Congxuan Kang (2010): Geology in China 37(2), 463-469
      • Mianning Co.
Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23; Yang, Z., Smith, M.P., Henderson, P., Le Bas, M.J., Tao, K., and Zhang, P. (2000): Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte, ?(10), 466-480; Yuling Xie, Zengqian Hou, Jiuhua Xu, Zhongxin Yuan, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences) 35(6), 572-577
Czech Republic
 
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Karlovy Vary District
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
  • Liberec Region
    • Česká Lípa District
      • Stráž (Wartenberg)
[Synchysite-(Nd)] Scharm, B. & Kühn, P. (1983): Synchysite-(Nd), Ca(Nd,Y,Gd,...)[F|(CO3)2], a new mineral. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1983, 201-210.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
  • Moravian-Silesian Region
    • Frýdek-Místek District
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Matýsek D. (2013): Projevy mobilizace prvků vzácných zemin (REE) v podbeskydských těšínitech. Acta Mus. Morav., Sci. nat., 98, 101–113.
  • Olomouc Region
    • Prostějov District
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Škoda R., Čopjakova R. 2006: Authigenic REE mineralsfrom greywackes of the Drahany Uplands, Czech Republic and their significance for diagenetic processes. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 28, 208-210
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Kujalleq
      • Igaliku
        • Narsaarsuk Plateau
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Petersen, O. V & Johnsen, O. (2005): Minerals first described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist, Special Publication. 8, 184p; American Mineralogist (1953): 38: 932; Lapis (2001): 3: 8.
      • Igaliku Complex
Coulson, I. M. (2003). Evolution of the North Qôroq centre nepheline syenites, South Greenland: alkali-mafic silicates and the role of metasomatism. Mineralogical Magazine, 67(5), 873-892.; Coulson, I. M., & Chambers, A. D. (1996). Patterns of zonation in rare-earth-bearing minerals in nepheline syenites of the North Qôroq center, South Greenland. The Canadian Mineralogist, 34(6), 1163-1178.
      • Narsaq
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
DR Congo
 
  • North Kivu
    • Rutshuru Territiory
      • Bwito
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Nasraoui, M., Toulkeridis, T., Clauer, N., & Bilal, E. (2000). Differentiated hydrothermal and meteoric alterations of the Lueshe carbonatite complex (Democratic Republic of Congo) identified by a REE study combined with a sequential acid-leaching experiment. Chemical Geology, 165(1), 109-132.
Finland
 
  • Kymenlaakso
    • Kotka
[Synchysite-(Y)] Lahti Seppo I. 2011. Kotkan topaasilouhoksesta ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 4.
  • Pirkanmaa
    • Valkeakoski
[Synchysite-(Nd)] Vorma, A., Ojanperä, P., Hoffrén, V., Siivola, J. & Löfgren, A.(1966): On the rare earth minerals from the Pyörönmaa pegmatite in Kangasala, SW-Finland. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique Finlande 222. 241-274;
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • Langeac
        • Marsanges
[Synchysite-(Ce)] PERINET F. (2014) - Minéraux des terres rares de Marsanges (Haute Loire). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs N° 123 pp. 18-22; Boisson, J.-M. & Leconte, J. (2014): Analyses 2012-2013 MNHN-MICROMONTEURS. La revue de Micromonteurs, 21.
    • Isère
      • Le Bourg-d'Oisans
        • Saint Christophe-en-Oisans
Valverde J., De Ascencao Guedes R. (1999), Le Plan du Lac, Isère (France), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°2, pp: 6-21
    • Loire
      • Bourg-Argental
        • Saint-Julien-Molin-Molette
Melle A., Meisser N. (2017) : Première occurrence française de thorbastnäsite. Le cahier des micromonteurs N° 138, p20
    • Savoie
      • La Lauzière massif
DE ASCENCAO GUEDES R.. (2000). La Lauzière : les espèces minérales, Savoie, France. Le Règne Minéral hors-série n°6, pp. 24-39. Editions du Piat.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] DE ASCENCAO GUEDES R.. (2000). La Lauzière : les espèces minérales, Savoie, France. Le Règne Minéral hors-série n°6, pp. 24-39. Editions du Piat.
      • Tarentaise valley
        • Bourg-St Maurice
          • Les Arcs
            • Peisey-Nancroix
[Synchysite-(Ce)] De Ascencão Guedes R., Guichon F. & Meisser N. (2004). La synchisite-(Ce) de la Grande-Glière, Peisey-Nancroix (Savoie). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°86, p 27
        • Ruitor massif
          • Sainte-Foy
De Ascencao Guedes R. et al. (2003), Découverte de kainosite-(Y) au glacier de l'Invernet, Sainte-Foy, Haute-Tarentaise, Savoie, Le Règne Minéral, n°54, pp: 11-17
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Luzenac
[Synchysite-(Ce)] [Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 1990, 4, p.3,8-12]
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
      • Bagnères-de-Bigorre
Ph. Rémy & Ph. Font (2007): Du titane dans les Pyrénées. MicroMinéral Magazine, n° 1, 12-31.
    • Tarn
      • Alban - Le Fraysse area
        • Bennac
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Castro, A. and Rémy, P. (2011): Découverte d'une fente alpine dans le Tarn. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 114(4), 10-20. (in French)
      • Montredon-Labessonnié
        • Peyrebrune
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Bernadi G. (2004), Quelques nouvelles de Peyrebrune (Tarn), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°86, pp 13-18
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-Maritimes
      • Saint-Martin-Vésubie
Self collected by S. MAURY; DALIA, DIETRICH "Anatase, brookite et minéraux des terres rares des Alpes Maritimes" - Riviera Scientifique 1998 pp69-76
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • Villar-d'Arêne
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Designolle J-L. (1997), L'Alpe du Villar d'Arène (Hautes-Alpes), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°2, pp: 23-30
    • Var
      • Fréjus
        • Reyran valley
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Augé, T., Bailly, L. & Wille, G. (2015): An unusual occurrence of synchysite-(Ce) in amygdules from the Esterel volcanic rocks, France: Implications for rare-earth element mobility. Canadian Mineralogist 52, 837-856. Augé, T., Bailly, L. & Chollet, P. (2015): Une occurence originale de synchysite-(Ce) dans les bulles de lave de la vallée du Reyran, Estérel, Var, France.Conséquences sur la mobilité des éléments du groupe des terres rares. Riviera scientifique 99, 49-68
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Alpirsbach
      • Reinerzau District
[Synchysite-(Ce)] K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Freiburg
      • Lörrach
        • Todtnau
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Lapis 21(12), 44 (1996)
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Oberwolfach
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); KOLITSCH, U., GRAF, H. W. & BLAß, G. (1997): Untersuchungen über die Seltenerden-Carbonate Bastnäsit und Synchisit von der Grube Clara im Schwarzwald: Nachweis von Bastnäsit-(Ce), Bastnäsit-(Nd), Bastnäsit-(La) und Synchisit-(Ce). - Aufschluss 48, 367-79.
    • Gengenbach
      • Haigerach valley
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
    • Haslach
      • Steinach
[Synchysite-(Ce)] [Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald]
[Synchysite-(Ce)] K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Schenkenzell
      • Wittichen
        • Burgfelsen
[Synchysite-(Ce)] K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Waldshut
      • Detzeln
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Hess, E., Graeser, S. & Gabriel, W. (2011): Das Porphyrwerk Detzeln im Steinatal und seine Mineralien. Lapis 36 (4), 25-35; 54.
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Franconia
      • Wunsiedel im Fichtelgebirge
        • Marktredwitz
          • Dechantsees
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Meier, S. (1985): Synchisit aus dem Steinbruch bei Dechantsees/Fichtelgebirge. Lapis, 10 (11), 38-39; Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Bad Grund
      • Wiemannsbucht
[Synchysite-(Y)] Haack, U., Schnorrer-Koehler, G. & Lueders, V. (1987): Seltenerd-Minerale aus hydrothermalen Gängen des Harzes. Chemie der Erde 47, 41-45 (in German).
    • St Andreasberg District
      • Oder valley
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Haldensleben
      • Flechtinger Höhen
        • Flechtingen
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Witzke, T. & Jacob, G. (1995): Nachweis von Synchysit-(Ce) und Gladit in Vulkaniten der Flechtingen-Roßlauer Scholle. Zeitschrift für Geologische Wissenschaften 23, 443-448.
    • Halle
      • Petersberg
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001; Hajek, W. & Gröbner, J. (2007): Allanit, Anatas und Brookit vom Petersberg bei Halle. Lapis 32 (6), 53-57; Jahn, S. (2007): Der Petersberg bei Halle a. d. Saale. Mineralien-Welt 18(6), 16-41.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Raschau-Markersbach
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Förster, H.-J. (2001). Synchysite-(Y)-synchysite-(Ce) solid solutions from Markersbach, Erzgebirge, Germany: REE and Th mobility during high-T alteration of highly fractionated aluminous A-type granites. Mineralogy and Petrology 72, 259-280.
    • Görlitz
      • Königshain
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2013): Eine Seltenerd- und Niob-Tantal-Mineralisation aus dem Königshainer Granit in der Lausitz, Sachsen.- Mineralien-Welt 24(1), 36-45
      • Thiemendorf
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2013): Eine Seltenerd- und Niob-Tantal-Mineralisation aus dem Königshainer Granit in der Lausitz, Sachsen.- Mineralien-Welt 24(1), 36-45
    • Mittelsachsen
      • Freiberg
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 67-80.
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
              • Hilarion area
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
          • Plaka
            • Plaka Mines
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
          • Sounion area
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Hungary
 
