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About BuckhorniteHide

Crystal System:
Named for the type locality at the Buckhorn mine, Jamestown, Colorado, USA.
The AuPbS analogue of jaszczakite. Compositionally similar to 'UM1986-39-S:AuBiPbTe'.

Classification of BuckhorniteHide


2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
B : With Cu, Ag, Fe, Sn and Pb

11 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3

Physical Properties of BuckhorniteHide

2½ on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of BuckhorniteHide

IMA Formula:
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of BuckhorniteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.09 Å, b = 12.24 Å, c = 9.32 Å
a:b:c = 0.334 : 1 : 0.761
Unit Cell V:
466.57 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of BuckhorniteHide

Synonyms of BuckhorniteHide

Other Language Names for BuckhorniteHide

Simplified Chinese:硫碲铋铅金矿

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Gold2 photos of Buckhornite associated with Gold on
Aikinite2 photos of Buckhornite associated with Aikinite on
Pyrite1 photo of Buckhornite associated with Pyrite on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.HB.Carducciite(Ag2Sb2)Pb12(As,Sb)16S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.05aAikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.HB.05aFriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18Orth. mm2
2.HB.05aGladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05cJaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)Orth.
2.HB.05aLindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05bMeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.05aEmilitePb2.7Cu2.7Bi5.3S12Orth. mm2
2.HB.05aSalzburgitePb1.6Cu1.6Bi6.4S12Orth. mm2
2.HB.05aPaaritePb1.7Cu1.7Bi6.3S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.HB.10cEclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.HB.10bGiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57Mon. 2/m
2.HB.10aKobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.HB.10aTintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.HB.15BenavidesitePb4MnSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.15JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HB.20dBerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HB.20aNagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.HB.20cMuseumite[Pb2(Pb,Sb)2S8][(Te,Au)2]Mon. 2
2.HB.20eLitochlebiteAg2PbBi4Se8Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BuckhorniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
New Minerals (1997) New Minerals 1990-1994.
Effenberger, H., Culetto, F.J., Topa, D., and Paar, W.H. (2000) The crystal structure of synthetic buckhornite, [Pb2BiS3][AuTe2]. Zeits. Kristallogr.: 215: 10–16.
Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.
Canadian Mineralogist: 30: 1039-1047.

Internet Links for BuckhorniteHide

Localities for BuckhorniteHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Kotayk' Province
    • Hrazdan
extraLapis no. 2, Gold, p. 52
  • Western Australia
    • Coolgardie Shire
      • Kambalda
        • St. Ives gold camp
Xue, Y., Campbell, I (2014), The Mineralogy of the Bellerophon-Nelson Telluride Bearing gold Deposit St Ives Camp, Canadian Mineralogist 52 p981-1006 2014
  • Pazardzhik Oblast (Pazardjik Oblast)
    • Panagyurishte (Panagurishte) Obshtina
      • Levski
Bogdanov, K., Tsonev, D., Popov, K. (2004): Mineral assemblages and genesis of the Cu-Au epithermal deposits in the southern part of the Panagyurishte ore district, Bulgaria. In: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress, Thessaloniki, April 2004.; Bogdanov, K., Tsonev, D., & Popov, K. (2004). Mineral Assemblages And Genesis Of The Cu-Au Epithermal Deposits In The Southern Part Of The Panaguyrishte Ore District, Bulgaria. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, 36:406-415
  • Henan Province
    • Sanmenxia Prefecture
      • Lingbao Co.
        • Qinling Mine
Wei Jian, Bernd Lehmann, Jingwen Mao, Huishou Ye, Zongyan Li, Jinge Zhang, Hai Zhang, Jiangwei Feng, and Yongzhe Ye (2014) Telluride and Bi-sulfosalt Mineralogy of the Yangzhaiyu Gold Deposit, Xiaoqinling Region, Central China. Can Mineral 52:883-898
Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58; Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1994): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 14(3), 241-246
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Ganzhou Prefecture
      • Yudu Co.
        • Yinkeng polymetallic ore field
Mingxing Shi and Guirong Gao (2006): Resources Survey and Environment 27(2), 164-172
Czech Republic
  • Central Bohemia Region
    • Jílové (Eule)
      • Jílové gold mining district
        • Bohuliby
Lapis 2000(4), 13-30
        • Studené (Kaltengrund)
Lapis 2000(4), 13-30
  • Finnmark
    • Kautokeino
Cook, N.J. (1999): Telluride minerales in the Proterozoic Bidjovagge Au-Cu deposit, Finnmark, Norway and their formation conditions. Abstract volume, Gold ’99 Trondheim, Norway, 60-62.
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Deva
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Capraru, N., Damian, G., & Cristea, P. (2005). Mineral assemblages from the vein salband at Sacarimb, Golden Quadrilateral, Romania: II. Tellurides. Geokhimiia, Mineralogiia i Petrologiia, 43, 56-63.
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Jamestown District
        • Jamestown
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Montana
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Whitehall District (Cardwell District)
Spry, P.G., Foster, F., Truckle, J.S., and Chadwick, T.H. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 59, 143-164.; Economic Geology,(1996) Vol. 91-3, pp.507-526
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