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Braunite

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Formula:
Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Colour:
Brownish black, steel-grey
Lustre:
Sub-Metallic
Hardness:
6 - 6½
Specific Gravity:
4.72 - 4.83
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Member of:
Name:
After Wilhelm von Braun (1790-1872), official and minister in Gotha, Germany, supporter of geology and mineralogy. He supplied the original material for the description of braunite.
The Mn2+ analogue of neltnerite.

Compare also braunite-II.


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Classification of BrauniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.AG.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
G : Nesosilicates with additional anions; cations in > [6] +- [6] coordination
7.5.1.3

7 : MULTIPLE OXIDES
5 : (AB)2X3
14.17.3

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
17 : Silicates of Mn

Physical Properties of BrauniteHide

Sub-Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Brownish black, steel-grey
Streak:
Black
Hardness:
6 - 6½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN100=920 - 1079 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
{112} perfect.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
4.72 - 4.83 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.86 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of BrauniteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Weak in air, distinct in oil - dark to lighter slate gray.
Colour in reflected light:
Grayish white with a brownish tinge.

Chemical Properties of BrauniteHide

Formula:
Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
IMA Formula:
Mn2+Mn3+6SiO12
Common Impurities:
Fe,Ca,B,Ba,Ti,Al,Mg

Age informationHide

Age range:
Early Cretaceous : 130 ± 10 Ma to 130 ± 10 Ma - based on data given below.
Sample ages:
Sample IDRecorded ageGeologic TimeDating method
1130 ± 10 MaEarly CretaceousK-Ar
Sample references:
IDLocalityReference
1Eisenbach, Titisee-Neustadt, Black Forest, Baden-Württemberg, GermanyPfaff, K., Romer, R. L., & Markl, G. (2009) U-Pb ages of ferberite, chalcedony, agate,‘U-mica’and pitchblende: constraints on the mineralization history of the Schwarzwald ore district. European Journal of Mineralogy, 21(4), 817-836.

Crystallography of BrauniteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
I41/acd
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.432 Å, c = 18.703 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.983
Unit Cell V:
1,663.87 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8
Morphology:
Pyramidal {011} and {131}. Striated on {001} and {201} parallel to [010] Granular massive.
Twinning:
On {112} producing a combination with only a small reentrant angle (0°18') on е{011}.
Comment:
Cell from de Villiers (1975). Cell dimensions variable: a = 9.36-9.45, c = 18.60-18.97 Å.

Crystallographic forms of BrauniteHide

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Braunite no.9 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Braunite no.20 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Braunite no.23 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

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Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of BrauniteHide

Synonyms of BrauniteHide

Other Language Names for BrauniteHide

Relationship of Braunite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AbswurmbachiteCuMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
Braunite-IICaMn3+14(SiO4)O20Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
GatedaliteZrMn2+2Mn3+4SiO12Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
NeltneriteCaMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Calcite17 photos of Braunite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Baryte14 photos of Braunite associated with Baryte on mindat.org.
Quartz11 photos of Braunite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Andradite11 photos of Braunite associated with Andradite on mindat.org.
Rhodonite8 photos of Braunite associated with Rhodonite on mindat.org.
Namansilite8 photos of Braunite associated with Namansilite on mindat.org.
Hausmannite6 photos of Braunite associated with Hausmannite on mindat.org.
Piemontite6 photos of Braunite associated with Piemontite on mindat.org.
Hollandite6 photos of Braunite associated with Hollandite on mindat.org.
Unnamed (Mn-analogue of Ferriakasakaite-(La))5 photos of Braunite associated with Unnamed (Mn-analogue of Ferriakasakaite-(La)) on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.AG.05AbswurmbachiteCuMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AG.05NeltneriteCaMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AG.05Braunite-IICaMn3+14(SiO4)O20Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AG.10LångbaniteMn2+4Mn3+9Sb5+O16(SiO4)2Trig. 3m : P3m1
9.AG.15MalayaiteCaSn(SiO4)OMon.
9.AG.15TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)OMon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AG.15VanadomalayaiteCaV4+(SiO4)OMon.
9.AG.15Natrotitanite(Na0.5Y0.5)Ti(SiO4)OMon. 2/m : B2/b
9.AG.15ŻabińskiiteCa[Al0.5(Ta,Nb)0.5)](SiO4)OTric. 1
9.AG.20Cerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3Trig. 3m : R3c
9.AG.20Cerite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)9(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3Trig. 3m : R3c
9.AG.20Aluminocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)9(Al,Fe3+)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3Trig. 3m : R3c
9.AG.25Trimounsite-(Y)Y2Ti2(SiO4)O5Mon.
9.AG.25Yftisite-(Y)(Y,Dy,Er)4(Ti,Sn)(SiO4)2O(F,OH)6
9.AG.25Mieite-(Y)Y4Ti(SiO4)2O[F,(OH)]6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
9.AG.30SitinakiteKNa2Ti4(SiO4)2O5(OH) · 4H2OTet.
9.AG.35KittatinnyiteCa2Mn2Mn(SiO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2OHex.
9.AG.40aNatisiteNa2Ti(SiO4)OTet.
9.AG.40bParanatisiteNa2Ti(SiO4)OOrth.
9.AG.45Törnebohmite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
9.AG.45Törnebohmite-(La)(La,Ce)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
9.AG.50Kuliokite-(Y)Y4Al(SiO4)2(OH)2F5
9.AG.55ChantaliteCaAl2(SiO4)(OH)4Tet. 4/m : I41/a
9.AG.60MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
9.AG.60VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)Orth.
9.AG.65HatruriteCa3(SiO4)OTrig.
9.AG.70JasmunditeCa11(SiO4)4O2STet. 4 2m : I4m2
9.AG.75AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2OMon. m : Bb
9.AG.80BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2OTric.
9.AG.85ZoltaiiteBaV4+2V3+12(SiO4)2O19Trig. 3 : P3
9.AG.90Tranquillityite(Fe2+,Ca)8(Zr,Y)2Ti3(SiO4)3O12Hex.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

7.5.1.2NeltneriteCaMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
7.5.1.3Braunite-IICaMn3+14(SiO4)O20Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
7.5.1.4AbswurmbachiteCuMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.17.1RhodoniteCaMn3Mn(Si5O15)Tric. 1
14.17.2TephroiteMn2+2SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
14.17.4AlleghanyiteMn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.17.5Ribbeite(Mn2+,Mg)5(SiO4)2(OH)2Orth.
14.17.6LeucophoeniciteMn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.17.7JerrygibbsiteMn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
14.17.8BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8Mon.
14.17.9Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
14.17.10YofortieriteMn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Weakly magnetic.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BrauniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Haidinger, W. (1827): On the crystalline Forms and Properties of the Manganese Ores.- Edinburgh Journal of Science, IV, 41
Haidinger, W. (1828): Mineralogische Beschreibung der Manganerze. I. Prismatoïdisches Manganerz, Manganit. II. Pyramidales Manganerz, Hausmannit. III. Untheilbares Manganerz, Psilomelan. IV. Brachytypes Manganerz, Braunit. V. Prismatisches Manganerz, Pyrolusit.- Poggendorffs Annalen der Physik und Chemie 14, 197-211
Turner, E. (1831): Chemical Examination of the Oxides of Manganese.- Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Vol. II, 143-174
Breithaupt in Evreinov (1840), Ann. Phys.: 49: 204.
Switzer (1938), American Mineralogist: 23: 649.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 551-554.
de Villiers, P.R. & Herbstein, F.H. (1967): Distinction between two members of the braunite group, American Mineralogist 52, 20-30.
De Villiers, J.P.R. (1975): The crystal structure of braunite with reference to its solid solution behaviour. Am. Mineral., 60, 1098-1104.
Moore, P.B., Araki, T. (1976): Braunite: its structure and relationship to bixbyite, and some insights on the genealogy of fluorite derivative structures. American Mineralogist 61, 1226-1240.
de Villiers, J.P.R. (1980): The crystal structure of braunite II and its relation to bixbyite and braunite. American Mineralogist 65, 756-765.
Robie, R.A., Huebner, J.S., and Hemingway, B.S. (1995) Heat capacities and thermodynamic properties of braunite (Mn7SiO12) and rhodonite (MnSiO3). American Mineralogist: 80: 560-575.
Gutzmer, J. and Beukes, N. J. (1997): Mineralogy and mineral chemistry of oxide-facies manganese ores of the Postmasburg manganese field, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 61, 213-232. [on stacking model for the braunite group]
Marescotti, P., Frezzotti, M.L. (2000): Alteration of braunite ores from Eastern Ligeria (Italy) during syntectonic veining processes: mineralogy and fluid inclusions. European Journal of Mineralogy 12, 341-356.
Bevan, D.J.M. & Martin, R.L. (2008): The role of the coordination defect: A new structural description of four fluorite-related sesquioxide minerals, bixbyite, braunite, braunite II, parwelite, and their structural relationships. Journal of Solid State Chemistry 181, 2250-2259.