  • Baranya County
    • Komló
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Szakáll, S., Nagy, G. és Sajó, I. (2003): Synchysite-(Ce) from the Komló coal deposit, Mecsek Mts., South Hungary. Acta Mineral.-Petrogr., Abstr. Ser. 1, p. 100.
    • Pécs
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Sándor Klaj collection
India
 
  • Rajasthan
    • Jaipur Division
      • Barmer District
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Bhushan, S. K. (2015). Geology of the Kamthai rare earth deposit. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 85(5), 537-546.
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Courmayeur
      • Monte Bianco Massif (Mont Blanc Massif)
        • Ferret Valley
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): MInerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
        • Veny Valley
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
[Synchysite-(Ce)] [MinRec 32:360]
        • Reppia
          • Monte Copello
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Camarda, S. (2006): Sinchisite-(Ce) "micro-estetica" della miniera di Gambatesa. Prie, 2, 37-38.
    • Savona Province
      • Magliolo
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Ciriotti, M.E. & Biagioni, C. (2011): Pot-pourri 2011: identificazioni di minerali di interesse. Micro, 3/2011, 125-133
  • Lombardy
    • Varese Province
[Synchysite-(Y)]
        • Cavagnano
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Collection of Barry Murphy, Micromount specimen catalogue number 00876
[Synchysite-(Ce)] see http://imgdb.amiminerals.it/picture.php?/1264/category/112
[Synchysite-(Ce)] see http://imgdb.amiminerals.it/picture.php?/1267/category/112
  • Piedmont
    • Biella Province
      • Curino
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Martini, B., Salvetti, A., Della Fontana, G., Boscardin, M., Ciriotti, M.E., Ambrino, P. (2010): Primo ritrovamento nel Biellese di synchysite-(Ce). Micro (UK report) 1/2010, 145-149
    • Cuneo Province
Piccoli, G. C., & Lombardo, B. (2004). Il massiccio cristallino dell'Argentera. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 28 (1): 6-23
      • Bagnolo Piemonte
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Piccoli, G. C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., & Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo F. Eusebio - Alba, 607 pag.
      • Entracque
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Piccoli, G.C. (2002): Minerali delle Alpi Marittime e Cozie Provincia di Cuneo. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba, 366 pp.
      • Sambuco
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Vinadio
        • Bagni di Vinadio Valley (Corborant Valley)
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Flavio Giuseppe Taricco collection - Discoverer of location
        • Sant’Anna Valley
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007) Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, L'Artigiana Srl - Azienda Grafica, Alba (Cuneo), 607 pp.
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Bussoleno
Flavio G. Taricco collection
[Synchysite-(Ce)] - Finello, G., Ambrino, P., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Blaß, G., Bracco, R. (2007): I minerali della “Pietra di Luserna”, Piemonte, Italia nord-occidentale. I. Alcune cave di gneiss della Val Luserna. Micro (località), 2/2007, 181-226.; - Finello, G., Ambrino, P., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Blaß, G., Bracco, R. (2007): I minerali della “Pietra di Luserna”, Piemonte, Italia nord-occidentale. I. Alcune cave di gneiss della Val Luserna. Micro (località), 2/2007, 181-226.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Giuseppe Finello Collection
      • Meana di Susa
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Baceno
        • Devero Alp
Klemm, L., Pettke, T., Graeser, S., Mullis, J., & Kouzmanov, K. (2004). Fluid mixing as the cause of sulphide precipitation at Albrunpass, Binn Valley, Central Alps. Swiss Bulletin of Mineralogy and Petrology, 84(1), 189-212.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Lapis, 20 (7/8), 41-64+76; Guastoni, A., Cámara, F. and Nestola, F. (2010): Arsenic-rich β-Fergusonite-(Y) from Mount Cervandone (Western Alps, Italy): Crystal structure and genetic implications. American Mineralogist, 95, 487-494.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Albertini C. (1991): L'Alpe Devero ed i suoi minerali. Edizioni Grafica P.G.A., Dormelletto (Novara), 299 pp.; Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Baveno
        • Oltrefiume
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Sergio Varvello collection
Sergio Varvello collection
      • Beura-Cardezza
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Huen, E., Gramaccioli, C.M. (1969): Sulla sinchisite di Beura (Ossola). Natura, LX, 3, 193-194.
R.M.I. 1997 n. 2 pg. 157 to 170 / Mattioli V. years 1978-1979-1985-1987-1988
Bruno Marello collection
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Brambilla A. (1986): Sinchisite di Verampio. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 10, (3), 137-139.
      • Mergozzo
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Gramaccioli C.M. (1975): Minerali alpini e prealpini. Istituto Italiano Edizioni Atlas, Bergamo, 2 vol., 472 pp.; Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo), 607 pp.
      • Montecrestese
[Synchysite-(Y)] 'Apatite' - Monazite-(Ce) - Synchysite-(Y) - Kainosite-(Y)) sono analizzate
      • Stresa
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Sergio Varvello collection
      • Varzo
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Cuchet, S., Crumbach, M. & van der Burgt, A. (2016) Le allaniti e i minerali di terre rare dell'Alpe Veglia (Varzo, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 40, 212-241.
      • Villadossola