Internet Links for BrauniteHide

Localities for BrauniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Algeria
 
  • Skikda Province
    • Azzaba area
Byramjee R.and Meindre M.(1956): Le gisement de manganèse de Guettara. Symposium du manganèse XX congrès international de géologie,
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Darling Co.
      • Tamworth
Kawachi Y., Ashley P. M., Vince D., Goodwin M., 1994. Sugilite in manganese silicate rocks from the Hoskins mine and Woods mine, New South Wales, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 58: 671-677
    • Forbes Co.
      • Grenfell
Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, Volume 33, Issue 4 December 1986 , pages 443 - 456 ; Huebner, J. Stephen; Flohr, Marta J. (1990) Microbanded manganese formations; protoliths in the Franciscan Complex, California; USGS Professional Paper 1502.; Ashley, P. M. (1986). An unusual manganese silicate occurrence at the Hoskins mine, Grenfell district, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 33(4), 443-456.; Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F. C., Ball, N. A., & Ashley, P. M. (2016). PREPUBLICATION: Oxo-mangani-leakeite from the Hoskins mine, New South Wales, Australia: occurrence and mineral description. Mineralogical Magazine.
  • Northern Territory
    • East Arnhem Region
      • Groote Eylandt
Econ Geol (1981) 76:556-567
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
No reference listed
  • Western Australia
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Gregory Ranges District
Jones, S., McNaughton, n.j., Grguric, B., 2013. Structural controls and timing of fault-hosted manganese at Woodie Woodie, East Pilbara, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews. 50, 52-82.
      • Ripon Hills District
The Australian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (1977), Investigation of the Ferruginous Manganese Deposits at Ripon Hills. Pilbara Manganese Province, WA, 1977
Austria
 
  • Burgenland
    • Oberwart
      • Badersdorf
Ertl, A. (2002): Ranciéit, Hollandit und Braunit von Steinbruch Holler, Badersdorf, Burgenland. In: Niedermayr, G. et al. Neue Mineralfunde aus Österrich Li. Carinthia II, 192/112, 215-244.
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Friesach
        • Olsa
European Journal of Mineralogy 17(1), 163-172(2005)
  • Salzburg
    • Golling
      • Hoher Göll
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Kaprun valley
        • Mooserboden reservoir
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
    • Lungau
      • Taurach valley
Meixner, H. (1935). Eine neue Manganparagenese vom Schwarzsee („Kolsberger Alpe") bei Tweng in den Radstädter Tauern. N. Jb. f. Mineral., Beil. Bd. 69, A, 500-514.; Kolitsch, U., Schachinger, T. and Bernhard, F. (2015): Ardennite-(As), ardennite-(V), gasparite-(Ce) and chernovite-(Y): first results of a mineralogical study of the metaradiolarite-hosted manganese ore mineralisations in the Fuchssee area, Radstadt Tauern, Salzburg, Austria. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 67.
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
    • Unken
      • Lofer
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
  • Tyrol
    • East Tyrol
      • Kals valley
Neinaveie, M. H. (1979): Schichtgebundene Metallanreicherungen in den Schieferhüllen und in der Matreier Zone Osttirols. Unpubl. Dissertation, Universität Innsbruck, xx pp.
MEIXNER, H. (1968): Neue Mineralfunde in den österreichischen Ostalpen XXIII. Carinthia II, 158./78., 96-115.
Bernhard, F. & Schachinger, T. (2010): 1636) Arsenogoyazit aus dem Ködnitztal bei Kals am Großglockner, Osttirol. Pp. 223-224 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
      • Virgen valley
        • Prägraten
          • Timmelbach valley
Niedermayr, G. (1986): 626. Rhodonit, Spessartin und Braunit von der Wun Spitze, N von Prägraten, Osttirol. P. 528 in: NIEDERMAYR, G., B. MOSER, W. POSTL & F. WALTER (1986): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XXXV. Carinthia II, 176./96. 521-547.; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    • North Tyrol
      • Zillertal
        • Gerlos valley
          • Wimmer valley
Purtscher, E. (1964): Piemontit in den Zillertaler Alpen. Der Aufschluss, 15 (6), 147-148.
Belgium
 
  • Liège Province
    • Stavelot Massif
      • Lienne valley
        • Lierneux
          • Petit-Sart
Blondieau, M. (2005): Les gisements minéraux du Salmien dans le massif de Stavelot. Published by M. Blondieau, Tellin, Belgium, 90 pp.
  • Luxembourg Province
    • Stavelot Massif
      • Vielsalm
        • Salmchâteau
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
 
  • Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    • Sarajevo Canton
      • Ilijaš municipality
Vujanovic, V. (1962): Mineralogy and genesis of the manganese ore deposits of Cevljanovic, Bosnia. Glasnik Prirod. Muzeja Beogradu (1962), 16-17 (Ser. A), 219-263.
Bulgaria
 
  • Burgas Oblast (Bourgas Oblast)
    • Karnobat Obshtina
Banushev, B. and Vasileva, M. (1994): New manganese ore showings in the Eastern Srednogorie. Dokladi na Bulgarskata Akademiya na Naukite 47, 33-36.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Osoyoos Mining Division
      • Olalla
Thompson, R. M. (1951) Mineral Occurrences in Western Canada, Am Min, 36, p. 504-509
  • New Brunswick
    • Kings Co.
      • Markhamville
USGS: Geological Survey Circular 553
  • Nova Scotia
    • Inverness Co.
      • Meat Cove
The Nova Scotia Mineral Occurrence Database (MODB)
Chile
 
  • Coquimbo Region
    • Elqui Province
      • La Serena
Oyarzun, R., Ortega, L., Sierra, J., Lunar, R., and Oyarzun, J. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 547-559.
        • Talcuna Cu-Mn-Ag Mining District
Oyarzun, R., Ortega, L., Sierra, J., Lunar, R., and Oyarzun, J. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 547-559.
. Ruiz Fuller/F. Peebles (1988): "Yacimientos metalíferos de Chile": Fondecyt, Stgo de Chile.
Oyarzun, R., Ortega, L., Sierra, J., Lunar, R., and Oyarzun, J. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 547-559.
    • Limarí Province
      • Fragua district
C. Ruiz Fuller/F. Peebles (1988): "Yacimientos metalíferos de Chile": Fondecyt, Stgo de Chile.
China
 
  • Chongqing Municipality
    • Chengkou Co.
Gongqin Zhang (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(7), 10-16
  • Fujian Province
    • Longyan Prefecture
      • Liancheng Co.
        • Liancheng Mn deposit
Huacai Chen (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(10), 6-11
  • Gansu Province
    • Jiuquan Prefecture
      • Guazhou Co. (Anxi Co.)
National Geological Archives of China database, record no. X00043185
      • Subei Co.
http://www.mineralmundi.com/mazongshan-10003738.htm
  • Guangdong Province
    • Meizhou Prefecture
Fengjun Ma (1986): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 1(2)
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Chongzuo Prefecture
      • Daxin Co.
Jinbang Wang (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(8), 1-5; Dairong Yan, Jianwei Li, Mingan Hu, and Yinsheng Lang (2006): Geological Science and Technology Information 25(3), 61-67
    • Fangchenggang Prefecture
      • Fangcheng District
        • Qinzhou-Fangcheng Mn ore field
Yinsheng Lang, Jianwei Li, Xiaodong Deng, Wei Zhang, Dairong Yan, and Lei Chen (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(5), 527-540
    • Guigang Prefecture
      • Guiping Co.
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40
    • Guilin Prefecture
      • Pingle Co.
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40
    • Laibin Prefecture
      • Wuxuan Co.
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40
    • Liuzhou Prefecture
      • Liujiang Co.
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40
    • Qinzhou Prefecture
      • Qinbei District
        • Qinzhou-Fangcheng Mn ore field
Yinsheng Lang, Jianwei Li, Xiaodong Deng, Wei Zhang, Dairong Yan, and Lei Chen (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(5), 527-540
Yinsheng Lang, Jianwei Li, Xiaodong Deng, Wei Zhang, Dairong Yan, and Lei Chen (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(5), 527-540
Yinsheng Lang, Jianwei Li, Xiaodong Deng, Wei Zhang, Dairong Yan, and Lei Chen (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(5), 527-540
Yinsheng Lang, Jianwei Li, Xiaodong Deng, Wei Zhang, Dairong Yan, and Lei Chen (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(5), 527-540
  • Henan Province
    • Nanyang Prefecture
      • Fangcheng Co.
Tianwei Guo and Zhongwen Han (1990): Northeastern Geological Science and Technology Information 11(2), 1-11
  • Hubei Province
    • Huanggang Prefecture
      • Luotian Co.
        • Hejiawan
Jingqu Yao (1992): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 11(3), 257-266
Jingqu Yao (1992): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 11(3), 257-266
    • Huangshi Prefecture
      • Daye Co.
    • Wuhan Prefecture
      • Huangpi District
Jingqu Yao (1992): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 11(3), 257-266
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Guiyang Co.
        • Dafang Au-Ag-Pb-Zn deposit
Fushan Wang (1991): Hunan Geology 10(1), 17-24
Fushan Wang (1991): Hunan Geology 10(1), 17-24
    • Xiangtan Prefecture
      • Yuhu District
Xiang Gao, Anhuai Lu, Shan Qin, and Zhe Zheng (2003): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 22(1), 77-79
    • Yiyang Prefecture
      • Heshan District
Hunan Metallurgical Geology Research Team 236 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(8), 20-25, 28; Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40
    • Yongzhou Prefecture
      • Lengshuitan District
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40
      • Lingling District
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Ulanhad League (Chifeng Prefecture)
      • Linxi Co.
        • Guandi
Baisheng Zhang (1998): Mineral Resources and Geology 12(5), 318-323
    • Xilin Gol League (Xilinguole Prefecture)
      • Erenhot Co. (Erlianhaote Co.)
Tongyun Song (1980): Geology and Prospecting 16(5), 21-23
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Jingdezhen Prefecture
      • Leping Co.
Guilin Institute of Metallurgical Geology, Rocks & Minerals Department, Manganese Thematic Group (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(5), 47-52; Hunan Metallurgical Geology Research Team 236 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(8), 20-25, 28; Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Chaoyang Prefecture
      • Chaoyang Co.
Guilin Metallurgical Institute of Geology (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(2), 27; Fan, D., Ye, J., and Li, J. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 31-53
  • Qinghai Province
    • Haibei Autonomous Prefecture
      • Qilian Co.
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Ankang Prefecture
      • Ziyang Co.
Gongqin Zhang (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(7), 10-16; Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
    • Hanzhong Prefecture
      • Hantai District
http://www.mineralmundi.com/tiantaishan-10003757.htm
      • Mian Co.
Zhongtang Yang, Gengbiao Qiao, Zhiming Li, Xiaoyong Yang, Hongping Huang, Xianghua Lan, Zhongbao Song, Xiaozhou Liu, and Wei Wan (2009): Chinese Journal of Geology 44(1), 88-102
      • Ningqiang Co.
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40; Kefa Yang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(7), 25-26; Yeh, H.-W., Hein, J.R., Ye, J., and Fan, D. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 55-69
      • Xixiang Co.
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
      • Zhenba Co.
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
  • Sichuan Province
    • Dazhou Prefecture
      • Wanyuan Co.
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
    • Leshan Prefecture
      • Jinkouhe District
Xingfen Wang (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(12), 8-11; Hongjun Qu (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(6), 1-5
    • Meishan Prefecture
      • Hongya Co.
Hongjun Qu (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(6), 1-5
    • Mianyang Prefecture
      • Pingwu Co.
        • Mt Xuebaoding
          • Huya township
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40
      • Youxian District
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40
    • Ngawa Autonomous Prefecture (Aba Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Heishui Co.
Shengming Lu (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(5), 7, 30-32; Hongjun Liu and Youzhi Xue (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 165-176
    • Ya'an Prefecture
      • Hanyuan Co.
Hongjun Qu (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(6), 1-5; Fan, D., Hein, J.R., and Ye, J. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 135-151
Hongjun Qu (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(6), 1-5
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Akesu Prefecture (Aksu Prefecture; Aqsu Prefecture)
      • Kuqa Co. (Kuche Co.; Kuchar Co.)
Dong Wei (2007): Exploration Engineering 2007(12), 128-131, 135
    • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Hejing Co. (Xejing Co.)
        • Baluntai
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40; Zhian Qin (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(4), 69-75; Zuoheng Zhang, Wei Hong, Zongsheng Jiang, Shigang Duan, Zhihua Wang, Fengming Li, Fupin Shi, Jun Zhao, and Renqiao Zheng (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(5), 941-964
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Hami Co. (Kumul Co.; Qumul Co.)
        • Yamansu
Weixuan Fang, Zhuanying Huang, Hongfeng Tang, and Zhenquan Gao (2006): Geology in China 33(3), 529-544
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Qinghe Co. (Qinggil Co.; Chinggil Co.)
Ma Zhesheng, Shi Nicheng, and Ye Danian (2005): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 48(5), 635-646.
  • Yunnan Province
    • Dali Autonomous Prefecture
      • Heqing Co.
Xingyu Yang (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(8), 23-27; Hongjun Liu (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(7), 1-7
Yang Yuchun (1996): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 15(2), 186-190
    • Honghe Autonomous Prefecture
      • Jianshui Co.
Hunan Metallurgical Geology Research Team 236 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(8), 20-25, 28; Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40
    • Wenshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Yanshan Co.
Wenxin Yu (1980): Geology and Prospecting 16(3), 20-25; Shikun Huang (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(9), 6-11, 20; Rongcai Zheng and Jinquan Zhang (1991): Journal of Chengdu College of Geology 18(4), 65-75; Hongjun Liu and Youzhi Xue (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 165-176; Yunfeng Tang and Haisheng Yi (2011): Geology in China 38(2), 451-461
Costa Rica
 