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 157-170.
  • Sardinia
    • Metropolitan City of Cagliari
      • Sarroch
[Synchysite-(Ce)] - Orlandi, P., Gelosa, M., Bonacina, E., Caboni, F., Mamberti, M., Tanca, G., A. et Vinci, A. (2013) : Sardignaite, gelosaite et tancaite-(Ce) : trois nouveaux minéraux de Su Seinargiu, Sarroch, Sardaigne, Italie. Le Règne Minéral, 112, 39-52.; Orlandi P., Gelosa M., Bonacina E., Caboni F., Mamberti M., Tanca G.A., Vinci A. (2015): Sette nuove specie mineralogiche della Sardegna. I minerali della mineralizzazione a molibdeno e bismuto di Su Seinargiu (CA). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 39, 2, 84-115.
    • Nuoro Province
      • Tortolì
        • Arbatax
Domenico Preite Collection
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Fluminimaggiore
[Synchysite-(Y)] Stara, P., Rizzo, R., and Tanca, G.A. [with contributions of Vinci, A., and Astolfi, M.] (1996) Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Associazione Mineralogica Sarda, Associazione Mineralogica Domusnovas, Gruppo Mineralogico Arburese, Gruppo Mineralogico Paleontologico Piacentino, Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo et al. Ed., Siena, Vol. 2, 192 pp.
      • Gonnosfanadiga
        • Fenugu Sibiri Mine
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Caboni, F., Mamberti, M., Tanca, G.A., Vinci, A., Bittarello, E., Marengo, A., Brizio, P., Bracco, R., Baralis, L., Desor, J., Ciriotti, M.E. (2018): Arseniati, arseniuri e altre novità di Pira Inferida - Fenugu Sibiri, Gonnosfanadiga, Sud Sardegna. Micro, 16, 110-156 (in Italian with abstracts in English, French and German).
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2°, 192 pp.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] - Sabelli C. (2000): Rooseveltite e "agardite-(Ce)".Riv. Mineral. Ital., 1/2000, 40-43.
      • Sarrabus-Gerrei
        • Gerrei
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Mondillo, N. et al. (2016): Rare earth elements (REE)—Minerals in the Silius fluorite vein system (Sardinia, Italy). Ore Geology Reviews 74, 211-224.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • South Tirol
      • San Giacomo (Sankt Jakob)
        • Oberbergtal
[Synchysite-(Ce)] collection Manuele Moro
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Folie, K., P. Gentile, M. Hanke & I. Rocchetti (2010): Mineralien aus der Umgebung des Pfitscher Jochs in Südtirol (II). Mineralien-Welt 21 (4), 42-67.
        • Vizze Pass (Pfitsch Pass; Pfitscher Joch)
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Folie, K., Gentile, P., Hanke, M., Rocchetti (2010): Mineralien aus der Umgebung des Pfitscher Jochs in Südtirol (II). Mineralien-Welt, 21, 4, 42-67.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Folie, K., Gentile, P., Hanke, M., Rocchetti, I. (2010): Mineralien aus der Umgebung des Pfitscher Jochs in Südtirol (II). Mineralien-Welt, 21, 4, 42-67.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Buscaroli, C., Del Pozzo, C., e Tosato, F. (1994): La fergusonite della Wasserfallkopfe in Val di Vizze. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1994, 337-341
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Canal San Bovo
        • Vanoi Valley
          • Pralongo
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Ferretti, P., Gualtieri, A., Rocchetti, I., Vecchi, F. (2015): Cava Pralongo. Nuove segnalazioni dalle pegmatiti della Valle del Vanoi (Canal San Bovo, Trento). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 49, 3 (3-2015), 164-185.
      • Frassilongo
        • Roveda
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Ferretti, P., Camin, C., Fassina, B., Gentile, P., Rocchetti, I., Vecchi, F. (2018) Miniera Tingherla (Frassilongo, Valle del Fersina). Aggiornamento di una località classica della mineralogia trentina. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 42, 2 (2-2018), 108-141.
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Vecchi, F., Rocchetti, I. & Gentile, P. (2013): Die Mineralien des Granits von Predazzo, Provinz Trient, Italien. Mineralien-Welt, 24(6), 98-117 (in German).
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Frizzo, P., Peruzzo, L., Dellantonio, E. (2010): The copper-wolfram deposit of Bedovina (Trento, Italy). Geo.Alp, 7, 55-70. [http://www2.uibk.ac.at/downloads/c715/geoalp_7_10/04frizzo_et_al_sml.pdf]
Ref: Daniele Ravagnani - I giacimenti uraniferi Italiani ed i loro minerali - Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo-Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano - Milano, 1974, pp. 154-155
      • Roncegno
[Synchysite-(Ce)] -Bortolozzi G., Blass G., Boscardin M., Rocchetti I. and Ferretti P. (2013): La Miniera di Cinquevalli (Valsugana, Trentino-Alto Adige): aggiornamento sulle specie accertate negli ultimi anni. Studi Trent. Sci. Nat., 93, pagg. 149-165.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Elba Island
        • Campo nell'Elba
          • San Piero in Campo
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Orlandi, P., & Pezzotta, F. (1997). Minerali dell'Isola d'Elba. Edizioni Novecento Grafico, Bergamo, 249 pp.
        • Capoliveri
Giorgio Bortolozzi collection (analysed by Raman spectroscopy)
    • Lucca Province
      • Minucciano
        • Gorfigliano
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Orlandi P., Dini A., Gemignani E., Pierotti L., Quilici U., Romani U., 2002. Paragenesi alpine nelle Alpi Apuane: I minerali delle vene di quarzo della Valle dell'Acqua Bianca, Gorfigliano (LU) Riv. Mineral. It., 26, 4: 216-223
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Torrebelvicino
        • Monte Naro
          • Monte Naro - Riolo Valley side
            • Contrada Trentini
[Synchysite-(Ce)] -Atti della giornata di Studio – L’argento e le “terre bianche” del Tretto e della val Leogra – Comune di Schio, 2000. A cura di Pietro Frizzo.
Japan
 
  • Fukuoka
    • Tagawa-gun
      • Kawasaki
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Kitamura & Uehara (2000) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 102.
  • Fukushima
    • Kawamata
      • Iizaka Village (Iisaka)
[Synchysite-(Y)] Kato, A. (1973) Sakurai Koubutsu Hyohon, 38. (Sakurai collection); Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karaganda Region
    • Karkaraly
[Synchysite-(Ce)]
Kenya
 
  • Homa Bay County
Onuonga, I.O., Bowden, P. (2000) Hot-spring and supergene lanthanide mineralization at the Buru carbonatite centre, Western Kenya. Mineralogical magazine, 64:4, 663-673.
Kosovo
 
  • District of Peja (District of Peć)
    • Klina (Klinë)
[Synchysite-(Nd)] Maksimović, Z. and Pantó, G. (1978): Minerals of the rare-earth elements in karstic bauxites: synchisite-(Nd), a new mineral from the Grebnik deposit. Proc. 4th International Congress for the study of bauxites, alumina, and aluminum, Athens, 540-553 [Abs. in Am. Min. (1979), 64, 658]; NJMM (1983), 201; Lapis 3 (2001), 8
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Talas Region
    • Ak-Tyuz ore Field
[Synchysite-(Ce)] no reference
Madagascar
 
  • Diana
    • Ambanja
      • Antsirabe
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Estrade, G., et al. (2014): REE and HFSE mineralization in peralkaline granites of the Ambohimirahavavy alkaline complex, Ampasindava peninsula, Madagascar. Journal of African Earth Sciences. 94: 141–155
        • Betaimboay
          • Unnamed caldera
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Wolfgang Hampel (2011), fieldwork/studies
Malawi
 
  • Northern Region
    • Chitipa
Malunga, G. W., Samama, J. C., & Houot, R. (1991, January). Rare Earths Potential in Malawi. In Materials Science Forum (Vol. 70, pp. 193-204).
  • Southern Region
    • Balaka
[Synchysite-(Y)] Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
    • Phalombe
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Sam Broom-Fendley, Aoife E. Brady, Frances Wall, Gus Gunn, William Dawes (2017): REE minerals at the Songwe Hill carbonatite, Malawi: HREE-enrichment in late-stage apatite. Ore Geology Reviews, 81, 23-41.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Ngwenya, B. T. (1994): Hydrothermal rare earth mineralisation in carbonatites of the Tundulu complex, Malawi: processes at the fluid/rock interface. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 58, 2061-2072.
    • Zomba
[Synchysite-(Ce)] American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1216–1222, 2009
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Dowman, E., Wall, F., Treloar, P. J., Rankin, A. H., & Corkhill, C. (2017). Rare-earth mobility as a result of multiple phases of fluid activity in fenite around the Chilwa Island Carbonatite, Malawi. Mineralogical Magazine, 81(6), 1367-1395.
Mali
 
  • Kidal Region
[Synchysite-(Y)] Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Mongolia
 
  • Dornogovi Aimag
    • Hövsgöl
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Pavel M. Kartashov data; Kynicky, J., et al., (2018) The role of carbonate-fluoride melt immiscibility in shallow REE deposit evolution, Geoscience Frontiers.
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
[Synchysite-(Ce)] G.M. Tsareva data; Econ Geol (1995) 90:530-547; Kovalenko, V. I., Yarmolyuk, V. V., Sal nikova, E. B., Kartashov, P. M., Kovach, V. P., Kozakov, I. K., ... & Yakovleva, S. Z. (2004). The Khaldzan-Buregtei Massif of peralkaline rare-metal igneous rocks: structure, geochronology, and geodynamic setting in the Caledonides of Western Mongolia. Petrology c/c of Petrologiia, 12(5), 412-436.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Pavel M. Kartashov data
[Synchysite-(Ce)] N.V. Vladykin data
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Jindřich Kynický
Morocco
 
  • Béni Mellal-Khénifra
    • Khénifra Province
      • Tamazeght Mountain Range
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Khadem Allah, B. (1993); Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Namibia
 
  • Kunene Region
    • Epupa
      • Epembe
Zimmermann, R., Brandmeier, M., Andreani, L., Mhopjeni, K., Gloaguen, R. (2016) Remote Sensing Exploration of Nb-Ta-LREE-Enriched Carbonatite (Epembe/Namibia). Remote Sensing, 8, 620.
    • Khorixas
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Wall, F., Niku-Paavola, V.N., Storey, C., Müller, A. & Jeffries, T. (2008) Xenotime-(Y) from carbonatite dykes at Lofdal, Namibia: unusually low LREE:HREE ratio in carbonatite, and first dating of xenotime overgrowths in zircon. Canadian Mineralogist, 46, 861-877.
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Otjiwarongo
Kogut, A. I., Hagni, R. D. & Schneider, G. I. C. (1998): Geology, mineralogy, and paragenetic sequence of the Okorusu carbonatite-related fluorite ores, Namibia. In: Ed. Hagni, R. D., Proc. 9th Quadrenn. IAGOD Symp., 1994, 555-573.
  • ǁKaras Region
    • Karasburg West
[Synchysite-(Y)] Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Niger
 