  • Guanacaste Province
Halbach, P.; Gursky, H. J.; Gursky, M. M.; Schmidt-Effing, R.; Maresch, W. V. (1992): Composition and formation of fossil manganese nodules in Jurassic to Cretaceous radiolarites from the Nicoya Ophiolite Complex (NW Costa Rica). Mineralium Deposita 27, 153-160.
Czech Republic
 
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Třebíč
Novák, M. & Škoda, R. (2007): Mn3+-rich andalusite to kanonaite and their breakdown products from metamanganolite at Kojetice near Třebíč, the Moldanubian Zone, Czech Republic. Journal of Geosciences, 52(1-2), 161-167.
Fiji
 
Skiba, W. J. (1964): Geological studies in southwest Viti Levu. I. Petrology of the principal rock types. II. The manganese deposits. Fiji, Geol. Surv. Dept., Mem. 1, 1-56.
Finland
 
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Seinäjoki
Alviola, Reijo. 1979. Unpublished. GTK:n kallioperäosaston mineralogian laboratorion röntgentunnistukset 18910 ja 18911.; Mancini, F., Alviola, R., Marshall, B., Satoh, H., & Papunen, H. (2000). The manganese silicate rocks of the early Proterozoic Vittinki group, southwestern Finland: Metamorphic grade and genetic interpretations. The Canadian Mineralogist, 38(5), 1103-1124.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Savoie
      • Maurienne valley
        • Bonneval-sur-Arc
Cenki-Tok, B. & Chopin, C. (2006): Coexisting calderite and spessartine garnets in eclogite-facies metacherts of the Western Alps. Mineralogy and Petrology, 88, 47-68.
  • Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
    • Haute-Saône
      • Faucogney-et-la-Mer
        • Esmoulières
          • Saphoz
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Perseil, E. A. (1975) - Nature and mineralogical studies of manganese oxides and carbonates in Faucogney (Haute-Saone). Comptes Rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, D, 280, 1931-1934
Perseil, E. A. (1975) - Nature and mineralogical studies of manganese oxides and carbonates in Faucogney (Haute-Saone). Comptes Rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, D, 280, 1931-1934
  • Grand Est
    • Bas-Rhin
      • Sélestat (Schlettstadt)
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
    • Vosges
      • Gérardmer
Weil, R. & Siat, A. (1958): Characteristics of the Haut-Poirot manganese deposit. Compt. rend. 247, 937-940 (in French).
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
Perseil, E. A. (1967): Manganese mineralization of the Upper Devonian in Las Cabesses (Ariege). Comptes Rendus du Congres National des Societes Savantes, Section des Sciences 91 (Part 2), 313-321.
    • Haute-Garonne
      • Argut-Dessus
Inventaire minéralogique de la France numero 8 Haute Garonne pages 20 et 21
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
Le Règne Minéral 47: 5-21
        • Nabias
European J. Mineralogy, 11/5, 879-890
        • Vielle-Aure
Ragu, A. (1994): Helvite from the French Pyrénées as evidence for granite-related hydrothermal activity. Canadian Mineralogist 32, 111-120.; DE ASCENCAO GUEDES R., TIXADOR Y., CASTERET A. & GOUJOU JC. (2002) La mine de Coustou, Vielle-Aure, Hautes-Pyrénées. Le Règne Minéral, 47, 23-31. (in french)
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
      • Saint-Paul-sur-Ubaye
        • Maljasset
Bourbon M., Fonteilles M. (1972): Présence de pyrosmaltite et de rhodonite dans un horizon manganésifère oxydé du Crétacé supérieur briançonnais. Bull. Soc. fr. Minéral. cristallogr., 95, 623-624.
    • Alpes-Maritimes
"Les minéralisations associées au volcanisme andésitique de Biot-Villeneuve Loubet (Alpes Maritimes)" P. ROSTAN ,2005
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Lahr
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Titisee-Neustadt
        • Eisenbach
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Triberg
        • Gremmelsbach
No reference listed
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Spessart
        • Hösbach
          • Sailauf
            • Hartkoppe
Lorenz, J. (1991): Die Mineralien im Rhyolithsteinbruch von Sailauf, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 42, 1-38
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Mühltal
        • Nieder-Ramstadt
          • Kirchberg
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Kelberg
        • Drees
Schüller, W., Die Mineralien des Niveligsberges bei Drees in der Eifel, Der Aufschluß SB 33, 1990
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
[Hentschel, G., Weitere bemerkenswerte Mineralfunde aus quartären Vulkanvorkommen der Eifel, Mainzer geowiss. Mitt. 8, 169-172, 1980] [Lapis, 15 (5), 9-36]
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Wippra Metamorphic Zone
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
No reference listed
  • Thuringia
    • Harz
      • Nordhausen
        • Ilfeld
No reference listed
    • Thuringian Forest
USGS Bull 427
      • Ilmenau District
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Geraberg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Langewiesen
[Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
Greece
 
  • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
    • Kykládes Prefecture
      • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
        • Andros Island
          • Vasilikon Mt
No reference listed
Amer.Min.(1996) 81, 735-742
Reinecke, T. (1982): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 79, 333-336.
No reference listed
        • Syros Island (Syra)
          • Gria Spilia
Altherr, R., Soder, C., Panienka, S., Peters, D., & Meyer, H. P. (2013). Pink manganian phengite in a high P/T meta-conglomerate from northern Syros (Cyclades, Greece). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 166(5), 1323-1334.
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Adilabad District
Rao, J. S. R. Krishna; Kasipathi, C. (1985): Occurrence of todorokite from Adilabad Manganese Mines, Andhra Pradesh. Current Science 54, 862.
    • Vizianagaram District
Econ Geol (1980) 75:1083-1104
Econ Geol (1980) 75:1083-1104
  • Karnataka
    • Bellary District
      • Bellary-Hospet iron belt
        • Sandur
Rao, J. S. R. K., Naidu, B. V. & Rao, K. V. (1979): Ore microscopic, x-ray and trace elemental data on manganese ores from Sandur, Karnataka, India. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica 24, 91-97.
  • Madhya Pradesh
Shukla, K. D.; Anandalwar, M. A. (1973): Geology and manganese ore deposits of the Balaghat-Ukwa area, Balaghat district, Madhya Pradesh. Bulletins of the Geological Survey of India, Series A: Economic Geology 22, 1-65.
Dasgupta, S., Bhattacharya, P. K., Banerjee, H., Fukuoka, M., Majumdar, N., & Suprya, R. (1987). Calderite-rich garnets from metamorphosed manganese silicate rocks of the Sausar Group, India, and their derivation. Mineral Mag, 51, 577-583.
      • Tirodi
Miura, H., Banerjee, H., Hariya, Y., Dasgupta, S., & Roy, S. (1987). Hollandite and cryptomelane in the manganese oxide deposits of the Sausar Group, India. Mineralogical Journal, 13(7), 424-433.
    • Jabalpur Division
      • Chhindwara District (Chindawara District; Chindwara District)
Roy, S., and Purkait, P.K. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 86-114.
Chemical abstracts, Volume 6, Issue 1 By American Chemical Society. Chemical Abstracts Service
    • Jhabua District
Nayak, V. K. (1966): Mineralogy and genesis of the manganese ores of Kajlidongri mine, district Jhabua, Madhya Pradesh, India. Economic Geology 61, 1280-1282.
  • Maharashtra
    • Bhandara District
MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, DECEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 558-60; MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, DECEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 558-60
S.P. Deshpande (1959) Ore-Microscopic Studies of the Manganese Ore-Minerals of Old M.P. I. Dongribuzurg, Bhandara District - Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Section A, 49, #3, 165-173.
Bilgrami, S. A. (1955). Manganese amphiboles from Chikla, Bhandara district, India. Min. Mag, 30, 633-644.
    • Nagpur Division
Mineralogische Museum Bonn specimen.
  • Odisha (Orissa)
    • Koraput District
Acharya, B.C., Rao, D.S., and Sahoo, R.K. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 79-93.
    • Sundargarh District (Sundergarh District)
Nicholson, K., Nayak, V. K., Nanda, J. K. (1997): Manganese ores of the Ghoriajhor-Monmunda area, Sundergarh District, Orissa, India: geochemical evidence for a mixed Mn source. Geological Society Special Publication 119 (Manganese Mineralization: Geochemistry and Mineralogy of Terrestrial and Marine Deposits), 117-121.
Indonesia
 
  • Sumatra (Sumatera)
    • Bangka-Belitung Province
      • Belitung Island (Biliton Island)
Econ Geol. (1992) 87:76-98
Ireland
 