  • Agadez
    • Aïr Mountains
      • South Aïr
Wolley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa.- The Geological Society, London
Norway
 
  • Akershus
    • Asker
Raade, G. (1969): Contribution to the Mineralogy of Norway, No 40. Cavity minerals from the permian biotite granite at Nedre Eiker Church. Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift 49, 227-239
  • Buskerud
    • Hurum
      • Grønsand
Atle Michalsen Collection
    • Nedre Eiker
      • Nedre Eiker Church
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Raade, G. (1969): Contribution to the Mineralogy of Norway, No 40. Cavity minerals from the permian biotite granite at Nedre Eiker Church. Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift 49, 227-239 + Neumann (1985, p. 100).
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Nordrum, F.S. (2001): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2000-2001. STEIN 28 (2): 13- 19
  • Nordland
    • Tysfjord
      • Drag
        • Lapplægeret
[Synchysite-(Nd)] Husdal, T. (2011): Tysfjordgranittens pegmatitter. Stein. 38 (4): 4-35
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
[Synchysite-(Y)] Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
  • Oppland
    • Gran
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Werner, R. (1993): Om synchysitt i Norge. STEIN 20 (4),221-226
    • Lunner
      • Harestua
        • RV 4 roadcuts
Werner, R. (2003). Vinteren '92/'93- Et lite tilbakeblikk. STEIN 30 (3), 24-27
      • Nordmarka
[Synchysite-(Ce)] L. O. Kvamsdal (1998): Mineralene fra Nordmarkitt og Grefsensyenitt i Oslofeltet. AS Merkur-Trykk, Oslo.
      • Øståsen
[Synchysite-(Ce)] L. O. Kvamsdal (1998): Mineralene fra Nordmarkitt og Grefsensyenitt i Oslofeltet. AS Merkur-Trykk, Oslo(in Norwegian).
  • Oslo
    • Grorud
      • Bånkall
[Synchysite-(Ce)] SEM-EDS Mineralogical Museum, Oslo, Norway 2017.08.31
  • Sogn og Fjordane
    • Eid
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Werner, Ronald (1993): Om synchisitt i Norge. STEIN 20 (4), 221-226
    • Gaular
      • Sande
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Samuelsen, H. (1993): Sogn 1992. Stein, 20 (1), 2 + 64-67
    • Sogndal
Werner, Ronald (1993): Om synchisitt i Norge. STEIN 20 (4), 221-226
  • Svalbard
    • Spitsbergen
      • Hornsund fjord
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Pršek, J., Majka, J., Uher, P. & Chudík, P. (2010): Niobium-tantalum minerals in the Skoddefjellet NYF granitic pegmatite, Svalbard Archipelago, Norway: Primary versus secondary assemblage. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen 187, 235-248
  • Telemark
    • Drangedal
      • Tørdal
[Synchysite-(Y)] Kristiansen, R. (1998): Høydalen Litium-pegmatitt-Tørdal i Telemark. STEIN 25 (4), 21-30
    • Nome
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 100.
[Synchysite-(Nd)] Andersen, T. (1986) Compositional variation of some rare earth minerals from the Fen complex (Telemark, SE Norway): implications for the mobility of rare earths in a carbonatite system. Mineralogical Magazine: 50: 503-509.
  • Vestfold
    • Holmestrand
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Larsen, A. O. (1994): Drusemineraler fra Solumsåsen pukkverk, Holmestrand. STEIN 21 (2), 136-141
    • Horten
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Knut Edvard Larsen MM-collection (#743), collected in febr.1987
    • Re
      • Knutstad
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Larsen, K. E. & Larsen, S. (2004): Mineralforekomster på Vestfold lavaplatå. Del 1 : I rombeporfyrene. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 51-58
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Larsen, K. E. & Larsen, S. (2004): Mineralforekomster på Vestfold lavaplatå. Del 1 : I rombeporfyrene. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 51-58
    • Sande
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Hermann Fylling
    • Tønsberg
      • Sem
        • Frestiåsen Quarry
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-1576
Paraguay
 
  • Alto Paraguay Department
Comin-Chiaramonti, P., Renzulli, A., Ridolfi, F., Enrich, G. E., Gomes, C. B., De Min, A., ... & Ruberti, E. (2016). Late-stage magmatic to deuteric/metasomatic accessory minerals from the Cerro Boggiani agpaitic complex (Alto Paraguay Alkaline Province). Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 71, 248-261.
  • Amambay Department
Piero Comin-Chiaramonti, Celso Barros Gomes (1996) Alkaline magmatism in central-eastern Paraguay: relationships with coeval magmatism in Brazil. pp 231-248
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Mineralogia Polonica Vol. 29, (2), 3-11
    • Świdnica Co.
      • Gmina Dobromierz
[Synchysite-(Ce)] JANECZEK J., SZEŁĘG E., 1998: Bastnäsite-(Ce) and synchysite-(Ce) from pegmatite and hydrothermally altered granite of the Strzegom-Sobótka Massif. Miner. Polon., 29 (2), 3-11.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Körber, T. & Szuszkiewicz, A. (2005): Fundstellen-Klassiker: Der Striegauer Granit und seine Mineralien - Mineralien-Welt 16 (3): 16-45
  • Podlaskie Voivodeship
Specjalne, P. T. M. P. (2005) Fluid Inclusions and Cathodoluminescence of Fluorite from Carbonatites of the Tajno Massif, NE Poland. in Mineralogical Society of Poland – Special Papers; Volume 26, 2005 ; Specjalne, P. T. M. P. (2005) Fluid Inclusions and Cathodoluminescence of Fluorite from Carbonatites of the Tajno Massif, NE Poland. in Mineralogical Society of Poland – Special Papers; Volume 26, 2005
Pańczyk, M., Bazarnik, J., Zieliński, G., Giro, L., Nawrocki, J., Krzemiński, L. (2015): REE bearing minerals in carbonatite veins from the Tajno massif (East European Platform, NE Poland). Mineralogia Special Papers: 44: 80-81
Romania
 
  • Harghita
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Hirtopanu, P. (2006). One hundred minerals for one hundred years (dedicated to the Centennial of the Geological Institute of Romania). In 3rd Conference on Mineral Sciences in the Carpathians, Miskolc Hungary. Acta Mineralogica–Petrographica, Abstract series (Vol. 5, p. 86).
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
Russia
 
  • Irkutsk Oblast
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Savel'eva V.B. Karmanov N.S. (2008) Rare earth's minerals of alkaline metasomatites of Main Sayan Fault zone, - Zapiski RMO, N2, pp.14-35 (in Rus.).; Savel’eva, V.B., and Karmanov, N.S. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 681-696.
  • Kabardino-Balkaria
Kaigorodova, E. N. (2017). Rare-earth and Rare-metal Mineralization in Trachytes of the Khulam Complex (Kabardino-balkaria Republic, Russia). In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 87-89).
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Chebotarev, D. A., Doroshkevich, A. G., & Sharygin, V. V. (2017). Evolution and Formation Conditions for Pyrochlore-supergroup Minerals of Chuktukon Carbonatite Massif, Chadobets Upland (Krasnoyarsk Territory, Russia). In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 47-50).
    • Western Sayan range
A. V. Bolonin, A. V. Nikiforov, D. A. Lykhin, A. M. Sugorakova (2009) The Chailag-Khem fluorite-barium-strontium rare earth carbonatite occurrence, the Western Sayan Range, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits 51:17-32
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
      • Kukisvumchorr Mt
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Lapis 28(12), 46-47 (2003)
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Kirnarskiy, Yu.M., Kozyreva, L.V. [Кирнарский, Ю.М., Козырева, Л.В.] (1974): On the carbonate veins in rocks of the Khibiny alkaline massif [О карбонатных жилах в породах Хибинского щелочного массива]. In: Minerals and parageneses of minerals of magmatic and metasomatic rocks [Минералы и парагенезисы минералов магматических и метасоматических горных пород]. Nauka, Leningrad, pages 196-202 (in Russian); Dudkin, O.B., Minakov, F.V. [Дудкин, О.Б., Минаков, Ф.В.] (1976): A new type of carbonate mineralisation in foyaites of the Khibiny massif [Новый тип карбонатной минерализации в фойяитах Хибинского массива]. In: Materials on the mineralogy and geochemistry of alkaline rocks of the Kola peninsula [Материалы по минералогии и геохимии щелочных пород Кольского полуострова]. Kola Branch, USSR Academy of Science Press [Издательство Кольского филиала АН СССР], Apatity, pages 159-174 (in Russian); Kostyleva-Labuntsova, E.E., Borutskiy, B.E., Sokolova, M.N., Shlyukova, Z.V., Dorfman, M.D., Dudkin, O.B., Kozyreva, L.V., Ikorskiy, S.V. [Костылева-Лабунцова, Е.Е., Боруцкий, Б.Е., Соколова, М.Н., Шлюкова, З.В., Дорфман, М.Д., Дудкин, О.Б., Козырева, Л.В., Икорский, С.В.] (1978): Mineralogy of the Khibiny massif [Минералогия Хибинского массива]. Volume 1: Magmatism and post-magmatic transformations [Магматизм и постмагматические преобразования]. Nauka, Moscow, Москва, 227 pp.; Volume 2: Minerals [Минералы]. Nauka, Moscow, 585 pp. (in Russian); Zaitsev, A.N., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Yakovenchuk, V.N. [Зайцев, А.Н., Меньшиков, Ю.П., Яковенчук, В.Н.] (1992): Barium zeolites of the Khibiny alkaline massif [Бариевые цеолиты Хибинского щелочного массива]. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva [Записки Всероссийского Минералогического Общества], 121, 2, 54-61 (in Russian); Zaitsev, A.N., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Chao, G.Y., Gault, R.A., Subbotin, V.V., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Bogdanova, A.N. (1996): Kukharenkoite-(Ce), Ва2Се(СО3)3F, a new mineral from Kola Peninsula, Russia, and Québec, Canada. European Journal of Mineralogy, 8, 1327—1336; Pekov I.V. (1998): Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Ocean Picture, Moscow, 369 pp.; Zaitsev, A.N., Wall, F., Le Bas, M.J. (1998): REE-Sr-Ba minerals from the Khibina carbonatites, Kola peninsula, Russia: their mineralogy, paragenesis and evolution. Mineralogical Magazine, 62, 225-250; Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P. (2005): Khibiny. Laplandia Minerals Ltd. (in association with the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland), Apatity, 468 pp.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] P.M. Kartashov data
[Mineralien Welt 6/92:62]
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Tuva
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Pavel M. Kartashov data of 2015
    • Eastern Sayan
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
  • Tyumen Oblast
    • Khanty-Mansi Okrug (Khanty Mansiysk)
      • Saranpaul
[Synchysite-(Ce)] [MinRec 30:465]
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
      • Tisovec
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Ondrejka M., Uher P., Pršek J., Ozdín D., Putiš M., 2005: Arsenian monazite-Ce and REE arsenates and carbonates: Composition and substitution in the REEPO4 – REEAsO4 system. Example from Tisovec – Rejkovo thyolite (Western Carpathians, Slovakia). Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol.7, 04857.
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
  • Trenčín Region
    • Považská Bystrica Co.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Uher, P., Ondrejka, M.: Britolit-(Y): neskoromagmatický akcesorický minerál Y-REE z granitu A-typu v Stupnom při Považskej Bystrici, Pieninské bradlové pásmo (severozápadné Slovensko). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2008, vol. 16, 2, 224-229.; Uher, P., Ondrejka, M., Bačík, P., Broska, I. and Konečný, P. (2015): Britholite, monazite, REE-carbonates and calcite: products of hydrothermal alteration of allanite and apatite in A-type granite from Stupné, Western Carpathians, Slovakia. Lithos, 236-237, 212-225.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
    • Sekhukhune District
      • Groblersdal
[Synchysite-(Nd)] Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 110 pg
    • Waterberg District
      • Mogalakwena
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
          • Zaaiplaats tin field
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 258, 288.
      • Thabazimbi
        • Glenover carbonatite
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Minerals of South Africa
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Pilanesberg Alkaline Ring Complex
Clarke, L. B. (1989). The Geology of the Kruidfontein Volcanic Complex Transvaal. S. Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Leicester).
    • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
[Synchysite-(Ce)] VERWOERD, W.J. (1993) Update on carbonatites of South Africa and Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 96(3), 75-95.
South Korea
 