  • Co. Cork
    • Glandore
Grennan, E. 1969. "Report for Irish Metal Mining Co. Ltd."
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Gressan
      • Pila
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Nus
      • Saint-Barthélemy
• Barresi, A.A., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Ambrino, P., Bracco, R., Bonacina, E. (2005): La miniera di manganese di Varenche (Aosta, Italia nord-occidentale): ardennite, arseniopleite, manganberzeliite, pirofanite, sarkinite, thortveitite, nuovo As-Sc-analogo della metavariscite e altre specie. Micro (località), 2/2005, 81-122.
    • Saint-Marcel
Castello P. (1982) - Il giacimento manganesifero di Praborna (St. Marcel - AO) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Fasc. 3, pp. 87-92; Perseil, E. A. (1985): Some characteristics of manganese oxide facies in the deposit at St. Marcel-Praborna-Val d'Aosta, Italy. Miner. Deposita 20, 271-276. (in French)
  • Calabria
    • Cosenza Province
      • Mormanno
A. Del Caldo, C. Moro, C.M. Gramaccioli, M. Boscardin: Guida ai Minerali - Fabbri ed. 1973
  • Liguria
    • Genova and La Spezia Provinces
      • Tre Monti mining concession
        • Bargone and Maissana
Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia
        • Castiglione Chiavarese and Maissana
Castellaro, F., Passarino, G. (2011): I minerali di Monte Alpe. Sezione dell'antica Concessione Tre Monti (La Spezia e Genova). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana. 4/2011, 214-224.
    • Genova Province
      • Casarza Ligure
        • Bargone
Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia.
      • Castiglione Chiavarese
Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia
      • Ne
        • Graveglia Valley
Redazionale (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia del Ferrania Club, 19 , 3-5.
Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia.
          • Reppia
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (4), 131
      • Tiglieto
Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia.
    • La Spezia Province
Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia
      • Bonassola
        • La Francesca and Montaretto Mines
Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia
      • Casella-Quaratica
Di Lisi S., Natucci A., Passarino G., 2004. Cristalli di braunite nelle ricerche minerarie di Riccò del Golfo. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 204-211
      • Rocchetta Vara
Marchesini, M. & Palenzona, A. (1997): Il giacimento manganesifero di Monte Nero (Rocchetta Vara, La Spezia). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1997, 51-55.
      • Vara Valley
        • Borghetto Vara
[AmMin 86:197; Canadian Mineralogist:31:331-336.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
Lapis, 19 (10), 15-21+86.
          • Lanterna Valley
            • Lanzada
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp. Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
          • Torre di Santa Maria
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993): I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Corsaglia Valley
        • Frabosa Soprana
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
        • Montaldo di Mondovì
          • Borgata Oberti
Cabella, R., Lucchetti, G., Marescotti, P. (1999): Occurrence of LREE- and Y-arsenates from a Fe-Mn deposit, Ligurian Briançonnais Domain, Maritime Alps, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 961-972; [AmMin 85:1325]. Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Cadoni, M., Armellino, G., Piccoli, G.C., Ambrino, P., Blass, G., Odicino, G., Ciuffardi, M. (2011): Montaldo di Mondovì Minerali della miniera di manganese e ferro. Micro, 9, 4-21.
      • Maira Valley
        • Canosio
          • Vallone della Valletta
Cámara, F., Ciriotti, M.E., Bittarello, E., Nestola, F., Massimi, F., Radica, F., Costa, E., Benna, P., Piccoli, G.C. (2014): Arsenic-bearing new mineral species from Valletta mine, Maira Valley, Piedmont, Italy: I. Grandaite, Sr2Al(AsO4)2(OH), description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 3, 757-774; Cámara, F., Bittarello, E., Ciriotti, M.E., Nestola, F., Radica, F., Massimi, F., Balestra, C., Bracco, R. (2017): As-bearing new mineral species from Valletta mine, Maira Valley, Piedmont, Italy: III. Canosioite, Ba2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH), description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 305–317.
      • Varaita Valley
        • Bellino
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Torino Province
      • Canavese District
        • Orco Valley
(M.E. Ciriotti - 05/04/2008)
            • Feilongo
(M.E. Ciriotti - 05/04/2008)
      • Lanzo Valleys
        • Ala Valley
          • Ala di Stura
Baretti, M. (1893): Geologia della provincia di Torino. Ed. Casanova, Torino, 732 pp.
          • Balme
            • Mussa Alp (Pian della Mussa; Piano della Mussa; La Mussa; Lamussa)
- Barresi, .A. A., Caiolo, M., Ambrino, P., Orlandi, P. (2003): Mineralogia delle Valli di Lanzo (Piemonte). Hörnesite, löllingite, boulangerite e bournonite in un filone idrotermale dell'alta Val d'Ala (TO). Il Cercapietre, 1-2.
          • Voragno
Maletto, G., Piccoli G.C. (2014): Minerali in Val d’Ala. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 224 pp. + 1 folded map.
Maletto, G., Meda, F., Pelizzone, G. (1976). I minerali della Val d'Ala. Ellezeta, Ed., Torino 72 pp.
        • Ceres
Maccario,G.& Meda,F.(1970):Il giacimento manganesifero di Vernetto,Ceres.Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Piemontese,2(2),9-10.
        • Tesso Valley
          • Monastero di Lanzo
            • Chiaves
Ambrino, P., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G., Airaudi, D. (2010): Primo ritrovamento di caryopilite e kutnohorite in Piemonte: Croce di Chiaves, Ceres, Torino. Micro (UK report) 1/2010, 134-141
        • Viù Valley
          • Viù
Giovanni Fraccaro
      • Susa Valley
        • Salbertrand
Barresi, A. (1999). La Val di Susa e i suoi minerali volume 2. Gruppo Mineralogico e Paleontologico C.A.I.-U.G.E.T, Torino 32 pp.
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Strona Valley
Bertolani, M. (1976): Il giacimento manganesifero di Ravinella di Sotto presso Forno (Valle Strona di Omegna).
    • Vercelli Province
      • Sesia Valley
        • Alagna Valsesia
          • Otro Valley
Peters Tj., Trommsdorff V., Sommerauer J. (1978): Manganese pyroxenoids and carbonates: critical phase relations in metamorphic assemblages from the Alps. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 66, 383-388.
  • Tuscany
    • Florence Province
      • Firenzuola
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
    • Grosseto Province
      • Monte Argentario
Del Caldo A., Moro C., Gramaccioli C.M., Boscardin M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.
    • Livorno Province
      • Elba Island
        • Campo nell'Elba
Orlandi, P., & Pezzotta, F. (1997). Minerali dell'Isola d'Elba. Edizioni Novecento Grafico, Bergamo, 249 pp.
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
Biagioni C., 2004. Le mineralizzazioni manganesifere dei Diaspri Auctt. di Vagli (Alpi Apuane, Lucca). Tesina di Laurea inedita, Università di Pisa; Orlandi, P. & Campostrini, I. (2005): Zibaldone. Aggiornamenti di mineralogia italiana 2004. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2005, 184-191.
Biagioni C., 2004. Le mineralizzazioni manganesifere dei Diaspri Auctt. di Vagli (Alpi Apuane, Lucca). Tesina di Laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
    • Massa-Carrara Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Carrara
Bonazzi P., Garbarino C., Menchetti S., 1992. Crystal chemistry of piemontites: REE-bearing piemontite from Monte Brugiana, Alpi Apuane, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 4: 23-33.
    • Siena Province
      • Cetona
-REGIONE TOSCANA, GIUNTA REGIONALE. Inventario del patrimonio minerario e mineralogico in Toscana. Aspetti naturalistici e storico-archeologici. Dipartimento Ambiente, ottobre 1991.
      • Murlo
        • La Befa
Betti, C., Pagani, G. (2000): Minerali del Senese. Cento località mineralogiche nella provincia di Siena. Protagon Editori Toscani, Siena, 120 pp.
        • Pompana
R. Meli (1999): I minerali del Fosso della Chiesa, Murlo (Siena) - Riv. Mineral. Ital., 23, 2: 103-105
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
Lee, D. E. (1955)
      • Nagano Prefecture
        • Kami-Ina-gun
Katsu Kaneko (1956) Symposium del Manganeso, XX Congreso Geologico Internacional, Mexico D.F.
Akira Kato (2011) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 34 (January, 20011).
      • Shizuoka prefecture
        • Numazu City
Akira Kato (2009) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 28 (November 2009).
      • Yamanashi Prefecture
        • Minami-Alps City
          • Kohsai
A. Kato et al. , Bull. Minéral., 1981, 104, pp. 396-399, France.
        • Minobu
          • Shimobe
mineralhunters.hp.infoseek.co.jp/kusama.html
    • Kanto Region
      • Kanagawa Prefecture
        • Hadano City
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 17 (1994) , No. 5 pp 211-218
        • Yamakita
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsankoubutsu Gojuonhairetsu sanchi-ichiranhyou. p 60.
      • Saitama Prefecture
        • Hannou
Satoshi Matsubara (1981) Taneyamalite, (Na, Ca)(Mn2+,Mg,Fe3+,Al)12Si12 (O,OH)44, a New Mineral from the Iwaizawa Mine, Saitama Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine 44:51-53.
      • Tochigi Prefecture
        • Kanuma City
          • Awano
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Matsubara, S., Kato, A., Miyawaki, R., Komuro, Y. and Okada, Y. (2007) Natronambulite from the Dohnoiri mine, Kanuma City, Tochigi Prefecture, Japan. Bulletin of the National Museum of Natural Sciences, Ser. C. 33, 1-5.
Katsu Kaneko (1956) Symposium del Manganeso, XX Congreso Geologico Internacional, Mexico D.F.
Steinbock Minerals specimens, Saitama.
      • Tokyo Metropolis
        • Nishi-Tama-gun
          • Okutama-cho
Am Min 90:1468; Matsubara S, Miyawaki R, Yokoyama K, Shimizu M, Imai H (2004) Tokyoite, Ba2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH), a new mineral from the Shiromaru mine, Okutama, Tokyo, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 99, 363-367
    • Kinki region
      • Hyogo Prefecture
        • Taka-gun
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
      • Kyoto Prefecture
        • Kyoto City
          • Kita-ku
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
          • Sakyou-ku
Masutomi Museum specimens (Kyoto)
          • Ukyou-ku
Masutomi Museum specimens (Kyoto); Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
      • Mie Prefecture
        • Toba City
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
      • Wakayama Prefecture
        • Naga-gun
          • Afuzu-mura
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
    • Tohoku Region
      • Akita Prefecture
        • Kosaka
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Odate
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated by the Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
      • Aomori Prefecture
        • Imabetsu-machi
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
      • Fukushima Prefecture
        • Iwaki City
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 18 (1996) , No. 4 pp 155-160
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Karumai
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Kuji City
          • Yamagata-cho
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
          • Yamagata
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Kunohe-gun
          • Hirono-cho
            • Ono
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, p. 508.
          • Karumai-cho
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
          • Noda-mura
Crystal Vine specimen; Katsu Kaneko (1956) Symposium del Manganeso, XX Congreso Geologico Internacional, Mexico D.F.
        • Kunohe
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Shimohei-gun
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
          • Iwaizumi-cho
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
          • Tanohata-mura
Mineral.Journ.Japan (1985) 12, 332-340
Nagase, Toshiro; Hori, Hidemichi; Kitamine, Mizuya; Nagashima, Mariko; Abduriyim, Ahmadjan; Kuribayashi, Takahiro (2012): Tanohataite, LiMn2Si3O8(OH): a new mineral from the Tanohata mine, Iwate Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 107, 149-154.
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
          • Yamada-machi
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
          • Yamada
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Kyushu Region
    • Nagasaki Prefecture
      • Nagasaki City
        • Kinkai-Tone-machi
Sasaki, N., Yano, M. & Matsuyama, F. (2002): Ardennite from the Tone mine, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan. Chigaku Kenkyu 51, 67-72. (in Japanese) ; Masutomi Museum specimens, Kyoto.; Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
        • Mie
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
      • Nishisonogi-gun
Mem. Fac. Sci., Kyushu University, Ser. D, 5, 185-198 (1957)
    • Nansei Archipelago
      • Kagoshima Prefecture
        • Amami-Oshima Island
          • Yamato-son (Yamato village)
Introduction to Japanese Minerals (Geological Survey of Japan, 1970); Watanabe T, Kato A, Ito J, Yoshimura T, Momoi H, Fukuda K (1982) Haradaite, Sr2V4+2[O2 Si4O12], from the Noda Tamagawa mine, Iwate Prefecture and the Yamato mine, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan, Proceedings of the Japan Academy 58 B, 21-24
    • Oita prefecture
      • Tsukumi
Minerals Unlimited specimens (Ridgecrest, California)
  • Shikoku Island
    • Ehime Prefecture
      • Iyo-gun
        • Tobe-cho
M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
Fukushima, H., Minakawa, T. & Nishio, D. (2005): Ba-rich tweddillite from the Kamisugai mine in the Sambagawa metamorphic belt, Shikoku, Japan. Ganseki Kobutsu Kagaku 34, 69-76. (in Japanese); M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
      • Seiyo City
        • Nomura
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Shirokawa
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
      • Shikokuchuo City
        • Doi
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Kochi Prefecture
Masaki Enami (1986) Mineralogical Journal, 13, 151-160.
      • Kami City
M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
      • Nankoku city
Masutomi Museum specimens (Kyoto)
M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
Banno, Y. (2000). Intermediate high-pressure exhumation of the northern segment of the Sanbagawa belt, Saruta-gawa area, central Shikoku, Japan. Lithos, 50(4), 289-303.
    • Tokushima prefecture
      • Tokushima City
        • Bizan (Otakiyama)
Kozo Takeda pers. comm.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Balkhash Region (Balqash; Karatas; Prebalkhashie)
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    • Chu-Sarysu basin
      • Dzhezkazgan (Zhezqazghan)
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
    • Zhayrem (Zhairem)
      • Ushkatyn deposits (Ushkatan)
Frank Dzubeck
Kosovo
 
  • District of Ferizaj
    • Štrpce (Shtërpcë)
J. Petrol. , 17, pp. 421-439, 1976
Madagascar
 
  • Fianarantsoa Province
    • Amoron'i Mania Region
      • Ambatofinandrahana District
        • Ambatofinandrahana Commune
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive. p 22
  • Tuléar Province (Toliara)
    • Southwestern Region
      • Betioky District
        • Sakoa area
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive.p 22
Mexico
 
  • Coahuila
    • Mun. de Sierra Mojada
      • Sierra Mojada
Mineralogical Magazine 1964 33 : 841-852
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Mapimí
      • Mapimí
Panczner (1987): 121.
  • Hidalgo
    • Mun. de Mineral del Monte
      • Mineral del Monte (Mineral del Real del Monte; Real del Monte)
Panczner(1987):121-330.
Panczner(1987):121.
Panczner (1987): 121.
  • Jalisco
    • Mun. de Autlán
      • Autlán de Navarro
Econ Geol (1981) 76:545-555
  • Nuevo Leon
    • Mun. de Sabinas Hidalgo
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:130-131
Morocco
 
  • Béni Mellal-Khénifra Region
    • Azilal Province
Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
FAVREAU G. & DIETRICH J.E. (2006) Tachgagalt (Maroc), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 93, 37-71. (in French)
Namibia
 
  • Otjozondjupa Region
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 368 pp. (in English); Cabral, A. R., Moore, J. M., Mapani, B. S., Koubová, M., & Sattler, C. D. (2011). Geochemical and mineralogical constraints on the genesis of the Otjosondu ferromanganese deposit, Namibia: hydrothermal exhalative versus hydrogenetic (including snowball-earth) origins. South African Journal of Geology, 114(1), 57-76; Cabral, A. R.; Moore, J. M. (2012): Negative cerium anomaly in spessartine garnet from a barite-rich rock, Otjosondu ferromanganese deposit, Namibia: the fingerprint of oxic sea water. South African Journal of Geology 115, 589-596.
New Zealand
 
  • North Island
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
    • Wairarapa
      • Pahaoa River
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
  • South Island
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
Norway
 
  • Aust-Agder
    • Bykle
Nordrum, F.S. & Van der Wel, D. (1981): Mineral-, stein-, og ertsforekomster innen kartblad Sauda (1:250 000). Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 366, 58p
  • Oppland
    • Lunner
      • Grua
        • Grua Mining District
Harald Folvik (2005): Mineralene på Skjerpemyr. STEIN 32 (1), 4-9 (in norwegian)
  • Telemark
    • Tokke
      • Botnedal
Westerweld, J. (1961): The Manganese vein of Mount Brandsnuten, Botnedal, South Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 213, 202-223
  • Troms
    • Målselv
      • Kirkesdalen
Landmark, K. (1952): Manganførende jernmalm i Kirkesdal i Målselv. Acta Borelia. A. Scientia, 1-23 (p.10)
Pakistan
 
  • Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)
    • North Waziristan
      • Waziristan ophiolite
        • Saidgi Mt area
Shah, M.T., and Khan, A. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 697-704.
        • Shuidar Mt area
Shah, M.T., and Khan, A. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 697-704.
Poland
 
  • Małopolskie
    • Western Tatra Mts
      • Chochołowska Valley
Korczyńska-Oszacka B. 1978: Minerały manganu wapieni jurajskich Doliny Chochołowskiej (Tatry, Polska). Pr. Miner. Kom. Nauk. Miner. PAN Oddz. w Krakowie nr 58
      • Lejowa Valley
Oszacka 1978: Tlenki manganu powstałe jako produkty utlenienia tatrzańskich wapieni manganowych w Dolinie Chochołowskiej. Spraw. z Pos. Kom. PAN Oddz. w Krakowie T. 20/2
Portugal
 
  • Beja District
    • Aljustrel
      • Aljustrel
LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia (Siorminp ID 635Mn)
LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia (Siorminp ID 635Mn)
    • Castro Verde
      • Castro Verde
LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 657Mn
LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 657Mn
    • Odemira
      • São Luís
LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, Siorminp ID 1145FeMn
  • Setúbal District
    • Santiago do Cacém
      • Cercal
(?) 1947 - José Maria da Costa Almeida e Guilherme Mendes Pereira
Republic of Macedonia
 
  • Veles
Bermanec,V., Holtstam,D., Sturman, D., Criddle, A.J., Back, M.E.,Scavnicar, S. (1996): Nežilovite, a new member of the magnetoplumbite group, and the crystal chemistry of magnetoplumbite and hibonite. The Canadian Mineralogist, 34, 1287-1297
      • Jakupica Mts
        • Babuna Valley
Bermanec et al, 1996
Chukanov, Nikita V., Jančev, Simeon., Pekov, Igor V. (2015): The association of Oxygen-bearing minerals of the chalcophile elements in the orogenetic zone related to the “mixed series” complex near Nežilovo, Republic of Macedonia. Macedonian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 115–124
Romania
 
  • Bistrița-Năsăud Co.
    • Rodna Mtn (Rodnei Mtn)
      • Rodna
        • Valea Vinului
Delia Cristina Papp, Ionel Ureche, Ioan Seghedi, Hilary Downes, Luigi Dallai, (2005), Petrogenesis of convergent-margin calc-alkaline rocks and the significance of the low oxygen isotope ratios: the Rodna-Bârgău Neogene subvolcanic area (Eastern Carpathians), Geologica Carpathica, 56, 1, p.77-90
  • Maramureș Co.
Udubasa, G., Hartopanu, P., Ilinca, G. (1996). The Regionally metamorphosed Fe-Mn Ore Deposit at Razoare, Preluca Mts., Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineralogy, 77, 3-20.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Polar Yakutia
Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Khabarovskiy Kray
      • Malyi Khingan Range
Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
      • Taikan Ridge
[MinRec 27:306]
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Bashkortostan Republic (Bashkiria Republic)
        • Sibay
Brusnitsyn, A.I., and Zhukov, I.G. (2005): Lithology and Mineral Resources 40(1), 30-47.
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Ilmen Mts
          • Ilmen Natural Reserve
            • Bol'shoi Tatkul' Lake
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pletnev P. (1995) Mineralogy of gondites and metavolcanic rocks of Kozhaevskoe Mn deposit. Urals Summer Mineralogical School-1995. 58-60
  • Western-Siberian Region
    • Altai Republic (Gorno-Altayskaya Autonomous Oblast')
      • Ust'-Koksa district
Vera N. Smol'yaninova data
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica Co.
      • Bystrý Potok
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Trebišov Co.
Koděra, P., Rojkovičová, Ľ.,Košárková, M., 1998: Mineralógická správa lokality Byšta, Au-Ag. Manuscript, Archiv Geofond, Bratislava, 68 p
South Africa
 
  • KwaZulu-Natal Province
    • Uthukela District
Minerals of South Africa
  • Limpopo Province
    • Bushveld Complex
Minerals of South Africa
    • Capricorn District
      • Tolwe
J. Gutzmer, J. Gutzmer, M. O. Schaefer, and N. J. Beukes (2002): Red Bed-Hosted Oncolitic Manganese Ore of the Paleoproterozoic Soutpansberg Group, Bronkhorstfontein, South Africa. Economic Geology, 97, 1151-1166.
  • North West Province
    • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 190; Econ Geol (1990) 85:1172-1185
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Black Rock
Minerals of South Africa
      • Hotazel
Wilson, W.E. & Dunn, P.J., (1978) Famous localities: The Kalahari manganese field. Mineralogical Record 9(3) 137-153
[Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) - The Kalahari manganese field : an update, Mineralogical Record, 22 (3), 279-302; Min Rec (2009) 40:78]; Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:252; Gait, R., & Williams, M. P. (1980). Sugilite, a Second Occurrenge: Wessels Mine, Kalahari Manganese Field, Republic of South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist, 18, 37-39.; Beukes, N. J., Burger, A. M., & Gutzmer, J. (1995). Fault-controlled hydrothermal alteration of Palaeoproterozoic manganese ore in Wessels Mine, Kalahari manganese field. South African Journal of Geology, 98(4), 430-451.
      • Kuruman
        • N'Chwaning Mines
[Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) - The Kalahari (Afrique du Sud) manganese field : an update, Mineralogical Record, 22 (3), 279-302.]
Cairncross B. and Beukes, N.J. (2013). The Kalahari Manganese Field: the Adventure Continues. Struik Nature, Cape Town, South Africa, 384 pages.
Jordi Fabre specimen
Preston, P. C. C. R. (2009). Physical and chemical characterization of the manganese ore bed at the Mamatwan mine, Kalahari manganese field (Doctoral dissertation).
Minerals of South Africa; Schaller W T, Carron M K, Fleischer M (1967) Ephesite, Na(LiAl2)(Al2Si2)O10(OH)2, a trioctahedral member of the margarite group, and related brittle micas, American Mineralogist, 52, 1689-1696
Minerals of South Africa
Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Minerals of South Africa; Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
      • Gloucester Farm
Minerals of South Africa
      • Kathu
        • Sishen
John M. Moore, Barbara K. Kuhn, Darren F. Mark, and Harilaos Tsikos (2011): A sugilite-bearing assemblage from the Wolhaarkop breccia, Bruce iron-ore mine, South Africa: Evidence for alkali metasomatism and 40Ar-39Ar dating. Eur. J. Mineral. 23, 661-673.
Moore, J.M., Kuhn, B., Mark, D.F., Tsikos, H. (2011): A sugilite-bearing assemblage from the Wolhaarkop breccia, Bruce iron-ore mine, South Africa: Evidence for alkali metasomatism and 40Ar-39Ar dating. European Journal of Mineralogy: 23: 661-673; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=7909 (2016)
Minerals of South Africa
Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Mineralogical Magazine (1997): 61: 213-231; Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Minerals of South Africa; Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
South Korea
 