  • North Chungcheong Province
    • Chungju (Chung Won Kum; Chung-ju)
      • Joongwon-gun
        • Mt. Eorae
[Synchysite-(Ce)] P.M. Kartashov data
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Adra
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Christian Rewitzer collection 2007 / Mineralup magazine; J. Gröbner & U. Kolitsch (SEM-EDS, SXRD & PXRD)
[Synchysite-(Ce)] - Miguel A. Fernandez Périz (2006): Los minerales Alpinos de Adra, Almería. Revista de Minerales, 4-15.
  • Canary Islands
    • Las Palmas Province
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Ковальчук, Н. С., & Шумилова, Т. Г. (2014). Редкоземельная и циРконий-ниобиевая минеРализация в алмазсодеРжащих каРбонатитах о. ФуэРтевентуРа (испания). Вестник института геологии Коми научного центра Уральского отделения РАН, (10 (238)).
  • Catalonia
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • Pallars Sobirà
[Synchysite-(Ce)] -Calvo, M. (2012): "Minerales y Minas de España". Vol.V. Carbonatos y Nitratos Boratos.Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas. Madrid.711 pp.
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • Falset
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Dr Joan Abella i Creus (2019) http://mineralsabella.blogspot.com/2019/06/sinchisita-ce-en-la-mina-balcoll-de.html
  • Galicia
    • Pontevedra
      • Porriño
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Calvo, M., Viñals, J. and Vila, F. (2009) Mineralogy of the pegmatites and miarolitic cavities in the granitic batholit of Porriño, Pontevedra, galicia, Spain. Mineral Up, (2009-1), 6-23
Sweden
 
  • Jämtland County
Lindh, A. (2012). Minute-sized crystals of HFSE minerals in evolved, fluorite-bearing granite, an example from the Sörvik granite, central Sweden. GFF, 134(4), 283-294.
  • Örebro County
    • Örebro
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Jonsson, Erik; Högdahl, Karin; Sahlström, Fredrik; Majka, Jarek (2014) BIF-hosted REE silicate mineralisation at Högfors, Bergslagen, Sweden. 31st Nordic Geological Meeting, Lund Sweden.
  • Stockholm County
    • Nynäshamn
[Synchysite-(Ce)] No reference listed
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Jonsson, Erik: (1992): Synchisit från Stora Vika. Berg & Mineral. 2, nr 3, p.13
  • Västmanland County
    • Köping
[Synchysite-(Ce)] No reference listed
Switzerland
 
  • Aargau
    • Leuggern
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
  • Bern
    • Hasli Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 66
        • Oberaar power station
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 393.
  • Grisons
    • Calanda
      • Taminser Calanda
Die Mineralien der Schweiz, M. Weibel et al., 1990; Bächtiger K. (1986): Der alte Goldbergbau an der «Goldenen Sonne» am Calanda bei Chur. Bergknappe 38, 2-14.
    • Lugnez Valley (Lumnezia Valley)
      • Vrin
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
    • Medel Valley
      • Cristallina Valley
        • Casatscha Valley
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
    • Vorderrhein Valley
      • Tujetsch (Tavetsch)
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Collection Joachim Esche
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
  • Ticino
    • Leventina
      • Bedretto Valley
        • Ronco
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 393.
      • Central St Gotthard Massif
Franco Ponte collection
      • Chiggiogna
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
    • Lugano lake
      • Carona
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
    • Riviera
      • Lodrino
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
  • Uri
    • Urseren
      • Tiefenbach
aufschluss-1971-09-286
  • Valais
    • Bagnes Valley
      • Entremont Valley
        • Ferret Valley
          • La Fouly
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Cuchet, S., Schnyder, C. & Meisser, N. (2003): Les minéraux de L'A Neuve. Schweizer Strahler / Le Cristallier Suisse, Nr. 3, 28-37.; Cuchet, S., Schnyder, C. & Meisser, N. (2003): Les minéraux de L'A Neuve. Schweizer Strahler / Le Cristallier Suisse, Nr. 3, 28-37.
    • Binn Valley
      • Chummibort
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Cuchet, S., van der Burgt, A. und Meisser, N. (2005): Chummibort, eine neue Fundstelle für Arsenmineralien im Binntal. Schweizer Strahler, Nr. 2, 19-29. (in German/French)
[Synchysite-(Ce)] See references at locality description - cuchet et al. 2014, Schweizer Strahler. I am co-author - M. Crumbach
      • Geisspfad area
Uwe Kolitsch collection
      • Kriegalp Valley (Chriegalp Valley)
[Synchysite-(Ce)] van der Burgt, A. & Cuchet, S. (2005): Neu: Gadolinit, Aeschynit und Synchisit vom Fleschsee, Binntal (Schweiz). Lapis 30 (4), 19-27, 50. (in German)
[Synchysite-(Ce)]
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
    • Brig
      • Mörel
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 393.
    • Goms
      • Fiesch
        • Burg - Fiesch Glacier area
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 393.
      • Oberwald
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
      • Ulrichen
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
    • Le Trient Valley
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 393.
      • Van d'en Haut
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 393.
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
[Synchysite-(Ce)]
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 393.
[Synchysite-(Ce)]
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
    • Raron
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 393.
    • Visp
      • Baltschieder Valley
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 393.
Tanzania
 
  • Mbeya Region
    • Mbeya
Mgonde, F. (1994). Mobilization and Redistribution of Phosphate and Rare Earth Elements in the Weathering Zone above Panda Hill Carbonatite, SW Tanzania (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University Ottawa).
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Eden
        • Shap Rural
[Synchysite-(Ce)] M.Wirth collection, D.Green identification (Manchester Univ.)
    • Devon
      • West Devon
        • Peter Tavy
          • Devon United Mines
[Synchysite-(Ce)] UKJMM Vol.29 p.49-52
  • Scotland
    • Highland
      • Isle of Skye
        • Luib
S Rust collection
  • Wales
    • Gwynedd
      • Blaenau Ffestiniog
[Synchysite-(Ce)]
[Synchysite-(Ce)] No reference listed
        • Tanygrisiau
[Synchysite-(Ce)]
[Synchysite-(Ce)] [UKJMM 16:30-33]
    • Powys
      • Old Radnor
        • Wethel
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Hubbard, N., Green, D.I., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) Barium Zeolites and Calcioancylite-(Ce) From Guisachan Quarry, Tomich, Highland, Scotland. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 73-79.; Cotterell, T.F. et al. (2011) The mineralogy of Dolyhir quarry, Old Radnor, Powys, Wales. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, vol. 32, 5-61.
Ukraine
 