  • Gangwon-do (Kangwon-do; Gang'weondo)
    • Chongson-gun
      • Nam-myon (Sindong-myon)
Kinosaki, Y. (1943) Jour. Min. Soc. Korea, 26, 8.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Huelva
      • Minas de Riotinto
Bocamina, (4), (1999) 50-86.
  • Balearic Islands
    • Majorca
      • Llucmajor
Onac, B.P., Fornós, J.J., Merino, A., Ginés, J., Diehl, J. (2014): Linking mineral deposits to speleogenetic processes in Cova des Pas de Vallgornera (Mallorca, Spain). International Journal of Speleology, 43, 2, 143-157.
  • Extremadura
    • Badajoz
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 961-970.
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna
    • Avesta
      • Folkärna
    • Hedemora
      • Garpenberg
Grensman, F., Kalinowski, M.P. and Sandström, F. (2001): Garpenberg Norra. Litofilen. 18 (2), 26-46.
  • Dalsland
    • Åmål
      • Strandhem ore field
No reference listed
  • Lappland
    • Ultevis
Ödman, O.H. (1950): Manganese mineralization in the Ultevis district, Jokkmokk, North Sweden. Part 2: Mineralogical notes. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning. Serie C 516. 1-27
Ödman, O.H. (1950): Manganese mineralization in the Ultevis district, Jokkmokk, North Sweden. Part 2: Mineralogical notes. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning. Serie C 516. 1-27
Wilke Band 4 Skandinavien
Augsten, R. (2010): Mineralientouren nach Skandinavien (III). Lapplands bunte Farben: Manganmineralien vom Tjaktjajaure, Ultevis, Schweden. Lapis, 35 (2), 39-41.
Ödman, O.H. (1950): Manganese mineralization in the Ultevis district, Jokkmokk, North Sweden. Part 2: Mineralogical notes. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning. Serie C 516. 1-27
Ödman, O.H. (1950): Manganese mineralization in the Ultevis district, Jokkmokk, North Sweden. Part 2: Mineralogical notes. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning. Serie C 516. 1-27
  • Småland
    • Jönköping
      • Ödestugu
No reference listed
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Flink, G. (1891): Mineralogische Notizen III, 5. Braunit von Langbanshyttan, Meddelanden fran Stockholms Högskola, Vol. 115, pp. 3-9 Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
Sjögren, H. (1891): Bidrag til Sveriges mineralogi. 3. Adelit, ett basiskt arseniat från Nordmarken och Långban. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 13: 781-796
Adolfsson, S. G. (1979): Notes on Recent Underground Collecting at Långban. Mineralogical Record. 10: 215-217
Adolfsson, S. G. (1979): Notes on Recent Underground Collecting at Långban. Mineralogical Record. 10: 215-217
      • Nordmark district
        • Jakobsberg ore field
Igelström, L.J. (1886): Braunit från Jakobsberg. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar 8: 178-179
Kjell Gatedal
      • Persberg district
Sandström, F., Lorin, T. & Strand, U. (2009): Geologi och mineralogi i Gåsgruvefältet, Filipstad. Litofilen. 26 (2): 16-38
Jonsson, E. (1999): Gåsgruvan, Värmland- en nyfunnen manganmineralisering. Berg & Mineral. nr 25, 12-13
Kjell Gatedal; Sandström, F., Lorin, T. & Strand, U. (2009): Geologi och mineralogi i Gåsgruvefältet, Filipstad. Litofilen. 26 (2): 16-38
  • Västergötland
    • Karlsborg
      • Undenäs
Sandström, F. (2002): Mangangruvor och -skärpningar i Karlsborgs kommun, Västergötland. Litiofilen. 14 (1), 22-38
  • Västmanland
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
Igelström, L.J. (1886): Mineralogiska meddelanden. 4. Braunit från Sjögrufvan, Grythytte socken, Örebro län. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar 8: 477
    • Lindesberg
Nysten, P. & Ericsson, T. (1994): Fe-rich långbanite from the Nyberget ore-field, Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1994, 557-566.
Igelström, L. J. (1890): Mineralogiska meddelanden 11. Jakobsit och braunit vid Glakärnsgrufvan, Linde socken, Örebro län. En ny fundort för dessa mineral i Sverige. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar (GFF). 12, 137-139.
Holtstam, D. (1997): Barian magnetoplumbite from Mangruvan, Örebro, Sweden. GFF 119, 17-19.
Koark, H. (1970): Zur Geologie des Neuentdeckten Jakobsit-Braunit-Hämatit-Mangansilikatlagers Slöjdartorp im Nybergetfelde in Zentralschweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar (GFF). 92, 388-401
    • Norberg
Ounchanum, P. & Morad, S. (1987): Paragenesis of akatoreite and ganophyllite in the manganiferous rocks of the Häste Field, Norberg ore district, central Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 157, 225-244.
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Albula Valley
      • Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass)
        • Mulegns
- Geiger T. (1948): Manganerze in den Radiolariten Graubündens. Beiträge zur Geologie der Schweiz, Lieferung 27, 89 p.
        • Tinizong (Tinzen)
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 83; - Geiger T. (1948): Manganerze in den Radiolariten Graubündens. Beiträge zur Geologie der Schweiz, Lieferung 27, 89 p.
[MinRec 32:211]
    • Engadin
      • Piz Corvatsch
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 84
    • Hinterrhein Valley
      • Ferrera Valley
        • Ausserferrera
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 84
Lapis 36 (4) (2011), p. 14 (ad)
        • Innerferrera (Calantgil)
Brugger J. (1996): The Fe, Mn, (V, Sb, As, Be, W) deposits of Val Ferrera (Graubünden, Switzerland). Unpublished PhD Thesis, Univ. Basel. 188 p.
        • Starlera Valley
Brugger et al (2002), Canadian Mineralogist: 40(6): 1597-1608.
      • Rheinwald
        • Splügen
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 84
    • Schanfig Valley
      • Arosa
- Geiger T. (1948): Manganerze in den Radiolariten Graubündens. Beiträge zur Geologie der Schweiz, Lieferung 27, 89 p.
      • Langwies
        • Fondei Valley
Geiger T. (1948): Manganerze in den Radiolariten Graubündens. Beiträge zur Geologie der Schweiz, Lieferung 27, 89 p.; - Krähenbühl H. (1999): Zeugen früheren Bergbaus im Gebiete um Arosa. Bergknappe 1999(3), 1999(4), 2000(1).
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Bagnes Valley
      • Mauvoisin
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 83
    • Zermatt - Saas Fee area
      • Matt Valley
        • Täsch Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 83-84
Turkey
 
  • Aegean Region
    • Denizli Province
      • Kale
Öztürk, H. (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 187-203.
    • Kütahya Province
      • Emet
        • Kayi Köy
Müller, G. (1954): Mineralfazies und Genese der Manganlagerstätte von Kayi Köy, Kreis Emet, Provinz Kütahya, Westanatolien. M.T.A. Dergisi, 44/45, 131-136. [http://www.mta.gov.tr/mta_web/kutuphane/mtadergi/44-45_11.pdf]
    • Muğla Province
      • Dalaman
Öztürk, H. (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 187-203.
  • Central Anatolia Region
    • Eskişehir Province
      • Eskişehir-Beylikahir district
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Journal of Asian Earth Sciences (2003) 21:365-376
  • Mediterranean Region
    • Adana Province
      • Ceyhan
Öztürk, H. (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 187-203.
Öztürk, H. (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 187-203.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • West Cumberland Iron Field
        • Bigrigg
BMS Database
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
  • Wales
    • Bridgend
      • Porthcawl
Criddle & Symes, 1977
Ukraine
 
  • Crimea Oblast'
    • Simferopol area
      • Mramornoe Village area
Alexander I. Tischenko (1996)/ Minerals of the Crimea. - World of stones, 1996, #9, p. 9-18.
United Arab Emirates
 
  • Fujayrah Emirate (Fujairah)
    • Semail Ophiolite
      • Khawr Fakkan Massif (Khor Fakkan)
        • Bani Hamid area
E. Gnos et al., Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 251-261.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Yukon-Koyukuk Borough
      • Melozitna District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Dragoon Mts
        • Turquoise District (Courtland-Gleeson District)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.:
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.:69
            • Escabrosa Ridge
Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 5.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 144, 337, 342; Hewett, D.F. & M. Fleischer (1960), Deposits of the manganese oxides, Econ.Geol.: 55: 1-55; Hewett, D.F. & O.N. Rove (1930), Occurrence and relations of alabandite, Econ.Geol.: 25: 36-56; Palache, C. & E.V. Shannon (1920), Higginsite, a new mineral of the olivenite group, Am.Min.: 5: 155-157; Taber, S. & W.T. Schaller (1930), Psittacinite from the Higgins mine, Bisbee, AZ, Am.Min.: 15: 575-579;
Rolf Luetcke
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 144, 244, 249, 312.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 145, 188; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
    • Coconino Co.
      • Aubrey Cliffs
Anthony, J. W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 337; Hewett, D.F., et al (1963), Deposits of the manganese oxides: supplement, Econ.Geol.: 58: 1-51; Potter, G.M. & R. Havens (1949), Concentration of oxide manganese ores from the Adams and Woody properties, Coconino Co., near Peach Springs, AZ, US Bur. of Mines Rept. Inv. 4439.
    • Gila Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 144; Hewett, D.F. & M. Fleischer (1960), Deposits of the manganese oxides, Econ.Geol.: 55: 1-55.
    • Graham Co.
      • Aravaipa District
        • Santa Teresa Mts
          • Klondyke
            • Grand Reef Mountain
              • Laurel Canyon
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 144.
    • Mohave Co.
      • Artillery Mts
        • Artillery Peak
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of AZ, 3rd. ed.: 145; Head, R.E. (1941), Physical characteristics of some low-grade Mn Ores, US Bur. of mines Report of Invest.: 3560.
    • Pima Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 145; Havens, R., et al (1954), Beneficiation of oxide manganese and manganese-silver ores from southern AZ, US Bur. of Mines Rept. Inv. 5024.
Anthony, J. W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 145; Havens, R., et al (1954), Benefication of oxide manganese and manganese-silver ores from southern AZ, US Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 5024.
      • Las Guijas & San Luis Mts
        • Arivaca District (Las Guijas District)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 145, 244; Hewett, D.F. (1972), Manganite, hausmannite, braunite: Features, modes of origin, Economic Geology: 67: 83-102.
      • Tucson Mts
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 145; Guild, F.N. (1935), Piedmontite in AZ, Am.Min.: 20: 679-692.
      • Waterman Mts
        • Waterman District
          • Silver Hill District
            • Silver Hill
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 145.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Pinal Mts
        • Pioneer District
          • Superior
            • Apache Leap
              • Belmont Canyon
                • Belmont Mine (Belmont Copper property; Goodwin Mine; Monte Carlo claim; Smith lease; Doggs Mine; Lone Star Mine)
Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), Manganese ore deposits in AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 127: 85-86; Jones, E.L., Jr. & F.L. Ransome (1920), Deposits of manganese ore in Arizona, USGS Bull. 710-D: 164.
    • Santa Cruz Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 145; Hewett, D.F. & M. Fleischer (1960), Deposits of the manganese oxides, Econ.Geol.: 55: 1-55.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 145; Havens, R., et al (1954), Benefication of oxide manganese and manganese-silver ores from southern AZ, US Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 5024.
          • American Peak
            • Hermosa group
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10048336, MRDS ID #M899920.
          • Harshaw
            • Hardshell Gulch
Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), Manganese ore deposits in AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 127: 91-94; Jones, E.L., Jr. & F.L. Ransome (1920), Deposits of manganese ore in Arizona, USGS Bull. 710-D: 176.
Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 127, Manganese ore deposits in AZ: 93; Jones, E.L., Jr. & F.L. Ransome (1920), Deposits of manganese ore in Arizona, USGS Bull. 710-D: 176.
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Bradshaw Mts (Bradshaw Range)
        • Peck District
Brian Beck Collected, Attard Minerals XRF and Microprobe
  • Arkansas
Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
    • Independence Co.
Howard, 1987. Mineral Species of Arkansas
U.S. Geological Survey,2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
    • Izard Co.
U.S. Geological Survey,2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
U.S. Geological Survey,2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
    • Stone Co.
U.S. Geological Survey,2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
  • California
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Coastal Range
        • Fort Seward
Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 59; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 113; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 411.
    • Inyo Co.
      • Darwin Hills
        • Darwin District
          • Darwin
            • Darwin Mine (Anaconda; Bernon Mine; Defiance Mine; Essex Mine; Independence Mine; Intermediate Mine; Rip Van Winkle Mine; Thompson Mine)
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 166.
MinRec 4:290
      • Palos Verdes peninsula
American Mineralogist (1979): 64: 1199-1218.
          • George Canyon (George F. Canyon)
Mitchell, R.S. and Corey, A. (1973) Braunite and sursassite from Los Angeles County, California. Mineralogical Record: 4: 290; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 164, 485.
    • Plumas Co.
      • Moccasin
Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 71; Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 172-176; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 289; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 166.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Whipple Mts
        • Whipple District (Monumental District)
          • Black Meadow Landing
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10237016.
          • Havasu Palms (Roads End Camp)
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10237016.
    • Santa Clara Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Black Wonder District
          • Mount Hamilton
            • San Antonio Valley
Erd, R.C. and Y. Ohashi (1981) Santaclaraite, a new manganese silicate from California, American Mineralogist; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 414; American Mineralogist (1984): 69: 200-206.; Pete J. Dunn, Donald R. Peacor, Richard C. Erd, and Robert A. Ramik (1986) Franciscanite and örebroite, two new minerals from California and Sweden, related to redefined welinite. American Mineralogist, 71:1522-1526.
Ramsdell, Lewis Stephen (1932), An X-ray study of psilomelane and wad: American Mineralogist: 17: 147; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 113.
    • Stanislaus Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Ladd-Buckeye District
          • Mount Oso
Am Min 69:200-206; Econ Geol (1992) 87:2023-2040; Huebner, J. Stephen; Flohr, Marta J. (1990) Microbanded manganese formations; protoliths in the Franciscan Complex, California; USGS Professional Paper 1502.; Laizure, Clyde McK (1925), San Francisco field division: California Mining Bureau. Report 21: 213; Fleischer, M. & W.E. Richmond, Jr. (1943), The manganese oxide minerals; a preliminary report: Economic Geology: 38: 283; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 113; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 167.
    • Trinity Co.
      • Coastal Range
        • Chicago Rock
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10033733.
        • Kekawaka
Trask, Parker Davies, Ivan F. Wilson & F.S. Simons (1943), Manganese deposits of California – a summary report: California Division Mines Bulletin 125: 90; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 114.
        • Three Forks
Huebner, J. Stephen; Flohr, Marta J. (1990) Microbanded manganese formations; protoliths in the Franciscan Complex, California; USGS Professional Paper 1502.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Dubakella Mountain
Trask, Parker Davies (1950) Geologic description of the manganese deposits of California. California Division of Mines Bulletin 152, 378 pp.: 302-337; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 414.
        • Hayfork District
          • Peanut
Hewett, Donnel Foster, Charles Wesley Chesterman & Bennie Wyatt Troxel (1961), Tephroite in California manganese deposits: Economic Geology: 56: 45; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 114.
  • Colorado
    • Eagle Co.
      • Gilman District (Battle Mountain District; Red Cliff District)
        • Gilman
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", pp. 13-14, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • Park Co.
      • South Park
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Pitkin Co.
      • Snowmass Area
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Georgia
    • Bartow Co.
      • Cartersville District
Rocks & Min.: 64:185.
  • Idaho
    • Lemhi Co.
      • Indian Creek District
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
  • Maine
    • Aroostook Co.
      • Castle Hill
      • T3 R9 WELS
      • TD R2 WELS
Pavlides, Louis and Milton, Charles, 1962, Geology and Manganese Deposits of the Maple and Hovey Mountains Area, Aroostook County, Maine, U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 362, pp. 116 + plates.
Pavlides, Louis and Milton, Charles, 1962, Geology and Manganese Deposits of the Maple and Hovey Mountains Area, Aroostook County, Maine, U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 362, pp. 116 + plates.
  • Michigan
    • Iron Co.
      • Menominee iron range
        • Stambaugh
Rocks & Min.:58:109.
    • Keweenaw Co.
      • Copper Harbor
Mineralogy of Michigan (E. W. Heinrich & G. W. Robinson)
Rocks & min.: 58:111.
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Missouri
    • Shannon Co.
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
U.S. Geological Survey,2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
  • Montana
    • Granite Co.
      • Philipsburg District (Flint Creek District)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Black Diablo District
NBMG Bull 59 Geology and Mineral Resources of Humboldt County, Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Buffalo Valley District
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Comet District
USGS website : http://mrdata.usgs.gov/sedznpb/show-sedznpb.php?rec_id=480
      • Pioche District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Viola District
NBMG Bull 73 Geology and Mineral Resources of Lincoln County, Nevada; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Pershing Co.
      • Black Diablo District
NBMG Bull 89 Geology and Mineral Resources of Pershing County, Nevada
    • White Pine Co.
      • Nevada District
        • Vietta mine
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Robinson District
NBMG Bull 85 Geology and Mineral Resources of White Pine County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 85 Geology and Mineral Resources of White Pine County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 85 Geology and Mineral Resources of White Pine County, Nevada
NBMG Bull 85 Geology and Mineral Resources of White Pine County, Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Hunterdon Co.
The Minerals of NYC & Its Environs, NY Min. Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 69.
  • New Mexico
    • Sierra Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
    • Socorro Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • New York
    • St. Lawrence Co.
      • Balmat-Edwards Zinc District
The New York State Museum Catalog No. 12684
Peterson, E.U., Anovitz, L.M., Essene, E.J. (1984) Donpeacorite, (Mn,Mg)MgSi2O6 a new orthopyroxene and its proposed phase relations in the system MnSiO3-MgSiO3-FeSiO3. American Mineralogist: 69: 472-480.
      • Fowler
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 22, pp. 327-331 (1984)
  • North Carolina
    • Gaston Co.
Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, p130-141
Genth,Frederick Augustus.,1891,The Minerals Of North Carolina;USGS Bulletion No.74
Genth,F.A and Kerr,W.C (1881) Minerals and Mineral Localities of North Carolina,Geologic Survey,N.C
  • Rhode Island
    • Providence Co.
      • Cumberland
Miller, C.E. (1972) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations. O.D. Hermes, ed. Kingston, RI.
Miller, C. E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston
      • Lincoln
        • Lime Rock
  • Tennessee
    • Monroe Co.
      • Sweetwater Barite District-Eastern Belt
Stose,G.W., and Schrader,F.C.,(1923) Manganese Deposits Of East Tennessee: USGS Bulletin 737
  • Texas
    • Llano Co.
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
      • Riley Mts
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
    • Mason Co.
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
      • Fly Gap
Dana 6: 1082; Dana 7:I:553.
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • San Pitch Mts
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Tooele Co.
      • Simpson Mts
        • Erickson District (Black Crook District)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Vermont
    • Rutland Co.
      • Brandon
Rocks & Min. vol. 71, (1996)
    • Windsor Co.
Morrill & Chaffee, 1957. VT Mines & Mineral Localities
  • Washington
    • Clallam Co.
      • Barnes Creek
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.62
      • Lake Crescent
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.62
      • Sappho
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.62
    • Grays Harbor Co.
      • Quinault Lake
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.62
  • Wisconsin
    • Iron Co.
      • Gogebic Range
        • Montreal
Cordua, W.S., 1998, "Minerals of Wisconsin", Rocks and Minerals vol. 73 #6, p. 378 - 399
  • Wyoming
Rocks&Min 76:23-241
      • Bridger Mts (Bridger Range)
Rocks & Minerals 76:386
Vietnam
 
  • Cao Bang Province
    • Quang Uyen District
Kamitani, M., Okumura, K., Teraoka, Y., Miyano, S., and Watanabe, Y. (2007): Mineral Resources Map of East Asia. Geological Survey of Japan.
    • Trung Khanh District
Kamitani, M., Okumura, K., Teraoka, Y., Miyano, S., and Watanabe, Y. (2007): Mineral Resources Map of East Asia. Geological Survey of Japan.
Kamitani, M., Okumura, K., Teraoka, Y., Miyano, S., and Watanabe, Y. (2007): Mineral Resources Map of East Asia. Geological Survey of Japan.
  • Tuyen Quang Province
    • Na Hang District
Kamitani, M., Okumura, K., Teraoka, Y., Miyano, S., and Watanabe, Y. (2007): Mineral Resources Map of East Asia. Geological Survey of Japan.
Zambia
 
  • Central Province
    • Serenje District
      • Serenje
Handbook of Mineralogy Vol II p399
Mineral and/or Locality  
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