  • Zhytomyr Oblast
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Lyckberg, P., Chornousenko, V. & Wilson, W. E. (2009): Volodarsk-Volynski, Zhitomir Oblast, Ukraine. Mineralogical Record, 40, 473-506.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Mohave County
      • Cerbat Mts (Cerbat Range)
        • Wallapai Mining District
          • Kingman area
Brown, TJ, "Geology & Geochemistry of the Kingman Feldspar, Rare Metals and Wagon Bow Pegmatites" (2010). University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations. Paper 1280.
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
      • Magnet Cove
[Synchysite-(Ce)] R&M 67:6 p402-404
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Jurupa Valley
        • Jurupa Mts
MinRec 15:273-290
  • Colorado
    • Fremont Co.
      • Cotopaxi Mining District
        • Cotopaxi
          • Cotopaxi Pegmatite area
[Synchysite-(Y)] "Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", pp. 14-15, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
      • Iron Mountain complex
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
      • McClure Mountain Complex
Armbrustmacher, T. J. (1988) Geology and resources of thorium and associated elements in the Wet Mountains area, Fremont and Custer counties, Colorado. USGS Professional Paper: 1049-F
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Goose Creek Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • White Earth Mining District (Powderhorn Mining District)
[Synchysite-(Ce)] "Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 17, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • Jefferson Co.
      • South Platte Pegmatite Mining District
[Synchysite-(Y)] Rare-Earth Pegmatites of the South Platte District, Colorado CGS Res Ser 11
[Synchysite-(Y)] Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
[Synchysite-(Y)] Rare-Earth Pegmatites of the South Platte District, Colorado CGS Res Ser 11
[Synchysite-(Y)] Rare-Earth Pegmatites of the South Platte District, Colorado CGS Res Ser 11
[Synchysite-(Y)] Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
[Synchysite-(Y)] Rare-Earth Pegmatites of the South Platte District, Colorado CGS Res Ser 11
    • Teller Co.
[Synchysite-(Y)] Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
[Synchysite-(Y)] Rare-Earth Pegmatites of the South Platte District, Colorado CGS Res Ser 11
  • Connecticut
    • Fairfield County
      • Stratford
Van King
    • Litchfield Co.
      • Harwinton
[Synchysite-(Y)] Robert Wilken collection
  • Idaho
    • Lemhi Co.
[Synchysite-(Y)] USGS PP1049-A(Staatz,1979)
  • Illinois
    • Hardin Co.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] in Lasemi, Z., & Mikulic, D. G. (2011). The 47th Forum on the Geology of Industrial Minerals. p17
  • Massachusetts
    • Norfolk Co.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Smith, W. L.; Stone, J.; Ross, D. R.; Levine, H. (1960), Doverite, a Possible New Yttrium Fluocarbonate from Dover, Morris County, New Jersey. (American Mineralogist 45:92-98.)
  • Michigan
    • Marquette Co.
      • Republic
[Synchysite-(Y)] Buchholz, T.W., Falster, A.U. and Simmons, W.B. (2013) Accessory mineralogy of the Black River pegmatite and Humboldt granite, Marquette County, Michigan. The 40th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy, 9-10.
    • Ontonagon Co.
      • White Pine
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Rocks & Min.: 58:112; 61:345.
  • Missouri
    • Washington Co.
Sherwood, M. D., & Williams, G. A. (1998). Missouri mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 73(2), 98-117.
  • Montana
[Synchysite-(Y)] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 288.
  • New Hampshire
    • Carroll Co.
      • Conway
        • Redstone
Caruso, Louis; Simmons, Gene (1985). Uranium and microcracks in a 1,000-meter core, Redstone, New Hampshire (Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Volume 90, Issue 1, pp.1-17)
      • Wakefield
[Synchysite-(Ce)] T Mortimer (mindatnh.org)
    • Hillsborough Co.
      • Nashua
[Synchysite-(Ce)]
  • New Jersey
    • Morris Co.
      • Mine Hill Borough
[Synchysite-(Y)] Am. Min.: 51:152, Levinson (1966).; Klemic, Harry; Heyl, A. V., Jr.; Taylor, A. R.; Stone, Jerome (1959) Radioactive rare-earth deposit at Scrub Oaks mine, Morris County, New Jersey. USGS Bull 1082B
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
          • Franklin Mine
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Bearss, G. & Cianciulli, J.: The Picking Table:41(2):17-18 (2000); Analysis by Andy Roberts.
  • New York
    • St. Lawrence Co.
      • Pierrepont
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Steven C. Chamberlain & George W. Robinson (2013) Collector's Guide to the Minerals of New York State. Schiffer Books.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Steve Chamberlain et al (2009) "Minerals of the Phosphate vein, Bower Powers Farm, Pierrepont, St. Lawrence Co., NY." The 36th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 23-26, programme abstracts, 13-15.
Steven C. Chamberlain and David G. Bailey (2012) Rare earth minerals in fracture mineralization in northern New York. Mineral News, 28, #7, 1-5.
      • Rossie
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Steven C. Chamberlain and David G. Bailey (2012) Rare earth minerals in fracture mineralization in northern New York. Mineral News, 28, #7, 1-5.
[Synchysite-(Ce)] [MinRec 32:273]
  • Texas
    • Llano Co.
      • Llano
[Synchysite-(Y)] R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
  • Vermont
    • Windham Co.
Johannes Swarts collection
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Johannes Swarts collection
      • Westminster
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Johannes Swarts collection
  • Virginia
    • Augusta Co.
      • Parnassus
[Synchysite-(Ce)] http://csmres.jmu.edu/geollab/baedke/dept/abs2002.pdf.; Raiter, E. et al (2002) 29th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Abstracts of contributed papers, 15.; Rocks & Minerals 84:352-362.
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
Markus B. Raschke, Evan J. D. Anderson, Alexandra Skewes, Julien Allaz, Henrik Friis, Joseph Smyth, Charles Stern, Philip M. Persson, Rhiana Henry, Katharina Pfaff, Rudy Tschernich, and Randy Becker (2016) Unusual REE and rare element minerals from pegmatites and alkaline granites: thalenite and brannockite from the Golden Horn Batholith, Washington, and South Platte Pegmatite district, Colorado (USA). Second Eugene E. Foord Pegmatite Symposium July 15-19, 2016 Colorado School of Mines campus, Golden, Colorado
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Micro Probe Volume VI Number 8
  • Wisconsin
    • Marathon Co.
[MinRec 12:95]
  • Wyoming
    • Crook Co.
Andersen, A. K., Clark, J. G., Larson, P. B., & Donovan, J. J. (2017). REE fractionation, mineral speciation, and supergene enrichment of the Bear Lodge carbonatites, Wyoming, USA. Ore Geology Reviews, 89, 780-807.
Vietnam
 
  • Lai Châu Province
    • Phong Tho District
      • Mt Fansipan
        • Nâm Nâm Xe REE deposit
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Gunnar Färber
[Synchysite-(Ce)] Collection of NHM, Vienna
 
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